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Services provided by os

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Services provided by os

  1. 2. <ul><li>An OS provides an environment for the execution of programs. It provides certain services to programs and to the users of these programs. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Program Execution </li></ul><ul><li>I/O Operations </li></ul><ul><li>File-System Manipulation </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Error Detection </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>The OS must be able to load a program into memory and to run that program. The program must be able to end its execution, either normally or abnormally. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>When a program is running it may require I/O. This I/O may involve a file or an I/O device. A user usually cannot control I/O devices directly. Therefore the OS system must provide a means to do I/O. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Programs need to read and write files, programs also need to create and delete files by name. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Sometimes one process needs to exchange information with another process. Such communication can occur in two major ways. The first takes place between processes that are executing on the same computer. The second takes place between process that are executing on different system that are tied together by a computer network. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>The OS constantly needs to be aware of possible errors. Errors may be in the CPU and memory hardware, in I/O devices and in the user program. For each type of error, the OS should take the appropriate action to ensure correct and consistent computing. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Sumant Kumar Diwakar Web Designer

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