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Environmental Impacts of Industries

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Overview of environmental impacts of industries around the world. It also discusses the environmental impact of Rice industries.

Published in: Environment
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Environmental Impacts of Industries

  1. 1. Environmental Impact of Industries Contents Introduction..................................................................................................................................... 3 Environmental Impact of Industries................................................................................................ 3 Depletion of Natural Resources .................................................................................................. 3 Air Pollution................................................................................................................................ 4 Air Emissions.............................................................................................................................. 4 Mercury Emissions.................................................................................................................. 4 Greenhouse Gas Emissions ..................................................................................................... 5 Soil Contamination.................................................................................................................. 5 Water Pollution ........................................................................................................................... 5 Global Warming.......................................................................................................................... 6 Climatic Changes ........................................................................................................................ 6 Degradation of Land Quality....................................................................................................... 6 Generation of Hazardous Waste.................................................................................................. 6 Deforestation............................................................................................................................... 7 Loss of Biodiversity .................................................................................................................... 7 Generation of Methane Gas......................................................................................................... 7 Radiation Exposure ..................................................................................................................... 8 Noise Annoyance ........................................................................................................................ 8 Environmental Impact of Rice Industries ....................................................................................... 8 Agrochemical Pollution............................................................................................................... 8 Loss of Biodiversity .................................................................................................................... 8 Degradation of Land Quality....................................................................................................... 9 Water Pollution ........................................................................................................................... 9 Air Emissions.............................................................................................................................. 9 Noise Annoyance ........................................................................................................................ 9 Generation of Hazardous Waste................................................................................................ 10 Byproducts of Rice and Affects.................................................................................................... 10 Broken Rice............................................................................................................................... 10
  2. 2. Environmental Impact of Industries Rice Hulls.................................................................................................................................. 10 Rice Flour.................................................................................................................................. 11 Rice Starch ................................................................................................................................ 11 Rice Bran Oil............................................................................................................................. 11 Ash from Hulls.......................................................................................................................... 11 Broken Rice............................................................................................................................... 11 Brewers Rice ............................................................................................................................. 12 Rice Bran................................................................................................................................... 12 Conclusion .................................................................................................................................... 12
  3. 3. Environmental Impact of Industries Introduction Agricultural and aquaculture practices present the greatest immediate threat to species and ecosystems around the world. Industries have a severe impact on the environment along with that rice industries also play a vital role in affecting the environment conditions. Globally Pollution, Deforestation and Global Warming are the main factors due to which the environment is affected. The United States Environment Protection Agency and the European Environment Agency are making different policies for the betterment and sustainable future of the upcoming life. The main thing to remember that as technology is advancing it is contributing negatively towards the atmosphere and the environment. The Effective Advancement which has been made can be continued for long time due to technology which is artificially contributing towards the environment. No Doubt advancement in technology has increased productivity of individuals which has helped to gain benefit. Economically industries have made positive effects but on the other hand due to industrialization pollution the life cycle of living beings is affected negatively. Environmental Impact of Industries Depletion of Natural Resources Natural Resources when consumed faster than its restoration is called as Depletion of Natural Resources. In simple words when the natural resources are used on a wider scale without seeing its replacement it may cause shortage. Natural Resources are commonly divided into two types, renewable resources and non-renewable resources. The mass production by the industries led to depletion leaving the environment permanently damaged.
  4. 4. Environmental Impact of Industries Air Pollution Solid Particles and different gases create a mixture which leads to Air Pollution. The mixture is mostly created due to emissions from different factories. The Emission leads to the introduction of harmful materials into the earth’s atmosphere which causes different diseases or damages the natural environment. The United States Environment Protection Agency and the European Environment Agency plays a vital role in the protection of the environment mainly due to the emissions of gases. Air Emissions Emission means Gases or particles which are put into air. These gases or particles are emitted by various sources and these sources change every year. The changes in the emissions are caused by many reasons but the main reason is the Industrial Activity. The Gases which are emitted to pollute the air are Carbon Monoxide (CO), Lead (Pb), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Ozone (O3), Particular Matter (PM), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) and many other dangerous gases that called as air toxics. The United States Environment Protection Agency (EPA) is mainly responsible for the protection against gas emissions. Mercury Emissions A Naturally occurring element that is found in the air, soil and water is called as mercury. The emission of mercury is a global problem that travels thousands of miles in the atmosphere before its deposit back to the Earth in the form of Rainfall. Mercury is emitted naturally but along with that industries also contribute towards the emission. Industry’s contribution towards the mercury emission is called as Anthropogenic Emission and it is released due to fuels, raw materials and many other products used by
  5. 5. Environmental Impact of Industries the industries. Mercury Emissions mainly leads to water pollution which affects the birds and mammals that are more exposed towards eating of the Fish. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Greenhouse gases are those gases which trap heat in the atmosphere. These gases absorbs heat and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range. Greenhouse gases have contributed a 40% increase in the atmospheric concentration. The Greenhouse Gases include Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrous Oxide (N2O) and Fluorinated Gases. The Largest source of Greenhouse Gas Emission is burning of fossil fuels for electricity and Emission of Greenhouse gas leads to the warming of climate leaving negative impacts on the environment. Soil Contamination Human Made Chemicals or any other alteration in the natural soil environment causes soil contamination or it can be even called as soil pollution. The main causes of soil contamination are the industrial activities and the inappropriate discarding of wastages. Soil Contamination leads to health risks due to the direct contact with polluted soil. Soil contamination includes different chemicals such as petroleum hydrocarbons, solvents, pesticides and lead. Water Pollution Chemicals when directly or indirectly liquidated into water bodies without sufficient treatment leads to environmental degradation, this type of degradation is called as Water Pollution. Water population damages the population, individual species along with that it also damages the
  6. 6. Environmental Impact of Industries Ecosystems. It is mainly caused due to the industrial wastages, most of the organization now a days dispose of their wastages in the water bodies. Global Warming Ongoing increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere is referred as Global Warming. It is believed that global warming has permanently changed the Earth’s climate. The average temperature has increased mostly due to emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) gas and other greenhouse gases. Global warming in general has increased the occurrence and severity of storms across the Earth. Climatic Changes Changes in the average weather conditions are called as climatic changes. The climatic changes are mainly caused by the solar radiation, volcanic eruptions and certain human activities are also responsible for it. Globally climatic changes have led to different effects on the environment which may include loss of sea ice, accelerated sea level rise and more intense heat waves. Degradation of Land Quality A Process in which the environment is affected by a combination of human made processes. Degradation of land is even referred as to environmental degradation which means the reduction of the quality and quantity of human activities. Land Degradation is mainly caused due to the weather activities and the industries that pollute or degrade the quality of soils. Generation of Hazardous Waste Any waste that is harmful to health or environment is called as Hazardous waste. Hazardous wastages may include liquids, solids and gases. The Hazardous wastages potentially affect the
  7. 7. Environmental Impact of Industries human health and also the environment. The solid wastage of the industries contributes majorly towards the generation of hazardous wastages. Deforestation Deforestation means the demolition of forests permanently to make the land available for the usage purpose. It plays a vital role in the climatic changes, it leads to emission of greenhouse gases such as Carbon Dioxide (CO2) which are harmful for the living beings. Deforestation also contributes towards Global Warming due to emission of different gases. Loss of Biodiversity Various types of life or organisms found on earth that are present within an area, biome or planet is called as Biodiversity. As compared to the older era the loss of biodiversity has increased rapidly due to the many factors, the factors may include degradation, climatic changes and different form of pollutions. According to the recent research conducted that there will be a huge loss in the species which are found. Generation of Methane Gas Methane Gas is another gas which is included in the Greenhouse gas, this gas is emitted by the human activities. Methane Gas is emitted naturally along with that it is also generated by the industrial activities such as leakage from natural gas systems. Methane Gas is more effective than the Carbon Dioxide gas and contribute more towards the radiation. Methane Gas if leaked it may absorb the sun heat which may lead towards the warming of atmosphere.
  8. 8. Environmental Impact of Industries Radiation Exposure Energy that travels in the form of rays and particles occurring naturally due to the sunlight is called as radiation. Radiation energy is emitted both inside the body and externally. The Radiation energy causes different health problems, the main problems which may be caused to the human being is cancer, skin burns and reduction in organic function. Noise Annoyance Noise annoyance is the disturbing or excessive noise that may harm the balance of the human or animal life. As the industry has revolutionized the noise annoyance or the noise pollution has increased and it has left a negative impact on the environment. Noise Annoyance has led to many health problems such as increased heart rate, increased blood pressure and hypertension. Environmental Impact of Rice Industries Agrochemical Pollution A chemical such as a pesticide or a fertilizer which is used in agriculture is called as agrochemical. These chemicals lead towards pollution called as agrochemical pollution. Agrochemical are the main reasons in affecting the land and water. The wastage of these chemicals are washed out due to rain and the water on the surface moves towards the nearby water sources. Loss of Biodiversity Various types of life or organisms found on earth that are present within an area, biome or planet is called as Biodiversity. As compared to the older era the loss of biodiversity has increased
  9. 9. Environmental Impact of Industries rapidly due to the many factors, the factors may include degradation, climatic changes and different form of pollutions. According to the recent research conducted that there will be a huge loss in the species which are found due to the pesticides and fertilizers that are used on a large scale for the production of rice and its byproducts. Degradation of Land Quality A Process in which environment is affected by a combination of human made processes. Degradation of land is even referred as to environmental degradation which means the reduction of the quality and quantity of human activities. Land Degradation is mainly caused due to the weather activities and the industries that pollute or degrade the quality of soils. Water Pollution Rice production generally requires large amount of water for soaking. The water if not used properly may lead to water pollution and odour to residents. Water pollution is mainly caused due to high level of organic material which is present in the surface due to the usage of pesticides. Air Emissions Rice mills contribute towards the negative impacts on the environment. Air pollution mainly in rice industries is occurred due to the release of the dust which is released from the processing of byproducts. The dust levels may endanger rice mill workers and employee’s health and safety. Noise Annoyance Rice mills also contribute towards the noise annoyance due to advanced machinery which are used now a days. High internal and external noise levels generate health hazards to employees. High noise may also endanger rice mill workers and employee’s health and safety.
  10. 10. Environmental Impact of Industries Generation of Hazardous Waste Rice mills generate hazardous waste which is also known as solid wastage. This wastage is generated due to cleaning processes which are adopted by the rice mills contributing towards pollution. Solid wastage when spilled or mixed up with the soil may even cause degradation of land. Byproducts of Rice and Affects Broken Rice Broken rice is another by-product of rice milling industry. From the nutritional point of view, broken rice is as good as whole rice itself. Broken rice has low economic value as compared to whole rice. Generally, broken rice is of poor quality due to admixture with grit, stones and clay particles. Therefore, broken rice is used either as a part of animal feed or partially in the diet of poor people. If the quality of broken rice is improved by cleaning the paddy properly before milling, it can be utilized and marketed straightway for preparation of Idli, Dosa and other such preparation in which rice flour or wet-ground rice paste is needed. Rice Hulls Rice husk constitutes the largest by-product of rice milling and one fifth of the paddy by weight consists of rice husk. Rice husk has a considerable fuel value for a variety of possible industrial uses. Hence, the major use of husk at the moment is as boiler fuel, wherever parboiling is practiced. Rice husk is tough because of its silica-cellulose content. The silica content in husk is the highest among plant offal. It contains 15 to 18 percent silica, therefore, it is a potent source of silica for the manufacture of silicates or in glass manufacture. Also pulverized husk is available wherever paddy is parboiled and it is mixed with other mill fractions as cattle feed. Pulverized
  11. 11. Environmental Impact of Industries husk has a low feed value and it has a low protein content. It contains more than 30% crude fiber. If nitrogen content in pulverized husk is increased by blending with other nitrogen rich feeds and fiber content is brought down to around 10 per cent, pulverized husk can be used as cattle feed on large scale. Rice Flour Rice Flour produced from either white or brown rice. Its gluten free so it is non-allergenic. It is used to produce rice pasta, chips, cereals and snacks. Rice Starch Rice Starch produced from the endosperm of the grain, used as a thickener in sauces and desserts. Also used in rice syrup industry. It was present in the endosperm of cereals, what makes them 90-93% of the dry weight ground. Rice Bran Oil Rice Bran Oil is taken from the outer layer at the core of brown rice. It has high quality, delicate cooking oil tasting. Studies have shown to be effective in reducing blood cholesterol levels. Ash from Hulls It can be used for cleaning discolored teeth and turned into cellulose products, such as rice and fuel rayon. Rice Syrup a natural sweetener, less intense than traditional sugar syrups and honey. It is produced by a hydrolysis process. Broken Rice Pieces of rice grains (which are less than ¾ of a full core) are used in the manufacture of various products including rice flour and pet food.
  12. 12. Environmental Impact of Industries Brewers Rice An ingredient used in brewing, especially appreciated by some brewers, which is the raw ingredient. Brewers rice is also used for the processing of other fermentation products. Rice Bran Rice Bran is produced from the outer layer of grain brown rice. It is used in cereals, and concentrated vitamin mixtures because of their high levels of vitamin B6, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, niacin and thiamine .Also rich in fiber. Conclusion No doubt the use of technology has made our life much and easier and fast as compared to the previous era, the process time which use to take months has been reduced to weeks similarly weeks to days and days to hours. The Productivity of crops has increased rapidly over time and the farmers can earn more but on the other hand it has its harmful effects on the living beings health of the farmers are at a high danger number of new and incurable diseases has taken place. Health of final consumer has been affected due to high use of fertilizers which are degrading the soil in long run and soil erosion is occurring. The Science is now also proving that the old methods were more environmentally free and were healthier and even the lifespan was more which are reduced down due to the environmental changes.
  13. 13. Environmental Impact of Industries

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