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Garima Sharma
B.SC. INTERIOR DESIGN
1ST Year Diploma
Dezyne E’cole College, India
www.dezyneecole.com
INTERIOR ARCHITECTUR...
Project report on
Residential Design
Submitted to
Dezyne E’cole college
towards the partial fulfillment for
the award of D...
The Project of Ms. Garima Sharma has been checked and has been graded as
Thanking You
Principal
(Seal & Signature)
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The project “Residential Space Planning” has enlightened me about various aspects of planning a
residentia...
INTRODUCTION
To Be Creative Is A Part Of Human Psyche. It Is One Of Those Traits That Set Us Apart From Other Animal
Speci...
The Answer Of This Interior Design Is All About So Much More Than ‘What Looks Right’. It Is About Taking
Holistic View Of ...
Interior Decorators On The Other Hand Generally Work With Existing Spaces That Do Not Require Physical
Alteration. Through...
2.Building And Design Interventions:
A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Desig...
• It Showed The User Of Client, In Advance, The Solution, In A Respective Form A Surrogate
Once The First Objective Was Ac...
• Interior Components Require Complex Details And Materials For Their Sensorial Qualities. These Are
Difficult To Present ...
8. Specialization in Interior Design:
Interior Designers Like Other Professionals Also Face A Dilemma, Should They Special...
Interior Design Turning Today Includes Design Drafting And Presentation Technologies In Digital Media.
Interior Designers ...
A knowledge about building material help us to design better houses . Presenting my learning skill
in subsequent
My Working
During the visit of construction
site of a flat
I have participated in Identity Exhibition based on the concept of
Residential Design
A Home Is A Personal Space And Excellent Residential
Interior Design Personalize The Designing Of Home.
SOME OF THE STEPS TO BE FOLLOWED FOR GOOGLE MAPS
Google map is a desktop and mobile web mapping service application provid...
SITE CONTOURS
The outline of mass of land or the shape of a surface is called site contouring. It is very essential to
con...
ll
LOCATION OF THE SITE
• Distance from Bus Stop- 650 m
• Distance from Railway Station- 1200 m
Savitri college
Road
Propo...
ACCESSIBILTY TO THE SITE
The main entrances and the main road abutting the site is very important for any kind of project....
CONNECTIVITY TO MAIN ROAD AND SUB-ROADS
DISTANCE FROM THE MAJOR LANDMARKS SUCH AS :
• Shopping centers (1.2km)
• Railway s...
MAJOR LANDMARKS
Major landmarks helps us to see the near by facilities available to our location of the site for example
h...
v2.Building And Design Interventions:
A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Desi...
v2.Building And Design Interventions:
A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Desi...
CLIMATOLOGY FACTORS
Climatology Is The Branch Which Deals With The
Climate And Changes Throughout The Year Of The
Weather....
MACRO CLIMATE
Climate And Temperature Of Ajmer:
• Ajmer Has A Typical Desert Climate And Hot And Arid.
• Summers Are Hot W...
MICRO CLIMATE
Setting And Site Layout Followed By
Landscaping Can Improve The
Microclimate Around A Building, Taking
Advan...
v2.Building And Design Interventions:
A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Desi...
DAYLIGHT
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
Day lighting is a practice of placing windows or other openings and reflective surfaces so that...
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
North
North
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
The main purpose of making a window in a rooms is to
bring more daylight without compromisin...
VENTILATION
VENTILATION may be defined as supply of fresh outside air into an enclosed space or the removal of
inside air ...
VENTILATION
Suction
zone
Pressure
zone
Pressure
zone
Suction
zone
Pressur
e zone
Wind Pressure and suction zone
ENERGY EFF...
Floor
Roof
Wall
Outlet OutletRoof
Outlet
InletInlet
Outlet
Floor
VENTILATION
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
RAINWATER HARVESTING
Rain water harvesting : It is also another important factor of building envelope. Landscaping, water ...
A knowledge about building material help us to design better houses . Presenting my learning skill
in subsequent
LANDSCAPI...
A knowledge about building material help us to design better houses . Presenting my learning skill
in subsequent
Collage o...
v2.Building And Design Interventions:
A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Desi...
v2.Building And Design Interventions:
A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Desi...
Herring -bone bond
Residential Design Project
Brick Masonry
4. Stretcher bond: In this
type of bonding, all the bricks
are...
v2.Building And Design Interventions:
A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Desi...
SITE SERVICES
Study of services on site is also very important they are
• Water supply
• Electricity lines
• Drainage line...
BUILDING BYELAWS
Building Bye Laws Consist Of Certain Rules And Regulation Framed By A Municipal Or Town Planning Or
Urban...
BUILDING BYELAWS
In my case study I have followed these byelaws .
According to that I have left set back of 3’ from each
s...
SPECIFICATIONS
• Plot area - 300 sq. yards. ( 54’*50’)
• Parking area - 17’*15’.
• Covered area – 45’*34’.
• Walls – 6”.
•...
PLANNING METHODOLOGY
To plan any building we need to focus is main things
they are:
• Space planning
• Anthropometrics
• E...
v2.Building And Design Interventions:
A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Desi...
v2.Building And Design Interventions:
A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Desi...
GROUPING
People gather for a certain purpose, same objective , interest or goal. By imitating this characteristics the
spa...
LONER ( BEDROOM )
This character affects the space with response to distance from group. A person who prefers more
privacy...
SERVANT ( TOILET ZONE)
A space that serves other spaces needs to be adjacent to them but prefers not to appeal visually wh...
WATCHER
This type of character causes a space to locate beside a boundary of the project foe attractions in the
environmen...
v2.Building And Design Interventions:
A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Desi...
ANTHROPOMETRICS
Anthropometrics is a study of human dimension without paying attention to human body measurement
and devel...
ERGONOMICS
Ergonomics means designing of space with the use of anthropometrics data for useable zones.
For example : Devis...
ERGONOMICS
Ergonomics means designing of space with the use of anthropometrics data for useable zones.
For example : Devis...
LIVING ROOMAnthropometric Planning Papers
Fig1 -Minimum Clearances , Circulation , and Conversation area for Living Rooms
Living Areas
typical furniture group in th...
Main Traffic Through Living Area
To Kitchen
10' diameter
conversation
area
36" traffic way
36" for main traffic way
30" to...
Main Traffic Through Living Area
Fig5 –Recommended Clearances for general
access (2 to 10 Feet) and Limited Access ( 2
Fee...
KITCHENAnthropometric Planning Papers
Knee Level 20”
Outward Reach
Left Hand 33””
Waist Level 421/2”
Shoulder Level 54”
Eye Level 62”
Height 66 1/2
Maximum
upwa...
T and C
D and C
S S
R
P
Perimeter 18’
STORGE
U kitchen. L kitchen.
Corridor kitchen. Broken U kitchen.
FIG. Different type...
zero bedroom kitchenette. Two bedroom living unit kitchens.
Two bedroom living unit kitchens. Two bedroom living unit kitc...
FIG. minimum frontage for various kitchens.
Three bedroom unit.
Four bedroom unit. Minimum edge distance.
One bedroom kitc...
Kitchen for small single family houses or apartment units.
Typical cabinet dimensionsMinimum Distances from appliances
To ...
9’’ either side
(if storage nearby)
At Opening
side
Left side Right side
At either .
side
Wall Oven
Bottom of
sink
Fig. Comfortable working heights
Maximum height of
Window for
supervision of yard
Lap Table
Mix c...
Fig- Minimum counter width dimensions
Sink
Range
Minimum width of passes
Minimum clearance
Wherever 2 people
May be workin...
SINK
Above sink
RANGE
Above range
BASE-CAB
Above base cabinet Kitchen lighting
Fig – Storage and Cabinets
DINING ROOMAnthropometric Planning Papers
Fig. 1. Size of place eating Fig. 2. Passage behindchairs Fig. 3. leaving the table
Fig. 4. limited access behinda chair i...
Fig. 7 dining rom for 8 person household
Fig. 8 minimum clearance for dining area (A) One
of the table against wall(B) ser...
Person
s
4
6
8
10
12
W X L,
Feet
10 ½ X 12
10 ½ X 14
10 ½ X 16
10 ½ X 18
10 ½ X 20
=Area,Square
Feet
=126
=147
=168
=189
=...
BEDROOM
Anthropometric Planning Papers
Bedroom
Space function-
Primary and secondary
activities
that usually take place in
bedrooms
are as follows:
Primary Activ...
Furniture Requirement
There are minimum
requirements for furniture
and space if occupants are to
able to carry out their
n...
Fig. Space for making beds Fig. single occupancy bedroom(netarea 8.5metres).The most likely
occupants of this bedroom are ...
BATH ROOMAnthropometric Planning Papers
J
L
M
Vanity
storage
Lavatory
Mirror
Light fixture
Mirror and
medicine
cabinet
Lavatory
Vanity
storage
C
H
Fig1- lavatory ...
Minimum shower clearancesDouble lavatory clearances
In cm
A 15-18 38.1-45.7
B 28-30 71.1-76.2
C 37-43 94.0-109.2
D 32-36 8...
VariesAE
C
FVaries
IHVaries
AAAVaries
Varies
Varies
In cm
A 12 min 30.5 min
B 28 min 71.1 min
C 24 min 61.0 min
D 52 min 1...
1. Shower curtain rod: keep within
inside of tub or shower.1a.
Enclosure doors: if swinging
doors are used, place hinges o...
A
B
C
D
A B
DC
Fig. Minimum half bath.
16 sq. ft is about minimum for standard fixtures; 4’-6” X 4’-6” gives
a more spacious feeli...
Activities commonly performed
in the bathroom include
washing of hands, face and hair,
bathing, elimination and
grooming, ...
Fig. small,3-fixture bathroom. A small 3-fixture bathroom with limited
storage in a built-in vanity meets basic bathroom r...
Fig. corner square tub. Although not usually a space saver, a square tub fits
some situations better than a rectangular on...
RESIDENTIAL SPACE PLANNING
Interior Design
To design any residential space with designing and
effective space planning , w...
CASE STUDY
We Have To Do A Space Planning For A Client Mr. Bose Who Is A Marketing Manager Of One Of The
Fashion Brands Le...
During my 1 year of Degree Program I have studied about how to do a Residential Space Planning, Louise
Kahn's principles. ...
Water body
Garden area
primary living
room
secondary
living room
kitchen
Main
entrance
stair
Powder room
Specification
Spe...
Google sketch up file my working process
Top view
Isometric view
Isometric view
3D Rendered view
bed
Walking
closet
Sitting area Garden area
Master
room
soho
Walking
closet Walking
closet
bed
soho
stairsduplay
Children
...
Isometric view
Isometric view
Top view
3D Rendered view
House isometric view
House isometric view
RESIDENTIAL SPACE PLANNING
Interior Design
To design any residential space with designing and effective
space planning , w...
To design any residential space
with designing and effective
space planning , we need to pay
attention to all aspects need...
To design any
residential space with
designing and effective
space planning , we
need to pay attention to
all aspects need...
To design any residential
space with designing and
effective space planning ,
we need to pay attention
to all aspects need...
To design any residential
space with designing and
effective space planning ,
we need to pay attention
to all aspects need...
WARDROBE SPACE PLANNING
INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE AND SPACE PLANNING
CASE STUDY
I am suppose to design a wardrobe for a hypothetical client.
Requirements of my client:
 Number of shoes (6 pa...
Space Required For Stocking Those Requirements
According to the space provided, minimum space our requirement will take ar...
Space Required For Stocking Those Requirements
 Space required for cardigan after folding is - 2”
and the requirement of ...
Standard Space Required
Refer to the standard space requirement to be followed for fulfilling the client’s
requirements ar...
Space Available For Space Planning
Linear space provided is 6 feet and depth is 2 feet with the height of 72 inches.
LxBxH...
WARDROBES
Elements And Principles
To create any design I need to focus on the principles and elements of design.
For the space plann...
Space Available For Space Planning
For any adult user for a wardrobe the standard size required is 5 linear feet. Keeping ...
Rack for
party wear
C
Rack for
traditional
wear
Rack for
jeans
Rack for
daily wear
Rack for
lingerie
Rack for
woollens
sho...
BA
Space for hanging salwar suits
LxB= 1’5” x 2’= 2.9696 sq.ft (area)
LxBxH= 1’5x 2’x 4’6”
= 13.5 cu.ft
No. of dresses can...
Space for cosmetics and racks for it
.
LxB= 5(7” x 1’9”)= 5.1195sq.ft (area)
LxBxH= (7”x1’9”x9”)= 0.7626 cu.ft
LxBxH= (7”x...
Space for hanging daily wear dresses
LxB= 1’10”x 2’=3.5682sq.ft (area)
LxBxH= 1’10”x2’x2’10” = 10.38cu.ft
No. of daily wea...
H
Space for keeping lingerie
LxB= 2(10”x 2’)= 3.183sq.ft (area)
LxBxH= 2(10”x2’x5)= 1.388 cu Ft.
Space for keeping woollen...
J K
Space for basket for dirty clothes.
LxB= 1’3”x 1’11”= 2.4892 sq.ft (area)
LxBxH= 1’3”x1’11’’x 1’2”= 1.093cu.ft
Space f...
ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION
Top plan
Side elevation
Back elevation
Front elevation
Orthographic projection of wardrobe excluding doors.
Orthographic projection of wardrobe including doors.
Top plan
Left side elevation Right side elevation
Front elevation
Different concept of placement of doors
• Traditional concept
• Contemporary concept
Traditional concept:-
In traditional ...
Different concept of placement of doors
Contemporary concept:-
In contemporary concept full overlay and half overlay conce...
I have used contemporary concept of placement of
doors in my wardrobe.
Full overlay concept in both corner doors.
And half...
Estimated Number Of Boards
 Top and bottom board = 2( Lxb )= 2(6’ x 2’) – 23.7566 sq. ft.
 Left and right side board = 2...
Estimated Number Of Boards
 Shoe rack back board = LxB = 2’x 2’10” – 5.6284 sq. ft.
Top and bottom board = 2(LxB) = 2(2’x...
Laminates Used In Making Wardrobe
Product Name: AMBER FLAMBE
Company Name: Greenlam Laminates
Sheet size: 4’x8” This lamin...
Laminates Used In Making Wardrobe
Product Name: LUCENT ELM
This laminate will be used inside the wardrobe
Company Name: Gr...
As an interior designer this project on Space Planning has made me aware that a space of
6’x2’x6’ (LxBxH) has been made mo...
A knowledge about building material help us to design better houses . Presenting my learning skill
in subsequent
Elements ...
Today we are heirs to a legacy of fine building and to a continuing fascination with the details and stylistic
which give ...
(1600-1620)
Gothic style
Gothic Style
Today we are heirs to a legacy of fine buildings and to a continuing fascination
with the detail and stylisti...
Gothic Period
Gothic period design was
influenced by Roman and Medieval
architecture. Its initial design period
was c.1150...
Gothic Arch
Gothic Furnitures
Furniture was massive and oak, adorned
with Gothic motifs. Chairs, bed frames,
cabinets were sturdy and ...
Gothic Color
Colors were rich and dark, of
the Victorian era. Purple, ruby, black,
ochre, forest green and gold added
comp...
Gothic Influence
In architecture, tracery is the
stonework elements that support
the glass in a Gothic window. The
term pr...
Elements of Style
Tudor and Jacobean style
(1457-1509)
Tudor Style
This coincides with the rule of the
Tudor dynasty in England whose first
monarch was Henry VII. The term is
of...
Tudor Arch
Tudor Roof
In this time period Top floor
roofs were pitched. Which
was called hammer beam
roof.
Tudor Furniture
Tudor furniture was made of oak or wood
which was obtained locally, highly ornate,
carved and heavy.
The T...
Tudor Chairs
Tudor Windows
Windows were simple, unglazed square
openings divided by series of wooden or
stone mullions. Many of the hou...
During the 16th century the glass panes
were arranged diagonally later in 17th
century they were arranged in rectangles.
w...
Tudor Doors
Tudor Doors heads
Tudor Doors heads
Tapestry were painted
cloth or made on looms
with techniques of weaving
.Carved decoration on
panels were of linen fold
pa...
Tudor ceiling
In Grand Homes Fireplaces and
Door Surrounds could be seen
as an elaborate feature.
Ceilings of upper floor ...
Alcove
Alcove was a place jutting out as
a window which they used as a
sitting area and table and chair
were joined togeth...
Chest
Chest / Partly Framed Chest – This was
superseded by the partly framed chest. It
used dry pegged construction and pa...
Elements of Style(1625-1714)
Baroque style
Baroque Style
Baroque was very very
ornamental type of style. It has
a higher end zone of carving.
Baroque Period
Baroque period had elaborate
doors specially the front door.
These doors were positioned
on the top of the ...
Staircases
Staircases was made of wood
commonly Oak and was closed
string form.
Balustrades were twisted.
Paneling and wai...
Doors
Doors were very large and had
only two panels. Later on 4-6
panels could be seen in their
design. The hinges on the
...
Windows
The windows of the Baroque
period were like door (front
door) styled very elaborately.
Curtains were very less.
Balcony
Balconies reflected the status
of the house and its owner.
Circular and oval windows were
a feature of this period...
Walls
Walls were patterned by means
of painted stencils. Later they
were replaced by block printed
papers (the 1st wallpap...
Leather
Another pattern which we see
here is the usage of leather
attached to battens. They also
had leather taken up on w...
Lightning
There were lights hanging out
from ceiling with candles which
contribute to the mood of place.
Ceiling
The ceiling of this time period
was not plasted and were of
more coffered style. Only the
rich people had plastere...
Frames
Furniture
TABLES
Chairs
Fireplaces
Wainscoting and paneling
Flooring
Baroque houses has stone ,
flat floors, marble was used in
two or more colours so that
they produced illusionisti...
Carpets
Woven carpets from east
Mediterranean was considered
very expensive and were used
in houses . Carpets were
luxury ...
Volts
Volts were also present
in Baroque time period.
Motifs
Tapestries
Elements of Style (1700-1760)
Rococo style
Rococo Style
Late Baroque is an 18th century
artistic movement and style. It
developed in Paris, France as a
reaction agai...
Chairs
Lengthened cushioned back can be
seen on the chair. Mahogany wood
was used.
Sculptures
S and C scrolls were common in the
Rococo time period.
Acanthus leaves could be seen
during this time.
Elemen
Elements of Style(1714-1765)
Early Georgian
Doors
Doors are the principle ornamental
feature, paneled door were very tall
and later had a fan light. The front
doors w...
Doors heads
Corbels
Five classical orders of pillars
The five orders of pillars used mainly
as a decorative detail around the
door cases and p...
Windows
Casement windows we used mainly
double hung windows.
Mainly soft wood was used which
was protected by white lead p...
Walls
Wooden paneling was seemed in 3
division Frieze, field and Dado and
they derived all this from the
proportions of ar...
Paneling
Wooden paneling was done full
height of the room so less expensive
wood was used and they were
painted with flat ...
Ceiling
This period had elaborate paintings
on ceilings and these painted ceiling
had scenes from court of arms.
There wer...
Floor
Wood floor planks were mainly used
Oak, Elm, oriental carpets and
English Turkey and floor carpets
were fashionable ...
Staircases
The staircases during this time were
very simple and were more of open
string.
Tread ends
Newel posts
Lightning
Enclosed lantern were used with an
oil lamp inside.
(1840-1910)
Victorian style
Victorian Style
Honoring Queen Victoria Of England This Style Was The First To Be Mass Produced By
Machine In The Late 18t...
Wall
The walls had Islamic influence in complex
with wood work. Stained oak panel from
Tudor and Jacobean style can be see...
Flooring
Parquet, terrazzo flooring were
used mainly in halls and foyers.
These houses had plain floor
boards. They were a...
Doors
The front door were paneled and
sometimes arched in Gothic Style, the
were often green or wood grained.
windows
The bay windows was an essential feature
of a Victorian house. This type of window
allowed good view outside visit...
Door Knobs
ceiling
The ceilings of large Victorian houses
have swags, ribs, festoons. They were
beautifully carved made of fibrous pl...
lighting
Fireplace
Fire place was an essential feature of
Victorian houses.
Staircases
Dog legged staircases, open well and
straight run staircases were introduced.
Carpets were used with stair rods.
Art Deco
(1920-1940)
Art deco style spanned the period between World
Wars I and II, peaking in the late 1920s and early
'30s. It emphasized for...
flooring
Patterned flooring. Linoleum flooring
made an appearance in most
residential homes during this time.
Large, geome...
lightning
Glamorous lighting. The
lighting during the art deco
era was sleek and dramatic,
with bold but simple lines.
doors
motifs
The style was essentially one of applied
decoration. Buildings were richly embellished
with hard-edged, low-relief ...
fan and clock
Mirror frames
ceiling
DESIGN PROCESS
After learning about space planning, anthropometrics and
ergonomics I have been given a case study and provided a plan in
...
Case Study
I am supposed to device this entrance lobby as per Art Deco style and I need to
co- relate the vestibule with t...
Space available for designing
(Area)
Space available for designing
Main entrance wall = 2( LxH )
= 2( 3’6” x 10’)
= 70 sq....
Drawing room wall = ( LxH )
= ( 2’3” x 10’)
= 1.875 sq. ft.
or
= 57.15 sq. cm.
Drawing room door = ( LxH )
= (3’x 8’6’’)
=...
Space available for designing
Main entrance wall+ main door + wall
above main door= 2(35.0521) +
36.125 +6.3672 = 112.5964...
Needs
 Proper lightning
 Flooring
 Doors
 Ceiling
 Furniture
Possi ble options
Needs
Lightning
Task
Flooring
Decorative
Patterned
General
Ceiling
Carpets and rugs
Wooden
Plain
Walls P...
requirements
Requirements for an entrance lobby are
 Flooring
 Ceiling
 Walls
 Stand for keeping jackets, umbrella, ra...
A knowledge about building material help us to design better houses . Presenting my learning skill
in subsequent
Elements ...
style
Doing something in a particular manner is called style. In interiors, for giving a look
to a space we need a style a...
I was given a style Art Deco. In subsequent slides I have made
collages and explained what type of ceilings, flooring, lig...
Art Deco
(1920-1940)
Patterned flooring. Linoleum flooring made an
appearance in most residential homes during this
time. Large, geometric rugs...
After considering the client’s requirement, needs and
selecting a particular style Now I have to see the personality
of th...
Personality of the space
Like human beings every space has its
own personality. The space I am
supposed to design is an en...
Activities in that space
Several activities are performed in an entrance
lobby like
 the person going out of the house wi...
Collage of entrance lobby
Before starting up the design part I have to select a Mood
Board and a Color Scheme.
After doing a lot of thought process ...
MOOD BOARD
Complimentary Colour Scheme
welcoming
C
O
L
O
U
R
B
O
A
R
D
After paying attention to the requirement of the space, style,
mood and color scheme I have used in creating my design, I
...
1 2
3
4
5
6
7
8 10
1- Cabinet
2- Wall Colour
(Raw Silk - Asian
paints 0351)
3- Table
4- Chair
5- Table fan
6- Table Clock
...
Cornice
Mirror
Table fan
Table
clock
Door
TableChairMain entrance door
Cabinet
Pendant light
Flooring
skirting
Wall colour
Wall colour
Door
Cabinet
Pendant light
FlooringDrawing room door
skirting
My assignments
Foundation of a building
Foundation of a building
Types of roofs
Butterfly Roof Lean to Roof Pitched Roof
Lean to Roof Lean to Roof Butterfly Roof
Parts of a building
Parts of a building
Parts of a door
Shapes
The characteristics out line or
surface configuration of
a particular form. Shape is the
principal aspect by which ...
The direction of a form relative to
the ground plane, the compass
points, other forms, or to the
person viewing the form.
...
circles
Base Plane-
Base Plane- A horizontal
plane laying as figure on a
contrasting background
defines a simple field of space.
T...
Depressed Base
Plane-A horizontal plane
depressed into the
ground plane utilizes the
vertical surface
isometric Top view
i...
Top View Isometric View
OBLIQUE : An oblique approach enhances the effect of perspective on the front facade and form of
a...
Top View Isometric View
FRONTAL : A Frontal approach leads directly to the entrance of a building along a straight ,axial ...
Top View Isometric View
SPIRAL : A spiral path prolongs the sequence of the approach and emphasizes the three dimensional ...
Door Frame
Door frame is made up of two typical members known as jambs or posts and
flat member connecting the jambs at to...
ELEVATION
Panelled Door
x
Fly Proof Door
900
SECTION X X
Frame
60x125
Top Rail
100X 35
Panelled
door
Wire
Mesh
Lock
Rail
1...
Shape
The characteristic outline
or surface configuration
of a particular form.
Shape is the principal
aspect by which we
...
Battened, ledged, braced,&
framed Door Detail Plan
Frame
Top Rail
Thick Batten
Bracing
Lock Rail
Bracing
Bottom Rail
Garim...
Frame
60x100 Top rail
100x35
Panel
15mm
Freeze rail
100x35
Panel
Lock rail
150x35
Panel
Bottom rail
200x35
X
X900
B
A
Elev...
Top rail
Panel
Stile
Bottom rail
One Pannel
Top rail
Panel
Stile
Lock rail
Panel
Bottom rail
Two Pannel
Top rail
Mullion
S...
Top rail
Panel
Stile
Bottom rail
Four Pannel
Top rail
Panel
Stile
Panel
Bottom rail
Five Pannel
Top rail
Stile
Freeze rail...
ELEVATION
VERTICAL SECTION
Frame
60×100mm
Bottom
rail
35×200
Wooden
Panel
Lock
Rail
35X150
Wooden
Bead
Glass
Top Rail
35×1...
Top Rail
Stile
Solid core
of Particle
Board
A
Cross Band
Face Veneer
or Plywood
Bottom Rail
ELEVATION
Solid core type Flus...
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design  (Residential Design  portfolio)
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Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design (Residential Design portfolio)

This is the Work Compiled by the Student of B.Sc.-Interior Design of Dezyne E'cole College.The Portfolio of Residential Design is Developed by the Student …
Garima Sharma
B.Sc. Interior Design

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Garima Sharma B.Sc. Interior Design (Residential Design portfolio)

  1. 1. Garima Sharma B.SC. INTERIOR DESIGN 1ST Year Diploma Dezyne E’cole College, India www.dezyneecole.com INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE & DESIGN PORTFOLIO RESIDENTIAL DESIGN
  2. 2. Project report on Residential Design Submitted to Dezyne E’cole college towards the partial fulfillment for the award of Diploma in Interior Design as Technical Knowledge Development of Residential Space Planning included with the Bachelor Degree program of Interior Design By Garima Sharma Dezyne E’cole College Civil lines, Ajmer www.dezyneecole.com 2014-2017
  3. 3. The Project of Ms. Garima Sharma has been checked and has been graded as Thanking You Principal (Seal & Signature)
  4. 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The project “Residential Space Planning” has enlightened me about various aspects of planning a residential building. I give my sincere thanks to Dezyne E'Cole College and to my mentors who gave me the opportunity to know about the various aspects of residential space planning and helped me in preparing my project. Garima Sharma B.Sc. - Interior design
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION To Be Creative Is A Part Of Human Psyche. It Is One Of Those Traits That Set Us Apart From Other Animal Species And We Have Practiced It For Millennia. Even When Our Prime Need Was To Find Food And Shelter, We Felt A Desire To Leave Our Mark On The Environment That We Inhabited. Whether This Was To Satisfy Some Deep Spiritual Calling Or A Method Of Passing On A Vital Knowledge To Fellow Group Members, Or Whether It Was Simply A Way For An Individual To Satisfy An Urge To Leave His Mark For Future Generations, We Will Never Know. For Just As Long, People Have Turned Inquisitive Minds To Ways Of Solving Problems Such As How To Work More Efficiently, How To Live More Comfortably And How To Be Safe From Danger. Today, These Primitive And Fundamental Indicators Of Human Nature May Be Expressed In More Sophisticated And Developed Ways, But The Primal Simplicity Of Our Human Desire To Make A “Better” And More Comfortable World For Ourselves Is Evidenced Through, Amongst Other Things., How We Organize The Space That We Inhabit, And The Aesthetic That We Make For Them. As We Have Become More Affluent And Blessed With More Leisure Time, Style Has Become More Important To Us And Is Something With Which We Want To Imbue Our Homes. But ‘Style’ Is A Very Personal Notion, So Why Should Anyone Look To Employ Someone Else, An Interior Designer, To Tell Them What Is Right? Why, For That Matter, Should We As A Designer Presume To Impose Our Ideas Upon A Space That Isn’t Our Own?
  6. 6. The Answer Of This Interior Design Is All About So Much More Than ‘What Looks Right’. It Is About Taking Holistic View Of The Way That Individuals Use And Enjoy The Spaces That They Inhabit. It Is About Finding And Crating A Cohesive Answer To A Set Of Problems And Dressing The Solutions So As To Unify And Strengthen Our Experience Of The Space. Many People Understand This And That They Do Not Have The Necessary Skills To Tackle The Job Themselves. And So There Is The Need For Professional Interior Designers. Good Interior Design Adds A New Dimension To A Space. It Can Increase Our Efficiency In The Way We Go About Our Daily Lives And It Adds Depth Understanding And Meaning Of The Built Environment. Thoughtful And Well-crafted Design Makes A Space Easier To Understand And Experiencing Such A Space Lifts The Spirit. It Is, Therefore, Not Just About Aesthetic, It Is A Practical And Philosophical Design. Beautiful Spaces Betray A Logical And Rational Questioning Of The Status Quo And Can Be An Honest Attempt To Find New And Exciting Way To Lead Our Lives. Planners Are Often Asked To Make Estimates Of Space Needs Before Having An Opportunity To Make Policies Or Detailed Plans For Operations. Here The Interior Designer Studies About The Space And Its Surrounding Influences On It , Like Orientation Of The Space ,Day Lighting, Ventilation, HVAC ,Lighting, Landscaping All Depending On The Personality Of The Space. These Then Lead To Development Of The Structural Features Of The Building As It Influences The Utilization Of The Space.
  7. 7. Interior Decorators On The Other Hand Generally Work With Existing Spaces That Do Not Require Physical Alteration. Through The Use Of Color ,Light And Surface Finish , They Will Transform The Look Of The Space, Perhaps Making It Suitable To Function In A Different Way From That For Which It Was Originally Designed , But With Very Little Or No Change To The Structure Of The Building. The Scope Of The Projects Undertaken Will Vary From The Purely Decorative . To Ones Where A Great Deal Of Structural Change Is Required To Meet The Brief. An Interior Designer Will Completely Handle The Space Planning And Creation Of Decorative Scheme At The Same Time As Considering Major Structural Changes. Lets Understand The Work Of An Interior Designer. 1. Interior Design As A Skill Branch: Building Engineering Was A Pioneer Design Field Out Of Which Many Specialties Like Architecture, Civil Engineering And Interior Designing Have Separated . All These Skills Deal With Buildings Using Many Common Materials And Techniques . Interior Design As A Result Has Certain Affinity To Architecture . In Recent Years Many Other Design Skills Like Urban Design, Town Planning, Mass Or Public Housing, Landscape Architecture Etc. Have Merged From Architecture . In Future Many Other Skills May Also Emerge From Interior Design.
  8. 8. 2.Building And Design Interventions: A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Designer . However Buildings Last For Ages And During The Lifespan , Must Be Altered And Updated Several Times. Architects Or Building Engineers Are Unavailable , Or Have No Income Incentive For Such ‘Frivolity’. During Early Middle Ages Or Perhaps Even Earlier , Low-skilled ‘Art-painters’ Were Hired To Paint And Decorate Old Buildings Inside And Outside . The Painters Known As Decorators , Worked Along With Associates , To Not Only Paint But Undertake Repairs, Make Furniture And Update Furnishings. Many Crafts-persons Like , Iron-smiths, Guilders, Glass Blowers , Weavers, Embroiders, Rug And Carpet Makers, Sculptors, Mural Makers Were Associated With The Decorator As Jobbers And Suppliers . Later All These Services Were Handled By A Person , The Interior Decoration Was A Service For The Building But Always Was Distinct From The Architect From The Architecture Or Building Engineering. Interior Decorator Was Neither A Variant, Nor Subservient To The Architect. 3. Interior Decorator To Interior Designer: Interior Decorator Worked As A Facilitator, Scheduling And Coordinating The Activities While Supervising The Quality Of Various Vendors. The Interior Decorator Now Even Offered Comprehensive Design Solutions With Alternative To Their Clients. Interior Decoration Became A Well- Documented Strategy, Serving Two Basic Purpose. • It Helped Creation Of A Functional System By Coordinating Skills, Materials And Objects Sourced From Different Agencies.
  9. 9. • It Showed The User Of Client, In Advance, The Solution, In A Respective Form A Surrogate Once The First Objective Was Achieved Without Being Continuously Present On The Site It Was Possible For The Interior In Charge Person To Devote More Tome And Attention To The Second Objective. The Interior Decorator Began To Play A Very Active Role Of A Professional Interior Designer Rather Than Being Simply A Site Bound Interior Contractor. 4. Design Studio- The Interior Designer Now Operated From A Design Office Or Studio, Usually Located In An Urban Area. The Studio Was Used For Creating Drawings, Sketches, Other Presentations, Models, Prototypes, Dummies, Cartoon (Replicas Of Artwork In Full Size), Samples Etc. It Contained Samples Of Materials And Catalogues. The Studio Was A Fixed Location Facility Where Interior Designer Was Able To Meet Clients, Suppliers And Crafts- Persons. 5. Design+ Execution Practice- Schematic Documentation Of Design Has Been Very Difficult. And The Most Irritating Aspect Of Business. Amateur Interior Designers ( Formally Untrained Hobbyists) Lack The Capacity To Document Their Design Intentions, So Prefer To Work On The Site, Providing Oral Instructions To Contractor Or Their Workers. Many Interior Designers, Even Today Where Practicable Would Like To Execute Their Work By Themselves. The Tradition Of Combining Design+ Execution Persists For Many Reasons.
  10. 10. • Interior Components Require Complex Details And Materials For Their Sensorial Qualities. These Are Difficult To Present Through Formal Design Documentation, And Must Be Effected Only Through Personal Involvement. • Interior Designing Involves Improvisation. The Coordinated Effect Can Be Achieved Only When Components Or Systems Are Substantially Produced By The Designers Themselves. • Amateur Or Untrained Interior Designers Do Not Have Such Proficiencies. 6. Forms Of Interior Design Practices: Today Many Different Forms Of Interior Design Practices Exist Ranging From: PURE DESIGN (Design Only). DESIGN + SUPPLY. DESIGN + SUPPLY + EXECUTION. 7. Interior Design and other Design Professions: Interior Design Like Any Other Design Profession, Is An Interdependent Profession. Interior Designers Work In Conjunction With Other Design Professionals, Who Need Interior Design Contribution In Their Work, Such As Architects, Building Engineers, Landscape Designers , Furniture And Product Designers, Exhibition And Event Managers. Interior Designers Also Use Expertise Of Other Professionals For Their Work. These Include Environmental Engineers, Ecologists, Furnishing Experts, Textile Designers, Painters, Sculptors, And An Array Of Crafts Persons.
  11. 11. 8. Specialization in Interior Design: Interior Designers Like Other Professionals Also Face A Dilemma, Should They Specialize Or Be A Generalist? To Become A Specialist One Needs To Limit The Work To Projects Of Particular Nature. But It Is Very Difficult To Get Projects To Suit A Predefined Field Of Specialization. In Reality, As And When Opportunities Arise, A Designer Preferences Project That Builds Up The Specific Sphere Of Experience. The Refined Capability Can Then Be Used For Handling Similar But Complex Jobs. Acute Specialization In A Particular Field Also Leads To Generalization, As One Handles Only One Or Few Types Of Projects. Interior Designers By Handling Only Specific Projects Achieve An Expertise In The Field, But Gradually Lose The Capacity To Handle Other Projects. Whereas A Generalist , By Handling All Sorts Of Projects, Perhaps Gains A Wider Experience, Economics Of Scale (Turnover), But At Compromised Quality. Some Degree Of Specialization Is Becoming Apparent In Interior Design. Some Of The Major Fields To Have Distinct Identities Within The Ambit Of Interior Designers Beyond Their Role Of Furnishers Are Also Ideal As Maintenance, Persons And Operators Of Buildings. Large Organizations (Hotels, Guest Houses, Corporate Head Offices, Museums, Showrooms, Departmental Stores) Have Estates, Substantially Consisting Of Buildings, Furniture, Furnishings, Plants, Equipment, Utilities, Gardens And Landscaped Lands.
  12. 12. Interior Design Turning Today Includes Design Drafting And Presentation Technologies In Digital Media. Interior Designers With Competence In Computerized Drafting (AUTOCAD) 3D Modelling, Animation, Walk Through, Rendering, Etc. Find Employment In Many Other Design Fields. Interior Design Training Consists Of Color, Rendering, Graphics And Presentation Techniques, Preparing Them For The Diversion To Graphics Related Fields, Like Artworks, Advertising, Cinematography, Exhibitions, Publicity, Etc.
  13. 13. A knowledge about building material help us to design better houses . Presenting my learning skill in subsequent My Working
  14. 14. During the visit of construction site of a flat
  15. 15. I have participated in Identity Exhibition based on the concept of
  16. 16. Residential Design A Home Is A Personal Space And Excellent Residential Interior Design Personalize The Designing Of Home.
  17. 17. SOME OF THE STEPS TO BE FOLLOWED FOR GOOGLE MAPS Google map is a desktop and mobile web mapping service application provided by Google. It helps us to determine the required site location. Locate your site on the Google maps
  18. 18. SITE CONTOURS The outline of mass of land or the shape of a surface is called site contouring. It is very essential to consider the site contouring while doing any project. It shows the ups and downs of a particular part of land.
  19. 19. ll LOCATION OF THE SITE • Distance from Bus Stop- 650 m • Distance from Railway Station- 1200 m Savitri college Road Proposed Site Ajmer Hospital Residential Zone Parking Area R.T.D.C ll LOCATION OF THE SITE Ajmer Hospital Savitri College Residential Zone Proposed Site Main Road • Distance from Bus Stop- 650 m • Distance from Railway Station- 1200 m Savitri college Road Proposed Site Ajmer Hospital Residential Zone Parking Area R.T.D.CR.T.D.C Specification
  20. 20. ACCESSIBILTY TO THE SITE The main entrances and the main road abutting the site is very important for any kind of project. N
  21. 21. CONNECTIVITY TO MAIN ROAD AND SUB-ROADS DISTANCE FROM THE MAJOR LANDMARKS SUCH AS : • Shopping centers (1.2km) • Railway stations (2.5km) • Hospital (350m) • Bus stand (1km) • Dimensions of the site (54’x50’)
  22. 22. MAJOR LANDMARKS Major landmarks helps us to see the near by facilities available to our location of the site for example hospitals, schools, colleges, railway stations etc.
  23. 23. v2.Building And Design Interventions: A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Designer . However Buildings Last For Ages And During The Lifespan , Must Be Altered And Updated Several Times . Architects Or Building Engineers Are Unavailable , Or Have No Income Incentive For Such ‘Frivolity’ . During Early Middle Ages Or Perhaps Even Earlier , Low- skilled ‘Art-painters’ Were Hired To Paint And Decorate Old Buildings Inside And Outside . The Painters Known As Decorators , Worked Along With Associates , To Not Only Paint But Undertake Repairs, Make Furniture And Update Furnishings. Many Crafts-persons Like , Iron-smiths, Guilders, Glass Blowers , Weavers, Embroiders, Rug And Carpet Makers, Sculptors, Mural Makers Were Associated With The Decorator As Jobbers And Suppliers . Later All These Services Were Handled By A Person , The ORIENTATION OF THE SITE NORTH SOUTH WEST EAST WINTER SUN SUMMER SUN INTENSE SUN Preferred Zone For Building Orientation Acceptable QUADRANT Of Windows orientation TOTAL SHADE First Of All We Need To Pay Attention To The Direction Of The Sun And Its Movement In The Four Directions. If We Ay Attention To The Diagram Of Sun’s Movement We See The Sun Rises From East And The Color Of The Sun’s Light At That Time Is Tender Yellow, The Whole South Direction Is Completely Lighted Up Throughout The Day And Is The Most Hot Direction But At The Same Time The Cool Wind Blows From West Direction Too. So It Is Very Important To Have The Building Oriented From East To West Because Then The House Will Have More Sunlight And Air.
  24. 24. v2.Building And Design Interventions: A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Designer . However Buildings Last For Ages And During The Lifespan , Must Be Altered And Updated Several Times . Architects Or Building Engineers Are Unavailable , Or Have No Income Incentive For Such ‘Frivolity’ . During Early Middle Ages Or Perhaps Even Earlier , Low- skilled ‘Art-painters’ Were Hired To Paint And Decorate Old Buildings Inside And Outside . The Painters Known As Decorators , Worked Along With Associates , To Not Only Paint But Undertake Repairs, Make Furniture And Update Furnishings. Many Crafts-persons Like , Iron-smiths, Guilders, Glass Blowers , Weavers, Embroiders, Rug And Carpet Makers, Sculptors, Mural Makers Were Associated With The Decorator As Jobbers And Suppliers . Later All These Services Were Handled By A Person , The ORIENTATION OF THE SITE NORTH SOUTH WEST EAST As an interior designer it is very important to pay attention to the orientation of the site. Sun rises from east direction. The whole south direction is completely lighted up through out the day and is the most hot direction. But at the same time the cool breeze flow from this direction. The wind flows from west direction too so most of the windows should be placed in this direction. Proper day lighting and ventilation helps to reduce use of artificial light. Hence it is very important to have the building oriented from east to west. North direction has only sun’s light not the actual heat rays. According to my client orientation of my site is north direction.
  25. 25. CLIMATOLOGY FACTORS Climatology Is The Branch Which Deals With The Climate And Changes Throughout The Year Of The Weather. Macro Climate Of India: • Location Of India In The World Is “Northeast” Direction . • Longitude Of India 88° To 90° • Latitude Of India 8° To 37° • The Whole India Has A Tropical Monsoon Climate, Since The Greater Part Of The Country Lies Within The Tropics. Climate can be sub-divided into two major divisions : 1. Macro climate 2. Micro climate We have to study the micro climate and macro climate structure .
  26. 26. MACRO CLIMATE Climate And Temperature Of Ajmer: • Ajmer Has A Typical Desert Climate And Hot And Arid. • Summers Are Hot With Maximum Temperature Near 40°c While The Minimum Is Nearly 28°c. • Winters Are Chilly With Minimum Temperature Of 5°c. • Longitude Of Ajmer 74°42’ North. • Latitude Of Ajmer 26°27’ East.
  27. 27. MICRO CLIMATE Setting And Site Layout Followed By Landscaping Can Improve The Microclimate Around A Building, Taking Advantage Of Existing Topographical Feature, Adjacent Buildings And Vegetation For Solar Protection. Good Site Layout Can Also Take Grater Advantage Of Local Breezes By The Formation Of Air Funnels And Also Aid Natural Ventilation By Staggering Oh The Building Layout. The Presence Of Water And Vegetation On The Site Can Also Be Used For Natural Cooling. Good Site Layout Can Reduce Cooling Loads Appreciably By Optimizing Natural Solar Protection And Local Breezes. Elements Of Site Design That Can Be Used For Efficient Natural Cooling Include Landscaping, Orientation To Sun And Wind, Building Shape And Planning And Natural Ventilation. 22 ½ 22 ½
  28. 28. v2.Building And Design Interventions: A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Designer . However Buildings Last For Ages And During The Lifespan , Must Be Altered And Updated Several Times . Architects Or Building Engineers Are Unavailable , Or Have No Income Incentive For Such ‘Frivolity’ . During Early Middle Ages Or Perhaps Even Earlier , Low- skilled ‘Art-painters’ Were Hired To Paint And Decorate Old Buildings Inside And Outside . The Painters Known As Decorators , Worked Along With Associates , To Not Only Paint But Undertake Repairs, Make Furniture And Update Furnishings. Many Crafts-persons Like , Iron-smiths, Guilders, Glass Blowers , Weavers, Embroiders, Rug And Carpet Makers, Sculptors, Mural Makers Were Associated With The Decorator As Jobbers And Suppliers . Later All These Services Were Handled By A Person , The SUSTAINABILITY FACTORS • Energy efficiency • Water efficiency • Material efficiency For any design to be efficient we need to focus on following parameters
  29. 29. DAYLIGHT ENERGY EFFICIENCY Day lighting is a practice of placing windows or other openings and reflective surfaces so that during the day natural light provides effective internal lighting. Benefits of day lighting: • It is a full spectrum source of light. • It increases productivity and decreases sick time. • It reduces electrical consumption and reduces cavity. • Mirrors can be used to create illusion to make a room/area look big. Principles of good daylight practice: Level & distribution of light depends on • Geometry of space. • Location. • Orientation of windows and other openings. • Characteristics of internal surface.
  30. 30. ENERGY EFFICIENCY
  31. 31. North North ENERGY EFFICIENCY The main purpose of making a window in a rooms is to bring more daylight without compromising other energy. North direction happens to be darker zone where there will be only light of the sun not the actual sun rays. So for bringing maximum light in this zone there should be placement of tall windows which are used to have sun’s rays more. The south direction is that zone which is well lighted up throughout the day. Therefore it is more heated up zone too. So in this direction wide windows should be used. Such type of windows are used for viewing purpose. At the same time wide windows reduce the heat rays coming inside the house.
  32. 32. VENTILATION VENTILATION may be defined as supply of fresh outside air into an enclosed space or the removal of inside air from the enclosed space. In other words, ventilation is the removal of all vitiated air from a building and its replacement with fresh air. Ventilation may be achieved either by natural or artificial(or mechanical) means. In a room air exchange takes place minimum 1 time and maximum 60 times. The rate of natural ventilation depends on two effects: • Wind effect • Stack effect Movement of wind through windowsWind Wind Wind ENERGY EFFICIENCY
  33. 33. VENTILATION Suction zone Pressure zone Pressure zone Suction zone Pressur e zone Wind Pressure and suction zone ENERGY EFFICIENCY
  34. 34. Floor Roof Wall Outlet OutletRoof Outlet InletInlet Outlet Floor VENTILATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY
  35. 35. RAINWATER HARVESTING Rain water harvesting : It is also another important factor of building envelope. Landscaping, water body, heat insulated material, cavity wall are use to control air and heat. Rainwater harvesting is a technique used for collecting, storing and using rainwater for landscape irrigation and other uses. Water Efficiency Rain Water Rain Water Tank Solid floor Soil Ground water level increases due to rain water harvesting
  36. 36. A knowledge about building material help us to design better houses . Presenting my learning skill in subsequent LANDSCAPING Landscaping can improve the microclimate in both summer and winter, providing shading, evaporate cooling and wind channeling in summer, or shelter in winter. Vegetation absorbs large amounts of solar radiation in summer helping to keep the air and ground beneath cool while evapotranspiration can further reduce temperatures.
  37. 37. A knowledge about building material help us to design better houses . Presenting my learning skill in subsequent Collage of landscaping
  38. 38. v2.Building And Design Interventions: A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Designer . However Buildings Last For Ages And During The Lifespan , Must Be Altered And Updated Several Times . Architects Or Building Engineers Are Unavailable , Or Have No Income Incentive For Such ‘Frivolity’ . During Early Middle Ages Or Perhaps Even Earlier , Low- skilled ‘Art-painters’ Were Hired To Paint And Decorate Old Buildings Inside And Outside . The Painters Known As Decorators , Worked Along With Associates , To Not Only Paint But Undertake Repairs, Make Furniture And Update Furnishings. Many Crafts-persons Like , Iron-smiths, Guilders, Glass Blowers , Weavers, Embroiders, Rug And Carpet Makers, Sculptors, Mural Makers Were Associated With The Decorator As Jobbers And Suppliers . Later All These Services Were Handled By A Person , The BRICK AND STONE A knowledge about building material help us to design better houses . Presenting my learning skill in subsequent.
  39. 39. v2.Building And Design Interventions: A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Designer . However Buildings Last For Ages And During The Lifespan , Must Be Altered And Updated Several Times . Architects Or Building Engineers Are Unavailable , Or Have No Income Incentive For Such ‘Frivolity’ . During Early Middle Ages Or Perhaps Even Earlier , Low- skilled ‘Art-painters’ Were Hired To Paint And Decorate Old Buildings Inside And Outside . The Painters Known As Decorators , Worked Along With Associates , To Not Only Paint But Undertake Repairs, Make Furniture And Update Furnishings. Many Crafts-persons Like , Iron-smiths, Guilders, Glass Blowers , Weavers, Embroiders, Rug And Carpet Makers, Sculptors, Mural Makers Were Associated With The Decorator As Jobbers And Suppliers . Later All These Services Were Handled By A Person , The Constructionof brick units bondedtogether with mortar is termed as brick masonry. Brick bonding: on account of their uniform size and shape, the bricks can be arrangedin a variety of patternsgiving rise to differenttypes of bonds Different types of brick bonding are as follows: 1.English bond: This bond consists of alternate course of headers and stretchers. 2.Flemish bond: In this arrangementof bonding brick work, each course consists of alternate headers and stretchers. 3.Header bond: In this arrangementof bonding,all the bricks are laid as headers. Residential Design Project Brick Masonry 1.ENGLISH BOND 3. HEADER BOND2.FLEMISH BOND
  40. 40. Herring -bone bond Residential Design Project Brick Masonry 4. Stretcher bond: In this type of bonding, all the bricks are laid as stretchers. This bond is also known as running bond. 5.Diagonal bond :In this bondthe bricks are placed end to end in such a way that extreme corners of the series remain in contact with stretchers. 6.Herring -bone bond: In this bricks are laid in course inclined at 45⁰ in two directionsfrom center. 7.Zig – zag bond: This is similar to herring – bon bond with the only difference that in the case the bricks are laid in a zig-zagfashion. This is commonly adoptedin brick paved flooring. Stretcher bond Diagonal bond Zig – Zag bond
  41. 41. v2.Building And Design Interventions: A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Designer . However Buildings Last For Ages And During The Lifespan , Must Be Altered And Updated Several Times . Architects Or Building Engineers Are Unavailable , Or Have No Income Incentive For Such ‘Frivolity’ . During Early Middle Ages Or Perhaps Even Earlier , Low- skilled ‘Art-painters’ Were Hired To Paint And Decorate Old Buildings Inside And Outside . The Painters Known As Decorators , Worked Along With Associates , To Not Only Paint But Undertake Repairs, Make Furniture And Update Furnishings. Many Crafts-persons Like , Iron-smiths, Guilders, Glass Blowers , Weavers, Embroiders, Rug And Carpet Makers, Sculptors, Mural Makers Were Associated With The Decorator As Jobbers And Suppliers . Later All These Services Were Handled By A Person , The FRONT VIEW ISOMETRICVIEW STRIPPEDPOINTING In the above picture a wall made up of stretcher bond is shown. Differentshapes are created by placing bricks differently.Diamond shape is also made by colouringbricks with red and grey colour. Striped pointingis used to make wall look more better.
  42. 42. SITE SERVICES Study of services on site is also very important they are • Water supply • Electricity lines • Drainage lines I have included them in later project
  43. 43. BUILDING BYELAWS Building Bye Laws Consist Of Certain Rules And Regulation Framed By A Municipal Or Town Planning Or Urban Development Board To Control The Development Of Area Under Its Jurisdiction. • All Mandatory Plan Regulation Regarding Use, Land Use, Coverage, Set-back And Open Space. The Minimum Set Backs To Be Leave In A Building Should Be From Front Is 10’ From Both The Side And Back 3’ To 5’. • Number Of Stories And Number Of Dwelling Units. • Parking Standards, Lighting And Ventilation Of Room. • Distances From Electric Lines And Structural Safety Requirement. • Size And Height Of Room And Other Requirement Of The Building. • Fire Protection Requirements Like Fire Proof Door, Emergency Alarm System, Fire Pump, Fire Lift And Fire Resistance Materials. • Building Services Which Include Electrical Installations, Air Conditioning, Heating And Plumbing System Etc. To Follow Building Bye Laws, We Can Make A Building Which Has Proper Ventilation, Good Day lighting, Air Circulation, Open Space And Many Other Advantage.
  44. 44. BUILDING BYELAWS In my case study I have followed these byelaws . According to that I have left set back of 3’ from each side and 10’ from front. Leaving set back is important because It is very essential for a house to be well lighted up and there should be proper ventilation .
  45. 45. SPECIFICATIONS • Plot area - 300 sq. yards. ( 54’*50’) • Parking area - 17’*15’. • Covered area – 45’*34’. • Walls – 6”. • Pillars – 1’6”*1’6”. • - Parking area. • - Uncovered area. • - covered area. • . pillars
  46. 46. PLANNING METHODOLOGY To plan any building we need to focus is main things they are: • Space planning • Anthropometrics • Ergonomics
  47. 47. v2.Building And Design Interventions: A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Designer . However Buildings Last For Ages And During The Lifespan , Must Be Altered And Updated Several Times . Architects Or Building Engineers Are Unavailable , Or Have No Income Incentive For Such ‘Frivolity’ . During Early Middle Ages Or Perhaps Even Earlier , Low- skilled ‘Art-painters’ Were Hired To Paint And Decorate Old Buildings Inside And Outside . The Painters Known As Decorators , Worked Along With Associates , To Not Only Paint But Undertake Repairs, Make Furniture And Update Furnishings. Many Crafts-persons Like , Iron-smiths, Guilders, Glass Blowers , Weavers, Embroiders, Rug And Carpet Makers, Sculptors, Mural Makers Were Associated With The Decorator As Jobbers And Suppliers . Later All These Services Were Handled By A Person , The PRINCIPLES OF PLANNING Every human being has a different personality that consists of one or more characteristics. Their personalities react differently in different environment or with different people. Consider a space as a person. Every space has its own personality with several special characteristics that differ by project, these characteristics cause the space to interact with other spaces in a certain manner, these characteristics can be categorized as 6 expressions of human behavior. • Leading/ Following • Grouping • Loner • Servant • Watcher • Outreaching
  48. 48. v2.Building And Design Interventions: A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Designer . However Buildings Last For Ages And During The Lifespan , Must Be Altered And Updated Several Times . Architects Or Building Engineers Are Unavailable , Or Have No Income Incentive For Such ‘Frivolity’ . During Early Middle Ages Or Perhaps Even Earlier , Low- skilled ‘Art-painters’ Were Hired To Paint And Decorate Old Buildings Inside And Outside . The Painters Known As Decorators , Worked Along With Associates , To Not Only Paint But Undertake Repairs, Make Furniture And Update Furnishings. Many Crafts-persons Like , Iron-smiths, Guilders, Glass Blowers , Weavers, Embroiders, Rug And Carpet Makers, Sculptors, Mural Makers Were Associated With The Decorator As Jobbers And Suppliers . Later All These Services Were Handled By A Person , The LEADING/FOLLOWING LEADER FO FO FO FO LIVING ROOM POWDER RROM KITCHEN RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURAL FIRM BANK THEATRE LEADING LIVING ROOM PRINCIPAL’S OFFICE WAITING SPACE LOBBY, THEATRE
  49. 49. GROUPING People gather for a certain purpose, same objective , interest or goal. By imitating this characteristics the spaces that carry the same “GROUPING” character gather as a group these spaces are related to each other For example – A living room will prefer a kitchen to be next to it because will discussing or doing any other leisure activity a person love to eat food or drink coffee/tea. So this space needs to be next to the living room. The kitchen is generally known as the worker space. Gr Gr Gr
  50. 50. LONER ( BEDROOM ) This character affects the space with response to distance from group. A person who prefers more privacy and avoids social conversation and stays away from a crowd is known as a loner(LONER) in residential projects some clients may prefers more privacy for their master bedroom. So the Loner can be set to be a character which keep distance away from certain spaces , living room , dining room and other bedrooms. LO
  51. 51. SERVANT ( TOILET ZONE) A space that serves other spaces needs to be adjacent to them but prefers not to appeal visually which is in reality , servant needs to be near to a master while stay out of the site. As depicted in a figure a toilet space play the role of a servant with the master bedroom. SERVANT LIVING ROOM BED ROOM
  52. 52. WATCHER This type of character causes a space to locate beside a boundary of the project foe attractions in the environment. It is based on the human nature that people like to watch or get close to certain incidences the attraction can be different type of environmental conditions like views, parks, lakes or parking, this character is useful for many different spaces in design. For Example : Waiting Space, Dinning Space Or Café. WA WA WA
  53. 53. v2.Building And Design Interventions: A Building Once Constructed Is Initially Readied For Occupation By The Original Designer . However Buildings Last For Ages And During The Lifespan , Must Be Altered And Updated Several Times . Architects Or Building Engineers Are Unavailable , Or Have No Income Incentive During Early Middle Ages Or Perhaps Even Earlier , Low-skilled ‘Art-painters’ Were Hired To Paint And Decorate Old Buildings Inside And Outside . The Painters Known As Decorators , Worked. Many Crafts-persons Like , Iron-smiths, Guilders, Glass Blowers , Weavers, Embroiders, Rug And Carpet Makers, Sculptors, Mural Makers Were Associated With The Decorator As Jobbers OUTREACHING The space with this character locates near the entrance or corridor for meeting or activities that relates to outreaching quality, this type of space represents an outgoing or sociable behavior like human that can represent a welcome space in a residential unit. For Example : Living Room. OR ENTRANCE
  54. 54. ANTHROPOMETRICS Anthropometrics is a study of human dimension without paying attention to human body measurement and developing or creating a design will not end up in the comfort zone for a client. These dimension need to be considered for the following categories: Male , female , child , teenagers , old age and handicapped. The requirement of all these people as per the dimension varies because of which the layout of the plan and space planning done is also different. For example if we have to design for bling person, a person on a wheel chair, a toilet facility for an old person, a bedroom for a teenager etc. all these points addressed have to attended as differently as all these people require different measurement of space utilization.
  55. 55. ERGONOMICS Ergonomics means designing of space with the use of anthropometrics data for useable zones. For example : Devising of proper relaxation chairs while watching television, selection of door handles for opening doors & selection of many other things based on anthropometric data
  56. 56. ERGONOMICS Ergonomics means designing of space with the use of anthropometrics data for useable zones. For example : Devising of proper relaxation chairs while watching television, selection of door handles for opening doors & selection of many other things based on anthropometric data
  57. 57. LIVING ROOMAnthropometric Planning Papers
  58. 58. Fig1 -Minimum Clearances , Circulation , and Conversation area for Living Rooms Living Areas typical furniture group in the living and or family rooms are as follows: 1. Primary conversation group: chairs and sofa grouped around a fireplace, window or view 2. Secondary conversation group: chairs and love seat at the end of room or an the corner 3. Reading groups: chair, ottoman, lamp table 4. Writing or study group: desk, lamp, one or two chairs bookcases 5. Music group: piano, bench storage space 6. Game group: game table and four chairs 7. Media group: home entertainment center and seating for several people
  59. 59. Main Traffic Through Living Area To Kitchen 10' diameter conversation area 36" traffic way 36" for main traffic way 30" to use desk To sleeping Main Traffic Through Living Area To kitchen Entrance Main Traffic Through Living Area Entrance Main Traffic by Passes Living Area Main Traffic Through Living Area 10' diameter conversation area 36" traffic way 30" to use desk 36" traffic way 30" to use desk closet To kitchen Secondary Activities Space Function Primary and Secondary Activities that usually take place in Living Rooms or Space are Follows: Primary Activities 1. Entertainment 2. Watching television 3. Listening music 4. Reading 5. Writing 6. Studying 7. Relaxing 8. Resting 9. Children's play area 1. Dancing 2. Hobbies and craft 3. Eating 4. Sewing 5. Playing music 6. Parting 7. Using home computer internet
  60. 60. Main Traffic Through Living Area Fig5 –Recommended Clearances for general access (2 to 10 Feet) and Limited Access ( 2 Feet) Fig6 –Recommended Clearances for limited access between a table and furniture(2 feet) Fig8 – space for television viewing. The television set should be place where the section will not reflect light and where it can be seen from the main seating group windows should not be in this direction Fig7 –Recommended Clearances for grouping of seats for social interaction(8to 10 feet) Furniture Clearances To issue adequate space for convenient use of furniture in the living area the following clearances should be observed: 1. 60 inches between facing seating 2. 24 inches where circulation occurs between furniture 3. 30 inches for desk area 4. 36 inches for main circulation 5. 60 inches between home entertainment center and seating Seating arranged around a 10- foot diameter circle fig no. 1 makes a comfortable grouping for conversation. Fig no. 2 indicates clearances, circulation and conversation areas.
  61. 61. KITCHENAnthropometric Planning Papers
  62. 62. Knee Level 20” Outward Reach Left Hand 33”” Waist Level 421/2” Shoulder Level 54” Eye Level 62” Height 66 1/2 Maximum upward reach 78” Comfortable upward reach 75” Shelves visible from eye level 62” Reach downward 28” (one hand) Range 36” bottom of sink 32 1/2 Ironing board 35” The height of a kitchen workcounter, the proper clearance between cabinets or appliances for circulation, the accessibility to overhead or undercounter storage, and proper visibility are among the primary considerations in the design of cooking spaces. All must be responsive to human dimension and body size if the quality of interface between the user and the components of the interior space are to be adequate. In establishing clearances between counters, the maximum body breadth and the depth of the user of large body size must be taken into account as well as the projections of appliances. Refrigerator doors, cabinet drawers, dish washing machine doors and cabinet doors all project to some degree in their open position into the space within which the user must circulate and must be accommodated. Standard kitchen counter heights manufactured are all about 36” or 91.4cm. Figure 1 provides some general anthropometrics data for establishing basic height of cabinetry and appliances above the floor.
  63. 63. T and C D and C S S R P Perimeter 18’ STORGE U kitchen. L kitchen. Corridor kitchen. Broken U kitchen. FIG. Different types of kitchen plans.
  64. 64. zero bedroom kitchenette. Two bedroom living unit kitchens. Two bedroom living unit kitchens. Two bedroom living unit kitchens. FIG. minimum frontage for various kitchens.
  65. 65. FIG. minimum frontage for various kitchens. Three bedroom unit. Four bedroom unit. Minimum edge distance. One bedroom kitchenette.
  66. 66. Kitchen for small single family houses or apartment units. Typical cabinet dimensionsMinimum Distances from appliances To inside corners of base cabinets. Flow of work in food preparation.
  67. 67. 9’’ either side (if storage nearby) At Opening side Left side Right side At either . side
  68. 68. Wall Oven Bottom of sink Fig. Comfortable working heights Maximum height of Window for supervision of yard Lap Table Mix center counterMaximum reach for Vertical storage
  69. 69. Fig- Minimum counter width dimensions Sink Range Minimum width of passes Minimum clearance Wherever 2 people May be working at same time. Counter Counter Space in front drawer Counter Sink Adjacent to Sink Sink Sink Counter Range
  70. 70. SINK Above sink RANGE Above range BASE-CAB Above base cabinet Kitchen lighting Fig – Storage and Cabinets
  71. 71. DINING ROOMAnthropometric Planning Papers
  72. 72. Fig. 1. Size of place eating Fig. 2. Passage behindchairs Fig. 3. leaving the table Fig. 4. limited access behinda chair in corner circulation space Fig. 5. Access behinda chair in throughcirculation space Space Function Primary and Secondary Activities that usually take place in Living Rooms or Space are Follows: Primary Activities 1.Settingthe table 2.Serving food 3.Eating 4.Cleaning up after meals 5.Storing dishes Secondary Activities 1.Children’s play 2.Reading 3.Writing 4.Studyingand homework 5.Entertainment The principal factors to be considered in planning the dining Area are as follows: Numberof persons to be seated Space for chairs and for passage behindthem Space used at the table. Storage space for china, glassware’ silver , and linen.
  73. 73. Fig. 7 dining rom for 8 person household Fig. 8 minimum clearance for dining area (A) One of the table against wall(B) serving from one end side of the table Fig.9 minimum clearance for dining area (A) One of the table against wall(B) serving from one end side of the table Fig. 6 dining rom for 5 person household Space Planning Size of place setting : The minimum width needed for each place setting is 21 inches. How ever a width of up of 29 inches is desirable for greater freedom of movement. A 25- inch width is usually adequate; this permits chairs 19 inches wide to be placed 6 inches apart. The minimum depth for place setting is 14 ½ inches. These glassware, silver, and elbow extension( see Fig:1) Passage Behind Chairs: The minimum space recommended for passage behind chairs in 22 inches, a satisfactory range is 22 to 25 inches. If passage behind the chairs is not required, a minimum of 5 inches plus the depth of the chair must be provided for pushing back chair when leaving the table( see Fig; 2 to 4) Size of Table: The minimum width recommended is 36 inches: a satisfactory width is 36 inches to 44 inches. If 25 inch-wide place settings are provided and if one person is seated at each end of the table, then minimum and recommended lengths are as follows:
  74. 74. Person s 4 6 8 10 12 W X L, Feet 10 ½ X 12 10 ½ X 14 10 ½ X 16 10 ½ X 18 10 ½ X 20 =Area,Square Feet =126 =147 =168 =189 =210 Persons Minimum inches 54 79 104 129 154 Recommended , inches If no one is seated at either end of the table, the length may be reduced by approximately 4 inches. Space for total dining area previously and with an ample 42 inch space for passage on all sides of a 42 inch 4 6 8 10 12 60 84 108 132 156 Fig8 – Recommended net area for 8 persons household(13.87 square meters) Fig7 – Access behinda chair and cabinets or appliances Fig6 – Access behindthe table and wall Fig8 – Recommended net person household household ( 8.84 square meters)
  75. 75. BEDROOM Anthropometric Planning Papers
  76. 76. Bedroom Space function- Primary and secondary activities that usually take place in bedrooms are as follows: Primary Activities: Sleeping Dressing Storing Clothes Personal Care Secondary Activities: Reading Writing Studying Working Watching Television Home computing/ Internet Listening to music Children’s play Caring for infants Ironing Telephoning Drawing and Painting Sitting and Entertaining Exercising Resting and convalescing Hobbies and craft Storing bulky items and seasonal clothes
  77. 77. Furniture Requirement There are minimum requirements for furniture and space if occupants are to able to carry out their normal bedroom activities There are two basic types of bedrooms: 1. Single-occupancy bedrooms, which will accommodate on single bed. 2. Double-occupancy bedrooms , which will accommodate on double bed or two single beds. Clearances Clearances should be provided in front of and around furniture of bedrooms so that primary activities can take place efficiently comfort(Figs. 1 to 11). In some cases , greater clearances are required to satisfy the needs of elderly people , wheelchair users , and with disabilities. Fig5 . Access between bed and closet and between bed and wall. Fig4 .Access between bed and dresser and between bed and desk Fig6 .Access between beds. Fig7 .Space for making beds.
  78. 78. Fig. Space for making beds Fig. single occupancy bedroom(netarea 8.5metres).The most likely occupants of this bedroom are elderly people, adults, teenagers and preadultchildren(i.e.school age children 9 to 12 years). Fig. single occupancy bedroom in combination with another space(net area5 square meters). Adults are most likely to be found in this type of bedroom. Fig. Double occupancy bedroom(netare a 160sq.ft). The most likely occupants of this type of bedroom are adults , school-age children of the same gender , children of differentgenders who are less than 9 years old , and preschoolers. Space Planning Furniture Requirement There are minimum requirements for furniture and space if occupants are to able to carry out their normal bedroom activities There are two basic types of bedrooms: 1. 2. Single-occupancy bedrooms, which will accommodate on single bed. Double-occupancy bedrooms , which will accommodate on double bed or two single beds.
  79. 79. BATH ROOMAnthropometric Planning Papers
  80. 80. J L M Vanity storage Lavatory Mirror Light fixture Mirror and medicine cabinet Lavatory Vanity storage C H Fig1- lavatory male anthropometric considerations. Fig:2- lavatory female and child anthropometric considerations. IN CM A 48 121.9 B 30 76.2 C 19-24 48.3- 61.0 D 27 MIN 68.6 min E 18 45.7 F 37-43 94- 109.2 G 72 MAX. 182.9 max H 32-36 81.3- 91.4 I 69 MAX. 175.3 max J 16-18 40.6- 45.7 K 36-32 66.0- 81.3 L 32 81.3 M 20-24 50.8- 61.0
  81. 81. Minimum shower clearancesDouble lavatory clearances In cm A 15-18 38.1-45.7 B 28-30 71.1-76.2 C 37-43 94.0-109.2 D 32-36 81.3-91.4 E 26-32 66.0-81.3 F 14-16 35.6-40.6 G 30 76.2 H 18 45.7 I 21-26 53.3-66.0 In cm A 54 137.2 B 12 30.5 C 42 min 106.7 min D 18 45.7 E 36 min 91.4 min F 30 76.2 G 24 61.0 H 12 min 30.5 min I 15 38.1 J 40-48 101.6-121.9 K 40-50 101.6-127.0 L 72 min 182.9 min Activity Zone H Circulation Zone G Varies F Shower Head controls Circulation/ Access zone Vertical grab Horizontal grab bar Temporary storage F G E D
  82. 82. VariesAE C FVaries IHVaries AAAVaries Varies Varies In cm A 12 min 30.5 min B 28 min 71.1 min C 24 min 61.0 min D 52 min 132.1 min E 12-18 30.5-45.7 F 12 30.5 G 40 101.6 H 18 45.7 I 30 76.2 Water closet Bidet and water closet
  83. 83. 1. Shower curtain rod: keep within inside of tub or shower.1a. Enclosure doors: if swinging doors are used, place hinges on the side opposite control valves. 2. Shower head: see elevation of tub and shower stall for recommended heights. 3. Grab bars shall be manufactured of shatter- resistant material, free from burrs, sharp edges and pinch points. Knurling or slip- resistant surface is desirable. 4. Recessed soap dish shall be free from burrs and sharp edges where grab bar is an integral part of the soap dish, it may have minimum length of 6 inches. 5. Faucet shall be manufactured of shatter-resistant material, free from burrs and sharp edges. All faucet sets in showers, tubs and lavatories shall be equipped with the water mixing valve delivering a maximum water temperature. 6. Showers stall light: shall be of a vapor proof fixture with the electrical light switch a minimum of 72 inches away from shower stall.
  84. 84. A B C D
  85. 85. A B DC Fig. Minimum half bath. 16 sq. ft is about minimum for standard fixtures; 4’-6” X 4’-6” gives a more spacious feeling. Fig. Corner toilet in a half bath. A corner toilet and a small lavatory fit 13.5 sq. ft. consider this idea for installing a half-bath in a closet or under a stairway. Fig. Corner shower. A corner shower, toilet and lavatory fit in 33 sq. ft. very little storage space available. Fig Generous half bath 22.5 sq. ft is a generous half bath. A wall – hung lavatory instead of a vanity squeezes into 2’-6” width and 16.3 sq. ft.
  86. 86. Activities commonly performed in the bathroom include washing of hands, face and hair, bathing, elimination and grooming, and also such activities as hand laundering and infant care. Often it is also used as a dressing room. Major problems in bathroom design includes planning for optimum convenience and privacy of all bathroom functions for all members of the household, adequate provision for storage of supplies and equipment, and ease of cleaning. Some general planning guides are as follows: Arrangement Facilities should be conveniently arranged, with special attention given to clearances. The room arrangement should permit more than one family member to use its facilities at a same time. Fig. Minimum half bath. 16 sq. ft is about minimum for standard fixtures; 4’-6” X 4’-6” gives a more spacious feeling. Fig Generous half bath. 22.5 sq. ft is a generous half bath. A wall – hung lavatory instead of a vanity squeezes into 2’-6” width and 16.3 sq. ft. Fig Generous half bath. 22.5 sq. ft is a generous half bath. A wall – hung lavatory instead of a vanity squeezes into 2’-6” width and 16.3 sq. ft. Fig. Corner toilet in a half bath. A corner toilet and a small lavatory fit 13.5 sq. ft. consider this idea for installing a half-bath in a closet or under a stairway.
  87. 87. Fig. small,3-fixture bathroom. A small 3-fixture bathroom with limited storage in a built-in vanity meets basic bathroom requirements in a space 37.5 sq. ft. The door is 32” wide for a person with a cane or crutches. Fig. Two lavatory bathroom. A 2- lavatory bathroom with adequate room at the toilet and each lavatory . Note storage space under the lavatories and in a floor-to-ceiling unit. Area:63 sq. ft.. Fig. separate tub and shower. This plan also includes a bidet. Storage is in the 48” long vanity. Area:75.3 sq. ft. Fig. large shower. A generous 33”x 48” shower is featured in this 32 sq. ft bathroom. Storage is under the 30” vanity and on shelves over the toilet.
  88. 88. Fig. corner square tub. Although not usually a space saver, a square tub fits some situations better than a rectangular one. This 3-4 fixture bathroom has excellent storage but is only 59.5 sq.ft. Fig. large 3-fixtures bathroom. With fixtures in separate compartments, this layout can replace a second bath by accommodating more than one person at a time. Area 106 sq. Ft. plus hallway storage. Fig. four fixture, two compartments. Three people can use this bathroom at the same time. Consider a pocket door between the compartments. Even with generous storage space it takes only the same space about 80.5 sq.ft. Fig. five fixtures, three compartments. This bathroom serves as two full bathrooms in 87 sq.ft. two doors to each compartment are undesirable. Limited storage space available.
  89. 89. RESIDENTIAL SPACE PLANNING Interior Design To design any residential space with designing and effective space planning , we need to pay attention to all aspects needed to design any residential space, say it aspect , prospect , anthropometrics and ergonomics, ventilation , daylighting , orientation. Here is my design of a “residential space”.
  90. 90. CASE STUDY We Have To Do A Space Planning For A Client Mr. Bose Who Is A Marketing Manager Of One Of The Fashion Brands Levi’s. He Has A Family Of 2 Children In The Age Group 10 & 16 Years Both Boys, Wife Who Loves Gardening And Is Very Fond Of Creating Bonsai Plants. We Are Suppose To Design A Open Plan For This Family Where The Plot Size Given Is 300sq Yards And The Requirements Been: • Living Room • Kitchen • Master Bedroom • Children’s Bedroom • A Space For The Lady Of The House To Work With Plants And Display The Same. • They Require Terrace Garden & They Love More Of Lighted Up Spaces Which Are Bright And Lively. • A Small Office Zone Needs To Be Provided For Mr. Bose In Master Bedroom • We Need To Pay Extra Attention To The Space Planning For Mrs. Bose For Doing Gardening Work
  91. 91. During my 1 year of Degree Program I have studied about how to do a Residential Space Planning, Louise Kahn's principles. I have designed a residential space for my client Mr. Bose, keeping into mind his requirement and juxtaposed it with standard space required for doing space planning of every particular place according to the activities performed there. Considering all the principles and elements of designed I have done space planning for every space. I have also paid attention to the  orientation of the site  Location of the plot  Building envelope  Day Lighting  Ventilation  Aspects prospects  Approach  Proximity of the things  Louise Kahn's principle of space plan We have to focus to design a house where Form Follows Function and the humans does not have to adjust themselves according to the house but a space where house will adjust according to the wish of humans and the space should act as A Machine For Living. Said by the famous designer Leh Corbusier. Synopsis of plan
  92. 92. Water body Garden area primary living room secondary living room kitchen Main entrance stair Powder room Specification Specifications: Location of the site- Dezyne E’cole College,Civil lines, Ajmer. Direction- North facing. Total plot size- L x B= 50’ x 54’ =2700 sq. feet. Total covered area =1082.1826 sq. ft. Total uncovered area =1413.8714 sq. ft. exterior cavity wall 1’ thick. interior wall 6” thick. Window S N 2D ground floor plan
  93. 93. Google sketch up file my working process Top view
  94. 94. Isometric view Isometric view 3D Rendered view
  95. 95. bed Walking closet Sitting area Garden area Master room soho Walking closet Walking closet bed soho stairsduplay Children bedroom S N 2D first floor plan Location of the site- Dezyne E’cole College,Civil lines, Ajmer. Direction- North facing. Total plot size- L x B= 50’ x 54’ =2700 sq. feet. Total covered area = 1134. 8318 sq. ft. exterior cavity wall 1’ thick. interior wall 6” thick. Window Specification
  96. 96. Isometric view Isometric view Top view
  97. 97. 3D Rendered view House isometric view House isometric view
  98. 98. RESIDENTIAL SPACE PLANNING Interior Design To design any residential space with designing and effective space planning , we need to pay attention to all aspects needed to design any residential space, say it aspect , prospect , anthropometrics and ergonomics, ventilation , daylighting , orientation. Here is my design of a “residential space”.
  99. 99. To design any residential space with designing and effective space planning , we need to pay attention to all aspects needed to design any residential space, say it aspect , prospect , anthropometrics and ergonomics, ventilation , daylighting , orientation. Here is my design of a “residential space” Total Plot Size:- 54’x63’ Plot Area:- 3402 sq.ft Direction:- North Facing Top view 2014-2017 Name Garima Sharma B.Sc.- Interior Design Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com NTERIORIArchitecture & Space Planning 2D House Plan
  100. 100. To design any residential space with designing and effective space planning , we need to pay attention to all aspects needed to design any residential space, say it aspect , prospect , anthropometrics and ergonomics, ventilation , daylighting , orientation. Here is my design of a “residential space” Total Plot Size:- 54’x63’ Plot Area:- 3402 sq.ft Direction:- North Facing Top view NTERIORIArchitecture & Space Planning 2D House Plan
  101. 101. To design any residential space with designing and effective space planning , we need to pay attention to all aspects needed to design any residential space, say it aspect , prospect, anthropometrics and ergonomics, ventilation , daylighting , orientation. Here is my design of a “residential space” Total Plot Size:- 54’x63’ Plot Area:- 3402 sq.ft Direction:- North Facing isometric view NTERIORIArchitecture & Space Planning 2D House Plan
  102. 102. To design any residential space with designing and effective space planning , we need to pay attention to all aspects needed to design any residential space, say it aspect , prospect , anthropometrics and ergonomics, ventilation , daylighting , orientation. Here is my design of a “residential space” Total Plot Size:- 54’x63’ Plot Area:- 3402 sq.ft Direction:- North Facing isometric view
  103. 103. WARDROBE SPACE PLANNING INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE AND SPACE PLANNING
  104. 104. CASE STUDY I am suppose to design a wardrobe for a hypothetical client. Requirements of my client:  Number of shoes (6 pairs of flat shoes). The other materials with shoes are socks, shoe polish, brushes. Mirror for dressing. Place for keeping cosmetics and perfumes. Place for keeping daily use clothes like salwar suits(10 ), jeans, t-shirts in hanging position (approximately 20 clothes). Place for keeping woolen clothes(8 cardigans). Place for keeping party wear or special occasion clothes. Place for keeping lingerie.
  105. 105. Space Required For Stocking Those Requirements According to the space provided, minimum space our requirement will take are :-  Space required for 1 salwar suit - 1.6” and the requirement of my client happens to be of 10 salwar suits if 1 salwar suit takes 1.6” then 10 salwar suit will take – 1.6” x 10 = 16” and the height require for it will be - 4’6”.  Space required for 1 party wear dress- 1.6” and the requirement of my client happens to be of 10 party wear dresses if 1 dress takes 1.6” then 10 dresses will take – 1.6” x 10= 16” and the height require for it will be – 2’10”.  Space required for 1 daily wear toppers - 1” and the requirement of my client happens to be of 20 daily wear toppers if 1 topper takes 1” then 20 toppers will take – 1” x 20 = 20” and the height require for it will be – 2’10”.
  106. 106. Space Required For Stocking Those Requirements  Space required for cardigan after folding is - 2” and the requirement of my client happens to be of 8 cardigans if 1 cardigan takes h = 2” then 8 cardigans will take –2” x 8= 16” in one drawer there are 2 partitions of 10.5” where 2 cardigans can come above each other and the height require for it will be – 4.6”.  Space required for 1 pair of shoes is – 9” and the requirement of my client happens to be of 6 pair of shoes if 1 pair of shoe takes 9” then 6 pair of shoes will take – 9” x 6 = 54” there are 4 racks of total area of 1056 sq. ft and the total height require for it will be – 2’10”. 3 racks for keeping shoes with the height of 9” and another racks is for keeping shoe polish and socks of height of 4”
  107. 107. Standard Space Required Refer to the standard space requirement to be followed for fulfilling the client’s requirements are as follows :-  Space required by a hanger = 16- 18 inches.  Space required for folded 6 soft shirts and 4 dress shirts = 6 inches (h)  Space required for keeping soft shirts and dress shirt is 10 inches or 20 inches.  Space required for 1 pair of shoes is = 9 inches
  108. 108. Space Available For Space Planning Linear space provided is 6 feet and depth is 2 feet with the height of 72 inches. LxBxH = 6’x2’x6’ = 72”x24”x72” = 72 cu. ft
  109. 109. WARDROBES
  110. 110. Elements And Principles To create any design I need to focus on the principles and elements of design. For the space planning over here I mainly focused on balance in a design with the basic element, shape which I very rightly said Form Follows Function. In the subsequent slides you will come across the space planning created by me for my client.
  111. 111. Space Available For Space Planning For any adult user for a wardrobe the standard size required is 5 linear feet. Keeping into mind the requirement of my client and the space provided I created an elevation for my design.
  112. 112. Rack for party wear C Rack for traditional wear Rack for jeans Rack for daily wear Rack for lingerie Rack for woollens shoe rack Basket for dirty clothes B A D E F G H I J C
  113. 113. BA Space for hanging salwar suits LxB= 1’5” x 2’= 2.9696 sq.ft (area) LxBxH= 1’5x 2’x 4’6” = 13.5 cu.ft No. of dresses can come = 10 Space for hanging belts and scarfs LxB= 5” x 2’= 113.6028 sq. in(area) LxBxH= 10”x2’x2’10” = 4.7222 cu.ft
  114. 114. Space for cosmetics and racks for it . LxB= 5(7” x 1’9”)= 5.1195sq.ft (area) LxBxH= (7”x1’9”x9”)= 0.7626 cu.ft LxBxH= (7”x1’9”x4”)= 0.3402cu.ft LxBxH= 2 (7”x1’9”x4”)= 0.6805 cu.ft LxBxH= (7”x1’9”x10”)= 0.8506 cu.ft C Space for racks for keeping jeans and trousers LxB= 4(1’ x 2’)= 1152 sq.ft (area) LxBxH= 4(1’x2’x8”) = 5.333cu.ft No. of jeans = 8 ( 2 in each rack) D
  115. 115. Space for hanging daily wear dresses LxB= 1’10”x 2’=3.5682sq.ft (area) LxBxH= 1’10”x2’x2’10” = 10.38cu.ft No. of daily wear dresses = 20 toppers Space for shoe rack . LxB= 4(1’9”’x11”) = 1056 sq.ft(area) LxBxH= 3(2’x11”x9”) +(2’x11”x4)= 792 +88 =4.736 sq.ft No. of shoes = 6 pairs F G
  116. 116. H Space for keeping lingerie LxB= 2(10”x 2’)= 3.183sq.ft (area) LxBxH= 2(10”x2’x5)= 1.388 cu Ft. Space for keeping woollens LxB= (1’8” x 1’10”)=6038sq.ft (area) LxBxH= 2(1’8” x 1’10’’x1’) = 3.055cu.ft I
  117. 117. J K Space for basket for dirty clothes. LxB= 1’3”x 1’11”= 2.4892 sq.ft (area) LxBxH= 1’3”x1’11’’x 1’2”= 1.093cu.ft Space for hanging part wear dresses LxB= 1’5x 2’= 2.7529sq.ft (area) LxBxH= 1’5”x2’x2’10= 8.027cu.ft
  118. 118. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION
  119. 119. Top plan Side elevation Back elevation Front elevation Orthographic projection of wardrobe excluding doors.
  120. 120. Orthographic projection of wardrobe including doors. Top plan Left side elevation Right side elevation Front elevation
  121. 121. Different concept of placement of doors • Traditional concept • Contemporary concept Traditional concept:- In traditional concept inset concept of door were used. In this concept the door were placed inside the main frame and hinges were visible. It has been shown in below image. Door was placed after the main frame. This type of hinge was used.
  122. 122. Different concept of placement of doors Contemporary concept:- In contemporary concept full overlay and half overlay concept of door were used. hinges were not visible from outside. In half overlay half space of the board was used to place that door and n the other half space another door was placed. These concepts were also used in traditional concept but the difference is use of hinges were different and in traditional concept hinges were visible from outside which is not there in contemporary concept. Hinges are not visible In full over lay. This type of hinge was used.
  123. 123. I have used contemporary concept of placement of doors in my wardrobe. Full overlay concept in both corner doors. And half overlay concept in both middle doors
  124. 124. Estimated Number Of Boards  Top and bottom board = 2( Lxb )= 2(6’ x 2’) – 23.7566 sq. ft.  Left and right side board = 2( LxB) = 2’(5’10’’x 1’11’’) – 23.5032 sq. ft.  Horizontal Board for division between party wear dresses and space for keeping belt and scarfs = LxB = 1’5”x 2’ – 2.7529 sq. ft.  Internal Vertical Board for division = 2( LxB )= 5’10.5”x 1’11’’- 23.5032 sq. ft.  Drawer for lingerie bottom board= LxB = 1’8” x1’10” = 3.208 sq. ft. left and right side board= LxB = 2(5” x1’10’’) = 202.3966 sq. ft. front and back board= LxB =5” x1’8” = 107.8392 sq. ft.  2 Drawer for cardigans bottom board= 2( LxB) = 2(1’8” x1’10”) = 3.19 sq. ft. left and right side board= 2( LxB )= 2(1’x 1’10’’) = 1.8833 sq. ft. back board= ( LxB) = (1’ x1’8”) = 1.736 sq. ft.
  125. 125. Estimated Number Of Boards  Shoe rack back board = LxB = 2’x 2’10” – 5.6284 sq. ft. Top and bottom board = 2(LxB) = 2(2’x1”) – 3.875 sq. ft. Front and Back board = 2LxB )= 2(1’x 2’10”) – 5.81 sq. ft. Board for 4 racks= 4(LxB) =4(1’9”x11”) – 6.7576 sq. ft.  Cosmetics rack back board = 2(LxB )= 2(2’x 2’10”) – 5.6054 sq. ft. top and bottom board = 2(LxB ) = 2(8’’ x 2”) – 2.74 sq. ft. Front and Back board = 2(LxB ) = 2(8”x 2’10”) – 4.1252 sq. ft. Board for 5 racks= 4(LxB) = 5(7”x 1’9”) – 5.808 sq. ft.
  126. 126. Laminates Used In Making Wardrobe Product Name: AMBER FLAMBE Company Name: Greenlam Laminates Sheet size: 4’x8” This laminate will be use as a frame of wardrobe and on partitions.
  127. 127. Laminates Used In Making Wardrobe Product Name: LUCENT ELM This laminate will be used inside the wardrobe Company Name: Greenlam Laminates Sheet size: 4’x8”
  128. 128. As an interior designer this project on Space Planning has made me aware that a space of 6’x2’x6’ (LxBxH) has been made more functional by creating more space from the space provided to us. I have created 55.932 cu.ft
  129. 129. A knowledge about building material help us to design better houses . Presenting my learning skill in subsequent Elements of Style INTERIOR DESIGN
  130. 130. Today we are heirs to a legacy of fine building and to a continuing fascination with the details and stylistic which give our houses their character. In Britain and US the interest in old houses has become something of national obsession. Today the houses we live in have become a major concern and as houses are being developed on human scale. Today the interiors of house effect our quality of life which we enjoy there. I as a student of Interior Design doing my B.SC ID , present a brief presentation on Aspects of Style from Gothic style, Baroque style, Rococo style, Neoclassical style, Eclectic style, Arts & Crafts style, Art Nouveau style and Art Deco style. Interior decorating style are defined for the characteristics of their time. Gothic Baroqu e Rococo Neoclassical Eclectic Arts & Crafts Art Nouveau Art Deco to 1620 1620- 1700 1700- 1760 1760-1830 1830- 1880 1880- 1900 1900-1920 1920- 1940 Elements of style In the subsequent slides , three major styles are explained. These are: • GOTHIC STYLE • BAROQUE STYLE • ROCOCO STYLE
  131. 131. (1600-1620) Gothic style
  132. 132. Gothic Style Today we are heirs to a legacy of fine buildings and to a continuing fascination with the detail and stylistic which give our houses their character. In Britain and US the interest in old houses has became something of national obsession. Today the houses we live in have become a major concern and as houses are being developed on human scale. Today the interaction of houses effect our quality of life which we enjoy there. I as a student of Interior Design doing my B.Sc. ID present a brief presentation on respect of style From Gothic Style, Baroque, Roccoco interior decorating styles are defined for the characteristics of their time.
  133. 133. Gothic Period Gothic period design was influenced by Roman and Medieval architecture. Its initial design period was c.1150 to 1550, but saw a revival in the 19th century by the Victorians. Gothic design was the first true ecclesiastical style and was symbolic of the triumph Of the Catholic church over paganism In Europe.
  134. 134. Gothic Arch
  135. 135. Gothic Furnitures Furniture was massive and oak, adorned with Gothic motifs. Chairs, bed frames, cabinets were sturdy and featured `in dark colours. Britain had Oak and Beech as it’s native timber for furniture production, but with the discovery of new land and the establishment of overseas trade, other timber species suddenly became available: Oak 1500-1600 Walnut 1660-1723 Mahogany 1715 Satinwood 1765
  136. 136. Gothic Color Colors were rich and dark, of the Victorian era. Purple, ruby, black, ochre, forest green and gold added complemented the heavy furniture and rich design. Wallpaper was ornate and heavily patterned in natural flowers and foliage. Also popular was trompe-l’oeil architectural features or stenciled designs. Obviously stained glass was a significant feature.
  137. 137. Gothic Influence In architecture, tracery is the stonework elements that support the glass in a Gothic window. The term probably derives from the 'tracing floors' on which the complex patterns of late Gothic windows were laid out.
  138. 138. Elements of Style Tudor and Jacobean style (1457-1509)
  139. 139. Tudor Style This coincides with the rule of the Tudor dynasty in England whose first monarch was Henry VII. The term is often used more broadly to include Elizabeth I reign (1558 – 1603) Characteristic of this style is the enrichment of every surface with flamboyant carved, turned, inlaid, and painted decoration in the spirit of the English Renaissance.
  140. 140. Tudor Arch
  141. 141. Tudor Roof In this time period Top floor roofs were pitched. Which was called hammer beam roof.
  142. 142. Tudor Furniture Tudor furniture was made of oak or wood which was obtained locally, highly ornate, carved and heavy. The Tudor period was one of beautiful woodwork, though it was still heavy and sparse by modern standards
  143. 143. Tudor Chairs
  144. 144. Tudor Windows Windows were simple, unglazed square openings divided by series of wooden or stone mullions. Many of the houses had internal shutters .the grand houses had glass usage in the 16th century. Smaller houses has glass usage from 17th century. Glass was very thin and rather grey in colour as it was blown from the crown glass and then made
  145. 145. During the 16th century the glass panes were arranged diagonally later in 17th century they were arranged in rectangles. windows during this period could not open as they were fixed and later they were made open able because they could make the mechanism for the hinges and windows to open.
  146. 146. Tudor Doors
  147. 147. Tudor Doors heads
  148. 148. Tudor Doors heads
  149. 149. Tapestry were painted cloth or made on looms with techniques of weaving .Carved decoration on panels were of linen fold pattern . These wall hangings were painted too for developing into a tapestry . Tapestry
  150. 150. Tudor ceiling In Grand Homes Fireplaces and Door Surrounds could be seen as an elaborate feature. Ceilings of upper floor were coved or coffered Floorings used were of brick, granite, slate, painted wood floor, cobblestones and the floor was then covered with a rush matting or carpets. Carpets were generally a luxury.
  151. 151. Alcove Alcove was a place jutting out as a window which they used as a sitting area and table and chair were joined together and connected with window. There were no curtains in dining area.
  152. 152. Chest Chest / Partly Framed Chest – This was superseded by the partly framed chest. It used dry pegged construction and panel fitted into the frame allowed for movement without the timber splitting. Panels from riven boards were hand moulded and sometimes carved to give the “linenfold” effect. The board is cut with a wedge and split. Built In Seating – Early settles accommodated up to six people with simple linenfold panels and foot rest rail.
  153. 153. Elements of Style(1625-1714) Baroque style
  154. 154. Baroque Style Baroque was very very ornamental type of style. It has a higher end zone of carving.
  155. 155. Baroque Period Baroque period had elaborate doors specially the front door. These doors were positioned on the top of the steps. They were often canopied by a shell or placed in a porch. Columns were main expensive frames to a door.
  156. 156. Staircases Staircases was made of wood commonly Oak and was closed string form. Balustrades were twisted. Paneling and wainscoting was present.
  157. 157. Doors Doors were very large and had only two panels. Later on 4-6 panels could be seen in their design. The hinges on the doors were very ornamental along with the door locks and their handles.
  158. 158. Windows The windows of the Baroque period were like door (front door) styled very elaborately. Curtains were very less.
  159. 159. Balcony Balconies reflected the status of the house and its owner. Circular and oval windows were a feature of this period. Balcony was of iron work not of stone, bricks etc.
  160. 160. Walls Walls were patterned by means of painted stencils. Later they were replaced by block printed papers (the 1st wallpaper) Rich owners covered their walls with woven or painted fabric hangings.
  161. 161. Leather Another pattern which we see here is the usage of leather attached to battens. They also had leather taken up on wall.
  162. 162. Lightning There were lights hanging out from ceiling with candles which contribute to the mood of place.
  163. 163. Ceiling The ceiling of this time period was not plasted and were of more coffered style. Only the rich people had plastered ceiling from the under side of wooden floor above. The junction between the ceiling and the wall were marked by Cornice.
  164. 164. Frames
  165. 165. Furniture
  166. 166. TABLES
  167. 167. Chairs
  168. 168. Fireplaces
  169. 169. Wainscoting and paneling
  170. 170. Flooring Baroque houses has stone , flat floors, marble was used in two or more colours so that they produced illusionistic pattern. The surface appeared to vary in depth. The floor patterns had parquet or even marquetry patterns
  171. 171. Carpets Woven carpets from east Mediterranean was considered very expensive and were used in houses . Carpets were luxury on wooden flooring.
  172. 172. Volts Volts were also present in Baroque time period.
  173. 173. Motifs
  174. 174. Tapestries
  175. 175. Elements of Style (1700-1760) Rococo style
  176. 176. Rococo Style Late Baroque is an 18th century artistic movement and style. It developed in Paris, France as a reaction against the grandeur and strict designs of Baroque, as seen in the Palace of Versailles. Rococo style used light columns, graceful approach, asymmetric design.
  177. 177. Chairs Lengthened cushioned back can be seen on the chair. Mahogany wood was used.
  178. 178. Sculptures S and C scrolls were common in the Rococo time period. Acanthus leaves could be seen during this time.
  179. 179. Elemen Elements of Style(1714-1765) Early Georgian
  180. 180. Doors Doors are the principle ornamental feature, paneled door were very tall and later had a fan light. The front doors were painted in dark colors or they were grained to imitate wood. They had handsome ring handles.
  181. 181. Doors heads
  182. 182. Corbels
  183. 183. Five classical orders of pillars The five orders of pillars used mainly as a decorative detail around the door cases and porches are Tuscan, Dorick, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite.
  184. 184. Windows Casement windows we used mainly double hung windows. Mainly soft wood was used which was protected by white lead paint. This pain work was a typical Georgian took.
  185. 185. Walls Wooden paneling was seemed in 3 division Frieze, field and Dado and they derived all this from the proportions of architrave, column and base of a classical order. The walls were decorated with tapestries. Wallpapers were used.
  186. 186. Paneling Wooden paneling was done full height of the room so less expensive wood was used and they were painted with flat oil paint with very fancy effect.
  187. 187. Ceiling This period had elaborate paintings on ceilings and these painted ceiling had scenes from court of arms. There were geometric patterns taken up on to the ceilings.
  188. 188. Floor Wood floor planks were mainly used Oak, Elm, oriental carpets and English Turkey and floor carpets were fashionable floor covering. People used floor clothes in dining room. The patterns were mainly set in diagonal and a times gave illusion on the floor.
  189. 189. Staircases The staircases during this time were very simple and were more of open string.
  190. 190. Tread ends
  191. 191. Newel posts
  192. 192. Lightning Enclosed lantern were used with an oil lamp inside.
  193. 193. (1840-1910) Victorian style
  194. 194. Victorian Style Honoring Queen Victoria Of England This Style Was The First To Be Mass Produced By Machine In The Late 18th Century. The Architecture Of This Period Resembles That Of An Elaborate Wedding Cake Several Stories Tall. Architectural Details Included Two- And Three- story Buildings With Wood Shingled Roofs, Wrap-around Porches Supported With Turned Porch Posts, Carved Wood Brackets Or Corbels And Fretwork Painted In Strong, Contrasting Colors. This age was the revival of Gothic time period.
  195. 195. Wall The walls had Islamic influence in complex with wood work. Stained oak panel from Tudor and Jacobean style can be seen here. Paneled dado are generally seen with walls being covered with fabrics
  196. 196. Flooring Parquet, terrazzo flooring were used mainly in halls and foyers. These houses had plain floor boards. They were all covered with rugs and polished with bee’s wax.
  197. 197. Doors The front door were paneled and sometimes arched in Gothic Style, the were often green or wood grained.
  198. 198. windows The bay windows was an essential feature of a Victorian house. This type of window allowed good view outside visitors. They had glass panes. It was protected from damaging effect of sunlight with the help of blind boxes.
  199. 199. Door Knobs
  200. 200. ceiling The ceilings of large Victorian houses have swags, ribs, festoons. They were beautifully carved made of fibrous plasters. .
  201. 201. lighting
  202. 202. Fireplace Fire place was an essential feature of Victorian houses.
  203. 203. Staircases Dog legged staircases, open well and straight run staircases were introduced. Carpets were used with stair rods.
  204. 204. Art Deco (1920-1940)
  205. 205. Art deco style spanned the period between World Wars I and II, peaking in the late 1920s and early '30s. It emphasized form as much as function and focused on glamour and opulence. The style takes its name from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs held in Paris in 1925 as a showcase for new inspiration. Art deco style
  206. 206. flooring Patterned flooring. Linoleum flooring made an appearance in most residential homes during this time. Large, geometric rugs were also widely used.
  207. 207. lightning Glamorous lighting. The lighting during the art deco era was sleek and dramatic, with bold but simple lines.
  208. 208. doors
  209. 209. motifs The style was essentially one of applied decoration. Buildings were richly embellished with hard-edged, low-relief designs: geometric shapes, including chevrons and ziggurats; and stylized floral and sunrise patterns.
  210. 210. fan and clock
  211. 211. Mirror frames
  212. 212. ceiling
  213. 213. DESIGN PROCESS
  214. 214. After learning about space planning, anthropometrics and ergonomics I have been given a case study and provided a plan in which I have been given the main entrance lobby to design as per style given to me. Now before designing a space, first I have to do brainstorming what I am designing and for whom I am designing for that I paid attention to my client, his requirements , need and the space provided for designing and what are those activities which a person is going to perform there. In the subsequent slides I am presenting my work on design.
  215. 215. Case Study I am supposed to device this entrance lobby as per Art Deco style and I need to co- relate the vestibule with the requirements with this place. I need to device the kind of walls, paneling, finishes and the furniture for this time period.
  216. 216. Space available for designing (Area) Space available for designing Main entrance wall = 2( LxH ) = 2( 3’6” x 10’) = 70 sq. ft. or = 2133.6 sq. cm. Main entrance door = ( LxH ) = ( 4’3” x 10’) = 3.541 sq. ft. or = 107.92 sq. cm. Wall above main door = ( LxH ) = ( 4’3”x1’6”) = 6.375 sq. ft. or = 194.21 sq. cm. Main entrance wall Main entrance door Wall above main door Main entrance wall
  217. 217. Drawing room wall = ( LxH ) = ( 2’3” x 10’) = 1.875 sq. ft. or = 57.15 sq. cm. Drawing room door = ( LxH ) = (3’x 8’6’’) = 25.5 sq. ft. or = 777.24 sq. cm. Wall above drawing room door = ( LxH ) = ( 3’x1’6”) = 4.5 sq. ft. or = 617.22 sq. cm. Flooring and ceiling = 59.0625 sq. ft. Space available for designing (Area) Drawing room wall Drawing room door Wall above drawing room door
  218. 218. Space available for designing Main entrance wall+ main door + wall above main door= 2(35.0521) + 36.125 +6.3672 = 112.5964 sq. ft. Side wall + wall above door = 22.5 + 4.4844 sq. ft. Flooring = 59.0625 sq. ft. Ceiling = 59.0625 sq. ft. Space available for designing Side wall
  219. 219. Needs  Proper lightning  Flooring  Doors  Ceiling  Furniture
  220. 220. Possi ble options Needs Lightning Task Flooring Decorative Patterned General Ceiling Carpets and rugs Wooden Plain Walls Panelling Wainscoting Wallpaper Tile
  221. 221. requirements Requirements for an entrance lobby are  Flooring  Ceiling  Walls  Stand for keeping jackets, umbrella, raincoat  Space for keeping helmet, keys  Lightning  Shoe rack  Mirror  Clock  Fan
  222. 222. A knowledge about building material help us to design better houses . Presenting my learning skill in subsequent Elements of Style INTERIOR DESIGN
  223. 223. style Doing something in a particular manner is called style. In interiors, for giving a look to a space we need a style as Style enhance the look of a space . We should pay more attention on the space available, its personalities and activities at that place while selecting a style. I have studied about various styles. Some of these are shown below Gothic Baroque Rococo Neoclassical Eclectic Arts & Crafts Art Nouveau Art Deco 1600 - 1620 1620- 1700 1700- 1760 1760-1830 1830- 1880 1880- 1900 1900-1920 1920-1940
  224. 224. I was given a style Art Deco. In subsequent slides I have made collages and explained what type of ceilings, flooring, lightning, furniture etc. were used at that time period.
  225. 225. Art Deco (1920-1940)
  226. 226. Patterned flooring. Linoleum flooring made an appearance in most residential homes during this time. Large, geometric rugs were also widely used. Glamorous lighting. The lighting during the art deco era was sleek and dramatic, with bold but simple lines. The style was essentially one of applied decoration. Buildings were richly embellished with hard-edged, low-relief designs: geometric shapes, including chevrons and ziggurats; and stylized floral and sunrise patterns.
  227. 227. After considering the client’s requirement, needs and selecting a particular style Now I have to see the personality of the space and what types of activities performed there so that my design should be more impactful and have a direct effect on viewer’s mind
  228. 228. Personality of the space Like human beings every space has its own personality. The space I am supposed to design is an entrance lobby. A lobby is a room in a building which is used for entry from the outside. Sometimes referred to as a foyer or an entrance hall. The personality of an entrance lobby is moving , at the same time it is welcoming too. It creates an image of people living inside it and shows their living standard, in the mind of a person entering inside the house.
  229. 229. Activities in that space Several activities are performed in an entrance lobby like  the person going out of the house will see himself in the mirror.  Stand kept there act as an place for hanging raincoats, umbrella etc.  Key holder for keeping keys.  Shoe rack.  Clock should also be there.
  230. 230. Collage of entrance lobby
  231. 231. Before starting up the design part I have to select a Mood Board and a Color Scheme. After doing a lot of thought process I selected Welcoming mood for my space that I have to design and the color scheme that I chose is complimentary color scheme.
  232. 232. MOOD BOARD
  233. 233. Complimentary Colour Scheme welcoming C O L O U R B O A R D
  234. 234. After paying attention to the requirement of the space, style, mood and color scheme I have used in creating my design, I have selected many pictures related with them. It was a challenge for me to design the space as per art deco time and to reincarnate it in today’s time. I am presenting this in my subsequent slides.
  235. 235. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 1- Cabinet 2- Wall Colour (Raw Silk - Asian paints 0351) 3- Table 4- Chair 5- Table fan 6- Table Clock 7- pendant light 8- Flooring 9- Drawing room door 10- Main door (velvet diva – Asian paints 4223) 11- Mirror 9 10
  236. 236. Cornice Mirror Table fan Table clock Door TableChairMain entrance door Cabinet Pendant light Flooring skirting Wall colour
  237. 237. Wall colour Door Cabinet Pendant light FlooringDrawing room door skirting
  238. 238. My assignments
  239. 239. Foundation of a building
  240. 240. Foundation of a building
  241. 241. Types of roofs Butterfly Roof Lean to Roof Pitched Roof
  242. 242. Lean to Roof Lean to Roof Butterfly Roof
  243. 243. Parts of a building
  244. 244. Parts of a building
  245. 245. Parts of a door
  246. 246. Shapes The characteristics out line or surface configuration of a particular form. Shape is the principal aspect by which we identify and categorize forms. Size The physical dimensions of length, width and depth of a form. While these dimensions determine the proportions of a form, its scale is determined by its size relative to other forms in its context. Shapes Size Colour Colour A phenomenon of light and visual perception that may be described in terms of an individual’s perception of hue, saturation and tonal value. Colour is the attribute that most clearly distinguishes a form from its environment. It also affects the visual weight of a form. Shapes and forms
  247. 247. The direction of a form relative to the ground plane, the compass points, other forms, or to the person viewing the form. The location form relative to its environment or the visual feid within which it is seen. the degree of concerntration and stability of a form the visual inertia of a form depends on its geometry as well as its orientation relative to the ground plane, the pull of gravity and our line of sight. Orientation Visual Inertia Orientation Visual Inertia
  248. 248. circles
  249. 249. Base Plane- Base Plane- A horizontal plane laying as figure on a contrasting background defines a simple field of space. This field can be visually reinforced in following ways. Elevated Base Plane- A horizontal plane elevated above the ground plane .Establishes vertical surface along its edges that reinforced the visual separation between its field and surrounding ground. isometric Top view isometric isometricTop viewisometric
  250. 250. Depressed Base Plane-A horizontal plane depressed into the ground plane utilizes the vertical surface isometric Top view isometricTop view isometric
  251. 251. Top View Isometric View OBLIQUE : An oblique approach enhances the effect of perspective on the front facade and form of a building. The path can be redirected one or more time to delay and prolong the sequence of the approach. If a building is approached at an extreme angle , its entrance can project beyond its facade to be more clearly visible. Types of approaches
  252. 252. Top View Isometric View FRONTAL : A Frontal approach leads directly to the entrance of a building along a straight ,axial path . The visual goal that terminates the approach is clear ,it may be the entire front façade of a building or a elaborated entrance within the plane. Types of approaches
  253. 253. Top View Isometric View SPIRAL : A spiral path prolongs the sequence of the approach and emphasizes the three dimensional form of a building as we move around its perimeter. The building entrance might be viewed intermittently during the approach to clarify its position or it may be hidden until the point of arrival. Types of approaches
  254. 254. Door Frame Door frame is made up of two typical members known as jambs or posts and flat member connecting the jambs at top called head. The cross-sectional dimensions of the jamb and the head are normally kept same. The size of door frame is worked out after allowing a clearance of 5 mm. All-round for convenience of fixing the frame in the opening. Frames made from timber Steel are described below Location of Doors (i) From consideration of adequate air circulation within the room, the doors should be provided in opposite walls facing each other. (ii) From consideration of proper space utilization and privacy, doors should as for as possible be located near the corner of a room (say about 20 cm away from the corner). (iii) The location of the door should meet the functional requirements of the room. (iv) The numbers of doors in a room should be kept in minimum to achieve optimum utilization of space. 1.Battened Ledged Door 2 Battened Ledged And Braced Door 3.Battened Ledged Braced And Framed Door 4. Framed And Panel Door 5.Glazed or sash door Types of Door:-
  255. 255. ELEVATION Panelled Door x Fly Proof Door 900 SECTION X X Frame 60x125 Top Rail 100X 35 Panelled door Wire Mesh Lock Rail 150X 35 Bottom Rail 200X 35 Fly Proof Door- This type of door is used to check the entry of flies, mosquitoes, insects etc. into the room and to allow free circulation of air at the same time. The door consist of timber frame work of vertical stiles and horizontal rails and the opening of the panels are fitted with fine-mesh galvanized ENLARGE VIEW Frame Hinge 100 mm TH. Wooden Panel Hinge Style 100x35
  256. 256. Shape The characteristic outline or surface configuration of a particular form. Shape is the principal aspect by which we identify and categorize form. Size This is physical dimension of length, width and depth of a form. While these dimension determines the proportion of a form ,its scale id determined by its size relative to other forms in its context. Yogendra chhaparwal BSc. – ID 1sem Dezyne E’cole collage www.dezyneecole.com Shapes Size Colour A phenomenon of light and visual perception that may be described in terms of an individual’s perception of hue, saturation, and tonal value. Colour is the attribute that most clearly distinguishes a form from its environment. It also affects the visual weight of a form. Colour Interior Design Topic – Ventilation Due to Stack Effect. Date - 16. 9. 14 FRAME 60x100 TOP LEDGE 100x30 30mmTHICK BATTEN MIDDLE LEDGE 200x30 BOTTOM LEDGE 200x30 INOUT ELEVATION x x Hinge Definition:- This is the simplest form of door commonly used for narrow openings. The door consists of vertical battens or boards usually tongued and grooved and fixed together with horizontal battens known as ledges. There are three fixed in the middle of the shutter. The middle ledges is also known as lock ledges. Hold fast 60x100 FRAME 200x30 LEDGES IN SCOTCH TE HINGE 30mm TH BATTENSPLASTERBRICK WALL OUT DETAIL AT_A Plan Geeta FulwaniGarima Sharma HORIZONTAL SECTION VERTICAL SECTION Battened and Ledged Door
  257. 257. Battened, ledged, braced,& framed Door Detail Plan Frame Top Rail Thick Batten Bracing Lock Rail Bracing Bottom Rail Garima Sharma Definition:- This type of door is considered to the superior in strength, durability and appearance. The frame work of this type of door consists of two vertical members called stiles, three horizontal members known as ledges or rails, vertical battens and two inclined braces. The rails positioned near the top, middle and the bottom of the shutter are morticed and tenoned into the stiles. The battens are generally tongued and grooved and V-jointed. At their upper end, the battens are let into the top rail while at mid rail while at mid height and lower ends they go right over the middle and bottom rails. Hold fast HORIZONTAL SECTION Brick Wall Batten 20 mm Frame(125X75) Hinge Vertical SECTIONELEVATION
  258. 258. Frame 60x100 Top rail 100x35 Panel 15mm Freeze rail 100x35 Panel Lock rail 150x35 Panel Bottom rail 200x35 X X900 B A Elevation Plan EQ EQ Panelled Door:- This type of door is commonly provided in all types of buildings . This door consists of timber frame work of stiles and rails which are grooved on the inside to receive one or more panels . The door may be single, double, three, four or six paneled also . The panels can be timber, plywood, block board or hard board. Section Six panelled door GGarima sharma Panelled Door Vertical And Horiontal Section
  259. 259. Top rail Panel Stile Bottom rail One Pannel Top rail Panel Stile Lock rail Panel Bottom rail Two Pannel Top rail Mullion Stile Panel Lock rail Panel Bottom rail Three Pannel Panelled Door Elevation Garima Sharma
  260. 260. Top rail Panel Stile Bottom rail Four Pannel Top rail Panel Stile Panel Bottom rail Five Pannel Top rail Stile Freeze rail Lock rail Panel Bottom rail Six Pannel Mullion Lock rail Panel Intermediat e rails Panelled Door Elevation Garima Sharma
  261. 261. ELEVATION VERTICAL SECTION Frame 60×100mm Bottom rail 35×200 Wooden Panel Lock Rail 35X150 Wooden Bead Glass Top Rail 35×100 Hold Fast Brick Wall Frame(60×100) Style 35×100 Wooden Beading 10×20 HORIZONTAL SECTION Glass Definition:- This type of door is used in residential as well as public buildings like hospitals, schools or colleges etc. Glazed or sash doors are made in several designs. They can be glazed fully or partly. In case of partly glazed doors normally the bottom 1/3rd height of the door is panelled and remaining 2/3rd height is glazed. In case of partly glazed doors, the stiles are sometimes diminished at the lock rail to improve the elevation and to permit more area of glazing in the process. B.SC ID 1ST Year Glazed or Sash Door Garima Sharma
  262. 262. Top Rail Stile Solid core of Particle Board A Cross Band Face Veneer or Plywood Bottom Rail ELEVATION Solid core type Flush Door :- Flush doors have pleasing appearance , simple construction ,high strength and durability and cost less as compared with panelled doors. Flush door shutter consists of a solid or semisolid framed skeleton covered on both faces with either plywood or a combination of cross bands and face veneers giving perfectly flush and joint less surface . In solid core type flush doors the wooden frame used for holding the core consists of stiles, top rails and bottom rails , width of each member being not less than 5 cm. Frame Stile Face Veneer or Plywood Solid core of Particle Board Edge of hard wood or lipping Solid core type Flush DoorSolid core type Flush Door Garima Sharma

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