This part I includes the following content
● Meaning and definition of evaluation, assessment and measurement
● Difference between evaluation and measurement
● Nature of evaluation
● Purpose of evaluation
● Purpose of evaluation in nursing
● Scope of evaluation
● Characteristics of evaluation
● Principles of evaluation
● Evaluation process
Evaluation is such an essential part of teaching and learning.
Educational evaluation is made in relation to the objectives that have been
determined previously by faculty, individual teacher and student.
Evaluate means to ascertain the value or amount of appraisal carefully.
It is concerned with
● Provision of learning experience
● Increasing the capabilities to perform certain functions
Evaluation is the process of ascertaining or judging the value of something
by careful appraisal- Good carter.
Evaluation is the process of determining to what extent the educational
objectives are being realised. – Ralph Tyler
“ It is a process of making judgment that to be used as a basis for planning.
It consists of establishing goals, collecting evidence concerning growth or
lack of growth towards goals, making judgments about the evidence and
revising procedures and goals in the light of the judgments.” ___ Wiles
The word ‘assess’ comes from the Latin verb ‘assidere’
meaning ‘to sit with’.
Assessment can focus on the individual learner, the learning community
(class, workshop, or other organized group of learners), the institution, or
the educational system.
Assessment is the process of documenting, usually in measurable terms,
knowledge, skill, attitudes, and beliefs.”
“Assessment in education is the process of gathering, interpreting,
recording, and using information about pupils’ responses to an educational
task.” ___ Harlen
Measurement is appraisal in terms of a fixed standards whereas an
evaluation implies the use of relative and flexible standards.
Difference between measurement and evaluation
● Personal and subjective
● Interpretative and
● Continuous process
● New concept
● Scope is wider
● Objective and impersonal
● Precise and scientific
● Not a continuous process
● Old concept
● Scope is narrow
Nature of evaluation
❖ Evaluation is a broad programme
❖ It examines achievements, attitude, interests, personality, traits and
skills factors which are taken into consideration.
❖ It covers cognitive, affective and psychomotor learning outcome.
❖ The evaluation is a two part process.
❖ The first part is what is to evaluate (Goal) and
❖ the second part is the judgment of whether the goals are being
Purpose of evaluation
Bloom stated the following purposes:-
★ To discover the extent of competence through which the student have
developed in initiating, organizing and improving his/her day to day
★ To diagnose his/her strength and weakness with a view to further
★ To appraise the status of and changes in student’s behaviour.
★ To assess the student’s progress from time to time and disclose
student’s needs and possibility.
Purpose of evaluation (contn..)
★ To predict the student’s future in academic success.
★ To provide basis for modification of the curriculum and course.
★ To motivate students for better attainment and growth.
★ To improve instructional and measuring devices.
★ To locate areas where remedial measures are needed.
Purpose of evaluation in Nursing
● To provide motivation in practicing critical thinking, the application of
principle, the making of judgment, etc.
● To help students to acquire the attitude of and skills in self evaluation
and self directing in their study.
● To encourage student’s learning by measuring their achievement and
inform them their success.
● To diagram each student’s strength and weakness and to suggest
Purpose of evaluation in Nursing (contn..)
● To determine the level of student’s clinical performance at various stage.
● To determine the level of knowledge and understanding of the students at
various times. Purposes of evaluation in nursing
● To gather information for administrative purpose such as selecting students
for higher courses, placement of students for advanced training, etc.
● To estimate the effectiveness of teaching and learning technique, of subject
content and instructional media in reaching the goals.
Scope of evaluation
c) Monitoring the program
d) Safeguarding the public
e) Baseline for guidance and counseling
f) Placement and promotion in job
g) Development of tools and techniques and appraise the methods of
Characteristics of evaluation
1. Continuous process.
2. Includes academic and non academic subjects.
3. Procedure for improving the product.
4. Discovers the needs of an individual student and to design learning
experience that will solve their needs.
5. Correlation between the educational system and the system of
6. Complex process which need scientific techniques and tools.
Principles of evaluation
➢ Proper use of evaluation techniques require an awareness of their
limitations as well as their strength
➢ Comprehensive evaluation requires a variety of evaluation techniques.
No single evaluation technique is adequate to evaluate various
➢ Techniques should be selected in term of the purposes to be served.
➢ Determining and classifying what is to be evaluated always has priority
in the evaluation process
➢ The objectives must be clearly stated before evaluation is made.
➢ Record for practice for evidence should be kept in hand
➢ Adequacy of experience should be made in terms of excellence of
performance and quality of experience.
➢ Evaluation procedures must contribute to improved decisions of
instruction, guidance and administrative nature.
➢ Evaluation is a means to an end and not as end itself.
Steps in evaluation process are
1. Identifying the purpose of evaluation
2. Identifying the time frame
3. Determining when to evaluate
4. Selecting the evaluators
5. Choosing an evaluation framework/design or model
6.Selecting evaluation instrument
8. Interpret the data
9. Report the findings
10.Using the finding
11. Considering the cost of effectiveness