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Southern colonies chapter 4.3


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Southern Colonies
Chapter 4 Section 3

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Southern colonies chapter 4.3

  1. 1. Chapter 4 Section 3 Mrs. Barnette 2012
  2. 2. Mason-Dixon Line Boundary line between PA and MD Separated Middle and Southern Colonies Named after two surveyors who marked the 400 mile boundary
  3. 3. Maryland  Founded by Lord Baltimore, the son of Sir George Calvert, a Roman Catholic who lived in Protestant England.
  4. 4.  Charter granted in 1632 Settled in 1634 Baltimore gave large land grants to people with many servants and family members
  5. 5. Maryland Chesapeake Bay area good for fish, crabs, oysters Had a government assembly Allowed Protestants, as well as Catholics
  6. 6.  ACT OF TOLERATION-1649 allowed freedom of religion only for all Christians
  7. 7. Virginia Began with Jamestown 1607 Tobacco was major crop Westward movement was causing problems with Natives along the frontier Colonists asked for help, but got none Bacon’s Rebellion followed
  8. 8. BACON’S REBELLION- 1676 Nathaniel Bacon, a planter, led raids against Indians, regardless of whether they were friendly or not led followers to burn Jamestown, the capital Bacon died; rebellion fell apart 23 of his followers hanged English settlers would continue to move onto frontier ure/bacons-rebellion.htm
  9. 9. Carolinasnobles 1663- 8 English received a grant from King Charles I  1712 North Carolina formed- mostly poor farmers drifting down from VA  1719 South Carolina formed- mostly wealthy planters  Charlestown(Charleston) became major city- Settlers from Barbados; later were Germans, Swiss. French Protestants, and Spanish Jews  Rice and Indigo major crops  Enslaved Indians, then Africans  African slaves outnumbered white settlers by early 1700’s
  10. 10. Georgia James Oglethorpe founded in 1732 as a place where debtors could start over.  Started with smaller farms and no slavery  After plantations and slavery allowed, colony grew quickly.
  11. 11. Tidewater v. Backcountry Life Tidewater Large plantations developed along the coast and the rivers and creeks of the coastal plain. Major crops were tobacco and rice. Slave labor was used (20-100 on average). Africans brought farming skills and the ability to make things out of gourds and palmetto leaves. Shipping ports developed into large cities like Charleston and Savannah.
  12. 12. Backcountry This was west of the Tidewater area. The Great Wagon Road took settlers to the base of the Appalachians. People treated each other equally There were small farms, not plantations. They were self-sufficient farms, with very few slaves, growing food crops and hunting,. Life was harder, simpler, and more closely knit.