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Evolution of medicine and medical nursing

It is a part of medical nursing unit 1 which explains evolution of medical nursing,Trends in Nursing,and role of medical nurse

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Evolution of medicine and medical nursing

  1. 1. Evolution of Medicine and Medical nursing Srividhya.N
  2. 2. Evolution of medicine Prehistoric medicine · Plants were used for medicinal purposes(herbalism) · Use of plants ,clay's and soil in ancient time.
  3. 3. Early civilization: Egypt · Developed larger, varied fruitful medical tradition. Herodotus describes robed the Egyptians as " the healthiest of all men" · Imphotep in the 3rd dynasty is credited for being the founder of ancient Egyptian medicine. · Earliest women physician “peseshet”. Babylonians There is a diagnostic handbook written by “umnanu “or chief scholar. It includes various ways of inspection, examination of symptoms and treating with bandages, herbs etc
  4. 4. India · ‘Atharvana Veda” from early iron age is one of the first Indian text dealing with medicine. · Ayurveda- meaning of complete language of long life is another system of India. "Charaka" and "Susrutha" writes most famous texts related to medicine and surgery. · Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita. · Another alternative form is Unani during the Muhal period.
  5. 5. 19th century: rise of modern medicine It is changed in the face of rapid advance in science and new approaches by physicians • More systematic • Anesthesia techniques • Antiseptic and aseptic principles • Advances in epidemiology • Bacteriology and virology • Women as nurses and physicians
  6. 6. 20th century: • Large scale multi specialty hospitals • Mobile hospitals • Public health awareness programs • Post second world war ii • Modern surgeries and Equipments and advanced diagnostic procedures
  7. 7. Evolution of medical nursing
  8. 8. Period of intuitive nursing: · In period of olden days, nursing was untaught. Nursing was performed of their own wish to help others · Nursing was a profession that belonged to women. She is expected to take care of children, sick and aged · No care giving training is evident. It was based on experience and observation · Primitive man believed that illness was caused by the invasion of the evil spirits in to the victim;s body and doctor has the power to heal it by using magic
  9. 9. Period of Apprentice Nursing: • In this period also nursing was performed without any formal education. But the people were directed to more experience • This kind of nursing was developed by Christian Church • Nursing went down to the lowest level • There was acute shortage of nurses to take care for the sick and so many hospitals closed • Nursing became the work of undesirable women like prostitutes and prisoners • 1st formal training school for nurses started in Germany
  10. 10. St Thomas Hospital - London
  11. 11. Period of Educated Nursing / Nightingale Era- 19th and 20th century • During this period development of nursing was strongly influenced by Crimean war and civil war • Arousal of social consciousness • Increased educational opportunities • Florence Nightingale recruited female nurses to provide care for sick and injured in the Crimean war. • In 1860 the Nightingale training school of nurses opened in St. Thomas Hospital London. • The school served a as a model for other training school • The school provided both the theory based knowledge and clinical skills
  12. 12. Period of Contemporary Nursing /20th century • During this period nursing field much developed and nurse can work only with her license • Started specialty hospitals • Advanced training for nurses in diploma programs • Development of Baccalaureate and advanced training programme • Nursing involvement in community area • Technological advancement and disposable supplies • Establishment of WHO by USA • Expanded roles of nurses • Computer were used in data collection, diagnosis, inventory and patient records • Use of sophisticated equipments for diagnostic therapy
  13. 13. Thank you