National Urban Transport Policy(2006)
Ministry of Urban Development, Government
of India (MoUD) issued the National Urban
Transport Policy (NUTP) in 2006, to bring
about comprehensive improvements in
urban transport services and infrastructure.
The objective of this policy is to ensure
safe, affordable, quick, comfortable,
reliable and sustainable access for the
growing number of city residents to jobs, education, recreation and such other needs
within our cities. The policy focus is on moving people rather than vehicles by
providing sustainable mobility and accessibility to all citizens to jobs, education, social
services and recreation at affordable cost and within reasonable time.
This will involve:
• Incorporating urban transportation as an important parameter at the urban planning
stage rather than being a consequential requirement.
• Bringing about a more equitable allocation of road space with people, rather than
vehicles, as its main focus.
• Public transport should be citywide, safe, seamless, user friendly, reliable and
should provide good ambience with well-behaved drivers and conductors.
• Walk and cycle should become safe modes of Urban transport.
• Addressing concerns of road safety and trauma response.
• Raising finances, through innovative mechanisms.
• Establishing institutional mechanisms for enhanced coordination in the planning and
management of transport systems.
Building capacity (institutional and manpower) to plan for sustainable urban transport
and establishing knowledge management system that would service the needs of all
Figure 1. Source -(http://itdp.in/wp-
urban transport professionals, such as planners, researchers, teachers, students, etc.
Figure 2.National Urban Transport Policy
Review and Critique
• The ultimate outcome of urban transport policy is how we achieve sustainability in
urban transport delivery.
• Accessibility and urban mobility are critical for promoting sustainable urban
economic development in Indian cities. However, urban mobility has not
contributed to desired outcomes owing to policies adopted.
• The objective for which this policy was made has not been achieved whose focus
was to move people rather than vehicles, people in order of their safety and time
constraint prefer to move on motor vehicles, this also includes those people whose
work place is at a walking distance.
• Moreover the public transport system of India is also not that strong enough
which attract people to use them which decreases the pollution per passenger travel.
Figure 3. Growth of registered Vehicles in India
• One of the major problem associated with Urban transport planning is the increase
in number of vehicles in India which can be seen in the graph above, which makes it
difficult to control.
• Clearly, the problem lies in identifying, implementing and monitoring policy measures
that are effective in addressing specific issues in a coordinated way.
• Urban mobility can be decreased by compact city forms and mixed use
communities that reduce travel distances from home to work. Compact cities put
activity centres closer to each other, but also provide safe and efficient pedestrian
• Urban transport systems influence the spatial form and configuration of its cities.
• Present urban transport issues such as congestion, road accidents, pollution, etc.
More public resources need to be allocated to develop high capacity public transport