Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Conceptual Framework
Achyut Raj Pandey
Research Officer
Nepal Health Research Council
What is a conceptual framework?
A written or visual presentation that:
-explains either graphically, or in narrative
form,...
Conceptual framework represents way of
thinking about a problem or a study or way of
representing how complex things are.
...
The conceptual framework “sets the stage” for
the presentation of the particular research
question that drives the investi...
The conceptualization part of the
research process might well be called
the thinking part of the research while the
factua...
Conceptual framework should cover
• Establishment of the tentative relationships
between the dependent and independent
var...
Conceptual framework should cover
• What are the assumptions? What are the
relationships?
• Identification of possible ans...
Where does the conceptual framework fit in -
Research?
• Research problem:
• Aims and objectives:
• Literature review:
• C...
Purpose
• Identify relevant variables
• Define variables
• Have an idea of analysis
5 purposes
Prof. Roger Vaughan, 2008
• The ability to move beyond description to
explanation of why and how
• A means of s...
Concepts and theories
A theory is used in the broad sense to refer to
an abstraction which summarizes and
explains phenome...
Conceptual framework and Theoretical
Framework
Conceptual
Framework
Theoretical Framework
Genesis Created from a variety o...
How to draw a conceptual framework?
• If you drew a picture of your statistical model,
this would be a conceptual framewor...
Steps in developing conceptual framework
1. Identifying the relevant concepts.
2. Defining those concepts.
3. Operationali...
How does it look?
It can take the form of Equation or a diagram or
may simply description of how the variables are
related...
Conceptual framework as an equation
Diarrhea= ß1(Age)+ ß2(Sex)+ß3(Toilet)+ ß4(Water)
Conceptual framework as Overlapping
domains
Conceptual framework as Overlapping
domains
Hair fall
Conceptual framework as sequential
diagram
Figure 1. Conceptual framework on the relationship between malnutrition, infections and poverty.
Rytter MJH, Kolte L, Brie...
Conceptual framework as ecological model
• Dahlberg LL, Krug EG. Violence-a global public
health problem. In: Krug E, Dahl...
Example: Conceptual framework as
ecological model
Violence
against
women
Development of conceptual framework is an
iterative process, develop once and keep
revising as you move on
Thank You
Conceptual framework
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Conceptual framework

38,454 views

Published on

Provides overview of conceptual framework

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Login to see the comments

Conceptual framework

  1. 1. Conceptual Framework Achyut Raj Pandey Research Officer Nepal Health Research Council
  2. 2. What is a conceptual framework? A written or visual presentation that: -explains either graphically, or in narrative form, the main things to be studied – the key factors, concepts or variables -and the presumed relationship among them.
  3. 3. Conceptual framework represents way of thinking about a problem or a study or way of representing how complex things are. Bordage, 2009 • Its like lighthouse
  4. 4. The conceptual framework “sets the stage” for the presentation of the particular research question that drives the investigation being reported based on the problem statement. McGaghie et al. (2001)
  5. 5. The conceptualization part of the research process might well be called the thinking part of the research while the factual part of the research process is more related to the doing aspect.
  6. 6. Conceptual framework should cover • Establishment of the tentative relationships between the dependent and independent variables included in the study. • Visualizing conceptual causal threads to form a representation of inter-relatedness among the identified issues or variables.
  7. 7. Conceptual framework should cover • What are the assumptions? What are the relationships? • Identification of possible answers to the research questions? How are the possible answers to the question explained and defended?
  8. 8. Where does the conceptual framework fit in - Research? • Research problem: • Aims and objectives: • Literature review: • Conceptual framework: • Research questions: • Data collection and analysis: • Interpretation of the results: • Evaluation of the research: The issue of theoretical or practical interest. What we want to know and how the answer may be built up. A critical and evaluative review of the thoughts and experiences of others. Provides the structure/content for the whole study based on literature and personal experience Specific questions that require answers. Methodology, methods and analysis. Making sense of the results. Revisit conceptual framework.
  9. 9. Purpose • Identify relevant variables • Define variables • Have an idea of analysis
  10. 10. 5 purposes Prof. Roger Vaughan, 2008 • The ability to move beyond description to explanation of why and how • A means of setting out an explanation set that might be used to define and make sense of the data flow • Filtering tool for selecting appropriate research question and related data collection methods • A reference point /structure for discussion of literature , methodology and results • Identifying boundaries of work
  11. 11. Concepts and theories A theory is used in the broad sense to refer to an abstraction which summarizes and explains phenomena. Concepts are mental images or ideas relating to phenomena or objects that share common properties.
  12. 12. Conceptual framework and Theoretical Framework Conceptual Framework Theoretical Framework Genesis Created from a variety of conceptual and theoretical perspectives Adapted from existing theory Conceptual Meaning Synthesis of relevant concepts Application of a theory as a whole or in part Underlining process Inductive Deductive
  13. 13. How to draw a conceptual framework? • If you drew a picture of your statistical model, this would be a conceptual framework because it visualizes the variables and how they are related. • Generally Framework may include one outcome and multiple hypothesized associated factors
  14. 14. Steps in developing conceptual framework 1. Identifying the relevant concepts. 2. Defining those concepts. 3. Operationalising the concepts. 4. Identifying any moderating or intervening variables. 5. Identifying the relationship between variables.
  15. 15. How does it look? It can take the form of Equation or a diagram or may simply description of how the variables are related. Diagram may take the form of • Overlapping domains framework • Sequential framework • Ecological framework
  16. 16. Conceptual framework as an equation Diarrhea= ß1(Age)+ ß2(Sex)+ß3(Toilet)+ ß4(Water)
  17. 17. Conceptual framework as Overlapping domains
  18. 18. Conceptual framework as Overlapping domains Hair fall
  19. 19. Conceptual framework as sequential diagram
  20. 20. Figure 1. Conceptual framework on the relationship between malnutrition, infections and poverty. Rytter MJH, Kolte L, Briend A, Friis H, Christensen VB (2014) The Immune System in Children with Malnutrition—A Systematic Review. PLoS ONE 9(8): e105017. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105017 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0105017
  21. 21. Conceptual framework as ecological model • Dahlberg LL, Krug EG. Violence-a global public health problem. In: Krug E, Dahlberg LL, Mercy JA, Zwi AB, Lozano R, eds. World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2002:1–56 Ref: Dahlberg LL, Krug EG. Violence-a global public health problem. In: Krug E, Dahlberg LL, Mercy JA, Zwi AB, Lozano R, eds. World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2002:1–56
  22. 22. Example: Conceptual framework as ecological model Violence against women
  23. 23. Development of conceptual framework is an iterative process, develop once and keep revising as you move on
  24. 24. Thank You

×