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WELCOME TO THE
PHYSICAL FEATURES
OF INDIA
By- Sourav Rakshit
Class -9(A) Roll no- 34
K2 Kanchenjunga
Nanga Parbat Makalu
The Himalayas, geologically young and structurally fold mountains stretch
over the northern borders of India. The Himalaya...
The northern plains have been formed by the interplay
of three major river systems, namely- the Indus, the
Ganga and the B...
The peninsular plateau is a tableland composed of the
old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. This
plateau consist...
THE
INDIAN
DESERT
The Indian desert lies towards
the western margins of the
Aravalli Hills. It is an
undulating sandy plain covered
with san...
THE COASTAL
PLAINS
The plateau is flanked by stretch of
narrow coastal strips, running along the
Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal:-
1)Konkan pla...
THE
ISLAND
S
India has two main groups of islands. These
are:-
1)Lakshadweep islands
2)Andaman and Nicobar islands
The island groups pr...
The physical features of india by sourav rakshit
The physical features of india by sourav rakshit
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The physical features of india by sourav rakshit

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The physical features of india by sourav rakshit

  1. 1. WELCOME TO THE PHYSICAL FEATURES OF INDIA By- Sourav Rakshit Class -9(A) Roll no- 34
  2. 2. K2 Kanchenjunga Nanga Parbat Makalu
  3. 3. The Himalayas, geologically young and structurally fold mountains stretch over the northern borders of India. The Himalayas consist of three parallel ranges in its longitudinal extent:- 1) Himadri 2) Himachal 3) Shiwaliks Besides the longitudinal divisions, the Himalayas have been divided on the basis of regions from west to east:- 1) Punjab Himalayas 2) Kumaon Himalayas 3) Nepal Himalayas 4) Assam Himalayas
  4. 4. The northern plains have been formed by the interplay of three major river systems, namely- the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra along with their tributaries. The northern plain is broadly divided into three sections:- 1) The Punjab plains 2)The Ganga plains 3)The Brahmaputra plains According to the variations in relief features, the Northern plains can be divided into four regions:- 1) Bhabar 2)Terai 3)Bhangar 4)Khadar
  5. 5. The peninsular plateau is a tableland composed of the old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. This plateau consists of two broad divisions:- 1) The Central Highlands 2) The Deccan Plateau One of the distinct features of this area is that it consists of a black soil area known as Deccan trap. This is of volcanic origin and hence the rocks are igneous. Actually these rocks have denuded over time and are responsible for the formation black soil.
  6. 6. THE INDIAN DESERT
  7. 7. The Indian desert lies towards the western margins of the Aravalli Hills. It is an undulating sandy plain covered with sand dunes. This region receives very low rainfall. It has arid climate with low vegetation cover. Streams appear during the rainy
  8. 8. THE COASTAL PLAINS
  9. 9. The plateau is flanked by stretch of narrow coastal strips, running along the Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal:- 1)Konkan plain 2)Kannad plain 3)Malabar coast In the northern part it is known as Northern Circar, while in southern part it is known as the coromandel coast.
  10. 10. THE ISLAND S
  11. 11. India has two main groups of islands. These are:- 1)Lakshadweep islands 2)Andaman and Nicobar islands The island groups provide sites for fishing and port activities. They have thick forest cover. These island groups are of great strategic importance to the country.

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