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Glinka Laureate 2020 - Montanarella

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World Soil Day 2020 Official Celebrations, 4 December 2020

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Glinka Laureate 2020 - Montanarella

  1. 1. A long journey towards protecting soil biodiversity Luca Montanarella European Commission
  2. 2. Soils across European National borders: Building a common understanding of European soil properties Montanarella, L., Jones, R.J.A., Grimm, M., Hollis, J.M., Jones, A.R. & Daroussin, J. (2001). Soil Map for Europe: Soil classification according to the World Reference Base for Soil Resources, large format map (1065mm x 965mm) scale 1:4,500,000. DG-JRC, European Commission
  3. 3. The first of a long and successful series Soil Atlas of Europe, European Soil Bureau Network European Commission, 2005, 128 pp Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, L-2995 Luxembourg
  4. 4.  Overall objective is the protection of soil functions and sustainable use of soil, based on the following guiding principles:  Prevention of soil degradation  Restoration of degraded soils  Sets out the four pillars of EU soil policy  To be implemented by MS  2012 Report from the Commission on the implementation of the STS COM(2012)46 The Soil Thematic strategy, COM(2006) 231 Awareness raising Research Legislation Integration in other policies
  5. 5. Soils deliver multiple services (soil functions as identified in the Soil Thematic Strategy COM(2006) 231): 1. Biomass production, including in agriculture and forestry; 2. Storing, filtering and transforming nutrients, substances and water; 3. Biodiversity pool, such as habitats, species and genes; 4. Physical and cultural environment for humans and human activities; 5. Source of raw materials; 6. Acting as carbon pool; 7. Archive of geological and archeological heritage.
  6. 6. First ever Atlas of Soil Biodiversity published in occasion of the 2010 International Year of Biodiversity S. Jeffery, C. Gardi, A. Jones, L. Montanarella, L. Marmo, L. Miko, K. Ritz, G. Peres, J. Römbke and W. H. van der Putten (eds.), 2010, European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity. European Commission, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg
  7. 7. • Established in Wageningen in 2011 • Founding members: • Colorado State University – USA • Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) – The Netherlands • University of Manchester – United Kingdom • Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH) – Switzerland • European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) - EU
  8. 8. Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas Orgiazzi, A., Bardgett, R.D., Barrios, E., Behan-Pelletier, V., Briones, M.J.I., Chotte, J-L., De Deyn, G.B., Eggleton, P., Fierer, N., Fraser, T., Hedlund, K., Jeffery, S., Johnson, N.C., Jones, A., Kandeler, E., Kaneko, N., Lavelle, P., Lemanceau, P., Miko, L., Montanarella, L., Moreira, F.M.S., Ramirez, K.S., Scheu, S., Singh, B.K., Six, J., van der Putten, W.H., Wall, D.H. (Eds.), 2016, Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas. European Commission, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. 176 pp.
  9. 9. Map of global distribution of soil biodiversity
  10. 10. Map of potential threats to soil biodiversity
  11. 11. Monitoring biodiversity in soils in the European Union Orgiazzi and Panagos, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2018Orgiazzi et al., European Journal of Soil Science, 2018
  12. 12. Soils are a cross-cutting theme within the European Green Deal The European Green Deal Mobilising industry for a clean and circular economy Preserving and restoring ecosystems and biodiversity Leave no one behind (Just Transition) From ‘Farm to Fork’: a fair, healthy and environmentally friendly food system Building and renovating in an energy and resource efficient way Accelerating the shift to sustainable and smart mobility Increasing the EU’s Climate ambition for 2030 and 2050 Supplying clean, affordable and secure energy Financing the transition A zero pollution ambition for a toxic-free environment A European Climate Pact The EU as a global leader Mobilising research and fostering innovation Transforming the EU’s economy for a sustainable future And leave No one behind
  13. 13. The European Green Deal The European Green Deal • EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 in March 2020 • Follow up with concrete measures in 2021 to address the main drivers of biodiversity loss • A new EU Forest Strategy in 2020 • Measures to support deforestation-free value chains from 2020 • A new EU Soil Thematic Strategy in 2021 Preserving and restoring ecosystems and biodiversity A European Climate Pact The EU as a global leader
  14. 14. 15 Recommendations by the Mission Board for Soil Health and Food Caring for soil is caring for life – Ensure 75% of soils are healthy by 2030 for healthy food, people, nature and climate https://ec.europa.eu/info/publications/caring-soil-caring-life_en EU Soil Observatory Monitoring data and indicators
  15. 15. 16 https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/eu-soil-observatory Missing Available Implementation Operational EU soil monitoring system supporting soil related EU policies fully integrated with National soil monitoring systems in MS  EU soil status reporting (in collaboration with EEA)  Soil pollution indicators (Zero Pollution Strategy)  indicators in relation to the soil aspects of the European Green Deal including the Farm to Fork, Biodiversity and Climate Change Strategies • Integration with EU MS’s National soil monitoring systems • ESDAC as the primary soil knowledge hub for the EU and global data • Coordination of EU-wide and global sampling surveys LUCAS Soil since 2009, Africa in 2020 • Modelling and indicator development Future deliverables Target FPI ESTAT CLIMA ENV AGRI DEVCO SANTE Stronger Europe in the World • Comprehensive Strategy on Africa European Green Deal • Biodiversity Strategy 2030 • Zero Pollution Strategy Protecting our European Way of Life • Cooperation towards Sustainable Growth European Climate Law Farm to Fork strategy’s international dimensions
  16. 16. A long journey with the help of many colleagues: Thank you to all of you for all your help and support!

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