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TROPICAL
ARCHITECTURE
1. Introduction
2. Design Strategies
i. Sun Shading Devices
ii. Building Orientation
iii. Ventilation
iv. Choice of Materi...
a climate responsive
architecture where the
buildings are specifically
designed to achieve thermal
comfort at the tropical...
High humidity and temperature
High annual precipitation
High solar radiation
Solar Control
Air Circulation
Thermal Effects of Material
Sun shading devices
Building orientation
Maximum ventilation
Choice of material
* reduce amount of radiation *
by reflection and absorption
* improve distribution of light *
• retractable
shutters, roller blinds, louvers
• fixed redistribution device
overhangs, reveals, fins, light shelves
• fixed reduced transmission
devices
perforated sheets, tinted, reflective, fritted glass, brise
soleil, trees
• minimize solar gain,
maximize natural ventilation
• avoid facing east & west
maximum sun exposure
• main windows & longe...
• to better indoor air quality &
achieve thermal comfort
• natural & mechanical
• two principles:
–Cross ventilation
–Stac...
• elongated floor plan
• minimum internal partition
• elevate house on stilts
to optimize natural ventilation
• high ceilings (to diffuse interior heat)
• high level window/clerestory
• vents in the roof
to optimize natural ventilat...
• windows on opposite side
• maximize window openings (size and
distribution)
• some shading methods: louvers, trees
to op...
Design Strategies in a Traditional Malay House
• thermal mass of
material
– lightweight material:
timber, wood, galvanised
iron
• durability
– concrete, brick
• good ins...
The End
Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such...
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Tropical architecture, AADI

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Tropical architecture, AADI

  1. 1. TROPICAL ARCHITECTURE
  2. 2. 1. Introduction 2. Design Strategies i. Sun Shading Devices ii. Building Orientation iii. Ventilation iv. Choice of Material
  3. 3. a climate responsive architecture where the buildings are specifically designed to achieve thermal comfort at the tropical region.
  4. 4. High humidity and temperature High annual precipitation High solar radiation
  5. 5. Solar Control Air Circulation Thermal Effects of Material
  6. 6. Sun shading devices Building orientation Maximum ventilation Choice of material
  7. 7. * reduce amount of radiation * by reflection and absorption * improve distribution of light *
  8. 8. • retractable shutters, roller blinds, louvers
  9. 9. • fixed redistribution device overhangs, reveals, fins, light shelves
  10. 10. • fixed reduced transmission devices perforated sheets, tinted, reflective, fritted glass, brise soleil, trees
  11. 11. • minimize solar gain, maximize natural ventilation • avoid facing east & west maximum sun exposure • main windows & longer sides face north or south to catch prevailing breeze
  12. 12. • to better indoor air quality & achieve thermal comfort • natural & mechanical • two principles: –Cross ventilation –Stack ventilation
  13. 13. • elongated floor plan • minimum internal partition • elevate house on stilts to optimize natural ventilation
  14. 14. • high ceilings (to diffuse interior heat) • high level window/clerestory • vents in the roof to optimize natural ventilation
  15. 15. • windows on opposite side • maximize window openings (size and distribution) • some shading methods: louvers, trees to optimize natural ventilation
  16. 16. Design Strategies in a Traditional Malay House
  17. 17. • thermal mass of material – lightweight material: timber, wood, galvanised iron • durability – concrete, brick • good insulator of heat – thatch, terra cotta, build double walls, etc
  18. 18. The End Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing for non-profit, educational or personal use. In the case of inaccurate information, A.Alliance Design International is not responsible for any misrepresentation.

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