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Statement of cash flow ias 7

Statement of cash flow ias 7

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Statement of cash flow ias 7

  1. 1. Cash Flows Statements-IAS 7 PRESENTED BY Mr Titus A. Soetan, FCA Baker Tilly Nigeria (Chartered Accountants) Maryland, Lagos.
  2. 2.  An entity shall prepare a statement of cash flows (SCF) in accordance with the requirements of this Standard and shall present it as an integral part of its financial statements for each period for which financial statements are presented.
  3. 3.  Cash flow information is useful in assessing the ability of the entity to generate cash and cash equivalents  Enables users to develop models to assess and compare the present value of the future cash flows of different entities  It provides information that enables users to evaluate the changes in net assets of an entity  Its financial structure (including its liquidity and solvency)  Its ability to affect the amounts and timing of cash flows in order to adapt to changing circumstances and opportunities  Enhances the comparability of the reporting of operating performance by different entities
  4. 4.  Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits  Cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value  Cash flows are inflows and outflows of cash and cash equivalents  Operating activities are the principal revenue-producing activities of the entity and other activities that are not investing or financing activities  Investing activities are the acquisition and disposal of long-term assets and other investments not included in cash equivalents  Financing activities are activities that result in changes in the size and composition of the contributed equity and borrowings of the entity
  5. 5.  Cash equivalents are held for the purpose of meeting short-term cash commitments  It must: ◦ Be readily convertible to a known amount of cash ◦ Be subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value ◦ Have a short maturity of, say, three months or less from the date of acquisition
  6. 6.  Cash flow presentation must be classified by: ◦ Operating activities ◦ Investing activities ◦ Financing activities ◦ Classification by activity provides information that allows users to assess the impact of those activities on the financial position of the entity and the amount of its cash and cash equivalents ◦ A single transaction may include cash flows that are classified differently example ◦ Cash repayment of a loan includes both interest and capital, the interest element may be classified as an operating activity and the capital element is classified as a financing activity
  7. 7.  Cash flows arising from operating activities is a key indicator of the extent to which the operations of the entity have generated sufficient cash flows to maintain the operating capability of the entity, repay loans, pay dividends and make new investments without recourse to external sources of financing.
  8. 8.  Some common examples of cash flows from operating activities are: ◦ Cash receipts from the sale of goods and the rendering of services ◦ Cash receipts from royalties, fees, commissions and other revenue ◦ Cash payments to suppliers for goods and services ◦ Cash payments to and on behalf of employees ◦ Cash receipts and cash payments of an insurance entity for premiums and claims, annuities and other policy benefits ◦ Cash payments or refunds of income taxes unless they can be specifically identified with financing and investing activities ◦ Cash receipts and payments from contracts held for dealing or trading purposes
  9. 9.  Some transactions, such as the sale of an item of plant, may give rise to a gain or loss that is included in recognized profit or loss. The cash flows relating to such transactions are cash flows from investing activities.
  10. 10.  Cash flows arising from investing activities represent the extent to which expenditures have been made for resources intended to generate future income and cash flows  Only expenditures that result in a recognized asset in the statement of financial position are eligible for classification as investing activities
  11. 11.  Some common examples of cash flows arising from investing activities are: ◦ Proceeds from the disposal of PPE ◦ Proceeds from the disposal of debt instruments of other entities ◦ Proceeds from the sale of equity instruments of other entities ◦ Purchase of PPE ◦ Acquisition of debt instruments of other entities ◦ Purchase of equity instruments of other entities (unless held for trading or considered to be cash equivalents)
  12. 12.  Some common examples of cash flows arising from financing activities are: ◦ Proceeds from issuance of share capital ◦ Proceeds from issuing debt instruments (debentures) ◦ Proceeds from bank borrowings ◦ Payment of dividends to shareholders ◦ Repayment of principal portion of debt, including finance lease obligations ◦ Repayment of bank borrowings
  13. 13.  IAS 7 requires that noncash investing and financing activities should be excluded from the cash flow statements and reported “elsewhere” in the financial statements, where all relevant information about these activities is disclosed.  This requirement is interpreted as the necessity to disclose noncash activities in the footnotes to financial statements instead of including them in the CFS.  Common examples of noncash activities are ◦ Conversion of debt (convertible debentures) to equity ◦ Issuance of share capital to acquire property, plant and equipment
  14. 14.  Use either: ◦ The direct method; or ◦ The indirect method ◦ Entities are encouraged to report cash flows from operating activities using the direct method.
  15. 15.  Information about major classes of gross cash receipts and gross cash payments may be obtained either:  From the accounting records of the entity  By adjusting sales, cost of sales (interest and similar income and interest expense and similar charges for a financial institution) and other items in the statement of comprehensive income for: ◦ Changes during the period in inventories and operating receivables and payables ◦ Other non-cash items ◦ Other items for which the cash effects are investing or financing cash flows.
  16. 16.  The net cash flow from operating activities is determined by adjusting profit or loss for the effects of: ◦ Changes during the period in inventories and operating receivables and payables ◦ Non-cash items such as depreciation, provisions, deferred taxes, unrealised foreign currency gains and losses, and undistributed profits of associates ◦ All other items for which the cash effects are investing or financing cash flows.
  17. 17.  Alternatively, the net cash flow from operating activities may be presented under the indirect method by showing the revenues and expenses disclosed in the statement of comprehensive income and the changes during the period in inventories and operating receivables and payables.
  18. 18.  Report separately major classes of gross cash receipts and gross cash payments arising from investing and financing activities, except to the extent that cash flows are reported on a net basis.
  19. 19.  Financial Institutions- IAS 7 permits financial institutions to report cash flows arising from certain activities on a net basis. Net reporting would be acceptable under the following conditions: ◦ Cash receipts and payments on behalf of customers when the cash flows reflect the activities of the customers rather than those of the bank; e.g. the acceptance and repayment of demand deposits ◦ Cash flows relating to deposits with fixed maturity dates ◦ Placements and withdrawals of deposits from other financial institutions ◦ Cash advances and loans to bank customers and repayments thereon.
  20. 20.  Entities other than Financial Institutions- The preference is clearly for the “gross” cash receipts and cash payments. This gives the users of the FS more meaningful information. There are 2 exceptions where netting of cash flows is permitted. ◦ Items with quick turnovers, large amounts, and short maturities may be presented as net cash flows. ◦ Cash receipts and payments on behalf of customers reflect the activities of the customers rather than those of the entities. The flows may also be reported on a net rather than a gross basis.
  21. 21.  Cash flows arising from transactions in a foreign currency shall be recorded in an entity’s functional currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the functional currency and the foreign currency at the date of the cash flow.  The cash flows of a foreign subsidiary shall be translated at the exchange rates between the functional currency and the foreign currency at the dates of the cash flows.
  22. 22.  Unrealised gains and losses arising from changes in foreign currency exchange rates are not cash flows.  The effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents held or due in a foreign currency is reported in the statement of cash flows and presented separately from cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities and includes the differences, if any, had those cash flows been reported at end of period exchange rates.
  23. 23.  Cash flows from interest and dividends received and paid shall each be disclosed separately. Each shall be classified in a consistent manner from period to period as either operating, investing or financing activities.  The total amount of interest paid during a period is disclosed in the statement of cash flows whether it has been recognised as an expense in profit or loss or capitalised in accordance with IAS 23 Borrowing Costs.
  24. 24.  Interest paid and interest and dividends received are usually classified as operating cash flows for a financial institution  There is no consensus on the classification of these cash flows for other entities  They may be classified as: ◦ Operating cash flows because they enter into the determination of profit or loss ◦ Financing cash flows because they are costs of obtaining financial resources ◦ Investing cash flows because they are returns on investments.
  25. 25.  Cash flows arising from taxes on income shall be separately disclosed and shall be classified as cash flows from operating activities unless they can be specifically identified with financing and investing activities
  26. 26.  IAS 7 recognises that an entity may acquire or dispose subsidiaries or other business units during the year and thus requires that the aggregate cash flows from acquisitions and from disposals of subsidiaries or other business units should be presented separately as part of the investing activities section of the CFS.  IAS 7 has also prescribed these disclosures in respect to both acquisitions and disposals: ◦ The total consideration included. ◦ The portion thereof discharged by cash and cash equivalents. ◦ The amount of cash and cash equivalents in the subsidiary or business unit acquired or disposed. ◦ The amount of assets and liabilities (other than cash and cash equivalents) acquired or disposed, summarised by major category.
  27. 27.  Disclose:  Components of cash and cash equivalents  The policy which it adopts in determining the composition of cash and cash equivalents  The effect of any change in the policy for determining components of cash and cash equivalents  A commentary by management of the amount of significant cash and cash equivalent balances held by the entity that are not available for use by the group.
  28. 28.  Disclosure of the following together with a commentary is encouraged:  The amount of undrawn borrowing facilities that may be available for future operating activities and to settle capital commitments, indicating any restrictions on the use of these facilities  The aggregate amounts of the cash flows from each of operating, investing and financing activities related to interests in joint ventures reported using proportionate consolidation  The aggregate amount of cash flows that represent increases in operating capacity separately from those cash flows that are required to maintain operating capacity  The amount of the cash flows arising from the operating, investing and financing activities of each reportable segment.

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