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Tense

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TENSE

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Tense

  1. 1. TENSE PRESENTED BY SIMRAN KAUR
  2. 2. DEFINITION •Tense is the time of the action being performed.
  3. 3. TYPES OF TENSE 1. PRESENT TENSE a) Simple Present b) Present Continuous c) Present Perfect d) Present Perfect Continuous
  4. 4. TYPES OF TENSE 2. PAST TENSE a) Simple Past b) Past Continuous c) Past Perfect d) Past Perfect Continuous
  5. 5. TYPES OF TENSE 3. FUTURE TENSE a) Simple Future b) Future Continuous c) Future Perfect d) Future Perfect Continuous
  6. 6. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE •It is used to express an action in present time which is usually done on a regular basis.
  7. 7. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCE) RULE: 1. Subject + Main Verb + Object 2. Subject + 1st form of verb (Base verb) + Object SENTENCE 1: I write a letter. SENTENCE 2: He gets up early in the morning. SENTENCE 3: The sun rises in the east.
  8. 8. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCE) RULE: 1. Subject + Auxiliary Verb + NOT + Main Verb + Object 2. Subject + do/does + NOT + 1st form of verb + Object SENTENCE 1: I do not write a letter. SENTENCE 2: He does not get up early in the morning. SENTENCE 3: The sun does not rise in the east.
  9. 9. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE) RULE: 1. Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object? 2. Do/Does + Subject + 1st form of verb + Object? SENTENCE 1: Do I write a letter? SENTENCE 2: Does he get up early in the morning? SENTENCE 3: Does the sun rises in the east?
  10. 10. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE •It is used to express a continued or ongoing action at present time.
  11. 11. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCE) RULE: 1. Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + (-ing) + Object 2. Subject + is/am/are + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object SENTENCE 1: I am playing cricket. SENTENCE 2: He is driving car. SENTENCE 3: They are reading their lessons.
  12. 12. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCE) RULE: 1. Subject + Auxiliary Verb + NOT + Main Verb + (-ing) + Object 2. Subject + is/am/are + NOT + Main Verb + (-ing) + Object SENTENCE 1: I am not playing cricket. SENTENCE 2: He is not driving car. SENTENCE 3: They are not reading their lessons.
  13. 13. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE) RULE: 1. Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb + (-ing) + Object? 2. Am/Is/Are + Subject + 1st form of Verb + (-ing) + Object? SENTENCE 1: Am I playing cricket? SENTENCE 2: Is he driving car? SENTENCE 3: Are they reading their lessons?
  14. 14. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE •It is used to express an action happened or completed in near past.
  15. 15. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCE) RULE: 1. Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object 2. Subject + has/have + 3rd form of verb + Object SENTENCE 1: I have eaten meal. SENTENCE 2: She has learnt a lesson.
  16. 16. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCE) RULE: 1. Subject + Auxiliary Verb + NOT + Main Verb + Object 2. Subject + has/have + NOT + 3rd form of verb + Object SENTENCE 1: I have not eaten meal. SENTENCE 2: She has not learnt a lesson.
  17. 17. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE) RULE: 1. Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object? 2. Has/Have + Subject + 3rd form of verb + Object? SENTENCE 1: Have I eaten meal? SENTENCE 2: Has she learnt a lesson?
  18. 18. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE •It is used to express a continued or ongoing action that started in past and is continued till now. •There will be a time reference.
  19. 19. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCE) RULE: 1. Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object + Time Reference. 2. Subject + has been/have been + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object + Time Reference. SENTENCE 1: He has been watering the plants for two hours. SENTENCE 2: I have been studying since 3 o’clock.
  20. 20. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCE) RULE: 1.Subject + “NOT” between Auxiliary Verbs + Main Verb + Object + Time Reference 2.Subject + has not been/have not been + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object + Time Reference SENTENCE 1: He has not been watering the plants for two hours. SENTENCE 2: I have not been studying since 3 o’clock.
  21. 21. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object + Time Reference? 2.Has/Have + Subject + been + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object + Time Reference? SENTENCE 1: Has he been watering the plants for two hours? SENTENCE 2: Have I been studying since 3 o’clock?
  22. 22. SIMPLE PAST TENSE •It is used to express an action that completed or happened in past.
  23. 23. SIMPLE PAST TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + Main Verb + Object 2.Subject + 2nd form of verb + Object SENTENCE 1: I killed a snake. SENTENCE 2: He ate a mango.
  24. 24. SIMPLE PAST TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + Auxiliary Verb + NOT + Main Verb + Object 2.Subject + did + NOT + 1st form of verb + Object SENTENCE 1: I did not kill a snake. SENTENCE 2: He did not eat a mango.
  25. 25. SIMPLE PAST TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object? 2.Did + Subject + 1st form of verb + Object? SENTENCE 1: Did I kill a snake? SENTENCE 2: Did he eat a mango?
  26. 26. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE •It is used to express a continued or ongoing action in past.
  27. 27. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object 2.Subject + was/were + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object SENTENCE 1: She was crying yesterday. SENTENCE 2: They were climbing on a hill.
  28. 28. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + Auxiliary Verb + NOT + Main Verb + Object 2.Subject + was/were + NOT + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object SENTENCE 1: She was not crying yesterday. SENTENCE 2: They were not climbing on a hill.
  29. 29. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object? 2.Was/Were + Subject + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object? SENTENCE 1: Was she crying yesterday? SENTENCE 2: Were they climbing on a hill?
  30. 30. PAST PERFECT TENSE •It is used to express an action which has occurred in past and action which has occurred in past before another action in past.
  31. 31. PAST PERFECT TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object 2.Subject + had + 3rd form of verb + Object SENTENCE 1: He had taken the exam last year. SENTENCE 2: A thief had stolen my watch.
  32. 32. PAST PERFECT TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + Auxiliary Verb + NOT + Main Verb + Object 2.Subject + had + NOT + 3rd form of verb + Object SENTENCE 1: He had not taken the exam last year. SENTENCE 2: A thief had not stolen my watch.
  33. 33. PAST PERFECT TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object? 2.Had + Subject + 3rd form of verb + Object? SENTENCE 1: Had he taken the exam last year? SENTENCE 2: Had a thief stolen my watch?
  34. 34. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE •It is used to express a continued or ongoing action that started in past and continued till sometime in past.
  35. 35. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object + Time Reference 2.Subject + had been + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object + Time Reference SENTENCE 1: I had been waiting for him for one hour. SENTENCE 2: She had been playing chess since 7 o’clock.
  36. 36. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + “NOT” between Auxiliary Verbs + Main Verb + Object + Time Reference 2.Subject + had NOT been + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object + Time Reference SENTENCE 1: I had not been waiting for him for one hour. SENTENCE 2: She had not been playing chess since 7 o’clock.
  37. 37. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object + Time Reference? 2.Had + Subject + been + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object + Time Reference? SENTENCE 1: Had I been waiting for him for one hour? SENTENCE 2: Had she been playing chess since 7 o’clock?
  38. 38. SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE •It is used to express an action which has not occurred yet and occur after saying or in future.
  39. 39. SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object 2.Subject + will/shall + 1st form of verb + Object SENTENCE 1: I shall buy a computer tomorrow. SENTENCE 2: They will come here.
  40. 40. SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Suject + Auxiliary Verb + NOT + Main Verb + Object 2.Subject + will/shall + NOT + Main Verb + Object SENTENCE 1: I shall not buy a computer tomorrow. SENTENCE 2: They will not come here.
  41. 41. SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object? 2.Will/Shall + Subject + 1st form of verb + Object? SENTENCE 1: Shall I buy a computer tomorrow? SENTENCE 2: Will they come here?
  42. 42. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE •It is used to express a continued or an ongoing action in future.
  43. 43. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object 2.Subject + will be/shall be + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object SENTENCE 1: I shall be waiting for you. SENTENCE 2: You will be feeling well tomorrow.
  44. 44. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + “NOT” between Auxiliary Verbs + Main Verb + Object 2.Subject + will not be/shall not be + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object SENTENCE 1: I shall not be waiting for you. SENTENCE 2: You will not be feeling well tomorrow.
  45. 45. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object 2.Will/Shall + be + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object SENTENCE 1: Shall I be waiting for you? SENTENCE 2: Will you be feeling well tomorrow?
  46. 46. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE •It is used to express an action which will occur in future and is thought to be completed in future.
  47. 47. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1. Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object 2. Subject + will have/shall have + 3rd form of verb + Object SENTENCE 1: She will have finished the work by Wednesday. SENTENCE 2: You will have started a job.
  48. 48. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + “NOT” between Auxiliary Verbs + Main Verb + Object 2.Subject + will not have/shall not have + 3rd form of verb + Object SENTENCE 1: She will not have finished the job by Wednesday. SENTENCE 2: You will not have started a job.
  49. 49. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Main Verb + Object? 2.Will/Shall + Subject + have + 3rd form of verb + Object? SENTENCE 1: Will she have finished the work by Wednesday? SENTENCE 2: Will you have started a job?
  50. 50. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE •It is used to express a continued or ongoing action that will start in future and is thought to continue till somewhere in future.
  51. 51. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (POSITIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1. Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object + Time Reference 2.Subject + will have been/shall have been + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object + Time Reference SENTENCE 1: I shall have been waiting for him for one hour. SENTENCE 2: She will have been playing football since 2015.
  52. 52. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (NEGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Subject + “NOT” between Auxiliary Verbs + Main Verb + Object + Time Reference 2.Subject + will not have been/shall not have been + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object + Time Reference SENTENCE 1: I shall not have been waiting for him for one hour. SENTENCE 2: She will not have been playing football since 2015.
  53. 53. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE (INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES) RULE: 1.Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + Object + Time Reference 2.Will/Shall + Subject + have been + 1st form of verb + (-ing) + Object + Time Reference SENTENCE 1: Shall I have been waiting for him for one hour? SENTENCE 2: Will she have been playing football since 2015?
  54. 54. THANK YOU!!!
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