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  1. 1. Etienne Wenger<br />Learning for a small planet<br /> P.O. Box 810 North San Juan, CA 95960, U.S.A.<br /> Phone (530) 292-9222<br /> E-mail Website:<br />Communities of practice<br />a social discipline of learning<br />......................................<br />
  2. 2. A social discipline of learning<br />Key dimensions<br />Sponsorship<br />Meaning<br />Domain<br />Identity<br />Nurturing<br />Participation<br />Learningtogether<br />Community<br />Practice<br />Boundaries<br />Competence/power<br />Support<br />
  3. 3. A social discipline of learning<br />Key processes<br />Reflect andself-design<br />Meaning<br />Identity<br />Domain<br />Push practiceforward<br />Bring practice in<br />Learningtogether<br />Community<br />Practice<br />Boundaries<br />Competence/power<br />Create self-representation<br />In collaboration with Beverly Trayner<br />
  4. 4. Learning activities<br />Exchanges<br />Productive inquiries<br />Building shared understanding<br />Producing assets<br />Creating standards<br />Formal access to knowledge<br />Visits<br />Outsidesources<br />Pointers to resources<br />News<br />Informal<br />Information<br />1<br />Hot topicdiscussions<br />Stories<br />Broadcast inquiry<br />Tips<br />3<br />Debates<br />Exploringideas<br />Readinggroup<br />Document sharing<br />2<br />Jointevents<br />Case clinics<br />Documentingpractice<br />Eachother<br />With<br />Guests<br />From<br />Project and<br />after-actionreviews<br />Jointresponse<br />Collections<br />Visits<br />7<br />4<br />Field trips<br />Problem solving<br />Learningprojects<br />Formalpracticetransfer<br />Boundarycollaboration<br />Practice fairs<br />6<br />Mutual benchmark<br />Helpdesk<br />5<br />Models of practice<br />Trainingand workshops<br />Warranting <br />Formal<br />External benchmark<br />Invited<br />speaker<br />Systematicscan<br />
  5. 5. Community profilesas patterns of togetherness <br />Orientations<br /> … meetings<br /> … projects<br />… open-ended conversation<br />… access to<br /> expertise<br />… content publishing<br />Community activities oriented to …<br />… individual<br /> participation<br />… relationships<br /> … context<br />… community<br /> cultivation<br />In collaboration with Nancy White and John Smith<br />© 2006 Wenger, White, and Smith<br />
  6. 6. Forms of participation<br />a common picture<br />transactional<br />outsiders<br />lurkers<br />peripheral<br />occasional<br />experts<br />alumni<br />active <br />beginners<br />core group<br />leaders<br />coordinator<br />sponsors<br />
  7. 7. An ecology of leadership<br />community nurturing roles<br /><ul><li>Coordinator
  8. 8. Subgroup leader
  9. 9. Cybrarian
  10. 10. Technology steward</li></ul>Community roles<br /><ul><li>Convener
  11. 11. Core group member
  12. 12. Subject matter expert
  13. 13. Networker/weaver
  14. 14. Broker
  15. 15. Outpost/scout
  16. 16. Questioner</li></ul>Member roles<br />Support roles<br /><ul><li>Facilitator
  17. 17. Assistant
  18. 18. Help desk attendant
  19. 19. Journalist</li></ul>Elected<br />Volunteer<br />Consensus<br />Appointed<br />Tacit<br />Emergent<br />Assigned<br />Rotation<br />Self-selected<br />
  20. 20. A learning partnership<br />Lifecycle and evolution<br />It involves responsibilities<br />It becomes an entity in its own right<br />private and public<br />It is voluntary<br />communalidentity<br />long-termviability<br />It is fun<br />recognizedstewardship<br />Maturing<br />Sustaining<br />Coalescing<br />It takes initiative<br />Transforming<br />It evolves<br />ongoinglegacy<br />Potential<br />commonground<br />It depends on renewed passion<br />It takes hard work and careful nurturing<br />A community is a living entity … not unlike a couple<br />