• Why do we have this training?
• What types of forklift training are provided at SDKC?
• Injury and Fatality Statistics.
• Discuss our possible Danger/Hazardous traffic areas.
• What are the contributing factors that lead to forklift accidents?
• Dealing with Pedestrians, who has the right of way?
• What can you do to help prevent forklift accidents?
• Discuss load centers and Forklift stability.
Why do we have Forklift Requalification Training?
What OSHA says:
• 1910.178(I)(4)(iii) – An evaluation of each powered industrial truck
operator’s performance shall be conducted at least once every three
What SDKC says:
• SSP-016(5.0)(B) – Forklift operator evaluations will be performed
every two to three years thereafter unless the colleague is involved
in an incident with the forklift that indicates a need for refresher
training. Safety and Loss Control will notify the designated trainer
when evaluations are due as well as refresher training.
We do this to keep everyone on the same page;
• Providing a set standard of rules for everyone to follow.
• Provide consistent and concise training.
Types of Forklift Training
• Forklift Safety Training – New Hires
• Forklift Operational Training – New to Area
• Forklift Requalification Training – Every 3 Years
• Forklift Incident Review – Involved in and Incident
• Forklift and the Pedestrian – Office and Admin personnel
• Company related factors:
• Lack of training or improper training of forklift operators.
• Production factors such as speed and stress.
• Lack of proper tools, attachments and accessories.
• Improper assignment of forklifts and/or operators.
• Poor maintenance of forklifts.
• Age of forklifts.
• Behavioral and Operational factors:
• Improper warnings to others in the area of driver’s intensions.
• Poor communication during shared task, or shared space.
• Horseplay, stunt driving, or erratic driving.
• Improper backing up techniques.
• Improper turning.
• Giving rides on forklift or load.
• Parking the forklift improperly.
• Inadequate servicing of the forklift.
• Workplace Design:
• Narrow aisles.
• Crowded or cluttered aisles.
• Obstructions at intersections and doors.
• Volume of traffic in work areas.
• Pedestrians in the working areas of forklifts.
• Noisy areas
• Dusty areas
• Areas with poor lighting.
• Crane operations in normal traffic areas of forklifts.
• Characteristics of the Load:
Poorly stacked loads.
Transporting material on pallets that are in poor condition.
Overloading the forklift.
Load causes forklift operator vision to be obstructed.
What can you do as a forklift operator to prevent accidents?
Get plenty of rest, be prepared to work safely.
Perform daily pre-operational forklift checks.
Fully understand the job being tasked to you before starting.
Think about the hazards that may exist on the job.
Think about potential hazards you may create as a forklift operator.
Alert pedestrians and other forklift operators that you are in the area.
Limit pedestrian and vehicle traffic in your work area.
Make eye contact with pedestrians, first line of communication.
Assess the work area before operating your forklift.
Be alert and aware of blind spots.
If you find a hazard, document and correct it before work occurs.
Let others know of possible hazards that they may encounter.
When not in operation, “TURN THE FORKLIFT OFF”
What is a load center?
“Center of Gravity”
• Scientific explanation: The horizontal space that exists
between the edge of the load and the vertical stability line.
The load center is the distance portion of the moment
• Layman definition: is the point on an object at which all
of the object's weight is concentrated. For perfectly
symmetrical loads, the center of gravity is at the middle of
the load. At this point all outward force is equal.
Can a load center affect the
stability of a forklift?
The stated capacity of a forklift only applies to
the load center indicated on the data plate. If the
load is not centered at the specified position, the
forklift's capacity will be reduced. Loads come in
all shapes and sizes, not just symmetrical boxes.
The load size, position, and weight distribution
critically affect the forklift's capacity and the
stability of the truck.
Load weight, weight
distribution, size, shape, and
position are key factors
affecting the stability of the
forklift. Forklifts are designed
to carry a capacity load at a
standard load center,
commonly 24 inches. Because
standard pallets have
dimensions of 48 inches by 48