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RA Spring 2017 Training Presentation

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RA Spring 2017 Training Presentation

  1. 1. The Neuroscience of Social Justice Tyler Fair
  2. 2. Introductions:Tyler Fair • Pronouns: he, him, his • 4th year student studying Neuroscience • Minor in Spanish and a certificate in Public Health • 3rd year RA in Kitt West • Passions include singing, spirituality, science, sports, and social justice • Hope to go to medical school after undergrad
  3. 3. What is social justice?
  4. 4. Social Justice
  5. 5. What is oppression?
  6. 6. Equality vs. Equity
  7. 7. Social Determinants of Health “The term social determinants of health refers to social practices and conditions, class position, stressful circumstances, poverty, and economic, political, and religious factors that affect the health of individuals, groups, and communities, either positively or negatively.”
  8. 8. Neuroscience
  9. 9. Neuron
  10. 10. NeuroscienceTopics •Learned Helplessness •Stress Response •Action vs. Habit Learning •Implicit Bias •Neuroplasticity
  11. 11. Learned Helplessness
  12. 12. Social Justice Connection: Caste System in Nepal
  13. 13. Steven Maier Lab • One of the researchers in the 1960s working with Martin Seligman • Started studying Learned Helplessness as a neuroscientist • Discover the “neuro-circuitry” of this response.
  14. 14. Neuro-circuitry
  15. 15. Neuro-circuitry • Dorsal Raphe Nucleus (DRN) • If this area was turned off, Learned Helplessness not seen. • Ventral Medial Prefrontal Cortex (mPFC) • Control inhibited brain activity, rather than lack of control.
  16. 16. For the RA •How might your residents be experiencing learned helplessness? •How might their identities be impacting why they experience this response?
  17. 17. Stress Response
  18. 18. Fight or Flight Regulated by a region of the brain called the amygdala.
  19. 19. HPA Axis
  20. 20. Impact of Stress • Problems with digestion • Heart disease, stroke • Slowing of cognition • Related to anxiety and depression • Problems with immune system • Chronic inflammation
  21. 21. Social Justice Connection: Social Stress and Health • Long term stress associated with low socioeconomic status (SES) • Negative effects of stress seen • Negative health outcomes amongAfricanAmericans • Baby’s birth weight research. • Higher levels of stress seen in people that come from non-dominant groups.
  22. 22. For the RA ”Subjective feelings of belonging, being accepted, and being needed have consistently shown themselves to be crucial in the development of feelings of well-being and… reducing potentially harmful effects of stress upon the body and mind.” Medical SociologyThirteenth Edition by William C. Cockerham
  23. 23. Action vs. Habit Learning
  24. 24. Guess what is in charge of action learning? Prelimbic Prefrontal Cortex
  25. 25. Social Justice Connection: Implicit Bias
  26. 26. For the RA American Psychological Association’s recommendation for retraining a biased brain: • Becoming aware of one's implicit bias. • Being concerned about the consequences of the bias. • Learning to replace the biased response with non-prejudiced responses—ones that more closely match the values people consciously believe that they hold.
  27. 27. Neuroplasticity
  28. 28. My neuroscience professors didn’t teach me about social justice and my sociology professors didn’t teach me about neuroscience!
  29. 29. Draw your own connections. Follow your passion!
  30. 30. If social justice is a priority for you, how are you going to use it to change your community? your field? yourself?
  31. 31. Sources • Why Zebras Don’tGetUlcers by Robert M. Sapolsky • Medical SociologyThirteenth Edition byWilliam C. Cockerham • Lectures from Dr. Jerry Rudy’s Neurobiology of Learning and Memory • Information from Dr. Rudy’s Neuroplasticity Seminar • Lectures from Dr. Heidi Day’s Neurobiology of Stress • Information from the Maier/Watkins Neuroscience Lab • Lectures from Dr. Richard Rogers’ Medical Sociology • Lectures from Dr. Matt McQueen’s Epidemiology • http://www.jneurosci.org/content/34/12/4161#sec- 16 • http://www.psysr.org/jsacp/ivey-v3n1-11_103- 116.pdf • http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/v18/n10/full/n n.4086.html • https://ppc.sas.upenn.edu/sites/ppc.sas.upenn.edu/ files/learnedhelplessnessat50.pdf • http://www.apa.org/monitor/2011/10/biased- brain.aspx • https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/takeatest.html • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CM2wIS8UejE • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eCknUJJc3qU

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