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Women in Leadership in the Church

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Slides from a 1 Day Workshop about the Biblical Foundation for Women Leadership in the Church

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Women in Leadership in the Church

  1. 1. Women In Leadership In The Church Workshop
  2. 2. LISTEN HERE
  3. 3. Women In Leadership Session 1 Women In The Image of God
  4. 4. CREATED EQUAL Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. 28 And God blessed them. And God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”
  5. 5. THE HUMAN
  6. 6. THE HUMAN
  7. 7. THE HUMAN
  8. 8. THE HUMAN
  9. 9. THE HUMAN
  10. 10. COMPARE “It is only males who are created directly by the gods and are given souls. Those who live rightly return to the stars. But those who are cowards may with reasons be supposed to have changed into the nature of women in the second generation.” ~ Plato, Timaeus Pandora and other women are created by Zeus as a punishment on men for receiving fire from Prometheus. ~ Hesiod, Theogony 700 BCE
  11. 11. TURN & TALK
  12. 12. CREATED FOR PARTNERSHIP 18 And the LORD God said, “It is not good that The Human should be alone; I will make him a helper comparable to him.” 19 Out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to The Human to see what he would call them. And whatever The Human called each living creature, that was its name. 20 So The Human gave names to all cattle, to the birds of the air, and to every beast of the field. But for The Human there was not found a helper comparable to him.
  13. 13. KEY WORDS HELPER EZER Hebrew Scriptures Greek Septuagint Exodus 18:4 Duet. 33:7,26,29 Psalm 20:2 Psalm 33:20 Psalm 70:5 Psalm 89:19 Psalm 115:9-11 Psalm 121:1-2 Psalm 124:8 BOE THEO DESPERATE CRY TO RUN RESCUER Genesis 2:18-20
  14. 14. KEY WORDS COMPARABLE KENEGDO COUNTERPART Genesis 2:18-20 Hebrew Scriptures Greek Septuagint HOMOIO SIMILAR LIKENESS KENEGDO COORESPONDING
  15. 15. CREATED IN SEQUENCE And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall on The Human, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh in its place. 22 Then the rib which the LORD God had taken from The Human He made into a woman, and He brought her to The Human. 23 And Adam said: “This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman, Because she was taken out of man. 24 Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.”
  16. 16. DAMAGED AND DYSFUNCTIONAL 14 So the LORD God said to the serpent: “Because you have done this, You are cursed more than all cattle, And more than every beast of the field; On your belly you shall go, and you shall eat dust all the days of your life. 15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.” 16 To the woman He said: “I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; In pain you shall bring forth children; Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.”
  17. 17. Women In Leadership Session 2 Women In Leadership Through Scripture
  18. 18. MIRIAM For I brought you up from the land of Egypt, I redeemed you from the house of bondage; And I sent before you Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.
  19. 19. PHOEBE I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, 2 that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. DIAKONON PROSTATIS SERVANT ENVOY ONE WHO STANDS BEFORE
  20. 20. JUNIA Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.
  21. 21. PAIR + SHARE
  22. 22. KEY WORDS https://biblehub.com/interlinear/1_timothy/3-1.htm ARSEN Matthew 19:4 MALE THELU Matthew 19:4 FEMALE ANER 1 Timothy 2:8-14 MAN/HUSBAND GUNE 1 Timothy 2:8-14 FEMALE/WIFE
  23. 23. GREEK PRONOUNS SINGULAR PLURAL *MASCULINE MASCULINE & FEMININE MASCULINE & FEMININE INCLUSIVE & EXCLUSIVE
  24. 24. WOMEN OVERSEERS https://biblehub.com/interlinear/1_timothy/3-1.htm 1 The saying is trustworthy: If anyone aspires to the office of overseer , he desires a noble task. 2 Therefore an overseer must be above reproach, the husband of one wife [lit. one woman man],sober-minded, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, 3 not a drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money. 4 He must manage his own household well, with all dignity, keeping his children submissive,5 for if someone does not know how to manage his own household, how will he care for God's church?
  25. 25. WOMEN OVERSEERS https://biblehub.com/interlinear/1_timothy/3-1.htm 1 The saying is trustworthy: If anyone aspires to the office of overseer , he desires a noble task. 2 Therefore an overseer must be above reproach, the husband of one wife [lit. one woman man],sober-minded, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, 3 not a drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money. 4 He must manage his own household well, with all dignity, keeping his children submissive,5 for if someone does not know how to manage his own household, how will he care for God's church?
  26. 26. 1 Timothy 3:1 https://biblehub.com/interlinear/1_timothy/3-1.htm ANYONE = MASCULINE SINGULAR INCLUSIVE
  27. 27. 1 Timothy 6:3 https://biblehub.com/interlinear/1_timothy/3-1.htm ANYONE = MASCULINE SINGULAR INCLUSIVE
  28. 28. 1 Timothy 3:1 https://biblehub.com/interlinear/1_timothy/3-1.htm OVERSEER = FEMININE SINGULAR
  29. 29. 1 Timothy 3:2 https://biblehub.com/interlinear/1_timothy/3-2.htm OVERSEER = MASCULINE SINGULAR INCLUSIVE
  30. 30. 1 Timothy 3:5 https://biblehub.com/interlinear/1_timothy/3-5.htm ANYONE = MASCULINE SINGULAR INCLUSIVE
  31. 31. Women In Leadership Session 3 Women In Leadership At Corinth Part 1
  32. 32. HEAD Hebrew Scriptures Greek Septuagint ROSH 180X “Leader” ARCHE EXOUSIA HEGOUMEN KEPHALE 8X
  33. 33. COVERING Only respectable married Roman women were allowed to wear a “palla.” Female prostitutes (current or former), slaves and freedwomen, on the other hand, were prohibited by Roman law from wearing the “palla.”
  34. 34. NATURE Judge among yourselves. Is it proper for a woman to pray to God with her head uncovered? 14 Does not even nature itself teach you that if a man has long hair, it is a dishonor to him? 15 But if a woman has long hair, it is a glory to her; for her hair is given to her for [ANTI – “instead of”] a covering [PERIBOLAIOU – MALE TESTACLES].
  35. 35. PERIBOLAOU “After I [Hercules] received my bags of flesh [PERIBOLAI - testacles], which are the outward signs of puberty, I received labors about which I shall undertake to say what is necessary.” ~ Euripides
  36. 36. PERIBOLAOU HAIR AND GENITAL FUNCTION Hair is primarily hollow, and grows primarily from either male or female reproductive fluid (semen) flowing into it and congealing. Since hollow body parts create a vacuum and attract fluid, the hollow hair attracts semen. Hair grows the most from the head because that is where the semen is produced, or at least stored. So men have more hair on their body, because they have more semen. ~ Hippocrates and Aristotle
  37. 37. PERIBOLAOU MAN’S HAIR AND GENITAL FUNCTION The male genitals serve as weights that draw the semen downward from the head so it can be ejected during intercourse. If a man has long hair, it will retain much or all of his semen, making it unavailable to his genitals for release during intercourse. It is a shame for a man to have long hair because, by nature, the man is supposed to release semen, not receive or retain it. Long hair essentially says “I want to receive or retain semen.”
  38. 38. PERIBOLAOU WOMAN’S HAIR AND GENITAL FUNCTION The nature of woman is to draw up the semen, and congeal it into the fetus. The long hollow hairs increase the suction power of the hollow uterus. As such, a woman's hair was considered a functioning part of her genitals.
  39. 39. PERIBOLAOU The contrast is genital functions between a women's hair and man’s testicles. A woman has hair INSTEAD OF testacles. So Paul asks “Judge for yourselves, is it proper for a wife to communicate that she is “available” while she is praying to God?
  40. 40. Women In Leadership Session 4 Women In Leadership At Corinth Part 2
  41. 41. THE LAW? Every time Paul quotes the Hebrew Scriptures in 1 Corinthians he begins by saying… “…it is written…” 1:19 “…it is written…” 1:31 “…it is written…” 2:9 “…it is written…” 3:19 “…it is written…” 10:7 “…it is written…” 15:45
  42. 42. ROMAN LAW “Women were not to intervene (intercede) in public settings or come between two parties, and an imperial ban had already existed form the time of Augustus on women intervening on behalf of their husbands in the context of a legal argument.”
  43. 43. #1 OPTION FOR INTERPRETATION Let your wives keep silent in the churches, for they are not permitted to speak; but they are to be submissive, as the [Roman] law also says. 35 And if they want to learn something, let them ask [cross examine] their own husbands at home; for it is shameful for wives to speak [interrogatively to their husbands] in [a public] church [gathering]. Or did the word of God come originally from you [your culture] ? Or was it you [your culture] only that it reached? 37 If anyone thinks himself [themselves] to be a prophet or spiritual [thinks they know the best way for spiritual gifts to function in Corinth], let him acknowledge that the things which I write to you are the commandments of the Lord. 38 But if anyone is ignorant [does not want to understand], let him be [continue to stay] ignorant.
  44. 44. #2 OPTION FOR INTERPRETATION “Let your wives keep silent in the churches, for they are not permitted to speak; but they are to be submissive, as the [Roman] law also says. 35 And if they want to learn something, let them ask [cross examine] their own husbands at home; for it is shameful for wives to speak [interrogatively to their husbands] in [a public] church [gathering].” Or did the word of God come originally from you [your culture]? Or was it you [your culture] only that it reached? 37 If anyone thinks himself [themselves] to be a prophet or spiritual [thinks they know the best way for spiritual gifts to function in Corinth], let him acknowledge that the things which I write to you [that everyone – men and women - should be able to judge prophecy at church gatherings] are the commandments of the Lord. 38 But if anyone is ignorant [does not want to understand], let him be [continue to stay] ignorant.
  45. 45. #3 OPTION FOR INTERPRETATION “Several ancient manuscripts place these verses [34-35] not in this location but as an addendum at the end of the chapter, and at least one ancient manuscript includes markings suggesting that the scribe considered these words to be a gloss inserted into the text. If these sentences are an addition to Paul’s letter, however, the addition must have occurred at an early stage, since all extant manuscripts contain these words either between verses 33 and 36 or following verse 40.” Richard B. Hays in First Corinthians: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching
  46. 46. Women In Leadership Session 5 Women Teachers: What Paul Really Said
  47. 47. CONTEXT ARTEMIS GNOSTICISM TEXT
  48. 48. ARTEMIS
  49. 49. ARTEMIS Goddess of Fertility Asexual Hunter of Wild Beasts (Amazonians) Priestesses – celibate, prostitute. Priests - castrated
  50. 50. ARTEMIS And they drew Alexander out of the multitude, the Jews putting him forward. And Alexander motioned with his hand, and wanted to make his defense to the people. But when they found out that he was a Jew, all with one voice cried out for about two hours, “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!” Acts 19:33-34
  51. 51. GNOSTICISM PHYSICAL WORLD DOESN’T MATTER ASCETICISM HEDONISM SECRET KNOWLEDGE
  52. 52. GNOSTICISM As I urged you when I went into Macedonia—remain in Ephesus that you may charge some that they teach no other doctrine, 4 nor give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which cause disputes rather than godly edification which is in faith. 1 Timothy 1:3-4
  53. 53. GNOSTICISM Now the Spirit expressly says that in latter times some will depart from the faith, giving heed to deceiving spirits and doctrines of demons, 2 speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their own conscience seared with a hot iron, 3 forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from foods which God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth. 1 Timothy 4:1-3
  54. 54. GNOSTICISM 20O Timothy! Guard what was committed to your trust, avoiding the profane and idle babblings and contradictions of what is falsely called knowledge— 21 by professing it some have strayed concerning the faith. 1 Timothy 6:20-21
  55. 55. FALSE KNOWLEDGE GOD D D D “genealogies”
  56. 56. TRUE KNOWLEDGE TEACHER “…knowledge of the truth. For there is one God and one Mediator between God and humans, the Man Christ Jesus, who gave himself a ransom for all.” Paul
  57. 57. TRUE KNOWLEDGE TEACHER “for which I was appointed a preacher and an apostle – I am speaking the truth in Christ, and not lying – a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth.” Paul
  58. 58. FALSE KNOWLEDGE TEACHER “Eve was formed first, then Adam. It was Adam who was deceived, and went astray.” The Woman
  59. 59. TRUE KNOWLEDGE TEACHER “For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression.” Paul
  60. 60. FEAR OF REVENGE The ancient sources prove that Artemis was made responsible for the death of people, especially women. The huntswoman used her arrows as a weapon. In addition she is characterized as an avenger, who administered punishment through fire, if people did not fulfil the cultic or ritual obligations.” ~ Michael Immendorfer in Ephesians and Artemis
  61. 61. PARAPHRASE Let the domineering woman be peaceable when she is learning, with all submission. I do not permit the woman to teach false knowledge, or to dominate her husband, but to be harmonious. Because the truth is: Adam was formed first, and then Eve. And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived fell into transgression. Nevertheless, if this woman has sex with her husband and bears children, she can still be saved, but the married couple will need to continue in “the faith”, love, holiness, and self-control.
  62. 62. Training Provided by @timcatchim

Slides from a 1 Day Workshop about the Biblical Foundation for Women Leadership in the Church

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