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Intro to Critical Thinking

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Critical Thinking

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Intro to Critical Thinking

  1. 1. Critical Thinking
  2. 2. Objective • I can apply critical thinking skills to psychological research.
  3. 3. Critical Thinking • In IB writing assessments, you will be required to use psychological research studies as evidence to support a claim and to critically examine that evidence. • Critical Thinking: You can apply and evaluate the knowledge appropriately and use it in the analysis of psychological phenomena.
  4. 4. Types of Critical Thinking • Evaluation of Method • Connections to Major Debates • Application to Society • Connections to other studies and explanations in psychology (Biological, Cognitive, Sociocultural)
  5. 5. Evaluation of Method • Explain the strengths and limitations of the way that the study was conducted. • Ethics: Was the study ethical? • Reliable: Will the test lead to the same results every time? • Validity: Does the experiment test what it is meant to test? • Ecological Validity: Does the experiment show how people will act in the real world?
  6. 6. Connections to Major Debates • How does this evidence help answer major questions in psychology? • Nature vs. Nurture • Reductionism vs. Holism • Free-Will vs. Determinism
  7. 7. Application to Society • How can this research be applied to the real world? • How can it help us better understand the behaviors of humans? • Can this information be used to help individuals/society?
  8. 8. Connections to other Studies and Levels of Analysis • What studies have we examined that study similar aspects? • Do the studies defend or negate these results? • How would a psychologist from a different Level of Analysis explain these results? Do these explanations defend or negate the results?

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