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Jorum: Increasing Access to Institutional e-Learning


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Outline purpose of JORUM project

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Jorum: Increasing Access to Institutional e-Learning

  1. 1. JORUM: Increasing Access to Institutional e-Learning Adrian Stevenson Digital Resources for the Humanities Conference Tuesday 7th September 2004
  2. 2. What does JORUM mean? <ul><li>J ISC O nline R epository for [Learning and Teaching] M aterials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noun: 1. A large drinking bowl. 2. The amount that such a bowl contains </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Currently research project, started October 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Paving the way for service to all F/HEIs from August 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>EU Procurement process for repository software now completed and contract awarded to Intrallect </li></ul>
  3. 3. JISC’s Exchange for Learning Programme <ul><li>X4L is exploring the re-use and re-purposing of existing content, not just from JISC, but also other sources such as NLN, and NGfL </li></ul><ul><li>22 L&T content-producing projects from FE and HE </li></ul><ul><li>3 infrastructure projects, JORUM, Reload and TOIA </li></ul><ul><li>X4L at: </li></ul><ul><li>JORUM at: </li></ul>
  4. 4. More about JORUM <ul><li>Project partners are JISC, EDINA, MIMAS, CETIS, Xtensis e-Learning Ltd and Intrallect Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>JORUM has two “Areas”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Area A: Pave the way for the JISC’s long-term repository service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Area B: Provide test-bed repository systems for content-producing projects in X4L (intraLibrary and Xtensis) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Will provide long-term retention for nationally funded project outputs </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes the sharing, re-use and re-purposing of expensive content </li></ul>
  5. 5. What does a L&T repository do? <ul><li>Offers similar facilities to a library i.e. search, browse, locate , preview and borrow </li></ul><ul><li>Offers additional facilities e.g. upload, and may allow the structuring of content into content packages </li></ul><ul><li>Supports all file formats for L&T and delivers content packaged learning objects that can be played in a VLE, or used as resources by tutors </li></ul><ul><li>Hosts any digital resource that can be used to support teaching and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Provides “virtual objects” that reference materials (on and offline) held elsewhere </li></ul>
  6. 6. Potential sources of content
  7. 7. What materials will JORUM hold? <ul><li>Simple materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excel spreadsheet with data for lab exercise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word document with lesson plan, or schedule of work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Images </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More complex materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2D & 3D animations illustrating complex concepts e.g. chemical, geological etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning objects, containing a number of materials organised into overall learning objectives such as a modules or courses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virtual objects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Files that contain a reference to materials not held in the repository </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Facilitating Re-use - Interoperability <ul><li>Efficient re-use depends on the agreement to use common standards to achieve interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>The JISC Information Environment requires the implementation of standards and specifications from the IMS Global Learning Consortium, IEEE and Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) </li></ul><ul><li>Most relevant to JORUM are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IEEE Learning Object Metadata (LOM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IMS Content Packaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IMS Digital Repositories Interoperability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dewey and UK Educational Level schemes used to classify content for browsing </li></ul><ul><li>Subject specific schemes also used such as MeSH for medical materials </li></ul>
  9. 9. IEEE Learning Object Metadata <ul><li>Based on Dublin Core – title, description, keywords etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Contains learning specific elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning resource type e.g. exercise, questionnaire, self assessment, graph, exam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level of difficulty e.g. easy, difficult </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level of interactivity e.g. low, medium, high </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JORUM uses metadata subsets or ‘application profiles’ based on the IEEE LOM to meet community specific needs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UK LOM Core </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>X4L profile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RDN/LTSN profile </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. IMS Content Packaging Specification <ul><li>IMS Content Packaging facilitates re-usability by specifying a standardised way to package learning content </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of a zip file containing an XML ‘manifest’ file and the learning resource files or references to the resource files </li></ul><ul><li>The manifest file contains: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the structure or ‘organisation’ of the learning materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the location of the materials, often within the zip file itself </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Packages can be imported and exported from the JORUM repository and used as required: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials can be imported into a VLE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The package can be disaggregated and the individual parts (e.g. images) can be re-used as part of other learning objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The free Reload tool can be used to create and package content ( </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Disseminating Content <ul><li>IMS Digital Repositories Specification provides recommendations for the interoperation of common repository functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Searching is the main function via OAI and Z39.50 protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JORUM repository metadata ‘harvestable’ using Open Archives Initiative protocol (OAI-PMH) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>XQuery and SOAP – enables request and delivery of content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IMS DRI facilitates dissemination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HE Academy L & T Portal may have a channel or ‘portlet’ for searching JORUM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any harvestable repository can disseminate it’s content through any portal service that decides to harvest it’s metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rich Site Summary (RSS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content disseminated via RSS channels or news feeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Top 10 downloaded objects, top 10 rated objects etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outreach Officers </li></ul>
  12. 12. Browsing JORUM for materials
  13. 13. Preview materials
  14. 14. Export materials
  15. 15. Add materials - intraLibrary
  16. 16. Add materials - Xtensis
  17. 17. Add Metadata
  18. 18. Issues: Metadata assignment <ul><li>Effective discovery, relevance and use of materials requires quality metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Quality assurance mechanism needed </li></ul><ul><li>Recent research indicates that tutors will not be able/willing to provide metadata in enough quantity and of a high enough quality </li></ul><ul><li>The addition and quality assurance of metadata will be handled by the repository workflow mechanism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cataloguers, information specialists and technical evaluators will complete and quality assure the metadata </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Issues: Licensing <ul><li>JORUM Project currently looking at a Creative Commons style licensing model </li></ul><ul><li>Licence requires someone at institution to state that they have authority to agree to licence i.e. to sign on behalf of their institution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is unlikely that a content author i.e. tutor would have this authority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Licence asks for warranty that resources will not break any UK law or offend any third party rights holders </li></ul><ul><li>Licence requires indemnification of host institution if third party rights holders object or law is broken </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only someone with authority to sign on behalf of their institution can give these guarantees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many complex legal and technical problems have to be solved </li></ul>
  20. 20. Contacts <ul><ul><li>Project Manager - EDINA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>01744 623079 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Leader - MIMAS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>0161 275 6725 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software Development and Support - MIMAS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>0161 275 7044 </li></ul></ul>