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Dying machine

Types of dying machine used in textile dyeing

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Dying machine

  1. 1. OBJECTIVES • To classify different type of machines. • To know working process of machines. • To know advantage and disadvantage. • To know some Brand Name.
  2. 2. Types of Dyeing machine • Fabric Dyeing machine. • Yarn Dyeing machine. • Knit Dyeing machine. • Woven Dyeing machine.
  3. 3. Textile Dyeing machineries • Beam dyeing machine • Package dyeing machine • Sample dyeing machine • Winch dyeing machine • Hank dyeing machine • Jet dyeing machine • Jig dyeing machine • Paddle dyeing machine
  6. 6. Fabric dying machine
  7. 7. Beam dying machine • Effectively used to dye yarn or fabric. • Able to adjust water level in accordance to fabric volume. • Even dyeing and superior dyeing quality. • Optimized circulation system along with high performance pumps.
  8. 8. Advantages of a Beam Dyeing Machine • The fabric is put under controlled tension, and is wound on to a perforated beam. This results in elimination of creases from the fabric. It also ensures total control of dimensions of the roll of fabric. • The fabric is not allowed to do any movement during the process of dyeing. This actually means that there is no application of mechanical action on to the fabric. As shown in the figure, there is no movement of the fabric as the hydrostatic pressure of the pump forces the dye liquor through the fabric roll.
  9. 9. Beam dying machine
  10. 10. Sample Dying machine • Saves time as just sample is being dyed. • Enables in getting an accurate results as the process can be carried out again and again until satisfactory result is obtained. • Economical when compared to bulk dyeing. • Sample holders for fibers, yarns or fabrics are made of stainless steel. • Electronic temperature controller that is digital controlled. • Double Speed agitation.
  11. 11. Sample dying machine
  12. 12. Yarn Dyeing machine • The yarn to be dyed is loosely wound onto the perforated Aluminum or Plastic tubes, to ensure uniform & even penetration of the dye liquor. • The yarn packages (Muffs) are then firmly fixed on perforated Aluminum spindles, fixed on a platform & lowered into the air tight dyeing chamber of the Yarn Dyeing Machine. • The dye liquor, continuously circulates in the Dyeing Machine, passing through the perforated tubes, on which the yarn is wound. • The complete dyeing cycle lasts approx. 8- 10 hours.
  13. 13. Advantages • Much smaller lots of yarn (as small as 1.0 kg), can be dyed, in comparison to the fiber dyeing route, in which a minimum of approx. 300 kg of the fiber is dyed, at a time. • Dyeing loss is much less in comparison to the fiber dyeing route, in which a lot of good fiber is wasted, during dyeing. • Economic dyeing due to lower liquor ratio
  14. 14. Vertical and Horizontal package machine
  15. 15. Hank dying machine • Hank dyeing machine are mostly used for dyeing of patterned wool carpets. • Temperature control is done by electro- mechanical or programmable logic controllers. • Machine capacities can range from 10 kg sample machines -1 ton machines. • Yarn loads up to 4000 kg can be dyed by coupling together of machines. • Typical liquor ratios are 1:15 to 1:25.
  16. 16. Hank dying machine
  17. 17. Knit dyeing machine – Jet dying The Jet Dyeing Machine offers the following striking advantages that makes them suitable for fabrics like polyesters. • Low consumption of water • Short dyeing time • Can be easily operated at high temperatures and pressure • Comparatively low liquor ratios, typically ranges between 1:4 and 1:20 • Fabrics are handled carefully and gently
  18. 18. Types of Jet dying • Over flow dying machine. • Soft flow dying machine. • Airflow dying machine.
  19. 19. Winch dying machine
  20. 20. Woven dying machine-jigger dying machine It is one of the oldest dyeing machine used for cloth dyeing operations. Jigger machine is suitable for dyeing of woven fabrics, up to boiling temperature without any creasing . Jigs exert considerable lengthwise tension on the fabric and are more suitable for the dyeing of woven than knitted fabrics.
  21. 21. Jigger dying machine
  22. 22. Limitations of Jigger Dyeing • Jigs exert considerable lengthwise tension on the fabric and are more suitable for the dyeing of woven than knitted fabrics. • In textile preparation due to the swelling and dissolution of size, which makes the fabric slippery and unstable in roll form. • The low liquor ratio makes washing-off difficult
  23. 23. Paddle batch dying machine
  24. 24. Working principle of Paddle machine • Process of dying machine that gently moves the goods using paddles similar to a paddle wheel on a boat • This is a slow process ,but there is extreme little abrasion on the goods.
  25. 25. Advantage Paddle batch dying machine • Steam heated • Very efficient Liquor Flow • No harm to garments Structure • An uniform Patchless Dyeing • Low liquor ratio • Rapid heating and cooling • Quick drop and fill