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Verb

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Verb

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Verb

  1. 1. VERB PRESENTED BY SIMRAN KAUR
  2. 2. DEFINITION Verb is a word that describes the action performed.
  3. 3. TYPES OF VERB 1. Transitive verb 2. Intransitive verb 3. Auxiliary verb
  4. 4. TRANSITIVE VERB Transitive verb is a word that passes the action to an object.
  5. 5. INTRANSITIVE VERB Intransitive verb is a word that performs only action.
  6. 6. AUXILIARY VERB Auxiliary verbs are helping verbs and are necessary for the grammatical structure of sentence
  7. 7. FORMS OF VERBS 1. Base form 2. Past form 3. Past participle form
  8. 8. BASE FORM Base form refers to verb in it’s original form.
  9. 9. PAST FORM Past form refers to verb in it’s past or second form.
  10. 10. PAST PARTICIPLE FORM Past participle form refers to verb in it’s past participle or third form.
  11. 11. RULES OF VERBS If the two subjects are joined by “AND”, the verb will be plural. 1. Ram and Shyam are friends. 2. He and she were present in the function.
  12. 12. RULES OF VERBS When two nouns refer to the same person or thing, it takes singular verb. 1. The poet and painter has died. 2. The clerk and counsellor was present in the meeting.
  13. 13. RULES OF VERBS When two nouns almost identical in meaning used in a sentence, just for the sake of emphasis, we use singular verb. 1. The scheme and plan of my life differs from that of yours. 2. The authority and command is indeed great.
  14. 14. RULES OF VERBS When two nouns are not identical in meaning but part of the same idea and used as a phrase, the verb used is singular. 1. Bread and butter is a good breakfast. 2. Slow and steady wins the race.
  15. 15. RULES OF VERBS When two subjects are connected by ; or, either…or, neither…nor, and not only…but also, the subject which is closest to the verb determines whether the verb is singular or plural. Usually the plural subject is placed near the verb. 1. Ramesh or his friends are abusing him. 2. Either you or I am to go there.
  16. 16. RULES OF VERBS With collective nouns, the verb used can be singular or plural. If the collective noun functions as a unit, the verb will be singular, but if the collective noun functions dividedly, the verb used will be plural. 1. The Parliament has passed the bill. 2. The audience were getting bored.
  17. 17. RULES OF VERBS Some nouns ends with “s”, look like plurals, but actually singular in meaning, singular verbs will be used. 1. Physics is a good subject. 2. First innings was spoiled due to rain.
  18. 18. RULES OF VERBS A plural noun denoting quantity or measurements of time, money, distance and weight as a unit takes singular verb. 1. Five kilograms is not a heavy weight. 2. Eight hours of sleep is enough.
  19. 19. RULES OF VERBS Some nouns appear, singular but are plural in meaning take plural verbs. 1. The cattle are grazing in the field. 2. Not less than a dozen were injured.
  20. 20. RULES OF VERBS Sometimes a word that is actually an adjective is used as a noun, it is preceded by “the” and means “people”. 1. The poor are trustworthy. 2. The rich are generally unkind to the poor.
  21. 21. RULES OF VERBS “Each” and “Every” take singular noun and singular verb. 1. Each boy and girl has to attend the function. 2. Every man, woman and child was happy to meet with the President.
  22. 22. RULES OF VERBS Usually singular verb is used in sentences showing arithmetical calculations. 1. Four and four is eight. 2. Two times six is twelve.
  23. 23. RULES OF VERBS “One of”, “Either of”, “Neither of”, “None of” always take plural noun and singular verb. 1. One of my friends needs some help. 2. Neither of the girls is here.
  24. 24. RULES OF VERBS Some nouns uncountable in nature can’t be pluralised by adding “s”. Uncountable nouns take singular verbs. 1. Work is worship. 2. His behaviour was not proper.
  25. 25. RULES OF VERBS When two nouns joined together by; besides, as well as, and not, in addition to, like, with, together with, including, accompanied by, the verb is governed by the former noun. 1. Ram and not his friends was present there. 2. All the books including yours are in that rack.
  26. 26. RULES OF VERBS Hair is used in singular and usually takes singular verb. But if hair is used as countable, use plural verb. 1. His hair is black. 2. Five hairs of the horse are needed by him.
  27. 27. RULES OF VERBS If a countable noun follows “all” or “some” in a sentence the noun as well as verb used will be plural. But if the noun following is uncountable, the verb used will be singular. 1. All the tigers are wild animals. 2. Some milk is needed.
  28. 28. RULES OF VERBS When used in sentences, the titles of books, plays, poems, movies and so on are singular and so take singular verb. 1. The Untouchables was a very violent movie. 2. The X-files is re-screening this evening.
  29. 29. RULES OF VERBS The verb used after “there” will be singular or plural depends upon the noun it follows. If it is singular, use singular verb. If plural, use plural verb. 1. There is a girl in the room. 2. There are ten students in the class.
  30. 30. RULES OF VERBS Some nouns consist of two parts, take plural verbs. 1. My shoes are new. 2. Her spectacles are beautiful.
  31. 31. RULES OF VERBS Some sentences have following construction: Singular noun + Preposition + Singular noun….Singular verb Use singular verb in such constructions. 1. Man after man was coming there. 2. He begs from door to door.
  32. 32. RULES OF VERBS Some nouns have the same form in singular as well as plural. 1. A sheep is a beautiful animal. 2. There are many fish in the pond.
  33. 33. RULES OF VERBS If in a sentence; infinitive, gerunds, phrases, or a clause, functions as subject, use singular verb. 1. Swimming is a good exercise. 2. To swim is good for you. 3. How to start it is a big question? 4. That she is poor is known to me.
  34. 34. RULES OF VERBS If phrase: a number of/ lots of/ a lot of/ plenty of/ a quarter of/ part of/ percent of/ proportion of/ none of/ remainder of/ two third of/ most of/ some of/ majority of/ much of/ many of/ a good deal of/ a great deal of/ heaps of, etc. is followed by a countable noun, it will be plural and the verb used will also be plural. If the noun followed is uncountable the verb used will be singular. 1. Most of the milk was impure. 2. Half of the milk was spoiled.
  35. 35. RULES OF VERBS “A number” means many, always takes plural verb. “The number” means a definite number, acts as collective noun, take singular verb. 1. The number of students opted Hindi is generally small. 2. A number of English books are available in the library.
  36. 36. RULES OF VERBS “None” usually takes singular verb, but some renowned Grammarians also use plural verbs with none. 1. None were injured. 2. None but the brave deserves the reward.
  37. 37. RULES OF VERBS The phrase “Nothing but” is treated as singular, so it takes singular verb irrespective of the noun following it, is singular or plural. 1. Nothing but birds is seen. 2. Nothing but a student is there.
  38. 38. RULES OF VERBS If “no” precedes each of the two singular nouns in a sentence, singular verb is used. 1. No boy and no girl was present in the party. 2. No man and no woman was swimming at that time.
  39. 39. RULES OF VERBS Following indefinite words require singular verbs: anybody, anyone, each, everyone, everybody, much, no one, other, one, someone, something, somebody
  40. 40. RULES OF VERBS Following indefinite words can have singular or plural verb. If the subject is singular, verb will also be singular. If the subject is plural, verb will be plural. Eg: all/ any/ enough/ most/ some
  41. 41. RULES OF VERBS When the subject and verb are separated, find the subject and verb and make sure they agree. Ignore the words in- between because they do not affect agreement. 1. The quality of these goods is well known. 2. The colour of this shirt is liked by all.
  42. 42. RULES OF VERBS In some sentences, the apposition is placed between subject and predicate, that verb will be governed, in number and person by the subject’s number and person. 1. You, my friend, are not guilty of misconduct. 2. I, manager of this company, am responsible for the loss.
  43. 43. RULES OF VERBS The relative pronouns (who, whom, which and that) are either singular or plural depending on the words they refer to. If the word referred is singular, verb will also be singular, otherwise plural. 1. It is I who am responsible for the loss. 2. The book that is here is mine.
  44. 44. RULES OF VERBS If a sentence compounds a positive and a negative subject and one is plural and the other is singular, the verb should agree with the positive subject. 1. It was the speaker, not his ideas, that has provoked the students to riot.
  45. 45. RULES OF VERBS “Many a” is distributive in nature and effect, so requires a singular verb. 1. Many a man has failed to do his duty. 2. Many a girl has come to visit the temple today.
  46. 46. RULES OF VERBS Verbs such as ; name, call, term, think, consider, nominate, appoint, are followed by “as” 1. The chairman nominated Hari secretary of the society. 2. Ram called him a fool, a rogue and a crook.
  47. 47. RULES OF VERBS “More than one”, though its sense is necessarily plural, is treated as a sort of compound of “one”, following its construction, and agrees with a singular noun and takes a singular verb. 1. More than one worker was absent. 2. More than one student was killed.
  48. 48. RULES OF VERBS The construction: “more + noun + than one +…” takes plural verb 1. More books than one have been purchased by her. 2. More workmen than one are not traceable.
  49. 49. RULES OF VERBS “The following” and “the undersigned” if used for singular subject/ noun the verb will be singular otherwise plural. 1. The following are the new prices of the items. 2. Undersigned has taken a decision S.K.Jain.
  50. 50. RULES OF VERBS LANGUAGE vs PLURAL 1. Chinese is a difficult language. 2. The Chinese are friendly.
  51. 51. THANK YOU!!!
  • jloves

    Jun. 10, 2020
  • DiyorbekDiyorbek

    May. 31, 2020
  • GuddoPal

    Feb. 1, 2020
  • manishkumar3244

    Jul. 19, 2018

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