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Prostate disorders


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Prostate disorders

  3. 3. COMPLICATION OF PROSTATE GLAND • Prostate enlargement • Inflammation of the prostate gland (Prostatitis) • Prostate cancer
  4. 4. Prostate Enlargement • Prostate enlargement, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, is a common condition that affects older men. • It is usually not a serious threat to health.
  5. 5. Etiology • Changes in hormone levels in a man’s body due to ageing • Difficult for you to start urination • Weaken the flow of urine • Strain to pass urine • Frequently need to urinate • Wake up frequently during the night to urinate • Sudden urge to urinate • Blood in the urine (haematuria) Symptoms
  6. 6. Diagnosis • International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS) • Urine tests • Rectal examination • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test Treatment • Finasteride or dutasteride • Alpha blockers • Surgery Management • Eggs • Milk • Soya • Fish • Cheese • Chicken
  7. 7. Prostatitis Prostatitis is a general term that refers to inflammation (swelling) of the prostate gland, which is caused by an infection.
  8. 8. Etiology • A bacterial infection is only sometimes responsible. • In many cases of chronic (long-term) prostatitis, doctors can't find any infection in the prostate gland, In these cases, the cause is poorly understood. • Chronic prostatitis is thought to be caused by a number of suggested factors, including partial blockage of the flow of urine and underlying problems with the immune system, pelvic floor or nervous system.
  9. 9. Symptoms: • Pain in the pelvis, genitals, lower back and buttocks • Pain when urinating • Frequent need to urinate • Difficulty urinating, such as problems starting or 'stop- start' urination • Pain when ejaculating, which may contribute to erectile dysfunction • Discomfort in the perineal area (the area between the scrotum and the anus)
  10. 10. Diagnosis • Acute Prostatitis • Rectal examination. • Chronic Prostatitis • Blood tests. • Ultrasound scan or ct scan • Cytoscope Acute Prostatitis • Antibiotic tablets • Paracetamol and/or ibuprofen • Codeine Chronic Prostatitis • Antibiotics • Alpha blockers Treatment
  11. 11. Prostate cancer • Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK, with over 40,000 new cases diagnosed every year. • Prostate cancer usually develops slowly, so there may be no signs you have it for many years.
  12. 12. Etiology • Age • Ethnic group • Family history • Obesity • Exercise • Diet • Urinate more frequently, often during the night • Needing to rush to the toilet • Difficulty in starting to urinate • Straining long time while urinating • Feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully Symptoms
  13. 13. Diagnosis • Ask for a urine sample to check for infection • Take a blood sample to test your level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) • Examine your prostate (digital rectal examination) • Gleason score • Biopsy • Surgery • Radiotherapy Treatment