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SEARCH AND RESCUE DOGS
Introduction to SAR Dogs
• Best tools of any search and rescue (SAR) team.
• Powerful sense of smell, exceptionalhearing, ...
What do SAR Dogs do?
• Search Dogs are trained to find
missing people by various means
such as air scenting, trailing and
...
Where do SAR Dogs work?
• Basically you will find search dogs
working in all types of terrains, in the
mountains, on the m...
Who do SAR Dogs look for?
• Search Dogs are employed in a wide
range of scenarios looking for
missing people of all types ...
Why are SAR Dogs used?
• Dog teams can be quickly deployed
in rural and urban areas or by 4×4
vehicles and helicopters in ...
When do SAR Dogs work?
• Search Dogs work equally well in the
day and the night.
When should SAR Dogs be
called upon?
• Search Dogs should be summoned as
early as possible as this gives the
dogs the best...
SAR Dogs Characteristics
• Must be agileand resistant enough to deal with typical difficulties of
search and rescue activi...
SAR Dogs Specialities
• Classifiedaccordingto their specialityinto 2 groups:
• 1. Trackingdogs: followa victim’s path from...
Types of SAR Dogs
Air Scenting Search Dogs
• AirScenting Search Dogssearch routes, pathsand areas looking
for human scentparticles.
• They d...
Scent Specific Trailing Dogs
• Scent Specific Trailing Search Dogs follow a scent traillooking
for / following humanscent ...
Drowned Victim Search Dogs
• Drowned Victim Search Dogs search theboundaries of bodies
of water or on thewater in thefront...
Training a SAR Dog
• A well trained SAR dog is a sight to behold. The dog can
evenly manoeuvre the most difficultof terrai...
Selecting a Dog
• Intelligence,agility, stamina,drive, work ethic,confidence,
and theability to listenand respond to the h...
Beginning Training
• Hide-n-seek game with owner (person
closest to dog).
• Command used- Find it.
• Play tug of war with ...
Some other
types of SAR
Dogs
Avalanche dogs
• Another type of tracking dog are
Avalanche dogs. These dogs search
for people who are trapped under the
s...
Cadaver dogs
• The final search dog that relies
heavily on its sense of smell are
Cadaver dogs. Also referred to as
Human ...
Water Search dogs
• Water Search Dogs are another form
of search and rescue dog that search
for drowning victims in the wa...
What happens to retired
dogs?
• SAR Dogs retire at around 8 years of
age or even earlier.
• Retired dogs may be sent to
ad...
Conclusion
• While some SARS dogs may be
dedicated to their jobs on a daily
basis, many SARS dogs live with
search volunte...
Thank You!!!
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
Search and rescue dogs
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Search and rescue dogs

Basics on types and functions of search and rescue dogs and their role in human lives.

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Search and rescue dogs

  1. 1. SEARCH AND RESCUE DOGS
  2. 2. Introduction to SAR Dogs • Best tools of any search and rescue (SAR) team. • Powerful sense of smell, exceptionalhearing, a rigoroustrainingand an amazing bond withtheir handlers. • Cadaver dogs: dogs trainedto findhuman remains.
  3. 3. What do SAR Dogs do? • Search Dogs are trained to find missing people by various means such as air scenting, trailing and tracking. These are very efficient methods of searching large areas quickly and does not always require items of clothing or effects of the missing person.
  4. 4. Where do SAR Dogs work? • Basically you will find search dogs working in all types of terrains, in the mountains, on the moors, in the countryside, in towns and villages as well as on collapsed buildings or on bodies of water.
  5. 5. Who do SAR Dogs look for? • Search Dogs are employed in a wide range of scenarios looking for missing people of all types and age groups including WALKERS AND CLIMBERS, those suffering from ALZHEIMERS or DEMENTIA, CHILDREN, DESPONDENTS and possibly VICTIMS OF CRIME.
  6. 6. Why are SAR Dogs used? • Dog teams can be quickly deployed in rural and urban areas or by 4×4 vehicles and helicopters in remote or difficult to reach areas, where they can begin to start searching at the earliest opportunity, whilst other search resources are being marshalled. • With their amazing sense of smell, speed and agility Search Dogs can typically do the work of around 20
  7. 7. When do SAR Dogs work? • Search Dogs work equally well in the day and the night.
  8. 8. When should SAR Dogs be called upon? • Search Dogs should be summoned as early as possible as this gives the dogs the best chance of success.
  9. 9. SAR Dogs Characteristics • Must be agileand resistant enough to deal with typical difficulties of search and rescue activities.Thus toybreeds are not a good choice. • Must not be so big that its size makes the rescue task even more difficult (mountains, helicopters, boats). • Exception: When people need to be pulled out of water, giant breeds, like Newfounland, are very useful. • Must be exceptionally motivated to search during long time periods under the most unfavourable conditions. Therefore, dogs with high prey drive are preferred because they get obsessed with the “fetch the human” game. • Must be perfectly socialized to people and other animals • Must be accustomed to work (or play) under stressful situations.
  10. 10. SAR Dogs Specialities • Classifiedaccordingto their specialityinto 2 groups: • 1. Trackingdogs: followa victim’s path from point A to point B. • 2. Airscent dogs: smell the air seeking for human scent.
  11. 11. Types of SAR Dogs
  12. 12. Air Scenting Search Dogs • AirScenting Search Dogssearch routes, pathsand areas looking for human scentparticles. • They do not discriminatescent e.g.they donot look forspecific peoplebut willlook foranyone thatis in the area. • Once thedog findsa missingperson theywill return to their handler and ‘indicate‘with a bark or by jumpingup atthem.Then thedog willtaketheirhandler back tothe missingperson with a ‘show me‘command. • On finding themissingperson thehandler ‘rewards‘the dogwith their favouritetoy and/or foodwhilstheapinglots of praise on them. • It is this ‘game’through years of trainingthatdrives thedog tofind themissingperson.
  13. 13. Scent Specific Trailing Dogs • Scent Specific Trailing Search Dogs follow a scent traillooking for / following humanscent particles. • These search dogs do discriminate scent e.g. they are given an article of the missing persons clothing and willthenhuntfor a trail that matchesthatscent. • The rest follows the same way, i.e. , theindicationand reward.
  14. 14. Drowned Victim Search Dogs • Drowned Victim Search Dogs search theboundaries of bodies of water or on thewater in thefront of a boat looking for humanscent particles emanatingfrom thewater. • They do not discriminate scent e.g.they do notlook for specific people but willlook for anyone thatis in thewater.
  15. 15. Training a SAR Dog • A well trained SAR dog is a sight to behold. The dog can evenly manoeuvre the most difficultof terrain with thegrace of a mountaingoat all thewhile looking for a trapped or hidden humanbeing. This type of work is often done on the fly, at the drop of the hat, with littleadvanced warning. It requires a talenteddog and a special handler willing to invest thetimeand effort.
  16. 16. Selecting a Dog • Intelligence,agility, stamina,drive, work ethic,confidence, and theability to listenand respond to the handler. • Puppies are preferred. • HIGH level of ball/playdrive; intenseconcentrationlevel. • German Shepherd Dog, BelgianMalinois, and Labrador Retriever are three of the primary breeds.
  17. 17. Beginning Training • Hide-n-seek game with owner (person closest to dog). • Command used- Find it. • Play tug of war with a toy, then hold the dog on a leash and make someone run away with the toy in a direction the dog can see him. The person should then drop down or duck behind a bush after which the dog is released to go find the toy (with the command “find it”). • Once the dog finds the person, play tug with him and excite him so he begins to
  18. 18. Some other types of SAR Dogs
  19. 19. Avalanche dogs • Another type of tracking dog are Avalanche dogs. These dogs search for people who are trapped under the snow and can someone under as much as 15 feet of snow. Many people visualize the loyal St. Bernard playing this role, but these days many breeds including German Shepherds and Labradors also perform this much needed job.
  20. 20. Cadaver dogs • The final search dog that relies heavily on its sense of smell are Cadaver dogs. Also referred to as Human Remains Detection Dogs, these dogs are relied upon to locate dead people by detecting scents rising from the ground. These dogs are many times used for recovery after natural disasters like hurricanes or earthquakes. While it's not the
  21. 21. Water Search dogs • Water Search Dogs are another form of search and rescue dog that search for drowning victims in the water. These dogs work along shores or in boats following a scent as it rises to the surface of the water. The dog will slap and bite at the water once it's found the trail. Breeds that are naturally comfortable and enjoy water such as Retrievers and
  22. 22. What happens to retired dogs? • SAR Dogs retire at around 8 years of age or even earlier. • Retired dogs may be sent to adoption centres, for adoption by general experienced people. • But more often they are adopted by their handlers itself, as they have developed an unbreakable bond working for long years together.
  23. 23. Conclusion • While some SARS dogs may be dedicated to their jobs on a daily basis, many SARS dogs live with search volunteers and spend a lot of their days as a family dog, working only when duty calls. Regardless, these dogs have become more skilled and valuable to society over the years and there's no doubting the vast natural ability these dogs
  24. 24. Thank You!!!

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