Clinical Pathology is the application of laboratory techniques to find out the cause of disease. Clinical pathology laboratory involves all aspect of the medicine ranging from the field of biochemistry, microbiology, Parasitology, haematology, immunology and cytogenetics etc. Clinical pathology laboratory perform qualitative and quantitative analysis of body fluid such as urine, blood, CSF, sputum, other body fluid such as synovial fluid, peritoneal fluid, pericardial fluid and plural fluid. These determinations are useful in diagnosing various clinical conditions such as diabetes mellitus, jaundice, gout, hyperlipidemia, pancreatitis, rickets, etc. The clinical pathological tests are very useful in determining the severity of diseases of many organs such as liver, stomach, heart, kidneys, brain as well as the endocrine disorders and related status of acid-base balance of the body. The clinical pathology tests, in relation to the various clinical conditions can be applicable for:-
1) Reveal the causes of the diseases
2) Screen easy diagnosis
3) Suggest effective treatment
4) Assist in monitoring progress of a pathological condition and
5) Help in assessing response to therapy
Modern medicine says that: Your practice of medicine will be as good as your understanding of pathology.