“We are One; as we share the Glory of our victory, so shall we
share the Pain of Our Defeat. In this way; we get Closer, we go
TYPES OF TRADE UNIONS
REASONS TO JOIN
T RADE UNIONS
Rise OF Trade
“An Association of workers in one or more profession
carried on mainly for the purpose of Protecting and
advancing the members Economic interest in connection
with their daily works”
George Douglas Howard Cole
an English political theorist, Economist,
Writer and Historian
Trade Union = Association Of employees
maintain/improve the working condition in an industry
“Reasons for Employees to join Trade Unions”
Greater Bargaining Power
Secure better working Conditions
Remove Grievances Of
June 2012: The National Mazdoor Union (NMU) gave a
strike notice to APSRTC
Demanding : giving Employment to one member of a
Ticket Issuing Machines to be provided to all
double wages for double duties, accelerated
promotions and better facilities for the crew like
rest rooms at bus depots, stations, terminal
points and the like.
“Trade Union Act 1926 – “A Trade Union must work to protect & Promote the
interests of the workers and the conditions of their employment”
To Defend & Improve the Income and Working Conditions Of Workers.
To Maintain Job Security.
To Replace Managerial Dictatorship By Workers Democracy.
To Preserve Physical Security.
To Protect the workers against Economic & Social Exploitation.
To Maintain a Harmonious Relation.
“Trade Unions make sure that the workers in an
industry will get better wages and working
“Trade Union makes sure that the workers would have a high
level of job security and they wont Un-Employed”
“Trade Union makes sure to Replace Managerial
Dictatorship By Workers Democracy, were there
is equitable rights and justice takes place, by so,
workers put their best effort & contribute more
sincerely in a democratic environment rather
than in Dictatorship”
There are four main types of trade unions.
i. Craft unions:
These represent workers with particular skills e.g. plumbers and weavers. These workers may be
employed in a number of industries.
ii. General unions:
These unions include workers with a range of skills and from a range of industries. E.g.
Indian National Trade Union Congress
iii. Industrial unions:
These seek to represent all the workers in a particular industry, for instance, those in the rail
iv. White collar unions:
These unions represent particular professions, including pilots, managers, and teachers, Office
To Secure Better Wages & Better Living Conditions.
To Provide Self-Confidence & a Feeling of Identity.
To Take Welfare Measures to Improve the Morale Of the Workers.
To Maintain Sincere & Discipline In Workers.
To Protect the Workers against Victimization & Injustice of the Employers.
To Enlarge Opportunity for Promotion & Training.
Poor Economic Condition
E.g. Recession, Deflation
Lack Of Unity Among the
E.g. Leaving the Union
Low Standard of Life
E.g. no comfort, Wealth
Intermediaries & Workers
E.G. No Communication
Opposition By Industrialist
E.g. Rejection Of Collective
E.g. Threating, Intimidate
Less Legal Support
“Trade Union Around The WORLD”
Union Density 1970-2010
1980 1990 2000 2010
“Trade Union through out the History of India”
Indian National Trade Union Congress – INTUC(4TH MAY 1948)
All India Trade Union Congress – AITUC(1920)
United Trade Union Congress – UTUC(April 30th 1949)
Hindu Mazdoor Sabha – HMS(1948)
Bhathiya Mazdoor Sabha – BMS(23rd July 1954)
Standing Conference Of Public Enterprise – SCOPE(1970)
ASSOCHAM – Associated Chambers OF Commerce & Industry Of India