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  2. 2. HS&W– Driver Awareness 2 The End •If you have any questions, please ask…
  3. 3. HS&W– Driver Awareness Am I an Eligible Driver? To operate a Vehicle you must be an “eligible driver”. This means that YOU MUST: •Hold a current driver’s license •Be authorised by Management as being capable of operating the vehicle. Note: If employees lose their license they must notify their immediate supervisor ASAP and are no longer “eligible drivers”.
  4. 4. HS&W– Driver Awareness WHY USE SEATBELTS? 1 It protects the occupants of the vehicle by absorbing the energy of a crash or heavy braking and keeps them in their seats. 2 3 Offers a 45% greater chance of survival in a serious accident and 50% greater chance of being unhurt. Helps prevent internal bleeding, and saves life Seatbelts must be worn by all drivers and occupants if the vehicle has airbags, It is the responsibility of the driver to ensure that all passengers wear seatbelts.
  5. 5. HS&W– Driver Awareness OTHER BENEFITS OF WEARING SEAT BELT 1. If you are thrown out of a vehicle in a crash, your chances of being killed are 20 times greater than if you stay inside the vehicle. 2. People have been killed in accidents at speeds as low as 50 km/h and some road accidents happen near the driver's home or work place. Wear your seat belt even on short trips or when traveling at low speeds. 3. Do not worry about being trapped by your seat belt. Very few traffic accidents involve fire or a vehicle going under water. Even in these rare incidents, a seat belt keeps you from being knocked unconscious or being too badly injured to escape. It only takes a second or two to unfasten the belt so you can get out of the vehicle.
  6. 6. HS&W– Driver Awareness •Always keep your seatbelt clean •Do not overload vehicle to enable all passengers have seatbelts to wear •The lap belt should be worn across the hip bone. • Do not position it across the stomach or soft part of the abdomen. •The shoulder strap should be as comfortable and protective as possible and yet allow the driver to reach important controls in the vehicle. WEARING OF SEATBELTS
  7. 7. HS&W– Driver Awareness 4.A seat belt can help you avoid a crash. It helps you stay in position of the steering wheel and near the brake pedal if the vehicle goes out of control. With a seatbelt on, one maybe able to regain control. Without it, one may not even be able to stay in the driver's seat. Make wearing seat belt part of your routine, a habit as automatic turning the key in the ignition. 07.05.2010- A truck loaded with Vodacom Mozambique's equipment with 15 occupants in open trailer overturned causing the death of 8 people and 8 more severely injured
  8. 8. HS&W– Driver Awareness8 04 December 2010 What are your comments here?
  9. 9. HS&W– Driver Awareness9 04 December 2010 No injury sustained in this incident. Employees were wearing seat belts VF Employee sustained minor injury in this accident, he was in seat belt
  10. 10. HS&W– Driver Awareness DRIVING AND ALCOHOL Alcohol slows your reaction time so it takes longer to react in an emergency and it also affects your vision and condition. Alcohol may make you overconfident and unable to concentrate well. Vision is already restricted at night and therefore drunk driving is especially dangerous because your ability to recover from headlight glare is reduced. • You may wrongfully judge speed and distance. • Your physical and mental skills needed to drive safely are weakened when you are drunk; do not DRINK and DRIVE.
  11. 11. HS&W– Driver Awareness •In addition to alcohol any drug that changes your mood or the way you see or feel will affect the way you drive. •Ask your doctor or pharmacist about the side effects of any drug you are given. •Alcohol and driving do not mix. Do not risk and ruin your future and that of others.
  12. 12. HS&W– Driver Awareness MOBILE PHONE USE The use of Mobile phones in vehicles has considerable benefits, for example the ability to call emergency services, weather and security for lone drivers and communications on the move. However, research indicates that there is a safety risk when the driver of a motor vehicle is distracted. No employee should feel an obligation to make or answer a call whilst driving. There are many alternatives that still allow you to stay in touch - including Vodafone voice mail .
  13. 13. HS&W– Driver Awareness What are your comments here?
  14. 14. HS&W– Driver Awareness • Using a mobile phone while driving will increase your chances of getting involved in an accident. • When dialing a phone number or engaging in an intense conversation, you will not be watching the road as you should. • The use of one hand to control the steering wheel and the gear lever simultaneously could lead to loss of control of the direction of movement the vehicle. • Results in a divided attention of the driver and could affect the driver's ability to react quickly to dangers ahead on the road. •Using a hand-held phone whilst driving on Vodafone business is not permitted.
  15. 15. HS&W– Driver Awareness •A hands-free gadget is helpful but it cannot prevent you from becoming too involved in the conversation and thereby lose concentration. It is best to stop in a safe place before using phone. This guy was texting a friend when he crossed the center line. Caution-the pictures below could be quite disturbing
  16. 16. HS&W– Driver Awareness16 04 December 2010
  17. 17. HS&W– Driver Awareness17 04 December 2010
  18. 18. HS&W– Driver Awareness • If you use any type of mobile phone (hands-free or hand- held)while driving, your reaction times are worse than if you drive under the influence of alcohol. • Research has shown that reaction times for drivers using a hand-held phone were 30% worse than for driving while drunk. • Every time you make a call or pick up the phone while driving, think about how this guy's day ended.
  19. 19. HS&W– Driver Awareness •Speeding means exceeding the posted speed limit. •One reason why people speed is because they are simply excited by driving fast. Research has shown that the faster you go, the greater is the risk of being involved in a collision. Inappropriate Speed •This is someone driving within the speed limit but too fast for the road and traffic conditions. •Urban roads will be subject most often to a 30km/h, 50km/h speed limit. The motorway is 100km/h and other main roads 80km/h.
  20. 20. HS&W– Driver Awareness •It is essential to drive at appropriate speeds, •At areas where people will be looking to cross the road at various points •Parked vehicles around which pedestrians might suddenly appear or could open a car door •Built up areas where people might risk crossing the road where perhaps they should not. •In the vicinity of schools, hospitals and in areas where people sell close to the road side.
  21. 21. HS&W– Driver Awareness •Driving at inappropriate speed includes •Approaching a bend or junction too fast, not negotiating narrow roads properly and overtaking where it is inappropriate to do so. •Driving too fast when poor weather conditions prevail and at night.
  22. 22. HS&W– Driver Awareness •Reduce speeds at areas with roadworks. •The carriageway may be narrowed to allow work to progress. • Research shows: Casualty rates are double during night than during daylight hours due to higher speeds because of less traffic, higher alcohol consumption, tiredness and darkness. Research indicates that the average risk of an accident per kilometer travelled between 7.00pm and 7.00am is double that for that between 7.00am and7.00pm. Drivers should take account of all these various factors and drive at appropriate speeds.
  23. 23. HS&W– Driver Awareness You have to achieve your target. What will be your driving strategy here?
  24. 24. HS&W– Driver Awareness At which area would you overtake a vehicle on this road? At what speed would you drive on this road?
  25. 25. HS&W– Driver Awareness25 04 December 2010 You have to achieve your target. What will be your driving strategy here?
  26. 26. HS&W– Driver Awareness 04 December 2010 What will be your speed here?
  27. 27. HS&W– Driver Awareness27 04 December 2010 You have to achieve your target. What will be your driving strategy on this road?
  28. 28. HS&W– Driver Awareness •Defensive driving is the act of driving to save life, property and time in spite of the conditions and the actions of other road users. DEFENSIVE DRIVING
  29. 29. HS&W– Driver Awareness 29 Some Facts About Ghana • Road crashes kill an average of five persons daily in Ghana • Average of 2000 deaths and 14,000 serious injuries per year • For the year 2009 –12,565 cases of accidents involving 17,409 –1,587 died –9,767 injured. • January to June 2010 –3,516 road accidents recorded nationwide
  30. 30. HS&W– Driver Awareness – Dangerous Speeding – Inappropriate Turning – Inappropriate Overtaking – Inappropriate Reversing – Inappropriate Parking – Notkeeping to the right lane – Driverfalling asleep – Driver’s poorstate of health – Driver´s Inexperience – Lack of Concentration – Notmaintaining safe distance – Notusing yourprescription glasses while driving – muddy and slipperyconditions – Presence of cyclists and livestock onroads – Driverrecklessness and drunkenness – Vehicle notroadworthy
  31. 31. HS&W– Driver Awareness31 04 December 2010 What is your comment here?
  32. 32. HS&W– Driver Awareness Look for DangerLook for Danger Predict what could happenPredict what could happen Decide on the action to takeDecide on the action to take Act in TimeAct in Time Driving strategy that helps you identify hazards early to avoid accidents involves:
  33. 33. HS&W– Driver Awareness •Plan your journey and use a vehicle which is roadworthy. •Ensure that any load is firmly secured and is suitable for the vehicle - (Driver & Passenger). •Obey posted speed limits • Observe and anticipate other road users, use your mirrors regularly and don't forget to glance into your blind area before altering your course. • Keep right except when overtaking. •Signal before you change lanes •When driving on main roads leave a gap that a vehicle could overtake you and fit in.
  34. 34. HS&W– Driver Awareness •Always leave space when you stop behind a truck or bus in a traffic jam especially when facing up hill. •The truck or car could stall or roll backward slightly when traffic starts moving. •If you leave enough room between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead, you may be able to pull out from behind and go around it if it stalls. •Never pass close behind a large vehicle that is backing up. Often a truck driver has no choice but to temporarily block a road to back into a loading area. Be patient!
  35. 35. HS&W– Driver Awareness •Do not assume that every driver will stop when there is a stop sign or a red traffic light. Some drivers deliberately run stop signs and traffic lights. •You should constantly be thinking of an escape route as you drive. •If you cannot avoid a crash, remain calm and try to choose the least dangerous situation. For example, running into a ditch(not valley) is less dangerous than a head on collision. •Your chances of survival are greater if your vehicle is in good mechanical condition and if you wear a seatbelt.
  36. 36. HS&W– Driver Awareness VF Ghana driver fatallyinjured a fishmonger. 36 04 December 2010
  37. 37. HS&W– Driver Awareness Anyinam. VF employees were in seatbelts. No injuries in VF vehicle 37 04 December 2010 One employee died on the motorway
  38. 38. HS&W– Driver Awareness38 04 December 2010 Employee bedridden after accident at Obuasi Paralyzed after Wa accident
  39. 39. HS&W– Driver Awareness 39 THE Three SECOND RULETHE Three SECOND RULE Start to count in rhythm : “One thousand and one, One thousand and two, One thousand and three.” Rule valid for optimum conditions (driver, vehícle, environment). Watch the rear fender of the vehicle in front as it passes a fixed object (post, sign, milestone, etc.) If the front fender of your vehícle arrives at the reference object before you finish counting, reduce speed and count again. Add more seconds for each adverse condition: Closely following car : 2 sec. Closely following truck or bus : 6 sec. Motorcycle in front : 1 sec. 2 1 3 4 5
  41. 41. HS&W– Driver Awareness 41 BRAKE FAILUREBRAKE FAILURE Select a lower gear to reduce speed. If the brake pedal still has some resistance,“pump it”. If you need to stop, use engine braking selecting a lower gear, use the hand-brake.(for manual vehicles) If going downhill, look for something to graze against (shrubs, bank, etc.). Use horn and lights to warn other drivers and pedestrians.
  42. 42. HS&W– Driver Awareness 42 SKIDDINGSKIDDING Don´t brake, correct the steering and accelerate again. Avoid sharp turns, sudden surfing, changes or heavy braking. Be careful on wet roads or loose gravel. If the rear tyres slide, remove foot from acelerator.
  43. 43. HS&W– Driver Awareness 43 A JAMMED ACELERATORJAMMED ACELERATOR In vehicles with a servo, the engine should not be stopped, since the steering and brakes will become very stiff. Select nuetral. Try to free it with toe. If you have a passanger ask him to free it. Never bend down to do it yourself. Brake gradually to a stop.
  44. 44. HS&W– Driver Awareness 44 BURST TIREBURST TIRE Park on the shoulder before changing the tyre. Hold the steering-wheel tightly. Don’t over-compensate. Don´t brake hard, if you do you may lose control of the vehicle or SPIN.
  45. 45. HS&W– Driver Awareness 45 HEADLAMP FAILUREHEADLAMP FAILURE Keep steering straight. Warn other drivers (flashlight, hazard lights). Turn on hazard lights. Apply brakes Park on the side of the road.
  46. 46. HS&W– Driver Awareness 46 OUTBREAK OF FIREOUTBREAK OF FIRE If the fire gets out of control, move away from the vehicle. Try to disconnect the battery. Use the jack-handle or something else to disconnect the burning cables. Use the extinguisher or thick clothing to put out the fire. Dry dirt or sand are also effective.
  47. 47. HS&W– Driver Awareness 47 SHATTERED WINDSHIELDSHATTERED WINDSHIELD Quickly reduce speed. Park on the shoulder and remove the remains of the windshield. Turn on the hazard lights. Use the side of the road as reference.
  48. 48. HS&W– Driver Awareness 48 DRIVINGATHIGHALTITUDE HOOD FLIES UPHOOD FLIES UP Make sure that the hood is closed properly before driving the vehicle. Brake gently turning towards the side of the road. Use the road markings, if available as a guide .
  49. 49. HS&W– Driver Awareness 49 STEERING FAILURESTEERING FAILURE The only effective recommendation is to do regular and proper preventative maintenance. A serious emergency. The outcome depends a great deal on the speed, and whether or not the vehicle´s occupants are using their seat belts.
  50. 50. HS&W– Driver Awareness50 DO NOT! •Smoke in Vehicles •Read street directory while vehicle is in motion or stopped at traffic lights. Any violation of Traffic Regulations will be subject to the disciplinary action imposed and enforced by the relevant authority and Police acting in the region in which the violation occurred. Serious or Repeated breaches of the Traffic Regulations may result in further disciplinary action by Vodafone.
  51. 51. HS&W– Driver Awareness51 04 December 2010 DRIVER FATIGUE AND REST BREAKS Driver fatigue is a KILLER! To avoid fatigue, it is important to take regular breaks. •Frequency: A driver should have a break every two (2) hours. The driver should leave the vehicle for this break. •Break Length: at least 15 minutes in length. This may include other activities such as the delivery of goods etc. •Maximum Driving Duration: A driver should not drive for more than 10 hours in any 24 hour period. •Rest: A driver must have at least 8 consecutive hours rest in any 24 hour period.
  52. 52. HS&W– Driver Awareness52 04 December 2010 If you suffer from these symptoms when you are driving you need to STOP, and REVIVE. •Sore or "heavy" eyes. •Dim or having a blurred vision. •You start seeing things. •Droning and humming in your ears. •A sort of general tiredness. •Stiffness and contractions in muscles. •Aches and pains. •Day-dreaming. •You notice delayed reactions. •Unintentional increases or decreases in speed. •You fumble with your gear. •Your car wanders across the road.
  53. 53. HS&W– Driver Awareness53 04 December 2010 undergo routine maintenance and servicing to ensure that they are in a safe condition to drive. In the event of a breakdown: •Attempt to park the car in an area with minimal traffic. •Use a mobile phone to contact Vodafone National Fleet Manager •Contact Fleet Management on 0202000474 •In the event of an accident call 0302200100
  54. 54. HS&W– Driver Awareness54 04 December 2010 KNOW THE VF ABSOLUTE RULES • Failure to comply with Absolute Rules will result in an investigation which may lead to disciplinary action. This could include termination of employment for Vodafone employees. • Employees of contractors or sub- contractors may be removed from site and disqualified from future Vodafone work. • Line managers will be held responsible for communicating rules and ensuring compliance.
  55. 55. HS&W– Driver Awareness Thank you, Questions?