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100 Plus Plants Identification in Malaysia

Plant identification of tropical plants in Malaysia. Divided into several categories such as the tree, shrubs, vine, palm and ground covers.

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100 Plus Plants Identification in Malaysia

  1. 1. By: Siti Normaya Kamarulzaman GS48401
  2. 2. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Alstonia angustiloba Botanical Name : Alstonia angustiloba Common Name : Common Pulai, Pulai Origin : Southeast Asia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 25 to 40m tall Color : Dark green Overall Form : Tiered (Pagoda-shaped crown) Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Small creamy white inflorescence; fragrant
  3. 3. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Alstonia angustiloba Plant Habit : Full sun, moderate water (Fast growing) Use in Landscape : Roadside tree, shade tree, ornamental tree in gardens Other Uses : Abscesses and boils can be treated using the latex from the bark. The soft wood is used in making floor boards, household items, matches, and posts. Other Species : Alstonia scholaris (Indian Pulai) Origin: Southeast Asia Alstonia macrophylla (Hard Alstonia) Origin: Southeast Asia Alstonia spatulata (Marsh Pulai) Origin: Southeast Asia
  4. 4. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Amherstia nobilis Botanical Name : Amherstia nobilis Common Name : Amherstia Pride of Burma Queen of Flowering Tree Origin : Myanmar Plant Characteristic : Mature Size : 9 – 12m tall Color : Dark green Overall Form : Rounded crown, gentle weeping branches. Overall Texture : Medium Flower : Bright crimson red inflorescence, with two of out of five petals are minutes, and the rest unequal size.
  5. 5. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Amherstia nobilis Plant Habit : Full to moderate sun, medium water Use in Landscape : Ornamental Other Uses : Young leaves and flowers are edible. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Other Species : Saraca thaipingensis (Yellow saraca) Origin: Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia (Java) Maniltoa grandiflora Handkerchief tree Origin: New Guinea
  6. 6. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Arverrhoa bilimbii Botanical Name : Arverrhoa bilimbii Common Name : Cucumber tree tree sorrel Belimbing Asam Belimbing buluh Origin : Moluccas, Indonesia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 5 - 10m tall Color : Yellowish-green Overall Form : Vase Overall Texture : Medium Flower :Small, fragrant, 5-petalled, dark purplish red flowers, emerging directly from trunk, branches and twigs
  7. 7. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Arverrhoa bilimbii Plant Habit : Full sun, medium water Use in Landscape : Ornamental Other Uses : Fruits can be eaten raw or made into sweet jam, pickles and added into dishes. Leaves poultice used to soothe itches. Other Species : Averrhoa carambola (Starfuit, Carambola) Origin: Moluccas, Indonesia Phyllanthus acidus (Otaheite gooseberry, Malay gooseberry, cermai) Origin: The Caribbean region, South East Asia
  8. 8. Botanical Name : Azadirachta indica Common Name : Neem Ineem Indian lilac Origin : India Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 15-20 m Color - Light green Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Fine Flower - White/ creamy and fragrant flowers are arranged in more-or-less drooping axillary panicles inflorescence. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Azadirachta indica
  9. 9. Plant Habit : Drought resistant, full sun and moderate water. Functional Use in Landscape: Open space garden and walkside. Other Uses: Prevent soil erosion and to help in soil conservation and improvement. Other than that almost every part of the tree has some uses. Durable wood is used for furniture and lumber. Leaves and bark are used in teas, cosmetics, toothpaste, pet care and medicinal preparations. Other Species: Azadirachta excelsa (Sentang) Origin: Malaysia & Vietnam Melia dubia (Kaadu) Origin: India PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Azadirachta indica
  10. 10. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Brownea grandiceps Botanical Name : Brownea grandiceps . Common Name : Rose of Venezuela Scarlet Flame Bean. Origin : Venezuela . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - about 6 m. Color - brownish-pink and eventually a uniform shade of green. Overall Form - spreading . Overall Texture - fine . Flower - contain numerous crimson, red, deep pink or purple tubular flowers, each with projecting stamens and style.
  11. 11. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Brownea grandiceps Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun , Moderate Water and Semi-Shade . Functional Use in Landscape: • In the parks to provide shade because it needs areas where the diameter of the tree to 20 meters. Other Uses: • Dried flowers have been used in infusions to treat dysentery. Bark has been used to reduce bleeding and aid clotting of the blood. Other Species: Brownea coccinea (Scarlet Flame Bean, Mountain Rose, Rose of Venezuela) Origin: Guyana, Venezuela, Brazil and Trinidad and Tobago . Brownea Leucantha (Roso Blanco ) Origin: Venezuela .
  12. 12. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Bucida molineti Botanical Name : Bucida molineti Common Name : Dwarf Geometry Tree Spiny Black Olive Origin : Bahamas (Tropical America) Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : Up to 12m Color : Green (Green and white, if variegated) Overall Form : Layered spreading (Twigs growing densely in layerred) Overall Texture : Fine Flower : Yellow and insignificant flowers
  13. 13. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Bucida molineti Plant Habit : Full to semi-shade, Intermediate to wet Use in Landscape : Ornamental plant Other Uses : Planted to provide shade for other plants (Nurse tree); its bark used as tanning agent and also an ingredient in Sun’s Soup, an American dietary supplement with alleged anti-cancer properties. Other Species : Bucida buceras (Black olive tree) Origin: Mexico, Central America, the Carribean and northern South America.
  14. 14. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Callistemon splendens Botanical Name : Callistemon splendens . Common Name : Bottlebrush. Origin : Australia. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - Up to 4-6m . Color - Dark green Overall Form - Irregular Overall Texture - Medium Flower - Individual flower is small with long and showy bright red stamen, forming dense bushy inflorescences clustered at branch tips.
  15. 15. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Callistemon splendens Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • Suitable for narrows or restricted verges along minor roads, home garden, parks and open spaces and Can be planted as hedge or screen Other Uses: • The nectar-rich flowers are popular with hummingbirds, bees and other insects. • Flower can used in floral arrangements and bouquets. • Wood is used ass firewood and for making tool handles. Other Species: Callistemon salignus (white bottlebrush) Origin: Australia . Melaleuca comboynensis (cliff bottlebrush) Origin: New South Wales and Australia . Callistemon kenmorrisonii (Betka bottlebrush) Origin: Australia . Melaleuca pallida (lemon bottlebrush) Origin: Australia .
  16. 16. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Cananga odorata Botanical Name : Cananga odorata Common Name : Ylang-Ylang Tree Cananga Tree Origin : South East Asia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 3 - 5m Color : Green Overall Form : Irregular Overall Texture : Medium Flower : Drooping, long-stalked, greenish-yellow (rarely pink) petals, fragant
  17. 17. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Cananga odorata Plant Habit : Full to partial sun, moderate water Use in Landscape : Fragrant plant, ornamental plant Other Uses : Essential oil extracted from flower and used in aromatherapy, perfumery. Other Species : Cananga fruticosa (Dwarf Ylang-ylang) Origin: Thailand
  18. 18. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Cinnamomum iners Botanical Name : Cinnamomum iners . Common Name : Wild cinnamomum . Origin : India, Indochina, Malaysia. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - Up to 10-15m. Color - Dark Green . Overall Form - Oval . Overall Texture - Medium . Flower - Small, creamy white to light yellow, produced in bunches, pollinated by small insects.
  19. 19. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Cinnamomum iners Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • Often planted along major roads and expressways as hedge or buffer against traffic and noise and also planted as a colourful shade tree in parks and gardens Other Uses: • Leaves are also traditionally used to treat rheumatism, fever, dysentery, diarrhea and coughs . • Can be used as butterfly host plant (leaves-food for caterpillar) • A decoction of boiled roots is commonly given to women after give birth. Other Species: Cinnamomum verum (Ceylon cinnamon tree) Origin: Srilanka . Cinnamomum glanduliferum (false camphor tree ) Origin: China , Bhutan , India , Malaysia , Myanmar and Nepal. Cinnamomum glaucescens (Sugandhakokila) Origin: Bhutan , India and Nepal . Cinnamomum camphora (camphorwood) Origin:China, Taiwan, southern , Japan, Korea, and Vietnam .
  20. 20. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Delonix regia Botanical Name : Delonix regia Common Name : Royal poinciana flamboyant Semarak api Origin : Many tropical part in the wolrd Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 5-12 m Color - Red green Overall Form - Spreading Overall Texture - fine Flower - Yellow ,large, with four spreading scarlet or orange-red petals up to 8 cm long, and a fifth upright petal called the standard
  21. 21. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Delonix regia Plant Habit : Delonix regia is endemic to the Madagascar's dry deciduous forests but has been introduced into tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide. In the wild it is endangered. Functional Use in Landscape: its ornamental value, it is also a useful shade tree in tropical conditions Garden, Park, Seaside, Shade, Specimen, Streetscape Other Uses: Other Species: Delonix elata (Yellow Gul Mohur) Origin: Somalia Delonix pumila Origin: Madagascar Delonix decaryi Origin: Madagascar Delonix floribunda Origin: Madagascar
  22. 22. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Dracaena draco Botanical Name : Dracaena draco Common Name : Dragon tree, Draco Origin : Canary Island Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 0.9 – 1.2m (indoor) Color : Blue-green Overall Form : Umbrella-shaped Overall Texture :Coarse Flower : White, Lily-like perfumed flower (after 10-15 years)
  23. 23. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Dracaena draco Plant Habit : Full sun, part shade Use in Landscape : Ornamental plant, accent plant, decorative indoor plant Other Uses : Medicinal: Its red color resin Other Species : Dracaena marginata (Red Edged Dracaena) Origin: Madagascar, Mauritius Dracaena fragrans (Dragon Plant) Origin: Africa Dracaena reflexa (Song of India) Origin: Madagascar, Mauritius Dracaena aletriformis (Large-leavesd Dragon Tree) Origin: South Africa
  24. 24. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Eucalyptus camaldulensis Botanical Name : Eucalyptus camaldulensis . Common Name : River Red Gum. Origin : Australia. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - it reaches 18 m. Color - grey-green. Overall Form - Irregular . Overall Texture - Medium . Flower - The white flowers appear from August to November and can be profuse.
  25. 25. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Eucalyptus camaldulensis Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and little Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • The speed of growth and resistance to environmental conditions made it useful in public parks. Other Uses: • Eucalyptus alba is mainly used for paper making. The timber is used for light and heavy construction, flooring, boat building, furniture, handles, sporting goods, agricultural implements, joinery, railway sleepers, poles and carvings. The wood is often used as fuelwood and for making charcoal. Eucalyptus alba is a bee forage and is used in reforestation programmes and in swampy areas for reclamation purposes. Other Species: Eucalyptus diversifolia (soap mallee) Origin: Australia. Eucalyptus gomphocephala (Tuart ) Origin: southwest of Western Australia . Eucalyptus propinqua ( Grey Gum or Small fruited Grey Gum) Origin: Australia. Eucalyptus melliodora ( Yellow Box ) Origin: South Wales.
  26. 26. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Eucalyptus deglupta Botanical Name : Eucalyptus deglupta Common Name : Rainbow eucalyptus, Mindanao gum rainbow gum. Origin : New Britain, New Guinea, Seram, Sulawesi & Mindanao Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 2-60 m Color - Bright green, inner bark Overall Form - Irregular Overall Texture - Fine Flower - Tiny, white, showy, pollinated by bees
  27. 27. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Eucalyptus deglupta Plant Habit : moderately wet soil, high humidity, frequent watering neccessary, full sun required Functional Use in Landscape: is cultivated as an ornamental tree, for planting in tropical and subtropical gardens and parks. It is not resistant frosts. The showy multi-coloured streaks that cover the trunk are a distinctive landscape design element. Other Uses: Occasionally used as charcoal, the Rainbow Eucalyptus’ wood is its major selling point. The wood is used for particleboard, boats, construction lumber, plywood, and many other options Other Species: Eucalyptus globulus (southern blue-gum) Origin: Australia Eucalyptus camaldulensis (river red gum) Origin: Australia Eucalyptus grandis (flooded gum) Origin: New South Wales Eucalyptus marginata (jarrah) Origin: Western Australia
  28. 28. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Eurycoma longifolia Botanical Name : Eurycoma longifolia Common Name : Tongkat Ali Pasak Bumi Long Jack Origin : South East Asian region Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 10-18 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Fine Flower - are dioecious, with male and female flowers, each flower with very small petals.
  29. 29. TREES - Eurycoma longifolia PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Eurycoma longifolia Plant Habit: It grows in Full to partial sun, well-drain soil, Moderate watering, air-layering. Functional Use in Landscape: Ornamental shrubs Residential Planting, terrestrials Garden planting, Other Uses: The plant is used in the traditional medicine of Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam. Tongkat Ali is listed among the top five herbs to be developed on a large scale.To support this commercializatio Other Species: Eurycoma harmandiana Eurycoma apiculata
  30. 30. Botanical Name : Ficus benjamina Common Name : Weeping fig Benjamin fig Ficus tree Origin : Asia & Australia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 30 m Color - Dark green Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Medium Flower - Small yellow pale blossoms PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Ficus benjamina
  31. 31. Plant Habit : Tolerance of poor growing conditions; it does best in bright, sunny conditions but will also tolerate considerable shade. It requires a moderate amount of water. Functional Use in Landscape: The weeping fig makes a very large and stately tree for parks and other urban situations, such as wide roads. Also can be used as houseplant and bonsai. Other Uses: Ficus benjamina has been shown to effectively remove gaseous formaldehyde from indoor air. Other Species: Ficus carica (Fig) Origin: Middle east & Western Asia Ficus microcarpa (Hill’s weeping fig) Origin: Australia Ficus macrophylla (Moreton bay fig) Origin: Eastern coast of Australia Ficus longifolia (Alii fig/ Banana leaf fig) Origin: India & Southeast Asia PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Ficus benjamina
  32. 32. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Ficus elastica Botanical Name : Ficus elastica . Common Name : Indian Rubber Tree. Origin : India, South Asia. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - Up to 30m in height Color - Dark glossy green. Overall Form - Spreading . Overall Texture - Coarse. Flower - Both the tiny male and female flowers develop inside the fig-like inflorescence, which is fixed on a leaf scar.
  33. 33. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Ficus elastica Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • Usually grown in large parks or open spaces, where it can be allowed to fully spread. Other Uses: • The wood is light and non-durable and is used in making cheap furniture. • All parts of the tree contain white latex, which was used for a long time in the rubber industry. However, nowadays it has been replaced by latex from Para- Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis) Other Species: Same as Ficus benjamina
  34. 34. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Ficus elastica (Burgandy) Botanical Name : Ficus elastica var burgundy common name : Rubber fig Rubber bush Rubber tree Origin :Southest Asia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 30–40 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - Spreading Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - Require a particular species of fig wasp to pollinate it in a co-evolved.
  35. 35. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Ficus elastica (Burgandy) Plant Habit : in frost-free climates from the tropical to the Mediterranean and inside in colder climates as a houseplant. Although it is grown in Hawaii, the species of fig wasp required to allow it to spread naturally is not present there. Functional Use in Landscape: is grown around the world as an ornamental plant Other Uses: in frost-free climates from the tropical to the Mediterranean and inside in colder climates as a houseplant. Although it is grown in Hawaii, the species of fig wasp required to allow it to spread naturally is not present there. Other Species: Ficus elastica Roxb (bunoh seteroh ) Origin: Sri Lanka
  36. 36. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Ficus lyrata Botanical Name : Ficus lyrata Common Name : Fiddle-leaf fig Origin : Western Africa Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 12–15 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - Spreading Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - In their natural habitat and outdoors fiddle leaf plants will produce flowers and then fruits, however, indoors it rarely happens.
  37. 37. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Ficus lyrata Plant Habit : Keep soil evenly moist at all times, needs Bright, do not overwater or leave plant sitting in water Functional Use in Landscape: It is a popular ornamental tree in subtropical and tropical gardens, and is also grown as a houseplant in temperate areas, where it usually stays shorter and fails to flower or fruit. Like most figs, it is frost tender. Other Uses: Indoor decoration and design Other Species: Ficus carica ( Fig) Origin: Middle East Ficus deltoidea (Mas Cotek) Origin: Southeast Asia Ficus palmata (Punjab fig) Origin: Mid-himalaya Ficus fraseri (white sandpaper fig ) Origin: Australia
  38. 38. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Filicium decipiens Botanical Name : Filicium decipiens . Common Name : Fern Tree. Origin : India and Sri Lanka . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - Up to 20 m in height. Color - glossy green. Overall Form - Oval . Overall Texture - Fine . Flower - Small, pinkish-white and numerous . The male and female flowers are held in separate groups .
  39. 39. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Filicium decipiens Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • An attractive ornamental species suitable for planting along roadsides or in parks and gardens. • It makes for a good shade tree due to its dense wide crown . Other Uses: • The wood of the Fern Tree has economic value and is used for house building . Other Species: 1 - Filicium decipiens Thwaites, 1760 2 - Filicium longifolium (H.Perrier) Capuron 1969 3 - Filicium thouarsianum (DC.) Capuron 1969 Filicium longifolium Filicium thouarsianum
  40. 40. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Garcinia hombroniana Botanical Name : Garcinia hombroniana Common Name : Beruas luli Waa Minjok Origin : Southeast Asia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 4.5-6 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - Spreading Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - are whitish, and occur terminally in clusters of 1-3
  41. 41. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Garcinia hombroniana Plant Habit : It grows on rocky and sandy coasts. It also grows well in acid clay soils, and tolerates drought as well as high rainfall Functional Use in Landscape: It is suitable for planting along streetscapes, parks, gardens, and coastal areas/parks for its dense leafy. Other Uses: The fruit of seashore mangosteen is aromatic but with thin, sour flesh. It could probably be used to make juices and jellies. The roots and leaves are used medicinally to relieve itching. Other Species: Garcinia afzelii (Bitter kola ) Origin: Cameroon Garcinia atroviridis (Asam keping) Origin: Malaysia Garcinia gummi-gutta (Brindleberry) Origin: Indonesia Garcinia gummi-gutta (Mundu) Origin: Indonesia
  42. 42. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Hopea odorata Botanical Name : Hopea odorata . Common Name : Merawan Siput Jantan. Origin : Indochina, Northern Malaya Peninsula. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - growing to 25-30m or more in height. Color - dark green. Overall Form - conical . Overall Texture - Medium . Flower - Small and pale yellow in colour
  43. 43. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Hopea odorata Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • An increasing popular species for roadside shade planting due to its fast growth and straight upright form . Other Uses: • The attractive yellowish-brown timber (sometimes called Merawan) is very hard and heavy and is reported to be more durable than teak. It is resistant to fungal and termite attack and is used for general construction, boats, furniture, flooring, joinery, turnery and weatherboards. Other Species: Hopea parviflora (Hopea,Iron wood of Malabar , White Kongu) Origin: India. Hopea utilis (Black kongu ) Origin: India . Hopea ponga ( Thingam ) Origin: India .
  44. 44. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Hura crepitans Botanical Name : Hura crepitans . Common Name : Indonesia Umbrella Tree. Origin : Tropical America . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - about 20m in height. Color - dark green. Overall Form - spreading . Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - Tiny reddish male flower occur in cone-like spikes and the dark red female flowers are solitary.
  45. 45. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Hura crepitans Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Lots Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • Sandbox Tree is suitable for planting in gardens and parks, but because of its ultimate potential size, is not for the average yard. . Other Uses: • The common name comes from an ancient use of the immature fruits, when hollowed out and filled with fine sand, as quill holders and blotting mechanisms. • The timber is used for general carpentry, boxes and crates, veneer and plywood, joinery, furniture, fibreboard and particleboard. Other Species: Hura polyandra (Arbol del diablo) Origin: Mexico
  46. 46. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Jacaranda obtusifolia Botanical Name : Jacaranda obtusifolia . Common Name : Jambu Merak, Jacaranda. Origin : South America . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - up to 12m high. Color - light green. Overall Form - Irregular . Overall Texture - fine . Flower - The bell-shaped flowers are bluish-violet in colour with a white throat and are borne in large bunches on the ends of the twigs.
  47. 47. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Jacaranda obtusifolia Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • used as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens and in the aesthetics of the streets. Other Uses: • The wood is used in carving, woodcraft, veneer and furniture. Other Species: Jacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda, blue jacaranda, black poui, or as the fern tree) Origin: South America . Jacaranda caroba (Brazilian Caroba-tree ) Origin: Cerrado vegetation in Brazil . Jacaranda caerulea ( boxwood or cancertree) Origin: West Indies, including Cuba and the Bahamas. Jacaranda arborea ( flowering plant ) Origin: Cuba.
  48. 48. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Juniperus chinensis Botanical Name : Juniperus chinensis . Common Name : Blue Juniper. Origin : Chinese & Japan. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - up to 1-20m high. Color - dark green. Overall Form - conical . Overall Texture - fine . Flower - have a whitish waxy bloom, and contain 2- 4 seeds
  49. 49. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Juniperus chinensis Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • This popular ornamental tree or shrub in gardens and parks. • Provides good height when incorporated with foundation plantings. Other Uses: • The Chinese juniper is widely used in bonsai. Other Species: Juniperus sabina (savin juniper or savin) Origin: mountains of central and southern Europe and western and central Asia Juniperus virginiana (red cedar, eastern red cedar ) Origin: North Juniperus squamata (flaky juniper or Himalayan juniper) Origin: China. Juniperus horizontalis (creeping juniper or creeping cedar) Origin: northern North America.
  50. 50. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Khaya senegalensis Botanical Name : Khaya senegalensis . Common Name : Senegal Mahaogany. Origin : Tropica Africa . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - A very large and tall tree growing in excess of 30m in height . Color - Dark green . Overall Form - Oval . Overall Texture - Medium . Flower - Small (less than 1cm wide), pale white in colors with 5 small petals, and occur in clusters .
  51. 51. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Khaya senegalensis Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • As a shade or avenue tree, particularly at parks and along major roads and expressways. Other Uses: • The wood is highly valued for its beautiful figurative grain and its rich reddish mahogany brown clour. • It is used in furniture and cabinetwork, joinery, fixtures, flooring, boat building, decorative veneers, construction and household utensils. • The bark contains tannin and is used for treating leather. Other Species: Khaya ivorensis (Lagos mahogany ) Origin: Africa . Khaya grandifoliola (African Mahogany) Origin: Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda . Khaya anthotheca ( East African mahogany) Origin: Africa .
  52. 52. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Leptospermum brachyandrum Botanical Name : Leptospermum brachyandrum . Common Name : Weeping Tea Tree. Origin : Australia . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - growing up to 4m in height. Color - green. Overall Form - Irregular . Overall Texture - Medium . Flower - Flowers are small, white in colour.
  53. 53. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Leptospermum brachyandrum Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • used as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens and in the aesthetics of the streets Other Uses: • It belongs to the family of Tea Trees which derived its name from the early colonial settlers in Australia who boiled the leaves to use as a substitute for tea . Other Species: Leptospermum laevigatum (Coastal Tea Tree) Origin: Australia Leptospermum petersonii (lemon-scented tea tree) Origin: Australia. Leptospermum liversidgei (swamp may, olive teatree, or lemon teatree) Origin: Eastern Australia.. Leptospermum lanigerum (woolly tea-tree) Origin: Australia .
  54. 54. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Manitoa browneiodes Botanical Name : Manitoa browneiodes . Common Name : Handkerchief Tree. Origin : Australia . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - small tree, 5-10m in height. Color - dark green. Overall Form - Oval. Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - It produces a bunch of white flowers with papery brown bracts which grow from the ends of branches .
  55. 55. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Manitoa browneiodes Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • it is commonly planted in parks, open spaces and traffic islands and its beautiful flowers add a brilliant splash of colour to surroundings. Other Uses: • The Handkerchief Tree produces a moderately hard, fairly strong and durable timber generally used for construction, furniture, veneer and charcoal. Other Species: Maniltoa lenticellata ( Silk Handkerchief Tree, Cascading Bean) Origin: Queensland, Torres Strait Islands, and Guinea. . Maniltoa grandiflora (handkerchief tree and pokok sapu tangan ) Origin: Asia .
  56. 56. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Messua ferrea Botanical Name : Messua ferrea . Common Name : Penaga Lilin Ironwood. Origin : Sri Lanka, India, Indochina, Malay Peninsula. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - can grow to 30m or more. Color - dark green. Overall Form - Oval . Overall Texture - Medium . Flower - Large, white and very fragrant with a bright yellow centre and are up to 4cm across.
  57. 57. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Messua ferrea Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • Ceylon Ironwood is planted along roadside for its conical canopy and attractive red-orange young leaves, which add interest to the landscape . Other Uses: • The timber is used for railway croass-ties, heavy construction, boat building, tool handles and mine props. • The leaves have been used to treat fever, sore eyes and leprosy . Other Species: Mesua stylosa (Suwanda) Origin: Sri Lanka.. Mesua ferruginea (Sembawang tree ) Origin: Southeast Asia .
  58. 58. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Michelia champaca Botanical Name : Magnolia champaca (sym) Common Name : Cempaka Champak Yellow champaca Origin : India Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 30 m Color - Green Overall Form - Umbelliform Overall Texture - Medium Flower - The flowers are pale yellow to orange and fairly large. They are also very fragrant. The flowers have 15 tepals that curve up towards the tips and many stamens (pollen producing structures)
  59. 59. Plant Habit : Full sun, with moderate watering or more during hot sun. Low growth rate Functional Use in Landscape: Ornamental tree and ornamental flower. Usually use in thematic and therapeutic garden. Other Uses: Use as fragrance, religious ritual, timber and the fine grain wood is used for the construction of buildings, furniture, toys, and carvings. Other Species: * Similar to Magnolia figo PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Michelia champaca
  60. 60. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Murraya koenigii Botanical Name : Murraya koenigii Common Name : Curry tree Curry leaves Sweet neem leaves Origin : India & Sri Lanka Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 4-6 m Color - Green Overall Form - Irregular Overall Texture - Moderate Flower - Small white and fragrant flower
  61. 61. Plant Habit : Full sun to part shade, medium water and low maintenance. Functional Use in Landscape: House plant and herbs plant or edible plants. Other Uses: The leaves of the curry tree are used as an important herb in the medical science of Ayurveda. They are believed to have anti diabetic properties and are remarkable for patients suffering from the sugar disease Other Species: Murraya paniculata (Orange jasmine) Origin: South China and India PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Murraya koenigii
  62. 62. Botanical Name : Murraya paniculata Common Name : Orange jasmine Mock orange Kemuning Origin : South and Southeast Asia, China & Australia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 2-4 m up to 7 m Color - Dark green Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Medium Flower - Terminal, corymbose, few-flowered, dense and fragrant. Petals are 12–18 mm long, recurved and white (or fading cream) PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Murraya paniculata
  63. 63. Plant Habit : Likes to be grown in a rich, moist, well drained soil in full sun to part shade. Best sited in locations sheltered from strong winds. Functional Use in Landscape: Ornamental plant and hedges Other Uses: The crude ethanolic extract of leaves of Murraya paniculata has antidiarrhoeal, antinociceptive and anti- inflammatory activities.Yuehchukene a dimeric indole alkaloid, can be extracted from the root. Other Species: Murraya koenigii (Curry leaf tree) Origin: Himalaya PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Murraya paniculata
  64. 64. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Pelthophorum pterocarpum Botanical Name : Pelthophorum pterocarpum. Common Name : Batai Laut Angsana Sena. Origin : Indochina, Malesia . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - Up to 15-20m . Color - Green . Overall Form - Spreading . Overall Texture - Fine . Flower - The brilliant yellow flowers
  65. 65. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Pelthophorum pterocarpum Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • Attractive and popular wayside tree . Other Uses: • The bark is believed to have medicinal properties and is taken internally to cure dysentery and applied externally to relieve sprains, muscular aches and ulcers. • Bark contains a yellow-brown dye and used in batik dyeing . • Wood is sometimes used for fuel . Other Species: Peltophorum dubium (Ibira-pita) Origin: Argentina , Paraguay, Uruguay, and Brazil . Peltophorum africanum (African blackwood - African wattle - Rhodesian wattle ) Origin: Africa . Peltophorum dasyrrhachis (Alight) Origin: Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam )
  66. 66. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Pisonia alba Botanical Name : Pisonia alba Common Name : Mengkudu siam Lettuce tree Moonlight tree Origin : Philippines & Sri Lanka Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 1-5 m Color - Yellowish green Overall Form - Irregular Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - Very small and inconspicuous, white in colour. Flowers are borne in small globular clusters. Rarely flowering.
  67. 67. Plant Habit : Full sun and moderate water. Functional Use in Landscape: Ornamental foliage and roadside tree Other Uses: The young leaves come in handy as a leafy vegetable. They also have medicinal properties and people cook and eat the leaves when suffering from rheumatism or arthritis. Other Species: Pisonia brunoniana (parapara) Origin: New Zealand Pisonia grandis (grand devil's-claws) Origin: India & Pacific Oceans Pisonia wagneriana (Kauaʻi catchbirdtree) Origin: Hawaiian islands Pisonia umbellifera (birdlime tree) Origin: Asia & Madagascar PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Pisonia alba
  68. 68. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Plumeria obtusa Botanical Name : Plumeria obtusa Common Name : Kemboja Frangipani Graveyard flower Origin : Bahamas,Belize Guatemala & Florida Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 5 m Color - Green Overall Form - Spreading (Umbrella like) Overall Texture - Medium Flower - White fragrant flower with 5 large waxy petal
  69. 69. Plant Habit : Prone to rot at waterlogged, poorly drained or compacted soil. Drought tolerance and preferred full sun Functional Use in Landscape: Ornamental flower for garden and roadside tree. Other Uses: Flower use to make necklace or deities also as lei in Hawaii. As traditional medicine as remedy againts oedemas. Other Species: Plumeria acuminata (Hawaii lei flowers) Origin: Phillipines Plumeria rubra (red frangipani) Origin: Mexico, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela Plumeria pudica (Bridal bouquet) Origin: Panama, Columbia & Venezuela Plumeria alba (White frangipani) Origin: Central America and the Caribean PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Plumeria obtusa
  70. 70. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Plumeria rubra Botanical Name : Plumeria rubra . Common Name : Red Frangipanni Kemboja . Origin : Australia . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - small tree, 5-8m in height. Color - dark glossy green. Overall Form - spreading . Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - large and attractive, about 5-6cm in size with 5 petals . They are fragrant and colourful and occurs in various shades of red or dark pink
  71. 71. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Plumeria rubra Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • it is commonly planted in parks, open spaces and traffic islands and its beautiful flowers add a brilliant splash of colour to surroundings.. Other Uses: • rubra flowers is used to necklaces as offerings to deities or as decoration for coffins. The leaves of this species are used in the care of sores and made into soothing infusions Also the flowers and bark of it are used in traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of fever, bacillary dysentery, pertussis and so on . Other Species: Plumeria obtusa (Singapore graveyard flower) Origin: West Indies including Bahamas; Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Florida . Plumeria alba (caterpillar tree ) Origin: Central America and the Caribbean . Plumeria pudica (Golden Arrow or Gilded Spoon) Origin: Panama,Colom bia and Venezuela .
  72. 72. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Podocarpus macrophyllus Botanical Name : Podocarpus macrophyllus Common Name : Yew plum pine Buddhist pine Fern pine Origin : Souther Japan and Eastern China Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 20 m Color - Bluish Green Overall Form - Conical Overall Texture - Fine Fruit - Ellipsoidal fruits are fleshy, olive-green, berry-like cones that ripen to purplish
  73. 73. Plant Habit : Full sun to part shade requirement with medium water and low maintenance. Functional Use in Landscape: Thematic garden, roadside and bonsai also hedge. Other Uses: The ripe cone arils are edible but the seed can not be eaten. The bark are resistance to termite and water thus its use as quality wooden houses in Japan. Other Species: Podocarpus gracilior (East African yellowwood) Origin: Eastern Africa Podocarpus henkelii (Long leaf yellowwood) Origin: South African Podocarpus falcatus (Common yellowwood) Origin: South Africa Podocarpus latifolius (Real yellowwood) Origin: South Africa PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Podocarpus macrophyllus
  74. 74. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Polyalthia longifolia Botanical Name : Polyalthia longifolia . Common Name : Ashoka Tree. Origin : South India, Sri Lanka . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - grow over 10 m in height. Color - Fresh leaves are a coppery brown color and are soft and delicate to touch, as the leaves grow older the color becomes a light green and finally a dark green. Overall Form - conical . Overall Texture - Medium . Flower - In spring the tree is covered with delicate star- like pale green flowers. The flowers last for a short period, usually two to three weeks, are not conspicuous due to their color.
  75. 75. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Polyalthia longifolia Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • The leaves are used for ornamental decoration during festivals. The tree is a main attraction in gardens throughout India. The tree can be cut into various shapes and maintained in required sizes. Other Uses: • the tree is mostly used for manufacturing small articles such as pencils, boxes, matchsticks, etc. Other Species: Polyalthia fragrans (Gowrimara) Origin: India. Polyalthia coffeoides (Coffee Ashok , Malayalam ) Origin: Asia . Polyalthia cerasoides ( Cherry Ashok ) Origin: Asia . Polyalthia nitidissima ( Canary Beech, Shiny Leaf Tree) Origin: Australia.
  76. 76. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Pometia pinnata Botanical Name : Pometia pinnata . Common Name : Kasai Daun Besar. Origin : India, Indochina, Malaysia. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - up to 40m in height . Color - green. Overall Form - Irregular . Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - Its minute cream-white hairy flowers grown on branched catkin- like clusters hanging from the leaf axils.
  77. 77. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Pometia pinnata Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Lots Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • Street planting, Avenue Planting ,Commercial Garden planting. Other Uses: • A medium-weight timber generally used for interior construction, flooring, joinery, furniture and cabinetwork. • It is also used for veneers and producing charcoal.
  78. 78. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Samanae saman Botanical Name : Albizia saman (sym) Common Name : Rain tree Hujan Hujan Pokok pukul 5 Origin : Latin America Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 25 m Color - Green Overall Form - Spreading (Umbrella) Overall Texture - Fine Flower - Inflorescence one or two together on peduncles; flowers in heads on short pedicels. Calyx, greenish. Corolla yellow or red, stamens silky, pale crimson color.
  79. 79. Plant Habit : Prefers a position in full sun. A fairly easy tree to grow, tolerant of a range of conditions, it grows on light or heavy soils and tolerates infertile or waterlogged conditions. Normally found on neutral to moderately acid soils. Established plants are very drought tolerant Functional Use in Landscape: Big open space or garden. The tree is grown to provide shade for other crops, including cocoa, coffee, tea and peppers. The dome-shaped, low crown provides a very strong shade even at low sun positions. The leaves fold up during rain, allowing more moisture to reach the crops below Other Uses: A decoction of the inner bark and fresh leaves is used as a treatment for diarrhoea. Other Species: Albizia julibrissin (Persian silk tree) Origin: Southwestern and Eastern Asia Albizia chinensis (silk tree) Origin: South & Southeast Asia Albizia falcataria (Mollucan albizia) Origin: Indonesia Albizia amara (Amara powder) Origin: Africa PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Samanae saman
  80. 80. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Saraca cauliflora Botanical Name : Saraca thaipingensis (sym) Common Name : Gapis daun besar Yellow saraca Yellow Ashok Origin : Indo-china, Java & Malaysia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 7 m Color - Yellowish to green Overall Form - Spreading Overall Texture - Medium Flower - Faintly fragrant, in dense bunches that arise from the trunk and main branches in deep yellow colour.. Most of the flowers in a cluster.
  81. 81. Plant Habit : Partial sun and moderate water Functional Use in Landscape: Open park Other Uses: The root use to make ‘Parang’ handle Other Species: Saraca declinata (Red saraca) Origin: Thailand & Burma Saraca dives () Origin: China, Laos & Vietnam Saraca multiflora (Gapis) Origin: Asia Saraca indica (Ashoka tree) Origin: India PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Saraca cauliflora
  82. 82. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Schizolobium parahyba Botanical Name : Schizolobium parahyba Common Name : Tower plant Brazilian fire tree Brazilian fern tree Origin : Brazil (Paraiba river) Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 30 m Color - Green Overall Form - Small spreading (tower shape) Overall Texture - Fine Flower - The numerous bright yellow nectar- producing flowers
  83. 83. Plant Habit : Full sun, moderate water and fast growing. Functional Use in Landscape: Entrance of garden or hotel, ornamental plant and ornamental foliage. Coastal area. Other Uses: Formerly used for dugout canoes, it is now used for toys, boxes, shoe heels, the inner layers of laminated wood, and paper. Other Species: Caesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Origin: America & West indies Caesalpinia kavaiensis (pea tree) Origin: Hawaii Cassia leptophylla (Gold medallion tree) Origin: Brazil Caesalpinia ferrea (Brazilian ironwood) Origin: Brazil PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Schizolobium parahyba
  84. 84. Botanical Name : Streblus asper Common Name : Siamese rough bush Sandpaper tree Kesinai Origin : Southern Asia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 12-30 m Color - Green Overall Form - Umbrella-shape crown Overall Texture - Medium Flower - Dioecious; male in shortly peduncle globose heads; female axillary, solitary or fascicled. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Streblus asper
  85. 85. Plant Habit : Tropical weather, full sun, dry and moderate water required. Functional Use in Landscape: Natural arc tree for entrance or walkway and for screening purpose. Use for bonsai. Other Uses: Leaf use as sandpaper, fibre use to make paper and latex obtained by tree have medicinal value. Other Species: Streblus elongated (Tempinis/Kepinis) Origin: Malaysia and Sumatra Streblus banksii (Large-leaved milk tree) Origin: New Zealand Streblus taxoides (Kadala) Origin: Burma, India & Indochina Streblus brunonianus (Whalebone tree) Origin: Eastern Australia PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Streblus asper
  86. 86. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Streblus elongatus Botanical Name : Artocarpus elongatus (sym) Common Name : Tempinis Tampine tree Kepinis Origin : Sumatra Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 35 m Color - Dark green Overall Form - Rounded Overall Texture - Fine Flower - long flower clusters which develop at the leaf axils. The male flowers are numerous, ` small, and appeared whitish. The female flowers are larger, and each look like a green-ball borne on the flower cluster, with two arms sticking out of it.
  87. 87. Plant Habit : Full sun or semi-shade with moderate water and moderate growth. Functional Use in Landscape: It may be suitable for parks and roadsides. The tree has an attractive round crown that provides shade. Other Uses: Timber & Products (The plant is harvested for its timber, which is heavy, strong, and durable). Cultural / Religious (The eastern housing estate in Singapore, Tampines, is named after this tree, probably due to the abundance of it at that area in the past. Other Species: Streblus pendulinus (Hawaii’n roughbush) Origin: Eastern Australia Streblus brunonianus (Whalebone tree) Origin: Streblus ilicifolius (Merlimau) Origin: Indochina & Malaysia PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Streblus elongatus
  88. 88. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Swietenia macrophylla Botanical Name : Swietenia macrophylla Common Name : Mahogany Honduran mahogany Honduras mahogany Origin : Singapore and Hawaii. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 20–45m Color - dark green Overall Form - irregular Overall Texture - Medium Flower - each flower small, with five white to greenish-yellowish petals.
  89. 89. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Swietenia macrophylla Plant Habit : Found in all forest types, from the edge of the pine savannah to the climax rainforest, but mostly in mixed hard forest belts, along riverbanks, on deep alluvial soils of considerable fertility Functional Use in Landscape: It has been used in reforestation projects and has proved to be suitable in areas not protected from grazing. It is used as a shade tree, for example, for cacao, coffee and young plantations of dipterocarps Other Uses: Various medicinal uses of parts of the tree are reported from Central America Other Species: Swietenia humilis (venadillo) Origin: Mexico Swietenia macrophylla (Honduran mahogany) Origin: South America Swietenia mahagoni (West Indian mahogany) Origin: southern Florida
  90. 90. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Syzygium myrtifolium Botanical Name : Eugenia oleina / Syzygium companulatum (sym) Common Name : Pokok Kelat Paya, Origin : Malaysia and Thailand Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 3-5 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Medium Flower - White flowers,lightly scented
  91. 91. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Syzygium myrtifolium Plant Habit : It grows in Full to partial sun, well-drain soil, Moderate watering, air-layering. Functional Use in Landscape: General, Roadside Tree, Coastal, Hedge/Screening, Topiary, Riverine, Container Planting, Bonsai Other Uses: Thematic Landscape;Formal Garden, Naturalistic Garden Formal Garden; Naturalistic Garden Other Species: Syzygium cumini ( jambolan) Origin: Southeast Asia Syzygium smithii (lilly pilly) Origin: Australia Syzygium paniculatum ( magenta cherry) Origin: New South Wales Syzygium jambos ( chom pu) Origin: India
  92. 92. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Syzygium zeylanicum Botanical Name : Eugenia spicata, Eugenia zeylanica (sym) Common Name : Kelat Nasi Nasi Kelat Nenasi Gelam Paya Origin : Singapore Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 5-18 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - oval Overall Texture - Medium Flower - Cream / Off-White, White, Yellow / Golden. Axillary, Terminal, Radial. Polycarpic.
  93. 93. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Syzygium zeylanicum Plant Habit : It grows in lowland to montane forests, which includes secondary forests, and also in swamps, and by rivers, an seashores. In Singapore, it can be found in Central Catchment Nature Reserve. Functional Use in Landscape: It is suitable for planting along streetscapes, parks and gardens, Moonlight Garden, Naturalistic Garden Other Uses: Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits, Ornamental Trunk, Fragrant (Flowers: Day, Time Independent; Fruits) Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits) Other Species: Eugenia uniflora ( Pitanga) Origin: South America Eugenia brasiliensis ( Brazil cherry) Origin: Brazil Eugenia koolauensis ( Nioi) Origin: islands of Molokaʻi Eugenia candolleana ( Rainforest Plum ) Origin: Brazil
  94. 94. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Tabebuia pallida Botanical Name : Tabebuia pallida . Common Name : Cuban Pink Trumpet Tree, Tecoma. Origin : Mexico, Central America, South America. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - Up to 18-25m . Color - Green . Overall Form - Conical . Overall Texture - Medium . Flower - Bisexual, large, showy and trumpet shaped, about 5-8cm in size. There are few cultivars producing flowers of different colors - from white to pink and mauve .
  95. 95. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Tabebuia pallida Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • This tree is commonly planted along roadsides and in parks and gardens for its impressive flowering display and also to provide shade and greenery. Other Uses: • It is promoted as a treatment for a number of human ailments, including cancer. • Their wood is of medium weight and is exceptionally durable in contact with salt water Other Species: Tabebuia rosea (pink poui - rosy trumpet tree) Origin: El Salvador . Tabebuia ochracea (ochracea ) Origin: South America, Brazil . Tabebuia aurea (Caribbean trumpet tree) Origin: South America , Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Paraguay, and Argentina. Tabebuia roseo-alba ( lapacho blanco) Origin: Brazil, Argentina.
  96. 96. Botanical Name : Terminalia mantaly Common Name : Madagascar almond tree French mantaly Origin : Madagascar Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 10-20 m Color - Green Overall Form - Layered tree Overall Texture - Fine/ Soft Flower - Fine needle like flower inflorescene PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Terminalia mantaly
  97. 97. Plant Habit : Full sun with moderate water, can stand drought when fully establish. Functional Use in Landscape: General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Riverine, Shade Providing Tree / Palm, Container Planting Other Uses: Tannin or dyestuff: In its native habitat, the bark and wood are used for dyeing. Medicine: The bark and wood are used in Madagascar for treating dysentery. Other Species: Terminalia acuminata (Brazil Almond) Origin: Brazil Bucida buceras (Black olive tree) Origin: Mexico, Central America Carribean & South America Terminalia chebula (Black myrobalan) Origin: South Asia, Nepal & India Terminalia cattapa (Leadwood tree) Origin: Asia, Africa & Australia PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Terminalia mantaly
  98. 98. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Xanthostemon chrysanthus Botanical Name : Xanthostemon chrysanthus . Common Name : Golden Penda. Origin : Australia . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - Up to 12-20 m . Color - dark glossy green. Overall Form - Oval . Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - The prominent and attractive flowers are bright yellow and arranged in large, dense, rounded, fluffy heads .
  99. 99. PLANT IDENTIFICATION TREES - Xanthostemon chrysanthus Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Lots Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • Beautiful bright yellow flowers are a striking contrast against its dark green leaves, making it an excellent ornamental and garden tree . • Can planted along roadside, housing estates to add splash off colour . Other Uses: • Brilliant flowers are attractive to butterflies, bee and nectar-feeding birds. • The tree yields a durable hardwood timber can be used for furniture and woodwork. Other Species: Xanthostemon verdugonianus (Magkono) Origin: Philippines . Xanthostemon youngii (crimson penda or red penda ) Origin: North Queensland . Xanthostemon verticillatus (pronounced zanthos-temon) Origin: Australia. Xanthostemon paradoxus ( bridal tree or northern penda) Origin: Australia.
  100. 100. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Acalypha siamensis Botanical Name : Acalypha siamensis Common Name : Tumpat Teh Kampong Teh pagar Origin : East Indies & the Pacific Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 2.5 m Color : Green Overall Form : Shrub, erect with many branches Overall Texture : Fine Flower : Green color inflorescemce; Female flowers at the base of the spikes, subtended by large bracts with toothed margins; male flowers subtended by minute bracts toward the end of the spike.
  101. 101. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Acalypha siamensis Plant Habit : Full sun, moderate water Use in Landscape : Hedge, ornamental foliage Other Uses : Leaves is used as a tea and as medicine in the local. Other Species : Acalypha australis (Asian copperleaf) Origin: Asia Acalypha rhomboidea (Rhomboid mercury, Copperleaf) Origin: Eastern Canada and the eastern of United States
  102. 102. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Agave americana Botanical Name : Agave americana Common Name : Agave Agave cactus American aloe Century Plant Origin : Northern and central Mexico and some parts of southern USA Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 1-2 m tall, 2-4 m across Color : Greyish green Overall Form : Rosette Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Small but tall Inflorescence, in yellow or greenish-yellow in colour
  103. 103. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Agave americana Plant Habit : Full sun, dry to medium Use in Landscape : Ornamental plant, hedge Other Uses : The flower stem is used to produce a drink call pulque and the leaves as fibers for rope, matting or coarse clothes and threads. Agave nectar is sold as natural form of sugar. Other Species : Agave augustifolia ‘Marginata’ (Caribbean agave) Origin: Mexico Furcraea foetida ‘Mediopicta’ (Striped False Agave) Origin: Mexico Agave attenuasta (Lion’s tail, Swan’s neck) Origin: Mexico Agave tequilana (Agave tequila, Blue agave) Origin: Mexico
  104. 104. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Alphelandra squarosa Botanical Name : Alphelandra squarosa Common Name : Zebra Plant Origin : Brazil Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 1-2m tall, 1-2m wide Color : Dark green with prominent white lines Overall Form : Oval Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Bright yellow inflorescence grown from the yellow bracts (yellow spikes)
  105. 105. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Alphelandra squarosa Plant Habit : Semi-shade to full shade, moderate water Use in Landscape : Ornamental foliage and flower, indoor plant Other Species and variety: Aphelandra hartwegiana (Yellow Aphelandra) Origin: Panama and Colombia Aphelandra scabra (Aphelandra) Origin: Southern Mexico to Northern South America Aphelandra squarrosa ‘Snow White’ (Snow White Zebra Plant) Origin: Brazil Aphelandra aurantiaca (Fiery Spike) Origin: Central and South America
  106. 106. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Artabotrys hexapetalus Botanical Name : Artabotrys hexapetalus Common Name : Manoranjini ylang ylang vine climbing lang-lang. Origin : India Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 2,4- 3 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Fine Flower - The flowers are greenish in the beginning and turn yellow and very fragrant .
  107. 107. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Artabotrys hexapetalus Plant Habit : Dry low country, in forests, rather common, forming often dense masses of matted woody stems overhead in S Lanka Functional Use in Landscape: The plant can be used to provide a screen Other Uses: The flowers are used to scent tea[ The fruit is used to treat scrofula[ The flowers yield an essential oil that is used in perfumery Other Species: Artabotrys hexapetalus (manoranjini) Origin: India Artabotrys siamensis (Ylang ylang) Origin: India
  108. 108. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Baphia nitida Botanical Name : Baphia nitida Common Name : Camwood barwood dyewood Origin : Tropical Africa Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 2.5 -10 m tall Color : Dark green Overall Form : Shrub - oval Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Flower are white,pea-like and fragrant, with a bright yellow centre.
  109. 109. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Baphia nitida Plant Habit : Full sun, moderate water Use in Landscape : Hedge or screening, fragrance Other Uses : Use as building materials, dye, folk medicine and as a cosmetic in the local community; Wood are use as timber and products like red and reddish brown dye and making walking sticks. Other Species : Baphia racemosa (Violet pea) Origin: South Africa
  110. 110. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Calathea lutea Botanical Name : Calathea lutea Common Name : Cigar Calathea Cuban Cigar Mexican Cigar Plant Habana Cigar Origin : Tropical America region Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 1.8m to 3m tall Color : Whitish - green Overall Form : Oval, clump Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Tiny yellow flowers, emerged between reddish brown bracts of 30cm tall stem, that looks like an erect cigar-shaped or candelabrum display
  111. 111. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Calathea lutea Plant Habit : Partial shade, moderate water Use in Landscape : Ornamental, informal hedge, screening and masking walls Other Uses : Wax is extracted from the leaves. Its leaves are used for thatching, wrapped items and made into waterproof baskets. Other Species : Calathea ‘Silver Plate’ (Silver Plate Calathea) Calathea loeseneri (Brazilian Calathea) Origin: Central and South America, the Caribbean region Calathea crotalifera (Rattlesnake plant) Origin: Mexico to Ecuador Calathea undulata Origin: Peru, Brazil
  112. 112. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Calathea makoyana Botanical Name : Calathea makoyana Common Name : Peacock plant Catheral windows Origin : Eastern Brazil Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 45 cm tall Color : White and dark green Overall Form : Oval and bushy Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Purple and white insignificant
  113. 113. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Calathea makoyana Plant Habit : Part shade to full shade, moderate water Use in Landscape : Specimen; container or above-ground planter; border; ground cover; accent; suitable for growing indoors Other Uses : Other Species : Calathea musaica Origin: Brazil Calathea insigins (Rattlesnake plant) Origin: Brazil Calathea concina (Concinna Calathea) Origin: Brazil Calathea ornate (Ornate Calathea) Origin: Guyana, Colombia, Ecuador
  114. 114. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Cananga fruticosa Botanical Name : Cananga fruticosa Common Name : Dwarf Ylang-ylang Tree Origin : South East Asia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 2m tall Color : Green Overall Form : Bushy irregular Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Drooping, long-stalked, greenish-yellow (rarely pink) petals, fragant(more profuse than Cananga odorata)
  115. 115. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Cananga fruticosa Plant Habit : Full-sun, moderate water Use in Landscape : Fragrant plant, ornamental plant Other Uses : Essential oil extracted from flower and used in aromatherapy, perfumery (especially in Chanel No.5). Other Species : Cananga odorata (Ylang-ylang Tree) Origin: South East Asia
  116. 116. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Cheilocostus speciosus Botanical Name : Costus speciosus (sym) Common Name : Crepe Ginger Origin : Southeast Asia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 1 to 2 m Color : Dark green Overall Form : Spiral to irregular-shaped shrub Overall Texture : Medium Flower : White crinkled flowers, blooming on the dark red cone-shaped bract
  117. 117. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Cheilocostus speciosus Plant Habit : Full sun, semi-shade, much to moderate water Use in Landscape : Ornamental flower and foliage/ Roadside Tree Hedge / Screening, Flowerbed / Border Other Uses : Stem and fruit are edible; Medicinal uses such as poultice to relief coughs, fever and leprosy in Malaysia, to treat colds, pneumonia, and rheumatism in India Other Species : Costus barbatus (Red Tower Ginger) Origin: Costa Rica Costus spicatus (Indian Head Ginger) Origin: West Indies Costus spiralis (Cane of Virgin) Origin:South America Costus chartaceus (Christmas costus) Origin: Colombia & Ecuador
  118. 118. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Cordyline fruticosa Botanical Name : Cordyline fruticosa Common Name : Cabbage Palm Good Luck Palm Hawaiian Ti Origin : East Asia, Indo-China to Australia and the Pacific Islands. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 1- 2m tall Color : Bright green Overall Form : Erected rosette Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Showy, fragrant, whitish- purple inflorescences
  119. 119. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Cordyline fruticosa Plant Habit : Part shade to full shade, moderate water Use in Landscape : Ornamental leaves Other Uses : Widely used in Hawaii. Leaves: as skirt in Hawaii traditional dance. Roots : as glossy covering on surfboards. Rhizomes: fermented and distilled to make okolehao, a liquor. Other cultivars : Cordyline fruticosa ‘Firebrand’ (Tree of King) Cordyline fruticosa ‘Inscripta’ Cordyline fruticosa ‘Kiwi’ (Kiwi Ti) Origin: New Zealand Cordyline fruticosa ‘White’
  120. 120. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Cordyline fruticosa ‘Tricolor’ Botanical Name : Cordyline fruticosa ‘Tricolor’ Common Name : Hawaiian Ti Plant Tricolor Ti Plant Origin : East Asia, Indo-China to Australia and the Pacific Islands. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 1- 2m tall Color : Green with some pink and white Overall Form : Erected rosette Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Showy, fragrant, cream-colored inflorescences
  121. 121. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Cordyline fruticosa ‘Tricolor’ Plant Habit : Part shade to full shade, moderate water Use in Landscape : Ornamental leaves Other Uses : Widely used in Hawaii. Leaves: as skirt in Hawaii traditional dance. Roots : as glossy covering on surfboards. Rhizomes: fermented and distilled to make okolehao, a liquor. Other cultivars : Same as Cordyline fruticosa
  122. 122. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Crinum asiaticum Botanical Name : Crinum asiaticum Common Name : Bakung Poison Bulb Bawang Hutan Origin : Mascarenes to subtropical and tropical Asia (including Singapore) to the southwest Pacific Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 0.5 and 1.0 m Color :Light green Overall Form : Rosette Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : White , fragrant flowers grow in clusters
  123. 123. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Crinum asiaticum Plant Habit : Full sun to part shade, moderate water Use in Landscape : Ornamental flower and foliage, fragant flower at night. Other Uses : Have very high medicinal value. Its leaves is used to treat wound and abscesses. Juice of the fresh bulb is used as an emetic. Root for aiding childbirth and postpartum harmorrhage. Other Species : Crinum bulbispermum (Crinum) Origin: South Africa Crinum amabile (Giant Spider Lily) Origin: Sumatra Crinum xanthophyllum (Golden Leaf Crinum) Origin: Malenesia Crinum moorei (Moore’s Crinum) Origin: Southern Africa
  124. 124. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Cyperus alterifolis Botanical Name : Cyperus alterifolis Common Name : Umbrella papyrus Umbrella sedge Umbrella palm Origin : Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion Island Plant Characteristic: Mature Size :1 to 2 m Color :Green Overall Form : Umbrella herbaceous Overall Texture : Fine Flower : Small, greenish white flower grow in clusters
  125. 125. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Cyperus alterifolis Plant Habit : Semi- shade, lots of water Use in Landscape : Commonly use water garden for it’s ornamental foliage. Used as ornamental indoor plant Other Species : Cyperus haspan (Dwarf papyrus sedge) Origin: Africa, Asia to Australia. Cyperus papyrus (Papyrus sedge, Paper reed) Origin: Africa Cyperus rotundus (Coco-grass, Purple nut sedge) Origin: Africa, central Europe and Asia Cyperus squarrosus (Bearded flatsedge) Origin: Africa, Australia and Asia
  126. 126. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Dieffenbachia seguine Botanical Name : Dieffenbachia seguine. Common Name : dumbcane. Origin : West Indies, south to Brazil and Bolivia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - up to 1 m tall. Color - green, and often with variegated white patterns. Overall Form - Irregular. Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - It has showy white flowers.
  127. 127. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Dieffenbachia seguine Plant Habit : Prefers cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate shade gardens and as a potted house plant and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • used office and Home garden. Other Uses: • cultivated as an ornamental plant Other Species: Dieffenbachia amoena ( dumbcane ) Origin: west Indies . Dieffenbachia wendlandii Origin: southern Mexico (Querétaro, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas) south to Panama Dieffenbachia costata Origin: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
  128. 128. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Dracaena augustifolia Botanical Name : Dracaena augustifolia Common Name : Narrow - Leaf Draceana Suji Origin : Southeast Asia, Australia(Queensland) Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 1m Color : Dark green Overall Form : Slight drooping Overall Texture : Medium Flower : Insignificant green inflorescence
  129. 129. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Dracaena augustifolia Plant Habit : Semi-shade, moderate water Use in Landscape : Ornamental foliage, interiorscape/ indoor plant Other Uses : Young leaves can be cooked and eaten as a side dish with rice. The leaves is used for colouring an Indian pastry made of glutinous rice Other Species : Dracaena braunii (Lucky Bamboo) Origin: Africa Similar with Dracaena draco
  130. 130. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Dracaena fragrans Botanical Name : Dracaena fragrans Common Name : Constalk dracaena Dragon plant Origin : Tropical Africa Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : Color : Green to dark green Overall Form : Erect narrow crown and droopy leaves Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Inflorescense are white with a fine red or purple central line on each of the lobes and are highly fragrant
  131. 131. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Dracaena fragrans Plant Habit : Full sun to semi shade, moderate water Use in Landscape : Ornamental foliage, use as hedge and as indoor plant Other cultivars : Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’ (Mass Cane) Origin: Africa Dracaena fragrans ‘Kanzi’’ (Corn Plant) Origin: Africa Dracaena fragrans ‘Lindenii’ (Lindenii Corn Plant) Dracaena fragrans ‘Victoriae’ (Victoria Corn Plant)
  132. 132. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS : Dracaena surculosa Botanical Name : Dracaena surculosa Common Name : Golddust Dracaena Origin : Africa (West tropical Africa) Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 1-10 m Color - dark green Overall Form - oval Overall Texture - fine Flower - 7–8 cm long; sweetly scented; followed by small roundish berries in a brilliant reddish orange
  133. 133. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS : Dracaena surculosa Plant Habit : can be grown in a bottle garden; need bright light; the temperature should be moderate; water Dracaena surculosa moderately to keep the potting mixture moist. Functional Use in Landscape: ornamental plants. Other Uses: Dracaena surculosa is an ideal houseplant for cooler areas where will be thrive in warm spot free from droughts. In warmer areas grow outdoors in a sheltered spot. Other Species: Dracaena Braunii (Lucky Bamboo) Origin: Africa Dracaena Fragrans (Corn or cornstalk plant) Origin: Africa Dracaena Marginata (Dragon Tree) Origin: Madagascar
  134. 134. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS : Duranta repens Botanical Name : Duranta repens Common Name : Golden Dewdrop, Sky-Flower, Pigeonberry Origin : Mexico to South America and the Caribbean. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 4-8 m Color - dark green Overall Form - oval Overall Texture - Meduim Flower - pale blue , pleasant fragrance; spring, summer and fall flowering
  135. 135. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS : Duranta repens Plant Habit : plant grows in part shade/part sun, high Drought tolerance , poor Soil salt tolerances. Functional Use in Landscape: Ornamental plants. Other Uses: border; mass planting; specimen; container or aboveground planter; naturalizing; screen; reclamation plant; espalier; foundation; attracts butterflies; cascading down a wall Other Species: Duranta erecta (Brazilian skyflower) Origin: Mexico, Central America Duranta vestita
  136. 136. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Eichhornia crassipes Botanical Name : Eichhornia crassipes Common Name : Water hyacinth Origin : South America Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - up 0,5m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - Stolonizing Overall Texture - Medium Flower - Mostly lavender to pink in colour with six petals
  137. 137. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Eichhornia crassipes Plant Habit : The plants also create a prime habitat for mosquitos, the classic vectors of disease Functional Use in Landscape: Other Uses: -used as a braiding material and a source of fibers. -used for making bags, footwear, wreaths, hats, vases, Christmas lanterns, and more decorative materials. -are used as a raw material for paper Other Species: Eichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Origin: America
  138. 138. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Ervatamia coronaria Botanical Name : Tabernaemontana divaricata (sym) Common Name : Pinwheelflower crape jasmine East India rosebay Origin : India Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 1.5–1.8 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - oval Overall Texture - Medium Flower - have the characteristic 'pinwheel' shape; appear sporadically all year; being white.
  139. 139. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Ervatamia coronaria Plant Habit : It grows in lowland to montane forests, which includes secondary forests. Functional Use in Landscape: it is grown as a house/glasshouse plant for its attractive flowers and foliage Other Uses: They are used in Ayurvedic medicine and the tradional medicine of South East Asia, the Malay Peninsula, Indonesia, and Ambon Island. Other Species: Tabernaemontana alba (white milkwood) Origin: Central America Tabernaemontana africana Origin: tropical Africa Tabernaemontana attenduata Origin: Venezuela Tabernaemontana alternifolia Origin: Cameroon to Angola
  140. 140. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Euphorbia tirucalli Botanical Name : Euphorbia tirucalli Common Name : pencil tree pencil cactus milk bush. Origin : Southern Africa Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 3-10 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - oval Overall Texture - Fine Flower - yellow, inconspicuous, and carried in clusters at the apex of the short branches
  141. 141. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Euphorbia tirucalli Plant Habit : grows in semi-arid tropical climates.It has a wide distribution in Africa Functional Use in Landscape: In tropical and subtropical climates, Euphorbia tirucalli is used as a specimen or background plant and in mixed hedges. Other Uses: Use as planted hedges around smallholdings, habitations and livestock pens. In this way mosquitoes and other intruders can be kept out. Have medicinal value Other Species: Euphorbia milii (Christ thorn) Origin: Madagascar Euphorbia esula (green spurge) Origin: central&southern Europe Euphorbia characias (Mediterranean spurge) Origin: Mediterranean Basin Euphorbia amygdaloides (wood spurge) Origin: Europe, Turkey
  142. 142. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Excoecaria cochinchinensis Botanical Name : Excoecaria cochinchinensis. Common Name : Chinese croton Blindness tree Buta Buta Jungle Fire plant Origin : Southeast Asia and China. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - up to 1–2 m. Color - Red green . Overall Form - spreading . Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - Flower Colour : Green Flower Location :Axillary
  143. 143. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Excoecaria cochinchinensis Plant Habit : Prefers full sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Hedge / Screening, Groundcover, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting. Other Uses: • it has been used in herbal medicine to treat gastric ulcers. • Though the plant is considered poisonous, it has beneficial uses as an antiparasitic, antipruritic, and haemostatic treatment. Other Species: Excoecaria agallocha (Milky Mangrove) Origin: E. Asia - southern China, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, Australia, Pacific Islands Excoecaria dallachyana ( Scrub Poison Tree or Brush Poison Tree ) Origin: the Clarence River, New South Wales to Townsville, Queensland. .
  144. 144. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Furcraea foetida Botanical Name : Furcraea foetida. Common Name : Giant Cabuya Green-aloe Mauritius-hemp. Origin : Caribbean and Northern South America . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - up to 1 m tall. Color - yellow green . Overall Form - rosette . Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - greenish to creamy white, 4 cm long, and strongly scented , they are produced on a large inflorescence up to 7.5 m tall.
  145. 145. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Furcraea foetida Plant Habit : Prefers full sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • used Parks and Home garden. Other Uses: • The plant is cultivated in subtropical and tropical regions for products and as an ornamental plant for gardens. Its leaves are used to produce a natural fiber similar to sisal. Other Species: Furcraea andina (Fique) Origin: Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru Furcraea selloa (Maguey ) Origin: Northern S. America - Colombia and Ecuador. Furcraea cabuya ( Cabuya ) Origin: Northern S. America - Venezuela, north through Central America to Mexico . Furcraea hexapetala ( Cuban Hemp) Origin: America - Venezuela, Ecuador, Galapagos, Caribbean and Mexico.
  146. 146. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS :Grammatophyllum speciosum Botanical Name : Grammatophyllum speciosum Common Name : Tiger orchid, giant orchid, Origin : Java, Malaya & Vietnam. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 2.5 m - 7.62 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Fine Flower - yellow or dark red spots, can bear up to 80 ,lowest flowers have no lip.
  147. 147. Plant Habit : Required moderate water and full sun Functional Use in Landscape: Ornamental shrubs Residential Planting, terrestrials Garden planting, Other Uses: Tea is rich in nitrogen and potassium, which are useful ingredients for plant growth and flowering. the flowers are used to move qi and relieve cough. In traditional Malay medicine, cultural use and as deodorant Other Species: PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS :Grammatophyllum speciosum Grammatophyllum elegans Origin: Philipine Grammatophyllum scriptum Origin: Philipine Grammatophyllum stapeliaeflorum (Die Fledermaus) Origin: Philipine
  148. 148. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Gynura procumbens Botanical Name : Gynura procumbens Common Name : Longevity spinach Origin : Southeast Asia, Africa Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 0,3- 01 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - Flowering heads are panicled, narrow, yellow, and 1 to 1.5 centimeters long, Orange flowers are similar in size.
  149. 149. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Gynura procumbens Plant Habit : By streams in forests, sandy slopes, climbing on shrubs or trees. Functional Use in Landscape: Other Uses: The edible leaves are sometimes harvested from the wild for local consumption, The plant also has local medicinal uses and is grown to control insect pests of rice plants. An ornamental plant, especially when in flower, it is often cultivated in the tropics and grown as a house plant in the temperate zone Other Species: Gynura bicolor (okinawan spinach ) Origin: China Gynura aurantiaca (purple passion ) Origin: Southeast Asia Crassocephalum crepidioides (ebolo ) Origin: Tropical Africa Gynura nepalensis Origin: China
  150. 150. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Hymenocallis speciosa Botanical Name : Hymenocallis speciosa. Common Name : green-tinge spiderlily. Origin : the Windward Islands in the eastern Caribbean. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - a height of up to 50 cm . Color - yellow green . Overall Form - rosette . Overall Texture - Medium . Flower - white with a slight greenish tinge
  151. 151. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Hymenocallis speciosa Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun to Partial Shade and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • used Parks and Home garden. Other Uses: • The leaves are stripped and used to stimulate hair growth . Other Species: Hymenocallis littoralis (beach spider lily ) Origin: warmer coastal regions of Latin America . Hymenocallis latifolia (mangrove spider-lily or perfumed spider-lily ) Origin: the coasts of Florida, Mexico, and the West Indies Hymenocallis occidentalis ( hammock spider-lily or northern spider-lily.) Origin: the southern United States. Hymenocallis rotata ( streambank spiderlily) Origin: the north-central portions of the US state of Florida.
  152. 152. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Loropetalum chinensis Botanical Name : Loropetalum chinensis var Rubrum Common Name : Chinese fringe flower Fire dance Origin : Japan & Southeast Asia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 2 m Color - Deep reddish-purple Overall Form - Rounded Overall Texture - Medium Flower - Flowers are in clusters at the end of short branches, with thin, strap-like petals
  153. 153. Plant Habit : Full sun to part shade with medium water requirement and low maintenance. Functional Use in Landscape: Hedge or border in garden or roadside and ornamental foliage and topiary plant Other Uses: None Other Species: Hamamelis virginiana (Witch hazel) Origin: Eastern north America Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark Witchhazel) Origin: Ozark Plateu Hamamelis japonica (Japanese witch hazel) Origin: Japan Hamamelis mollis (Chinese witch hazel) Origin: Eastern China PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Loropetalum chinensis
  154. 154. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Magnolia figo Botanical Name : Magnolio figo Common Name : Cempaka telur Banana shrub Port wine magnolia Origin : China Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 1-4 m Color - Dark Dusty green Overall Form - Rounded Overall Texture - Fine Flower - Fragrant flowers, which are cream-white, purple rounded, or light-purple, and strongly scented.
  155. 155. Plant Habit : Full sun to part shade with medium water take with low maintenance. Functional Use in Landscape: Evergreen hedge, ornamental plant and fragrant theme garden. Other Uses: Tea Other Species: Michelia/Magnolia Alba (White champaca) Origin: East Asia Magnolia champaca (Cempaka) Origin: Indomalaya Michelia Gracipes (Magnolia yunan) Origin: Yunan Michelia doltsopa (Sweet michelia) Origin: Eastern Himalaya PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Magnolia figo
  156. 156. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS : Mussaenda philippica Botanical Name : Mussaenda philippica Common Name : Bangkok Rose Origin : Philippine Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 3 – 5 m Color - Dark green and glossy Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Medium Flower - White, cream or orange
  157. 157. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS : Mussaenda philippica Plant Habit : Required moderate water and full sun and low Maintenance Functional Use in Landscape: ornamental plants and It is used for ground cover Other Uses: Medicinal used for jaundice Other Species: Mussaenda erythrophylla (Ashanti blood) Origin: Philippine Mussaenda Frondosa (Mus wenna) Origin: E. Asia
  158. 158. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Neomarica longifolia Botanical Name : Neomarica longifolia Common Name : Walking iris apostle's iris apostle plant. Origin : South America Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 0,9- 1,2m Color - Yellowish-green Overall Form - Spreading Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - ,Yellow, emerge from what appears to be just another leaf, but is really a flower stalk structured to look like the other leaves; they are 5–10 cm diameter
  159. 159. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Neomarica longifolia Neomarica northiana (North's false flag ) Origin: Brazil Neomarica caerulea (apostle plant ) Origin: Mexico Neomarica Gracilis (apostle plant ) Origin: Mexico Plant Habit : Low-nutrient, well-drained soils and forest debris in humid areas. Functional Use in Landscape: Parks & Gardens, Flowerbed / Border. Other Uses: Some Neomarica species such as N. northiana, N. longifolia, and N. caerulea are common ornamental plants that are easily cultivated both in gardens in subtropical and tropical regions, and as houseplantsin temperate areas. Other Species:
  160. 160. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Pandanus pygmaeus Botanical Name : Pandanus pygmaeus . Common Name : Pandan kuning. Origin : Madagascar. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - up to 0.3 m to 0.6 m tall. Color - yellow green . Overall Form - rosette . Overall Texture - fine. Flower - Cream-coloured Flowers, produced in inconspicuous clusters on short peduncle.
  161. 161. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Pandanus pygmaeus Plant Habit : Prefers Sun/Partial Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • General, Coastal, Flowerbed / Border, Container Planting. Other Uses: • eaves are used in Southeast Asian cooking to add a distinct aroma to rice and curry dishes such as nasi lemak. Other Species: Pandanus leram (Nicobar Breadfruit) Origin: Nicobar and Andaman Islands to Indonesia. Pandanus odorifer (Padang ) Origin: E. Asia - China, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippine. Pandanus tectorius ( Screwpine ) Origin: Southeast Asia - Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, Australia and throughout the Pacific Islands. Pandanus utilis ( Bacona) Origin: Indian Ocean - Mascarenes..
  162. 162. Botanical Name : Philodendron selloum (sym) Common Name : Lacy tree philodendron Selloum Horsehead philodendron Origin : South America Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 8 to 10 feet tall and 6 feet or more wide Color - Dark green Overall Form - Horizontal/ Semi-oval Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - The inflorescence consists of a 1 ft (0.3m) long purplish red spathe enclosing an upright spadix with many tiny petals flowers. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Philodendron selloum
  163. 163. Plant Habit : Evergreen plant that can grow under full sun, partial shade, or full shade with moderate water requirement. Functional Use in Landscape: Used in beds under trees to soften the stark trunks and serve as a foliar background for lower plantings. Use as large entryway accent, informal hedge, single yard specimen, privacy screen, along a fence, corner-of-the- house shrub, camouflage plant, container plant Other Uses: Bug repellent Other Species: Philodendron hederaceum (Heartleaf philodendron) Origin: Central America & Carribean Philodendron xanadu (Split-leaf philodendron) Origin: Brazil Philodendron verrucosum (Ecuador philodendron) Origin: Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, Ecuador & Peru Philodendron melanochrysum (Black Gold Philodendron) Origin: Colombia PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Philodendron selloum
  164. 164. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Phyllantus myrtifolius Botanical Name : Phyllanthus myrtifolius Common Name : Ceylon Myrtle Mousetail Plant Myrtele-leaf leaf-flower Origin : Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, Australia & Tropical Americas Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 3 m Color - Purplish to green Overall Form - Weeping (Bushy) Overall Texture - Very fine Flower - Flowers are typically longer than the leaves and hang down by slender, red filament-like stalks, ending in a roundish bowl-like flower
  165. 165. Plant Habit : Full sun with moderate water Functional Use in Landscape: Hedge, bonsai , ornamental foliage & flowerbed or border. Other Uses: Medicinal (This plant contains tannins which have anti-bacterial activity.) Other Species: Phyllanthus emblica (Malacca tree) Origin: Nepal, India, Sri Lanka Phyllanthus niruri (gale of the wind) Origin: India Phyllanthus mirabilis (Leafflower) Origin: Indochina PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Phyllantus myrtifolius
  166. 166. PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Sanchezia nobilis Botanical Name : Sanchezia nobilis Common Name : Zebra plant Tiger plant Aphelandra Origin : South America Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 1.5 m Color - Yellow and green Overall Form - Spreading Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - Yellow, Orange inflorescence flower
  167. 167. Plant Habit : Full sun during growing period and can stand partial shade when stabilize. Medium water but can tolerate a lot of water. Functional Use in Landscape: Ornamental foliage that are good for hedges and borders. This plant suitable for road median planting. Can be grown with hanging or weeping style. Other Uses: none Other Species: Sanchezia speciosa (Whitevein) Origin: Eduardo & Peru Sanchezia parvibracteata Origin: Tropical Australia Sanchezia peruviana (Leonard) Origin: Peru Sanchezia oblonga (Bankesia) Origin: Eduardo & Oblivia PLANT IDENTIFICATION SHRUBS - Sanchezia nobilis
  168. 168. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Areca catechu Botanical Name : Areca catechu Common Name : Areca palm Pinang palm betel palm Origin : South East Asia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 12 - 30m tall, 10 -15m thick in trunk Color : Yellowish green Overall Form : Round Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Yellow and fragrant inflorescence, Unisexual
  169. 169. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Areca catechu Plant Habit : Full to mederate sun, low water Use in Landscape : Roadside trees, ornamental (in indoor, normally will not reach full size) Other Uses : Fruit are popular for chewing in South east Asia countries; stem as building material and furniture; and seed for tannin Other Species : Archontophoenix alexandrae (Alexandra palm) Origin: Australia Adonidia merrillii (Christmas Palm, Kerpis palm, Manila Palm) Origin: Phillipines
  170. 170. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Bismarckia nobilis “silver” Botanical Name : Bismarckia nobilis "silver". Common Name : Silver bimarck , Pure Silver. Origin : Madagascar. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - up to 10-15 m high. Color - Silver - grey . Overall Form - Oval. Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - small brown flowers which, in female plants, mature to a brown ovoid drupe, each containing a single seed.
  171. 171. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Bismarckia nobilis “silver” Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • used as wayside , Parks and Home garden , Its silver color makes it specially against a dark green background . Other Uses: • Trunk emptied and flattened for use as planks or in partition walling; leaves used for roofing and basketry
  172. 172. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM : Dypsis lutescens Botanical Name : Dypsis lutescens Common Name : Yellow palm, Golden cane palm, Butterfly palm, Bamboo palm Origin : Madagascar, southern America Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 6–12 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Fine Flower - Yellow flowers in summer
  173. 173. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM : Dypsis lutescens Plant Habit : Functional Use in Landscape: Excellent for screen, informal hedge or privacy wall. Very popular indoor houseplant. It is grown as an ornamental plant in gardens in tropical and subtropical regions, and soil salt tolerances, elsewhere indoors as a houseplant. Other Uses: Other Species: Dypsis ambositrae ( ambositra palm) Origin: Madagascar Dypsis cabadae ( cabada palm) Origin: Madagascar Dypsis decaryi ( Palma segi tiga ) Origin: Madagascar Dypsis leptocheilos ( Redneck palm) Origin: Madagascar
  174. 174. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Licuala grandis Botanical Name : Licuala grandis Common Name : Ruffled Fan Palm Vanuatu Fan Palm Palas Palm. Origin : Vanuatu Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - up 3 m Color - lightgreen Overall Form - Spreading Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - White, Smooth, Cluster / Inflorescence.
  175. 175. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Licuala grandis Plant Habit : is comfortable in full sun as long as the humidity is high. In the sub-tropics, where there are longer periods with rain this palm requires some shade and regular watering Functional Use in Landscape: Roadside Tree / Palm, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting Other Uses: Indoor decoration and design. Other Species: Licuala spinosa (Mangrove Fan Palm) Origin: Southeast Asia Licuala ramsayi (Queensland) Origin: Australia Licuala ferruginea (Fan Palm) Origin: Malaysia
  176. 176. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Licuala spinosa Botanical Name : Licuala spinosa Common Name : Mangrove Fan Palm Origin : southeast Asia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 3- 4 m Color - Evergreen Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Fine Flower - Flowers are borne in stalks arising from among the leaf bases.
  177. 177. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Licuala spinosa Plant Habit : Near the sea, sometimes growing immediately behind the mangrove and within the influence of salt water, sometimes on banks and in ravines near the sea Functional Use in Landscape: Roadside Tree / Palm, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting. Other Uses: The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It is often grown as an ornamental. The bark is used in combination with other plants for the treatment of tuberculosis. Other Species: Licuala ferruginea (Fan Palm) Origin: Malaysia Licuala ramsayi (Queensland) Origin: Australia Licuala Grandis (Ruffled Fan Palm) Origin: Vanuatu
  178. 178. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Livistona chinensis Botanical Name : Livistona chinensis. Common Name : chinensis fan palm. Origin : China , Taiwan. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - up to 9-15 m high . Color - green . Overall Form - fan shaped, Oval . Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - clusters of 4-7, sub globes in bud, 2-2.5 mm long, white to yellowish .
  179. 179. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Livistona chinensis Plant Habit : Likes direct sun , bright situations and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • The palm is cultivated as an ornamental tree in gardens and conservatories. Other Uses: • The fibres, extracted from the sheath and the petiole of the leaves, are made into cordage . Other Species: Livistona mariae (central Australian cabbage palm or red cabbage palm) Origin: Australia Livistona australis (cabbage-tree palm ) Origin: Australia. Livistona humilis ( The sand palm ) Origin: Top End of the Northern Territory in Australia. Livistona saribus ( taraw palm) Origin: Southeast Asia .
  180. 180. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Livistona rotundifolia Botanical Name : Livistona rotundifolia. Common Name : Serdang palm. Origin : Australia , Asia. Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 18 m to 27 m high . Color - green . Overall Form - fan shaped, Oval . Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - Bisexual flowers , colour cream / off-white ,grouping cluster / inflorescence and location of flowers in axillary .
  181. 181. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Livistona rotundifolia Plant Habit : Likes direct sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • used as wayside , Parks and Home garden. Other Uses: • It is commonly cultivated as a ornamental plant. Other Species: Livistona mariae (central Australian cabbage palm or red cabbage palm) Origin: Australia Livistona australis (cabbage-tree palm ) Origin: Australia. Livistona humilis ( The sand palm ) Origin: Top End of the Northern Territory in Australia. Livistona saribus ( taraw palm) Origin: Southeast Asia .
  182. 182. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Phycosperma macarthurii Botanical Name : Ptychosperma macarthurii Common Name : Macarthur Palm Darwin Palm Origin : Australia, New Guinea Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 6 m Color - Light green Overall Form - Cluster palm (Crown of arching) Overall Texture - Medium Flower - Inflorescences multi-branched, cream, about 0.6 m long, emerging from below the crownshaft.
  183. 183. Plant Habit : Light requirement: full sun, partial sun or partial shade, shade tolerant. Soil tolerances: clay; sand; loam; slightly alkaline; acidic; well-drained. Drought tolerance: high. Aerosol salt tolerance: low. Pest resistance: resistant to pests/diseases Functional Use in Landscape: Roadside palm Other Uses: None Other Species: Ptychosperma elegans (Solitaire palm) Origin: Florida Ptychosperma schefferi (Scheffer palm) Origin: New guinea Ptychosperma cuneatum (None) Origin: Papua New Guinea Ptychosperma salomonense (Island palm) Origin: Solomon Island PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Phycosperma macarthurii
  184. 184. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Raphis excelsa Botanical Name : Raphis excelsa Common Name : Lady palm Broadleaf lady palm Origin : Southern China and Taiwan Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 4 m Color - Dark green Overall Form - Oval Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - Fleshy flower containing three petal fused at the base.
  185. 185. Plant Habit : Full sun, partial sun or light shade with medium water needs. Functional Use in Landscape: Grown in garden or indoor. Other Uses: None Other Species: Rhapis humilis (Slender lady palm) Origin: China Rhapis subtilis (Thailand lady palm) Origin: Southeast Asia Rhapis flabelliformis (Miniature fan palm) Origin: Southern China Rhapis multifida (Jade palm) Origin: Southern China PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Raphis excelsa
  186. 186. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Ravenala madagascariensis Botanical Name : Ravenala madagascariensis. Common Name : Travellers palm Mempisang. Origin : Madagascar . Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - height of 15-30 m. Color - green. Overall Form - The enormous paddle-shaped leaves are borne on long petioles. Overall Texture - Coarse . Flower - Large, white and very fragrant with a bright yellow centre and are up to 4cm across. Flowering are usually irregular.
  187. 187. PLANT IDENTIFICATION PALM - Ravenala madagascariensis Plant Habit : Prefers Full Sun and Moderate Water . Functional Use in Landscape: • The leaves are arranged into two rows, giving the impression of a gigantic fan Which gives it beautiful shape, different from the rest of the trees .. Be in public parks. Other Uses: • The seed oil is sometimes used for cooking. • Sugar can be extracted from the sap of the trunk. • The bark is used for making floors in houses.
  188. 188. PLANT IDENTIFICATION CLIMBER - Bauhinia kockiana Botanical Name : Bauhinia kockiana Common Name : Kock’s Bauhinia Red Trailing Bauhinia Origin : Peninsular Malaysia Plant Characteristic: Mature Size : 6-12m tall, branch 3-6m outwards Color : Green Overall Form : Climbers Overall Texture : Coarse Flower : Orangy red
  189. 189. PLANT IDENTIFICATION CLIMBER - Bauhinia kockiana Plant Habit : Full sun to semi-shade, moderate water Use in Landscape : Ornamental flower Other Uses : Mainly use in landscape as specimen for trellises, arbors and pergolas, even as a stand-alone at the entrance to a patio. Other Species : Bauhinia x blakeana (Hong Kong Orchid Tree ) Origin: Hong Kong Bauhinia corymbosa (Orchid Vine) Origin: China
  190. 190. Botanical Name : Bauhinia aureifolia Common Name : Golden bauhinia Gold leaf Golden leaf of Narathiwat Origin : Thailand Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - Color - Light green and golden velvet Overall Form - A woody vine, it climbs by means of tendrils Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - In cluster cream/off-white flower PLANT IDENTIFICATION CLIMBER - Bauhinia aureifolia
  191. 191. Plant Habit : Prefer full sun and moderate water Functional Use in Landscape: Ornamental plant, ornamental foliage and fragrant flower for trellis, arbour or pergola. Other Uses: None/ Exotic plant Other Species: Bauhinia acuminata (White/Snowy orchid tree) Origin: Malaysia, Indonesia & Philippine Bauhinia vahlii (Maluu) Origin: India Bauhinia racemosa (Bidi leaf tree) Origin: Southeast Asia Bauhinia divaricata (Pompom orchid tree) Origin: China, Jamaica & India PLANT IDENTIFICATION CLIMBER - Bauhinia aureifolia
  192. 192. PLANT IDENTIFICATION CLIMBER : Epipremnum aureum Botanical Name : Epipremnum aureum Common Name : Money plant, golden pothos Origin : Mo'orea, Solomon Islands Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - 20 m Color - yellow green Overall Form - spreading Overall Texture - coarse Flower - showy, white, yellow, or light green
  193. 193. PLANT IDENTIFICATION CLIMBER : Epipremnum aureum Plant Habit : Required moderate water and full sun and low Maintenance Functional Use in Landscape: Good houseplant for sunny to shady areas. Other Uses: It is used for ground cover Best grown in bright indirect light or in part sun locations with protection from afternoon sun Easily propagated from stem cuttings. Other Species: Epipremnum pinnatum (dragon-tail plant) Origin: E. Asia , Australia Epipremnum silvaticum () Origin: E. Asia , Australia Epipremnum aureum (Devil’s ivy) Origin: Solomon Islands
  194. 194. Botanical Name : Monstera deliciosa Common Name : Swiss cheese plant Hurricane plant Origin : Southern Mexico & Panama Plant Characteristic: Mature Size - Up to 20 m Color - Dark green Overall Form - Irregular Overall Texture - Coarse Flower - Composed of a special bract called a spathe enclosing a spadix. PLANT IDENTIFICATION CLIMBER - Monstera deliciosa
  195. 195. Plant Habit : Required high humidity and shade. Can be grown as houseplant with moderate water. Functional Use in Landscape: Houseplant and ornamental foliage. Other Uses: The aerial roots have been used as ropes in Peru, and to make baskets in Mexico. In Mexico, a leaf or root infusion is drunk daily to relieve arthritis. In Martinique the root is used to make a remedy for snakebite cure. Other Species: Monstera friedrichsthalii (Swiss cheese) Origin: Peru, Ecuador &Brazil Monstera borsigiana (Mexican breadfruit) Origin: Mexico & Colombia Monstera pinnatipartita (Split leaf) Origin: Central America & Carribean Monstera siltepecana (Monstera karstenianum) Origin: Mexico PLANT IDENTIFICATION CLIMBER - Monstera deliciosa

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