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The Complete Diode Model

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The Complete Diode Model & Biasing Modes of a Diode

The Complete Diode Model

  1. 1. 0 The Complete Diode Model To understand that what the complete diode model is, following terms must be known to us: a) Diode A diode is a specialized electronic component with two electrons called anode & cathode. Most diodes are made with semiconductor materials such as silicon, germanium, or selenium. A diode is an electrical device allowing current to move through it in one direction with far greater ease than in other. b) p–n Junction A p–n junction is a boundary or interface between two types of semiconductor material, p-type and n-type, inside a single crystal of semiconductor. c) Biasing Biasing is the method of applying necessary voltage across p-n junction. Biasing is of two types: o Forward Biasing In forward biasing, anode(p-region) is connected to positive terminal of supply and cathode(n-region) is connected to the negative terminal of supply. Working is illustrated with the help of diagram:
  2. 2. 1 Forward bias is a close switch. o Reverse Biasing In reverse biasing, anode(p-region) is connected to negative terminal of supply and cathode(n-region) is connected to the positive terminal of supply. Working is illustrated with the help of diagram: Reverse Bias Reverse bias acts as an open switch. d) Barrier Potential Barrier potential is the amount of energy required to produce full conduction across the p-n junction in forward bias.
  3. 3. 2 e) Small forward Dynamic resistance Dynamic Resistance of a p-n junction diode is the small change in forward voltage to small change in forward current at a particular operating point. f) Large internal Reverse Resistance It is the resistance which the diode offers in a circuit. The complete model of a diode consists of the barrier potential, the small forward dynamic resistance, and the large internal reverse resistance. The reverse resistance is taken into account because it provides a path for the reverse current, which is included in this diode model. When the diode is forward-biased, it acts as a closed switch (as we already know) in series with the barrier potential voltage and the small forward dynamic resistance as indicated in the large internal reverse resistance as indicated in the figure below. When the diode is reverse-biased, it acts like a closed switch (as we already know) in parallel with the large internal reverse resistance as shown in the figure below. The barrier potential does not affect reverse bias; it is not a factor. The characteristic curve for the complete diode model is also shown in the figure. Since the barrier potential and the forward dynamic resistance are included, the diode is assumed to have a voltage across it when forward- biased. This voltage consists of the barrier potential voltage plus the small voltage drop across the dynamic resistance, as indicated by the portion of the curve to the right of the origin. The curve slopes because the voltage drop due to dynamic resistance increases as the current increases. The reverse current is taken into account with the parallel resistance and is indicated by the portion of the curve to the left of the origin. The breakdown portion of the curve is not shown because breakdown is not a normal mode of operation for most diodes.
  4. 4. 3 Review g) What are the two conditions under which the diode is operated? A diode is operated under these two conditions: 1) Forward Bias. 2) Reverse Bias. h) Under what condition is the diode never intentionally operated? A diode should never be operated in reverse breakdown. i) What is the simplest way to visualize a diode? The diode can be ideally viewed as a switch. j) To more accurately represent a diode, what factors must be included? A diode includes barrier potential, dynamic resistance, and reverse resistance in the complete model. So, the complete diode model is the most accurate diode approximation. k) Which diode models will be used in this book? Complete diode model will be used in this book.
  5. 5. 4 Reference 1) Website: www.wikipedia.com 2) Book: Electronic Devices by Floyd
  • GulNawab2

    Jul. 7, 2021
  • DanielSamonte1

    Feb. 15, 2021
  • ItxmeTuBaAyAx

    Dec. 7, 2019
  • Hubakhan3

    Jun. 5, 2017
  • ManahilAnwar

    Jun. 4, 2017

The Complete Diode Model & Biasing Modes of a Diode

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