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Using Mobile Technology in Information Literacy Skills Training to Enhance Students’ Learning Experience


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Thirteen mobile information literacy eLearning lessons have been designed to demonstrate how to locate, evaluate, and use information effectively. Testing of the tool is underway with students majoring in psychology, social work, and education to determine the effectiveness of using mobile technology to enhance students’ information literacy skills. This poster highlights the development and application of the mobile information literacy innovation, the collaboration between faculty and the Library and preliminary findings of the pilot project. Successes and challenges of the research project to support anytime, anywhere student mobile information literacy eLearning training will be highlighted.

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Using Mobile Technology in Information Literacy Skills Training to Enhance Students’ Learning Experience

  1. 1. Using MobileTechnologyUsing MobileTechnology in Information Literacy SkillsTrainingin Information Literacy SkillsTraining to Enhance Students’ Learning Experienceto Enhance Students’ Learning Experience Mr.Tony Tin Dr.Alice Schmidt Hanbidge Dr. Nicole Sanderson Ms. Nicole Lee The Asian Conference on Technology in the Classroom The Asian Conference on Language Learning Kobe, Japan May 1, 2015
  2. 2.  Public Research University  Located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada (Home of BlackBerry, Open Text, and D2L)  Over 36,000 students in undergraduate and graduate programs with 2,000 faculty  Canada’s most innovative university for 23 years; operating the world's largest cooperative education program with19,000 co-op students  Special 2 plus 2 program for international students  Renison is a federated college within University ofWaterloo, specializing in ELI,Applied Language Studies, Social Development Studies, Social Work, EAS, Studies in Islam and Religious Studies University ofUniversity of WaterlooWaterloo http://www.uwaterloo.ca ..
  3. 3. From Mobile ESL to MILFrom Mobile ESL to MIL M-library: CLA Library Research and Development Award 2007 Mobile ESL training: CNIE Excellence & Innovation in Use of Learning Technology Award 2008 CBC Coverage
  4. 4. Mobile ICTESL 2011Mobile ICTESL 2011 • Contains grammar, vocabulary and readings to assist computer industry worker with learning ESL in an Information and Communications Technology environment • Funded and supported by UNESCO • Special features: • Drag and Drop for instant response • Html 5, 3D object rotation The International E-learning Association Awards in Mobile Learning 2011
  5. 5. Mobile Information Literacy Project 2015Mobile Information Literacy Project 2015 • Improve student’s information literacy skills • Use mobile devices to deliver info literacy training • Allow practice with feedback using a variety of testing methods
  6. 6. • Information Literacy: recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and effectively use the needed information • Mobile Information Literacy: incorporates technology into the learning process American Library Association. Presidential Committee on Information Literacy. Final Report. (Chicago: American Library Association, 1989.) Mobile Information Literacy (MIL)Mobile Information Literacy (MIL)
  7. 7. Learners: ◦ already have mobile devices ◦ access lessons and exercises from remote locations, anywhere & practice anytime ◦ make use of the multimedia & interactive features ◦ Is learner-centered and requires no teacher presence Faculty & Librarians: ◦ reach more students ◦ free up time to teach more complex topics Why use aWhy use a mobile device to facilitate MIL training
  8. 8. • 13 Lessons focusing on how to locate, evaluate and use information • Content specific to use of UW library resources • Over 12 videos currently • Expand beyond video with activities MIL ContentsMIL Contents
  9. 9. TechnologiesTechnologies Open sources: WordPress with WP-Pro Quiz Plugin Run a data-base and generate dynamic content User View Admin View
  10. 10. Google AnalyticsGoogle Analytics
  11. 11. Interactive ExercisesInteractive Exercises True/False Drag and DropText inputMultiple Choice
  12. 12. Instant ResponseInstant Response Summative EvaluationFormative Evaluation
  13. 13. Search Tips from StudentsSearch Tips from Students
  14. 14. In actionIn action Video
  15. 15. Pilot ProjectPilot Project Student participants from 5 Social Development Studies and Social Work classes (n=110) Most were female (90.7%), between the age of 18 and 25 years old 86.9% did not attend any type of literacy skills training 98% have smartphones with 58% using Apple iPhone or other mobile devices on a daily basis Only 28% used a mobile device to search for information despite daily usage. Texting (85%) is their main use of mobile devices
  16. 16. Mixed method (quantitative and qualitative) One group pretest/post-test design Online Survey (Survey Monkey) Student questionnaires Research ProjectResearch Project
  17. 17. Preliminary Results . . .Preliminary Results . . .
  18. 18. Pre-test to Post-testPre-test to Post-test Preliminary ScorePreliminary Score
  19. 19. Student Preference for QuestionStudent Preference for Question TypeType
  20. 20. Literacy lessons students find mostLiteracy lessons students find most helpfulhelpful Lessons Response Percent Locate: Lesson 1: An Introduction to Primo Central 29.9% Locate:Lesson 2: The Basics: How to Search 34.3% (5) Locate:Lesson 3: Finding Articles 35.8% (4) Locate:Lesson 4: Finding Peer Reviewed Journals 44.8% (2) Evaluate: Lesson 5: Evaluating Information Sources 23.9% Evaluate: Lesson 6: Peer Review Process 14.9% Evaluate: Lesson 7: Popular Vs. Scholarly Resources 17.9% Use: Lesson 8: Using the Web for Resources 20.9% Use: Lesson 9: RefWorks 52.2% (1) Use: Lesson 10: When to Cite Your Articles 17.9% Use: Lesson 11: Types of Written Articles 14.9% Use: Lesson 12: How to Approach Assignments 40.3% (3) Use: Lesson 13: What is a Paragraph? 4.5% ALL OF THE ABOVE 9.0%
  21. 21. Recommend other students to learnRecommend other students to learn information literacy skills using mobileinformation literacy skills using mobile technologytechnology
  22. 22. Flexibility to Learn Anywhere and AnytimeFlexibility to Learn Anywhere and Anytime
  23. 23. Quality of LearningQuality of Learning
  24. 24. Information literacy skills enhanced asInformation literacy skills enhanced as a result of completing these exercisesa result of completing these exercises
  25. 25. Student Feedback on MIL TrainingStudent Feedback on MIL Training • Students reported positive experience with the info literacy lessons and the use of mobile technology: “short lessons but to the point;” “easy to use”; “creative – different test/quiz styles” • Students liked the flexibility/ availability of any time learning: “very convenient”; “learn on my own time, anywhere”; “able to review from time to time”
  26. 26. Student Feedback on the MIL TrainingStudent Feedback on the MIL Training • Use of mobile technology would be good supplementary medium of learning: “I can access and learn on Wi-Fi on campus and on bus.” • Greatest concern was cost of Internet access. “don’t have data so cannot always get internet.”
  27. 27. Defining content ◦ define the amount & type of information Design of the format ◦ normal website vs. mobile version ◦ text, images, graphics, tables, location ◦ different file types (pdf, mov) Display models ◦ different display model & stylesheet Different standards, data networks, & operating systems Bandwidth Lesson Learned from the PilotLesson Learned from the Pilot
  28. 28. Suggestions for Future DeliverySuggestions for Future Delivery • Embedded MIL in the curriculum • Moving from MIL to mobile academic fluency • Use of learning analytic – evidence based learning • Free internet, mobile info literacy training in remote area • Screen size redesign for ease of reading • Delivery of MIL in different languages (e.g. Japanese, Arabic Chinese) • Use multimedia and games to improve the learning experience • Use mobile device to interact with teachers and trainer (e.g. Ask a mobile librarian)
  29. 29. : Visit the Mobile InformationVisit the Mobile Information Literacy Lessons site:Literacy Lessons site:
  30. 30. ReferencesReferences Ally, M. (2005). “Multimedia information design for mobile devices”. In, M. Pagani (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Multimedia Technology and Networking. Idea Group Inc. Hershey, PA. Kim, B. (2013). The Library Mobile Experience: Practices and User Expectations (Vol. 49, No. 6). American Library Association. Yarmey, K. (2011). Student information literacy in the mobile environment. Educause Quarterly, 34(1), n1.
  31. 31. Slideshare: Website: Linkedin: Research Team Members