Directly Compresible Vehicle By Mr. Vishal Shelke
These are the diluents or fillers designed to make up the required bulk of the tablets.
These are inactive ingredients that are added to tablets in addition to the active drug.
Some very common diluents in tablets include lactose and their derivatives, starch, cellulose derivatives.
Used in the direct compression of the tablets.
Requirements For A Good DCV :
Non-toxic and acceptable to the regulatory agencies.
Must be color-compatible
Controlled particle size.
What is Direct compression ?
Direct compression (DC) is the tabletting of a blend of ingredients i.e. the compression mix, without a preliminary granulation or aggregation process.
The compression mix contains the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) blended with one or more excipients.
The excipients may include binders, fillers/diluents, disintegrant and lubricants.
Advantages of DC :
More Economic compare to wet granulation since it requires fewer unit operations.
Documentation and validation requirements are reduced.
It requires less equipment, and space, time.
lower power consumpation , and less labor leading to reduce production cost of tablets.
More suitable for moisture and heat sensitive APIs, since it eliminates wetting and drying steps.
Lower microbial contamination
Faster drug release.
Disadvantages of DC :
Segregation because of the difference in the density of the API and excipients.
The dry state of the material during mixing may induce static charge and lead to segregation. due to this problems like weight variation and content uniformity may occur.
APIs that have poor flow properties and low bulk density is difficult to process by direct compression.
DC excipients are costly because these are prepared by spray drying, fluid bed drying, roller drying or co-crystallization.
Classification of DCV:
Disintegrants And Poor Flow:
ex. Microcrystalline cellulose , Starch.
Free-flowing Materials That Do Not Disintegrate :
ex. Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate.
Free-flowing Powders That Disintegrate By Dissolution:
ex. Lactoses,Sucrose, Dextrose Sorbitol , Mannitol
Co-processed exicipients :
* Pharmaceutical dosage forms tablet Vol-II second edition lachman leon, lieberman H.A. Page.No 77-160.