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Gothic styles

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Gothic styles

  1. 1. Done by: Sugar Ruizo
  2. 2. Gothic Architecture The style of architecture originating in France in the 12th century and existing in the western hall of Europe through the middle of the 16th century, characterized by building of great cathedrals, a progressive lightening of structure, and the use of the pointed arch, ribbed vault and a system of richly decorated fenestration. •Three different phases of “The French Style”: -- Early French Style -- Rayonnant Style -- Flamboyant Style
  3. 3. Early French Styles • The first three phases of French Gothic architecture, characterized by the pointed arch and geometry tracery. Saint Denis Basilica
  4. 4. Saint Denis Basilica Location: Paris, France Commemorated by: St. Denis the first bishop in Paris Completed :in 1144 Designed by: Abbé Suger
  5. 5. Abbé Suger (French: [syʒe]; c. 1081 – 13 January 1151) was one of the last French abbot-statesmen, a historian, and the influential first patron of Gothic architecture.
  6. 6. Rayonnant Style • The middle phase of French Gothic architecture from the end of the 13th through the late 14th centuries, characterized by circular windows with radiating lines of tracery. Reims Cathedral
  7. 7. Notre-Dame de Reims Architectural type: Church Architectural style: French Gothic Groundbreaking: 1211 Completed: 1275 Architects: Jean d'Orbais, Jean- de Chelles, and Bernard de Soissons
  8. 8. Flamboyant Style • The final phase of French Gothic architecture from the late 14th through the middle of the 16th centuries, characterized by flame like tracery, intricacy of detailing and frequent complication of interior space.
  9. 9. Villard de Honnecourt (Wilars dehonecort, fol. 1v; Vilars de Honecourt, fol. 15v) was a 13th-century artist from Picardy in northern France. He is known to history only through a surviving portfolio of 33 sheets of parchment containing about 250 drawings dating from the 1220s/1240s, now in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris (MS Fr 19093). The great variety of subjects (religious and secular figures suitable for sculpture, and architectural plans, elevations and details, ecclesiastical objects and mechanical devices, some with annotations), makes it difficult to determine its purpose. Other subjects such as animals and human figures also appear.
  10. 10. Villard de Honnecourt
  11. 11. English Gothic Style
  12. 12. Early English Style • The first of the three phases of English Gothic architecture from the late 12th through the 13th centuries, characterized by the lancet window and plate tracery.
  13. 13. Decorated Style • The second of the three phases of English Gothic architecture from the late 13th through the late 14th centuries, characterized by rich tracery, elaborate ornamental vaulting, and refinement of stone cutting techniques. Durham cathedral
  14. 14. Durham Cathedral Location: Durham, England Length: 469 feet (143 m) (interior) Nave: width81 feet (25 m) (inc aisles) Nave: height73 feet (22 m)
  15. 15. Perpendicular Style • The final phase of English gothic architecture prevailing from the late 14th through the early 16th centuries, characterized by perpendicular tracery, fine intricate stone work and elaborate fan vaults. Also called Rectilinear Style. King’s College Cathedral
  16. 16. •Address: The College, Durham DH1 3EH, United Kingdom •Height: 23 m •Opened: 1018 •Architects: George Gilbert Scott, Edward Robert Robson, James Wyatt,Richard Farnham •Burials: Stephen Kemble, George Wheler King’s College Cathedral
  17. 17. Sir George Gilbert Scott, styled Sir Gilbert Scott, was an English Gothic revival architect, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals, although he started his career as a leading designer of workhouses.
  18. 18. Edward Robert Robson FRIBA FSA FSI was an English architect famous for the progressive spirit of his London state-funded school buildings of the 1870s and early 1880s
  19. 19. James Wyatt
  20. 20. Gothic Revival • A movement aimed at reviving the spirit and forms of Gothic architecture, originating in the late 18th century and but flourishing mainly in the 19th century in France, Germany, England and to the lesser extent in U.S. Gothic remained the accepted styles for churches well into the 20th century.
  21. 21. Victorian in this sense refers to a period in the mid- to-late 19th century that features a series of architectural revival styles. The name "Victorian" refers to the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901), called the Victorian era, during which period the styles known as Victorian were used in construction. The styles often included interpretations and eclectic revivals of historic styles. Victorian Gothic Architecture
  22. 22. St. Pancras railway station and Midland Hotel in London, opened in 1868, is an example of the Gothic Revival style of architecture with Ruskinian influenc es. The station eclectically combined elements of Gothic architecture and other styles with materials and scale made possible by the Industrial Revolution.

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