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What is Truth? - By John Oakes

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What is Truth?
Comparison of major philosophies which proclaim truth
Video of this presentation is available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s8l8zFnpNC4

Published in: Spiritual, Technology
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What is Truth? - By John Oakes

  1. 1. Ethical Answers in an Unethical World What is Truth? John Oakes, PhD Edinbugh June 13, 2014 Christian and Other World Views
  2. 2. Jesus Christ: “I came to testify to the truth.” Pontius Pilate: “What is truth?”
  3. 3. The Problem as I See ItThe Problem as I See It  The Secularization of CultureThe Secularization of Culture  The Loss of MoralityThe Loss of Morality  The Loss of GodThe Loss of God  The Loss of the Intellectual High Ground atThe Loss of the Intellectual High Ground at the University to Non-Believers.the University to Non-Believers.
  4. 4. The Culprits: The Leading Philosophies of OurThe Culprits: The Leading Philosophies of Our DayDay  Naturalism/Scientism/MaterialismNaturalism/Scientism/Materialism  Postmodernism: The Loss of TruthPostmodernism: The Loss of Truth Delos B. McKown: “Christianity is scientifically unsupported and probably insupportable, philosophically suspect at best and disreputable at worst, and historically fraudulent.”
  5. 5. World ViewWorld View  The perspective one uses to process andThe perspective one uses to process and interpret information received about theinterpret information received about the world.world.  James W. Sire “A world view is a set ofJames W. Sire “A world view is a set of presuppositions (ie. assumptions) whichpresuppositions (ie. assumptions) which we hold about the basic makeup of ourwe hold about the basic makeup of our world.”world.” James W. Sire,James W. Sire, TheUniverse Next DoorTheUniverse Next Door
  6. 6. What Makes for a “Good” World ViewWhat Makes for a “Good” World View 1.1. It is “true”It is “true” 2. It successfully answers the important2. It successfully answers the important questions humans askquestions humans ask 3. Those who ascribe to it are better human3. Those who ascribe to it are better human beings for having taken this as their worldbeings for having taken this as their world view.view.
  7. 7. Questions That Need an AnswerQuestions That Need an Answer 1. What am I?1. What am I? 2. What happens to a person at death?2. What happens to a person at death? 3. What is my purpose (if any)?3. What is my purpose (if any)? 4. What is my value?4. What is my value? 5. How do we know what is right and wrong?5. How do we know what is right and wrong? 6. What is the nature of my relationship, with6. What is the nature of my relationship, with the “prime reality?”the “prime reality?”
  8. 8. Naturalism/Scientism/MaterialismNaturalism/Scientism/Materialism  The belief that the only reliable or validThe belief that the only reliable or valid instrument to deciding the truth or eveninstrument to deciding the truth or even the value of any proposition is thethe value of any proposition is the scientific method.scientific method.  No basis for ethics or morality, noNo basis for ethics or morality, no supernatural, no God, no truth (exceptsupernatural, no God, no truth (except that found by science), no consciousness,that found by science), no consciousness, no “I.” Justice is a figment of ourno “I.” Justice is a figment of our imagination.imagination.
  9. 9. MaterialismMaterialism  ““We exist as material beings in a material world, allWe exist as material beings in a material world, all of whose phenomena are the consequences ofof whose phenomena are the consequences of material relations among material entities." In a word,material relations among material entities." In a word, the public needs to accept materialism, which meansthe public needs to accept materialism, which means that they must put God in the trash can of historythat they must put God in the trash can of history where such myths belong.”where such myths belong.” Richard LewontinRichard Lewontin Retrospective essay on Carl Sagan in the January 9, 1997Retrospective essay on Carl Sagan in the January 9, 1997 New York Review of BooksNew York Review of Books,,
  10. 10. Richard DawkinsRichard Dawkins  In the universe of blind physical forces andIn the universe of blind physical forces and genetic replication, some people are going togenetic replication, some people are going to get hurt and other people are going to getget hurt and other people are going to get lucky: and you won’t find any rhyme or reasonlucky: and you won’t find any rhyme or reason to it, nor any justice. The universe weto it, nor any justice. The universe we observe has precisely the properties we shouldobserve has precisely the properties we should expect if there is at the bottom, no design, noexpect if there is at the bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil and no good. Nothing butpurpose, no evil and no good. Nothing but blind, pitiless indifference. DNA neither knowsblind, pitiless indifference. DNA neither knows nor cares. DNA just is, and we dance to itsnor cares. DNA just is, and we dance to its music.music.
  11. 11. ScientificScientific MaterialismMaterialism  Only that which can be observed andOnly that which can be observed and measured through the technique ofmeasured through the technique of ScientificScientific MethodMethod is real, and everything else is unreal.is real, and everything else is unreal.
  12. 12. Scientific MaterialismScientific Materialism  Scientific Materialism accepts only oneScientific Materialism accepts only one reality: the physical universe, composedreality: the physical universe, composed as it is of matter and energy. Everythingas it is of matter and energy. Everything that is not physical, measurable, orthat is not physical, measurable, or deducible from scientific observations, isdeducible from scientific observations, is considered unreal.considered unreal. LifeLife is explained inis explained in purely mechanical terms, and phenomenapurely mechanical terms, and phenomena such as Mind and Consciousness aresuch as Mind and Consciousness are considered nothing but epiphenomena -considered nothing but epiphenomena - curious by-products, of certain complexcurious by-products, of certain complex physical processes (such as brainphysical processes (such as brain metabolism)metabolism)
  13. 13. Scientific MaterialismScientific Materialism  There is noThere is no GodGod,,  No angelsNo angels  No DevilNo Devil  No goodNo good  No evilNo evil  No survival of physical death,No survival of physical death,  No non-physical realities, andNo non-physical realities, and  No ultimate meaning or purpose to lifeNo ultimate meaning or purpose to life  No HeavenNo Heaven  No afterlifeNo afterlife
  14. 14. A Response to Naturalism/Materialism/ScientismA Response to Naturalism/Materialism/Scientism  It is a faith/religious belief based on circularIt is a faith/religious belief based on circular reasoning.reasoning.  It cannot answer the questions humanIt cannot answer the questions human beings care about.beings care about.  It is patently and demonstrably false.It is patently and demonstrably false.  As a world view it is does not tend to makeAs a world view it is does not tend to make its followers “better.” If fact it is downrightits followers “better.” If fact it is downright dangerous.dangerous.
  15. 15. Circular ReasoningCircular Reasoning Unprovable assumptions of science.Unprovable assumptions of science. The universe is ordered and essentially unchanging.The universe is ordered and essentially unchanging. The universe is observable and understandable.The universe is observable and understandable. The universe is governed by mathematically preciseThe universe is governed by mathematically precise laws.laws. None of these assumptions can be proved byNone of these assumptions can be proved by experiment. Inexperiment. In a sense, science is not scientific.a sense, science is not scientific.
  16. 16. A recent BBC broadcast forum:A recent BBC broadcast forum:  Questioner: How do you know that physical reality isQuestioner: How do you know that physical reality is all there is: that there is no God?all there is: that there is no God?  Response of a vehement materialist (after muchResponse of a vehement materialist (after much prodding): I simply believe it to be true.prodding): I simply believe it to be true.  Questioner: Well, now we at least have it out on theQuestioner: Well, now we at least have it out on the table!table!  In other words, the strongest argument I have thatIn other words, the strongest argument I have that physical reality is “all there is” is that I believephysical reality is “all there is” is that I believe physical reality is “all there is.”physical reality is “all there is.”
  17. 17. Questions Science Can AnswerQuestions Science Can Answer  When?When?  What?What?  Where?Where?  How many?How many?  By what means?By what means?
  18. 18. Questions Science Cannot Answer:Questions Science Cannot Answer: (That Christianity Does Answer)(That Christianity Does Answer) – Why am I here?Why am I here? – Is that the right thing to do?Is that the right thing to do? – How valuable am I?How valuable am I? – Does God exist? Does God actDoes God exist? Does God act (theism)?(theism)? – Will that God respond if I pray?Will that God respond if I pray? – Do supernatural events (miracles)Do supernatural events (miracles) happen?happen?
  19. 19. Materialism is Patently FalseMaterialism is Patently False If Materialism/Naturalism is right then;If Materialism/Naturalism is right then;  ““I” do not exist. Consciousness is just randomI” do not exist. Consciousness is just random moving around of chemicals.moving around of chemicals.  No soul, no spirit, no non-physical reality.No soul, no spirit, no non-physical reality.  Belief in God is just a “meme” the unfortunateBelief in God is just a “meme” the unfortunate accidental result of brain evolution.accidental result of brain evolution.  Life has no value. Human beings have no value.Life has no value. Human beings have no value. What is value?What is value?  Love is chemicals moving around (vs. God is love)Love is chemicals moving around (vs. God is love)
  20. 20. If the Materialist is right, then…If the Materialist is right, then…  Religious thought is absolute nonsense.Religious thought is absolute nonsense. Prayer is chemical moving around in yourPrayer is chemical moving around in your brain.brain.  Art, Literature, Music have no intrinsicArt, Literature, Music have no intrinsic value.value.  Justice is a meaningless word.Justice is a meaningless word.  Human rights have no basis.Human rights have no basis.  Etc….Etc….
  21. 21. Scientism is Patently False Because….Scientism is Patently False Because….  The universe was created.The universe was created.  Life was created.Life was created.  The Anthropic Principle. The universe isThe Anthropic Principle. The universe is ridiculously well fine-tuned for us to exist.ridiculously well fine-tuned for us to exist.  No one in their right mind can deny theNo one in their right mind can deny the existence of right and wrongexistence of right and wrong  The Bible is inspired by God.The Bible is inspired by God.
  22. 22. Naturalism does not tend to make its believersNaturalism does not tend to make its believers better people. Dangerous?better people. Dangerous? If the naturalist is right then:If the naturalist is right then:  Good and evil are meaningless ideas.Good and evil are meaningless ideas.  Our purpose, if it exists at all, is to pass onOur purpose, if it exists at all, is to pass on our DNA.our DNA.  Any kind of sexual behavior is as right asAny kind of sexual behavior is as right as any other. Stealing is probably good.any other. Stealing is probably good.  There is nothing inherently evil aboutThere is nothing inherently evil about genocide.genocide.  Racism, slavery etc can be defended.Racism, slavery etc can be defended.
  23. 23. If the Materialist is Right Then…If the Materialist is Right Then…  Violence and greed are acceptable behavior.Violence and greed are acceptable behavior.  Justice is a meaningless construct.Justice is a meaningless construct.  The words “ought and should” are meaningless.The words “ought and should” are meaningless.  There is no such thing as sin or wrong behavior.There is no such thing as sin or wrong behavior.  Consider the only societies in human historyConsider the only societies in human history controlled by atheists. USSR, Communist China,controlled by atheists. USSR, Communist China, Khmer Rouge….Khmer Rouge….  Is this where human beings want to head?Is this where human beings want to head?
  24. 24. No wonder intellectuals (over)reacted With the result being postmodernism! Now, let us discuss postmodernism.
  25. 25. Postmodernism: The Loss of TruthPostmodernism: The Loss of Truth  Truth, if such a thing exists, is theTruth, if such a thing exists, is the property of culture. There is no absoluteproperty of culture. There is no absolute truth. All truth is relative. It is created bytruth. All truth is relative. It is created by societies. There is no ultimate moralsocieties. There is no ultimate moral authority or moral absolute.authority or moral absolute.
  26. 26. Postmodernism/Cultural RelativismPostmodernism/Cultural Relativism  Positive ContributionsPositive Contributions – Importance of groups and relationships betweenImportance of groups and relationships between groups.groups. – Gives honor to culture, beauty, wonder,Gives honor to culture, beauty, wonder, imagination.imagination. – More accurate description of history (including theMore accurate description of history (including the history of science).history of science). – The Western mindset is not the only valid one.The Western mindset is not the only valid one.  ProblemsProblems – Very confusing.Very confusing. – No world view is preferred.No world view is preferred. – The idea of truth, for all practical purposes,The idea of truth, for all practical purposes, disappearsdisappears..
  27. 27. Postmodernism: Cultural RelativismPostmodernism: Cultural Relativism  Reality is a social construction.Reality is a social construction.  Truth: It is true for you, but it is not true forTruth: It is true for you, but it is not true for me.me.  Meaning, if it exists, lies in a community ofMeaning, if it exists, lies in a community of believers.believers.  No rational way to discover which is theNo rational way to discover which is the best world view.best world view.
  28. 28. Theories of TruthTheories of Truth  Correspondence Theory of Truth: ACorrespondence Theory of Truth: A statement is true if reality corresponds tostatement is true if reality corresponds to that which is predicted by the statement.that which is predicted by the statement.  Relativism (postmodernism): A claim isRelativism (postmodernism): A claim is made true for those who accept it by thatmade true for those who accept it by that very act (of accepting it).very act (of accepting it).  Truth is either discovered or createdTruth is either discovered or created – (by humans)(by humans)  Truth is either absolute or relative.Truth is either absolute or relative.
  29. 29. If The Postmodernists are Right Then…If The Postmodernists are Right Then…  Reality is a social construction.Reality is a social construction.  ““It is true for you, but it is not true for me.”It is true for you, but it is not true for me.”  Truth is found in an accepted narrative.Truth is found in an accepted narrative.  No universal trans-cultural standard of truth orNo universal trans-cultural standard of truth or value.value.
  30. 30. Can You Accept This???Can You Accept This???  Consciousness is social, not individual. Self is aConsciousness is social, not individual. Self is a construction (mother, British, grad student…)construction (mother, British, grad student…)  All truth is relative. All truth is cultural.All truth is relative. All truth is cultural.  Individual has no authority to determine what isIndividual has no authority to determine what is true.true.
  31. 31. Problems With PostmodernismProblems With Postmodernism  Self-refuting.Self-refuting. – If nothing is true, then postmodernism is not true.If nothing is true, then postmodernism is not true. – Its authors insist on authorial privilege.Its authors insist on authorial privilege.  I do not care what they say,I do not care what they say, some things aresome things are just truejust true..  Either God is real or he is not. Even if I cannotEither God is real or he is not. Even if I cannot prove it one way or another.prove it one way or another.  If you culture told you it was safe to jump off aIf you culture told you it was safe to jump off a cliff, would you jump?cliff, would you jump?
  32. 32. Scientism is Bogus, But Science is NotScientism is Bogus, But Science is Not  The naturally convincing explanation of theThe naturally convincing explanation of the success of science is that it is gaining a tighteningsuccess of science is that it is gaining a tightening grasp of an actual reality. The goal of scientificgrasp of an actual reality. The goal of scientific endeavor is to gain an understanding of theendeavor is to gain an understanding of the structure of the physical world. The conclusionsstructure of the physical world. The conclusions are always tentative, but they are dictated byare always tentative, but they are dictated by thethe way things actually are.way things actually are.
  33. 33. What is Wrong With Postmodernism?What is Wrong With Postmodernism?  It does not agree with reality—with theIt does not agree with reality—with the world as it is. Our understanding of truthworld as it is. Our understanding of truth may be relative, but truth is not.may be relative, but truth is not.  It can be dangerous.It can be dangerous. – Which is better, the Nazi culture orWhich is better, the Nazi culture or Christianity? On what basis?Christianity? On what basis? – Sin is a cultural creation. Why prefer oneSin is a cultural creation. Why prefer one moral system to another?moral system to another? – Why listen to reformers like Jesus Christ orWhy listen to reformers like Jesus Christ or Siddhartha Buddha? By definition, our cultureSiddhartha Buddha? By definition, our culture is always right!is always right!
  34. 34. The Christian World ViewThe Christian World View 1.1. The physical world is: (Genesis 1)The physical world is: (Genesis 1) a. real b. created and c. essentially good.a. real b. created and c. essentially good. 2. There exists a parallel unseen spiritual reality which is not2. There exists a parallel unseen spiritual reality which is not limited to or defined by the physical reality.limited to or defined by the physical reality. 3. The creator of both the physical and spiritual realm is the3. The creator of both the physical and spiritual realm is the God who is revealed and who reveals himself in the Bible.God who is revealed and who reveals himself in the Bible. 4. Human beings have both a physical and a spiritual nature,4. Human beings have both a physical and a spiritual nature, but the spiritual nature is more essential as it is eternal.but the spiritual nature is more essential as it is eternal. 5. Although the physical world is good, evil does exist. Such5. Although the physical world is good, evil does exist. Such evil is the result of freedom of will given to created beingsevil is the result of freedom of will given to created beings and their subsequent decision to use that freedom to “sin”and their subsequent decision to use that freedom to “sin” (defined as transgressing the will of God).(defined as transgressing the will of God). 6. There is a definite right and wrong for human behavior6. There is a definite right and wrong for human behavior which is determined by God.which is determined by God.
  35. 35. The Christian World View Is TrueThe Christian World View Is True  The Universe is RealThe Universe is Real  The creation is good.The creation is good.  Evil exists.Evil exists.  Despite what Naturalists say, there is a spiritualDespite what Naturalists say, there is a spiritual reality. For example, “I” exist. Consciousness is notreality. For example, “I” exist. Consciousness is not simply an epiphenomenon.simply an epiphenomenon.  Science and the Christian world view do notScience and the Christian world view do not contradict.contradict.
  36. 36. Christian World View Answers the BigChristian World View Answers the Big QuestionsQuestions  How did I get here?How did I get here?  Why am I here?Why am I here?  Where am I going?Where am I going?  Why are human beings able to comprehendWhy are human beings able to comprehend the universe?the universe?  Why is there pain and suffering and evil inWhy is there pain and suffering and evil in the world?the world?
  37. 37. Christianity Offers Solutions to the Big Problems ofChristianity Offers Solutions to the Big Problems of Human BeingsHuman Beings  The Problem of Sin (the substitutionary death ofThe Problem of Sin (the substitutionary death of Jesus)Jesus) – Romans 7:24,25Romans 7:24,25  The Problem of Suffering (compassion)The Problem of Suffering (compassion) – Matthew 9:35-36Matthew 9:35-36  The Problem of DeathThe Problem of Death – 1 Corinthians 15:54-561 Corinthians 15:54-56
  38. 38. The Christian World View Has Given Us:The Christian World View Has Given Us:  ScienceScience  Abolition of Slavery (Wilberforce)Abolition of Slavery (Wilberforce)  Civil RightsCivil Rights  Women’s RightsWomen’s Rights  Christian groups do a majority of all benevolentChristian groups do a majority of all benevolent work in the world (James 1:27, Micah 6:8)work in the world (James 1:27, Micah 6:8)
  39. 39. The Naturalist’s Response:The Naturalist’s Response:  What about the evil done in the name of Christianity?What about the evil done in the name of Christianity? What about the Crusades and the Inquisition?What about the Crusades and the Inquisition?  Response: So you DO believe in evil?Response: So you DO believe in evil?  At least we have a standard which tells us that theseAt least we have a standard which tells us that these things are to be condemned. Christianity gives us athings are to be condemned. Christianity gives us a basis to know that these things should not be donebasis to know that these things should not be done by Christians or anyone else for that matter.by Christians or anyone else for that matter.  What about the pain and suffering in the world?What about the pain and suffering in the world?
  40. 40. World ViewsWorld Views  NaturalismNaturalism (already discussed)(already discussed)  Postmodernism: No World ViewPostmodernism: No World View (already discussed)(already discussed)  DeismDeism  PantheismPantheism  Animism/PolytheismAnimism/Polytheism  DualismDualism  Biblical TheismBiblical Theism (already discussed)(already discussed)
  41. 41. One Point of View: “Wide is the gate and broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter through it. But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.” -Jesus of Nazareth (Matthew 7:13-14) I am the way, the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. Jesus of Nazareth (John 14:6)
  42. 42. God Islam Buddhis m Mysticism Ba’hai Another Point of View: Different Paths to the Same Goal?
  43. 43. The Bible and Other World ViewsThe Bible and Other World Views  If Genesis 1:1 is true, then animism, polytheism,If Genesis 1:1 is true, then animism, polytheism, pantheism, dualism, naturalism, deism,pantheism, dualism, naturalism, deism, postmodernism and every other ism is false.postmodernism and every other ism is false.  Conflicting world views cannot be accommodatedConflicting world views cannot be accommodated with one another. Biblical theism is incompatablewith one another. Biblical theism is incompatable with all these other world views.with all these other world views.
  44. 44. The Bible and Other World Views (cont.)The Bible and Other World Views (cont.)  Acts 17:16-34 Paul shares the gospel byActs 17:16-34 Paul shares the gospel by arguing for the Christian World View.arguing for the Christian World View. – v. 22-23 Paul finds common ground.v. 22-23 Paul finds common ground. – v. 24-28 Paul argues for the superiority and thev. 24-28 Paul argues for the superiority and the truth of the Christian world view as opposed totruth of the Christian world view as opposed to Epicureanism/pantheism and Stoicism/deismEpicureanism/pantheism and Stoicism/deism – v. 28 Paul quotes from Aretas a Stoic philosopher.v. 28 Paul quotes from Aretas a Stoic philosopher. “ For we are his offspring.”“ For we are his offspring.” – v. 29-31 Having laid the groundwork, Paul pointsv. 29-31 Having laid the groundwork, Paul points them to Jesus.them to Jesus. – v. 32-34 Some, but not all were converted.v. 32-34 Some, but not all were converted.
  45. 45. World View and Other ReligionsWorld View and Other Religions
  46. 46. World View Example: EvilWorld View Example: Evil  Atheism: Evil is not real.Atheism: Evil is not real.  Postmodernism: Evil?Postmodernism: Evil?  Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikkhism, etc.: Evil isHinduism, Buddhism, Sikkhism, etc.: Evil is not realnot real  Islam: Inshallah It is the will of God.Islam: Inshallah It is the will of God.  Christianity: Evil exists because God lovesChristianity: Evil exists because God loves us and wants a relationship with usus and wants a relationship with us Also: The question of sufferingAlso: The question of suffering
  47. 47. Islamic TheologyIslamic Theology ““Surely good deeds take away evilSurely good deeds take away evil deeds” (11:114).deeds” (11:114). KabiraKabira (big sins)—murder, adultery, drunkenness,(big sins)—murder, adultery, drunkenness, disobeying parents, neglecting Ramadan or Fridaydisobeying parents, neglecting Ramadan or Friday prayers, gambling, dancing, shaving the beard,prayers, gambling, dancing, shaving the beard, forgetting the Koran after reading it, usury…forgetting the Koran after reading it, usury… Forgiveness with repentance.Forgiveness with repentance. SaghiraSaghira (little sins)—deceit, anger, lust. Forgiveness if(little sins)—deceit, anger, lust. Forgiveness if greater sins are avoided and good deeds aregreater sins are avoided and good deeds are performed.performed. ShirkShirk—association (of other gods—association (of other gods with Allah). Nowith Allah). No forgiveness.forgiveness.
  48. 48. Salvation by ownSalvation by own efforteffort (40:9, 39:61, 7:43)(40:9, 39:61, 7:43) Charity atones for sinsCharity atones for sins (2:271,277)(2:271,277) Earn grace.Earn grace. Earn favor of Allah.Earn favor of Allah. Earn salvation.Earn salvation. Earn paradise.Earn paradise.
  49. 49. Islam: Salvation is earned through the efforts of those who were pre-selected by Allah to inhabit a very sensual paradise. Christianity: Salvation is granted by the grace of a loving God to those who, through faith and repentance and baptism accept that love.
  50. 50. A Question: Who reaches out to whom?
  51. 51. InitiativeInitiative Human approachHuman approach TruthTruth GodGod GodGod MankindMankind MankindMankind
  52. 52. Works Salvation: Man reaches out to God. Islam Hinduism Jaina Sikkhism Gnosticism New Age Buddhism? Salvation by Grace: God reaches out to man. Judaism Christianity
  53. 53. Islam: Salvation is earned through the efforts of those who were pre-selected by Allah to inhabit a very sensual paradise. Christianity: Salvation is granted by the grace of a loving God to those who, through faith and repentance and baptism accept that love.
  54. 54. Islamic Worldview: Obviously closer to the Christian world view than Eastern Religions, but… God is very distant from mankind In Islam, Allah determines everything, even who will choose to follow him. Sura 2:142, 6:39 6:125 Inshallah God willing. It is God’s will that people suffer.
  55. 55. Is Islam a Good World View?Is Islam a Good World View?  Is it true? Is Mohammed a prophet? – Fifteen wives – Massacre of 700 Jews – Doctrine of Abrogation – Science errors  Does it make its followers better? – Motivation to help others? – Are women respected? – Does emphasis on Jihad lead to loving non-Muslims?
  56. 56. SummarySummary  The theologies of world religions are fundamentallyThe theologies of world religions are fundamentally and diametrically opposed to one another. Manyand diametrically opposed to one another. Many paths to the same God is a ludicrous philosophy.paths to the same God is a ludicrous philosophy.  The world view of Christianity is radically differentThe world view of Christianity is radically different from any other religion. They cannot both be right!from any other religion. They cannot both be right!  The truth of the Bible is confirmed byThe truth of the Bible is confirmed by – Clear evidence of inspiration (fulfilled prophecy,Clear evidence of inspiration (fulfilled prophecy, types and foreshadows, historical accuracy,types and foreshadows, historical accuracy, scientific evidence, etc…)scientific evidence, etc…) – Public miracles worked by Moses, Elijah andPublic miracles worked by Moses, Elijah and others, and especially by Jesus Christ (Hebrewsothers, and especially by Jesus Christ (Hebrews 2:3,4).2:3,4).
  57. 57. So, What is Truth?So, What is Truth?  John 14:6 I AM the way the TRUTH and the life.John 14:6 I AM the way the TRUTH and the life. no one comes to the Father, except by me.no one comes to the Father, except by me.  Why are Postmodernism, Scientism, Animism,Why are Postmodernism, Scientism, Animism, Polytheism, Pantheism, Dualism and every otherPolytheism, Pantheism, Dualism and every other ism wrong?ism wrong?  Genesis Chapter OneGenesis Chapter One  Because Jesus is truth.Because Jesus is truth. Two Possibilities: Either Jesus is truth or he isTwo Possibilities: Either Jesus is truth or he is not…..not…..
  58. 58. How Do I Know Jesus is Truth?How Do I Know Jesus is Truth?  Fulfilled prophecies of the Messiah.Fulfilled prophecies of the Messiah.  John 6:48 I am the bread of life.John 6:48 I am the bread of life.  John 11:25 I am the resurrection and the life.John 11:25 I am the resurrection and the life.  John 2:19 Destroy this temple and I will raise itJohn 2:19 Destroy this temple and I will raise it in three days. Jesus was resurrected from thein three days. Jesus was resurrected from the dead.dead.

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