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Cyber Ethics


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This is for my Electronic Portfolio, this is not mine by the way.

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Cyber Ethics

  1. 1. Commission on Information and Communications Technology Cyber EthicsCyber Ethics Source: Rommel Andong & Mel Tan iSchools Project Team HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT GROUP
  2. 2. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 2 Issues • Privacy and Personal Information • Trust • Freedom of speech • Intellectual Property • Computer crime • Computers and Work • Professional Ethics and Responsibilities
  3. 3. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 3 Computer Ethics • Category of professional ethics similar to medical, accounting, legal ethics • For computer professionals & those who select, manage or use computers in a professional setting • many people do not understand technology well... –Concerns relationships & responsibilities towards customers, clients, coworkers, users, people affected by computers, ...
  4. 4. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 4 What is Ethics ? • Study of what it means to "do the right thing" • View ethical rules as –fundamental & universal –made up to provide a framework to interact with other people • Behaving ethically is often practical • Needs courage sometimes ...
  5. 5. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 5 Some important distinctions • Right, wrong, OK, prohibited, acceptable • Distinguising Wrong and Harm • Separating Goals from Constraints • Personal Preference and Ethics • Law and Ethics
  6. 6. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 6 • To handle information in a responsible way you must understand: – The importance of ethics in the ownership and use of information. – The importance to people of personal privacy and the ways in which it can be compromised. – The value of information to an organization. – Threats to information and how to protect against them (security). Introduction
  7. 7. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 7 Ethics • Ethics - the principles and standards that guide our behavior toward other people.
  8. 8. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 8 Ethics Two Factors That Determine How You Decide Ethical Issues 1. Your basic ethical structure, which you developed as you grew up. 2. The set of practical circumstances involved in the decision that you’re trying to make — that is, all the shades of gray in what are rarely black or white decisions.
  9. 9. how much do you identify with the person or persons who will receive the benefit or suffer the harm? Ethics: Practical Considerations how much or how little benefit or harm will come from a particular decision? what is your perception of what society really thinks of your intended action? what is the probability of the harm or benefit that will occur if you take the action? what length of time will it take for the benefit or harm to take effect? how many people will be affected by your action?
  10. 10. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 10 Intellectual Property • Intellectual property - intangible creative work that is embodied in physical form. • Copyright - the legal protection afforded an expression of an idea, such as a song, video game, and some types of proprietary documents. • Fair Use Doctrine - says that you may use copyrighted material in certain situations — for example, for teaching purposes.
  11. 11. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 11 Intellectual Property • Pirated software - the unauthorized use, duplication, distribution or sale of copyrighted software. • Counterfeit software - software that is manufactured to look like the real thing and sold as such.
  12. 12. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 12 Privacy • Privacy - the right to be left alone when you want to be, to have control over your own personal possessions, and not to be observed without your consent.
  13. 13. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 13 Privacy • E-mail is completely insecure. • Each e-mail you send results in at least 3 or 4 copies being stored on different computers. • You can take measures to protect your e-mail.
  14. 14. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 14 Privacy • Cookie - a small record deposited on your hard disk by a Web site containing information about you and your Web activities. • Adware - software to generate ads that installs itself on your computer when you download some other (usually free) program from the Web. • Trojan-horse software - software you don’t want hidden inside software you do want.
  15. 15. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 15 Privacy • Spyware (also called sneakware or stealthware) - software that comes hidden in free downloadable software – tracks your online movements – mines the information stored on your computer – uses your computer’s CPU and storage • Key logger, or key trapper, software, -a program, when installed on a computer, records every keystroke and mouse click.
  16. 16. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 16 THE TEN COMMANDMENTS FOR COMPUTER ETHICS from the Computer Ethics Institute ✔ Thou shalt not use a computer to harm other people. ✔ Thou shalt not interfere with other people's computer work. ✔ Thou shalt not snoop around in other people's files. ✔ Thou shalt not use a computer to steal. ✔ Thou shalt not use a computer to bear false witness. ✔ Thou shalt not use or copy software for which you have not paid. ✔ Thou shalt not use other people's computer resources without authorization. ✔ Thou shalt not appropriate other people's intellectual output. ✔ Thou shalt think about the social consequences of the program you write. ✔ Thou shalt use a computer in ways that show consideration and respect.
  17. 17. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 17 NETIQUETTE 1. be responsible enough not to waste other people’s time or bandwidth by posting unnecessarily long messages or unimportant messages and sending large attachments – Keep your messages to the point - you may opt to use common abbreviations – Limit the size of attachments to 100 kb. From Computing for Life - Book A by Tan, 2nd edition. FNB Publications, 2005.
  18. 18. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 18 NETIQUETTE 2. Promote civility. Be pleasant and polite. Although the Internet advocates freedom of speech, it does not give anyone the right to write anything he wants without minding how it will affect others. – Avoid using CAPS LOCK. – Minimize the use of exclamation points. – Use smileys or emoticons when appropriate – Do not use offensive language.
  19. 19. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 19 Sample Emoticons :-) Happy face ;-) Kidding or teasing :-D Laughing hard :-I Indifferent. Either way is O.K. |-O Yawning |-I Asleep :-/ Not quite sure about something :-( Frowning >:-( Angry :-@ Screaming :-C Disappointed :'-( Crying :-O Surprise or amazement :-X Your secret is safe with me }:-) A devil O:-) An angel ^5 High 5
  20. 20. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 20 Sample Acronyms • AFAIK As Far As I Know • AFK Away From Keyboard • ASAP As Soon As Possible • B4N Bye For Now • BBL Be Back Later • BRB Be Right Back • BBS Be Back Soon • CYA See You (Seeya) • CU See You • DLTBBB Don't Let The Bed Bugs Bite • CYAL8R See You Later (Seeyalata) • FC Fingers Crossed • F2F Face To Face • G Grin • FTBOMH From The Bottom Of My Heart • GL Good Luck • FWIW For What It's Worth • H&K Hug and Kiss • GFN Gone For Now • HAGU Have A Good 'Un • GMTA Great Minds Think Alike • HIG How's It Going • HAGN Have A Good Night • IC I See • HAND Have A Nice Day • IMNSHO In My Not So Humble Opinion • HT Hi There
  21. 21. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 21 Sample Acronyms • IMCO In My Considered Opinion • ILY I Love You • IMS I'm Sorry • IMHO In My Humble Opinion • JK Just Kidding • IMO In My Opinion • IRL In Real Life • IOW In Other Words • JTLYK Just To Let You Know • J4G Just For Grins • KIT Keep In Touch • JMO Just My Opinion KWIM Know What I Mean • KISS Keep It Simple, Stupid • L8R Later • KOTC Kiss On The Cheek • LHO Laughing Head Off • L8R G8R Later 'Gator • LOL Laugh Out Loud • LMSO Laughing My Socks Off • LY4E Love You Forever • LSHMBH Laughing So Hard My Belly Hurts • ROTFL Rolls On The Floor Laughing • LY Love Ya • STO Sticking Out Tongue • OIC Oh, I See • OTOH On The Other Hand
  22. 22. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 22 NETIQUETTE 3. Use descriptive subject lines for your messages as a courtesy to your reader - to help people organize and prioritize their messages. 4. Let the recipient know who is sending the message. – From: or end your messages with your name – Signature
  23. 23. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 23 NETIQUETTE 5. When forwarding messages: – Check the reliability of the source of a forwarded message and the accuracy of the message or story before passing it on. • Do not unnecessarily alarm people, waste their precious time, and clog the network. – Clean up your messages before you forward them. • Take out unnecessary header information and forwarding symbols (usually the > sign). • Retain only those that are important to your recipient. – Choose the recipients of your forwarded message.
  24. 24. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 24 NETIQUETTE 6. When replying to a mass email, avoid hitting Reply to All. 7. When sending mass email, it would be better to use BCCs (Blind Carbon Copies) – respect your recipients’ privacy • NOTE: Be careful when corresponding to strangers on a network. – Do not give out sensitive or personal information to people you do not personally know. – Be wary of people who give out or lie about their own information to gain your trust.
  25. 25. Commission on Information and Communications Technology CASESCASES discussion points
  26. 26. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 26 Case 1 You are a unit supervisor. A member of your unit is out sick and another member requests a copy of all files from the sick employee's computer to his so that he can do some work.
  27. 27. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 27 Case 2 My brother and I saw this really cool game being played in the network gaming shop. We would really like to get a copy but it costs a lot of money. My classmate told me that that there is a website where I can copy it for free. That way, I can enjoy the game without having to shell out any money! adapted from From Computing for Life - Book A by Tan, 2nd edition. FNB Publications, 2005.
  28. 28. iSchools - CILC for Teachers 28 Case 3 When I went over to James’ workstation to copy a file, I found that he left his Instant Messenger open. A mutual friend, who is on the other end, just sent a message. Since nobody is looking, I sat down, typed a response, and sent it pretending to be James. adapted from From Computing for Life - Book A by Tan, 2nd edition. FNB Publications, 2005.
  29. 29. Commission on Information and Communications Technology Thank you