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IMPORTANCE & SIGNIFICANCE OF ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION
Civilization
‘Civilization’ comes from the Latin word ‘civil’ which mean...
 The other believes are belief in Devine Books, Angels, and The Day of
Judgment.
Cleanliness & Purity
Cleanliness and pur...
stresses the importance of justice in the Holy Qur’an at various places: “Be just:
that is nearest to piety.” [Al-Maida: 8...
Islam’s contribution to human rights is best appreciated when viewed
against the backdrop of world history as well as the ...
reveal any of their adornments (beauty spots) except what is normally
apparent (face, hair lower arms and lower legs etc.)...
interests, curbs one’s desires and prevents one from slipping into error and
lack of discipline. This chastity finds expre...
Clash mean a situation in which people’s opinion or qualities are very different
from and opposed to each other. The Clash...
 Generous Civilization
Generosity is the opposite of
stinginess. It stands for offering
money, food, or any other lawful
...
civilization nor does it run
counter to human nature.
Objectives of Sharia
The five main objectives of sharia are:
1. Deen...
The third cause between Western and Islamic civilization is enmity on the
basis of religion. They think, Muslims are rude,...
labelled as terrorists and uncultured. The main reason for this is the
intellectual poverty and absence of human liberty i...
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Importance & Significance of Islamic Civilization

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Importance & Significance of Islamic Civilizationeduca

Importance & Significance of Islamic Civilization

  1. 1. IMPORTANCE & SIGNIFICANCE OF ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION Civilization ‘Civilization’ comes from the Latin word ‘civil’ which means ‘universal’. The word civilization means growth, achievements, and a manner that forms a well- mannered personality and society that shape a country. Islamic Civilization Civilization is the manifestation of beliefs in every aspect of human life. Thus, the Islamic Civilization can also be defined, namely the manifestation of Islamic faith (tawhid) in every aspect of Muslim life. Islam is complete code of life. Allah says in Quran: “Verily the religion with Allah is Islam” Islam does not allow any racial, linguistic or ethnic discrimination; it stands for universal humanism. Characteristics of Islamic Civilization (with explanation) Objective Civilization provides us a comprehensive manifestation which has been based on beliefs in:  Tawhid, the most important characteristics of Muslim society, according to Sharia, it means “to submit or to confess the Lordship of Allah.” Allah is the owner of sovereignty. Qur’an says: “Blessed is He(Allah) for whom sovereignty is in His hand.” [Al-Mulk: 1]  Risalat is to hold belief that Allah has sent Prophets for the guidance for whole humanity. Muslims regard Adam (A.S) as the first Prophet and Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W) as the final chosen Prophet of Allah. In Surah 33, the Quran makes the following statement: “Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but is the Messenger of Allah and the seal of the Prophets (Khatam al-Nabiyyin).”
  2. 2.  The other believes are belief in Devine Books, Angels, and The Day of Judgment. Cleanliness & Purity Cleanliness and purification is one of the great privileges of Islam. It has evolved a wonderful system that encompasses Muslim life on individual and social levels. Islam places great emphasis on cleanliness, in both physical and spiritual terms. In the Holy Quran, there are a number of verses which shed light at the importance of cleanliness: “Truly, Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean.” [Al-Baqarah: 222] According to Hadith: “Cleanliness is half of faith.” Equality Islam gives equal rights to all, rich and poor, noble and ignoble. The basic principle on which people are differentiated in Islam is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an as: “O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has al-taqwa [i.e., is one of the muttaqoon or pious]. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” [Al-Hujraat: 13] Brotherhood The importance of brotherhood in Islam cannot be overstressed. It is not permissible for a Muslim to sever relations with his brother for more than three days. According to Hadith: “It is sufficient evil for a Muslim that he should look down upon his brother. The life, wealth, honor of a Muslim is inviolable by another Muslim.” Justice Islam is an institution of justice and moderation. Islamic system is based on justice. If there are tears for the oppressed, then there are swords for the oppressors. Allah
  3. 3. stresses the importance of justice in the Holy Qur’an at various places: “Be just: that is nearest to piety.” [Al-Maida: 8] Commanding Good & Forbidding Evil Commanding the proper and forbidding the improper is one of the most important Islamic principles, stressed again and again in Qur’an and Hadith. The Qur'an says: “Allah does command your justness, goodness and liberality to the near ones and He does forbid you shameful deeds, impropriety and rebelliousness.” Tenants of Islam, namely: Shahada, Salah(Prayer), Saum(Fasting), Zakat, and Hajj, play an important role in convincing a person to do good and stop doing evil. . . Social & Ethical (Moral) Influences of Islamic Civilization Social Influence: Social influence is defined as change in an individual’s thoughts, feelings, attitudes, or behaviors that results from interaction with another individual or a group. Social influence of Islamic civilization is defined by the following types:  Human Equality One basic element in the value system of Islam is the principle of equality or equity. This value of equality is not to be mistaken for or confused with identicalness or stereotype. Islam teaches that in the sight of Allah Almighty, all people are equal, but they are not necessarily identical. There are differences of abilities, potentials, ambitions, wealth and so on.  Influence of Belief in Tawhid This belief produces in man the highest degree of self-respect and self- esteem. The believer knows that Allah alone is the Possessor of all power, and that none besides Him can benefit or harm a person, or provide for his needs, or give and take away life or wield authority or influence. This conviction makes him indifferent to, and independent and fearless of, all baseless powers other than those of Allah.  Everyone has the Right to Worship
  4. 4. Islam’s contribution to human rights is best appreciated when viewed against the backdrop of world history as well as the realities of modern times. Worshipping Allah is a comprehensive concept within Islam. A Muslim can be engaged in worship throughout the day, be it at home, work or anywhere else regardless of any economic and social disparity.  Social Justice In Islam equality and freedom have a solid base. If it gives importance to preservation of physical health, it also stresses on our spiritual enlightenment and moral uplift. If it ordains the offering of prayers, it also orders paying zakat (religious tax). If it allows acquisition of personal wealth and property, it also forbids taking undue advantage of ownership and damaging the interest of other people. When Imam Ali was told by the people about the piety and devotion of a person offering his prayers, he asked about the intention and the character of a person. Hence it means that if a person is a devout worshipper of Allah, we should judge him by his views and behavior.  Dignity of Women Islam has empowered women with the most progressive rights since the 7th century. In Islam, women are not inferior or unequal to men. Allah devotes an entire chapter of the Quran, to women. Islam proclaims that all human beings, men and women, are born in a pure state. The goal of every Muslim is to preserve this purity by shunning evil tendencies and beautifying their inner being with virtuous traits.  Dress The Islam instructs both Muslim men and women to dress in a modest way. Men’s Dress: Wearing the jilbab, izar (loin-wrap), thawb (long cloth), `imama (turban), jubbah (coat or mantle), sirwal (baggy pants) and so forth is of the Prophet's Sunna of dress. Women’s Dress: For women, al-khimar, is considered by some to be obligatory in Islam, as the Qur’an states “Tell the believing women to put their khimar over their bosoms”, all the major Arab translations and dictionaries agree that “al-khimar” means a veil or scarf that a woman uses to cover her head during prayer, and “over their bosoms” implies women should cover their private parts. Islam also instructs the women not to
  5. 5. reveal any of their adornments (beauty spots) except what is normally apparent (face, hair lower arms and lower legs etc.).  Influences on Architecture Islamic architecture encompasses a wide range of both secular and religious styles from the foundation of Islam to the present day, influencing the design and construction of buildings and structures in Islamic culture and beyond. The principal Islamic architectural types are: The Mosque, the Tomb, the Palace, the Fort, the School, and urban buildings.  Agriculture and Industry Islamic teachings advocate for the prosperity of the earth. Islamic lands to productive use by planting crops. There are hadiths that recommend to grow crops as in this hadith: “If you heard that the Antichrist has come out while you’re planting the seeds of dates so do not hurry to fix it, because there’s life after that for men.”  Eradication of Superstitions Superstitions are incorrect beliefs and practices that do not have a logical basis or any connection with real life. Regardless of race or religion, superstitions are present in many societies. The Prophet (S.A.W) fought against superstitions in almost all of his actions. He (S.A.W) clarified that there was no concept of ill omens in Islam and that belief in ill omens would lead individuals to polytheism (shirk).  The Dignity of Workers Labor has got lot of importance in Islam. In a tradition, Holy Prophet (S.A.W) said “The Labor is the friend of God”, it shows that how much importance Islam is giving to the Labor. Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) worked with his own hands. He loved to work with his own hands for himself and for others as well. Ethical Influence: Ethical influence means persuading another that one can make that other more uncomfortable than that other can make oneself. Ethical influence of Islamic civilization is defined by the following types:  Chastity The chastity of Islam is what restrains the human behavior from deteriorating into the following of despicable desires. It looks after one’s
  6. 6. interests, curbs one’s desires and prevents one from slipping into error and lack of discipline. This chastity finds expression in human decency and there appears in it purity, and human virtue. Guarding chastity from immorality is one thing that can purify the soul, bring peace to nations, and maintain security.  Sense of Passion This includes self-actualization that comprises morality, creativity, problem solving, lack of prejudice, and acceptance of facts; esteem that comprises self-esteem, confidence, achievement, respect of and by others; love/belonging that comprises friendship, family, and sexual intimacy; and safety that comprises security of body, employment, resources, morality, family, health and prosperity.  Altruism Altruism or selflessness in Islamic terminology means to prefer or put others before self. It can be traced in many verses of the Qur’an as well as the hadiths of Prophet (S.A.W)  Ethical life Islam places the highest emphasis on ethical values in all aspects of human life. In Islam, ethics governs all aspects of life. Four aspects of Islamic Ethics are: Quran, Sunnah, Ijma (consensus of Muslim Scholars), and Legal precedents or Qiyas. . . Clash of Civilization
  7. 7. Clash mean a situation in which people’s opinion or qualities are very different from and opposed to each other. The Clash of Civilizations (COC) is a hypothesis that people's cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post-Cold War world. Actually, clash of civilizations and cultures are former or created by the religions. All human activities are performed as a result of faith or belief. Difference between Islamic & Western Civilization  Monotheistic Civilization The first characteristic is the fact that it is a civilization based on Islamic faith, imbued with its values and principles. It is a monotheistic civilization based on the belief in the oneness of Allah Almighty, the Creator of men and all creatures. It is also partly a man-made civilization, built on sturdy religious background of faith.  Atheistic Civilization Western civilization is based on atheism in which religion is a personal matter of everyone which has no relation to human life  Universal Dimension The universality of Islam is an undeniable fact, a characteristic peculiar to Islam, the Righteous Religion. Among the most important signs of Islam’s universality is the fact that it has opened its lands to protect minorities and has permitted them to join the Muslims on equal footing in all areas of economic endeavor, whether in agriculture, industry or commerce.  Limitation It has its boundary and limitation and it cares only for European.
  8. 8.  Generous Civilization Generosity is the opposite of stinginess. It stands for offering money, food, or any other lawful gaining out of one’s free will. It is in fact the worthiest nature. Islam teaches us to be a generous civil. Prophet (S.A.W) said: “The generous is close to Allah, close to people, and close to Paradise. The stingy is remote from Allah, remote from people, and close to Hell”.  Biased Relations Western civilization has a prejudice and biased relations with other communities and nations of the world.  Well Balanced Civilization Islamic civilization is a well- balanced civilization which secures fair equilibrium between the materialistic and the spiritual sides with exemplary moderation that has always been a characteristic of Islamic thought and a distinctive feature of the Islamic civilization throughout its history. No excess, no neglect, no ill-founded extremism, no recklessness. It is a moderation built on justice and equity.  Materialistic Civilization It is the civilization that is purely based on materialistic view point and it has no moral or ethical grounds.  Perennial Civilization The fourth characteristic is its being a perennial civilization which will last as long as Islam, because it is based on the very principles of Islam which Allah will preserve eternally. Thus, it is a civilization with unique characteristics, a civilization that never withers away since it is neither a national nor a racial  Occasional Objectives Western civilization has occasional objectives
  9. 9. civilization nor does it run counter to human nature. Objectives of Sharia The five main objectives of sharia are: 1. Deen-Protection of Religion. 2. Nafs-Protection of Life. 3. Aqal-Protection of Intellect. 4. Nasab-Protection of Posterity. 5. Maal-Protection of Property. Causes of Clash of Civilization As is evident from the table above that Islamic civilization is a universal civilization is based on the Devine Truth and its fundamental teachings have the foundation of Islamic injunctions. On the other hand, western civilization has a satanic foundation and is a false. Their foundation is based on material lust and worldly desires. Thus, clash between them is eventual.  Religious Reasons Islamic civilization is based on Islamic faith, infused with its principles and main belief.  Historical Reasons Ironically, one of the problems that Muslim world has today is partly because of its past. The fact that it was such a comprehensive and broadly successful civilization for such a long time made the transition to having to accept a Western-dominated world more difficult.  Enmity Towards Muslim World
  10. 10. The third cause between Western and Islamic civilization is enmity on the basis of religion. They think, Muslims are rude, fanatic, fundamentalists, and enemy of freedom.  World’s Leading Civilization The Muslim world has fallen under terrible times over the past 400 to 500 years. There is the terrible shock and anguish of having been the world’s leading civilization for 800 years or so, to find themselves subordinate, weaker and left behind by a rising West, starting sometime in the 16th century. Influences of Clash of Civilization The real issues between the two civilizations are not that strong at all, but an incident like September 11 has brought the two most extreme and radical elements of the two conflict.  Muslims Are Under Siege The present age can rightly be described as the age of the predominance of Western philosophical thought and learning. The Western ideas about the nature of man and the universe are strongly upheld all around the world. Part of the difficulty today is that Muslims are clinging to the most traditional forms of Islam as a kind of reaction to this.  Resentment Toward Religions The western powers name their development a result of secular attitude, the result of which is being seen in the youth of Muslim world. Muslims generally are of the view that religion is a hindrance in their development. They think that religion is only a name of some worship.  Sense of Inferiority It is humiliating for the Muslims to think that the West is so far ahead in everything and they are utterly dependent on the West and other countries for everything. This creates a sense of inferiority.  Intellectual Poorness It is one of the tragedies of the Muslim world that the followers of this exquisite religion which is supposed to bring tranquility in the world are
  11. 11. labelled as terrorists and uncultured. The main reason for this is the intellectual poverty and absence of human liberty in the Muslim world.  Renaissance of Islamic World Muslim world is being propounded Islam as a system of life. Islamic teachings are being projected as an all-embracing “system of life”. It is impossible to consider an Islamic Renaissance without comparisons to the Western experience. However, the Muslim world is not an empire. It’s more a dispersion of states that share a communal identity, affiliation around religion, and culture, but they’re not institutionally or economically tied and so it is difficult to draw clear parallels.
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Importance & Significance of Islamic Civilizationeduca

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