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Dental research process: a trial to understand, and how to connect with the scientific community abroad- part2

A trial to understand Dental Research Process, that can help assistant researchers and research assistants in Dental fields to go into their profession more and more.
5- Funding & Scholarships classification. (A trial to change our view)

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Dental research process: a trial to understand, and how to connect with the scientific community abroad- part2

  1. 1. A trial to understand and how to connect with the scientific community Abroad By: Mohamed Abdelfattah Galal Assistant Researcher Oral Medicine & Surgery Dep. Dent. Res. Div., NRC
  2. 2.  To research is to investigate systemically. (French origin word)  Research comprises “creative work undertaken on a systematic basis to increase the stock of knowledge – including knowledge of humankind, culture and society – and the use of this stock to innovate new applications.”
  3. 3.  “You need a pipeline of researchers,” says Fox, DMD, DMSc, executive director of the International and American Associations for Dental Research (IADR/ AADR). “That means encouraging students to pursue academic and dental research careers.”
  4. 4. (My own point of view)
  5. 5. 1- Skills 2- New Ideas 3- Relations4- Mentor 5- Funding
  6. 6.  In our modern Arab culture, we miss having alternatives. Although skillful people around us are the people of alternatives.  Please, put in your mind during keeping trying, having a “PLAN B”, “PLAN C” and “PLAN D”, especially in Egypt.  During working these plans can be modified, even to reach “PLAN Z”
  7. 7.  Scientists and their contributions  Institutes and their facilities and devices  Researchgate  Academia  LinkedIn
  8. 8.  Databases:  Google scholar  Egyptian Knowledge Bank
  9. 9.  Online Courses as an emerging good way to know about new science fields.  Some Events Put their open accessed Lectures like workshops, Conferences, etc.
  10. 10. 1. Dental Nutrition. 2. Dental Laser. 3. Stem Cell Research. 4. Dental Genetics. 5. Bioinformatics. 6. Medical & Dental Informatics: In Silico Studies. 7. Dental Management and Economics. 8. Neurosciences. 9. Nanodentistry and New Biomaterials. 10. Dental Forensics and Anthropology. 11. Public Health and Epidemiology 12. Dental Sports – Dental Tourism 13. Sleep Dentistry– any other Interdisciplinary. 14. Experimental Animal Studies. 15. Evidence Based Dentistry & RCTs. 16. Oral Cancer & Oncology. 17. Oral Diagnosis new tools.
  11. 11. 1. Dental Hypothesis 2. Presence of some proposals online 3. Patents
  12. 12.  Publish a review, or even a letter to the editor.  Publish a research paper with someone older.  Emailing a foreigner researcher to work together.  Submit to a Scientific Project Call  Estabishing a research group to your new idea  Don’t give up your own ideas to despair because of people’s suggestions about the reality.  Try it yourself, either with a colleague who admires it or even alone.  Take care without panic, in order not to be stolen.
  13. 13.  PhD studies may be either: 1. Thesis Dissertation and Defense 2. Publishing 3 papers.
  14. 14. Extract your Jinni from the Lamp
  15. 15. 1. Education Professors 2. Education Colleagues (Graduation, Masters) 3. Work Colleagues 4. Conferences, Workshops & Courses 5. Online Connections
  16. 16.  In the past few decades there has been much focus on innovation and collaboration.  Innovation is deemed to be the key to the advancement of various world economies and the solution of the many challenges faced in today’s world.  Because of the increasing complexity of the problems faced in many areas, collaboration of people with many different skills and backgrounds, as well as different racial, ethnic and cultural groups.  Diverse Groups Collaborators may have complementary knowledge bases that facilitate the development of creative solutions.  This is a very reasonable assumption.
  17. 17.  Each consists of:  A lead researcher  A group of students  Possibly postdoctoral fellows, and technical staff.  The members do not necessarily work on the same research study.  What defines the group are the area of study, and most importantly, the lead researcher, who is often a professor at a research university.  Research groups can have different structures: either loosely or tightly organized.
  18. 18.  The students and postdoctoral fellows associated with all of the lead researcher’s projects work together in shared laboratory space. (center of action)  These groups meet on a regular basis to: 1. Report on the progress of their research 2. Share knowledge and skills 3. Critique one another’s research. 4. They may also engage in the collective reading and critique of the literature in journal clubs.  The proximity of students, postdoctoral fellows, and the lead researcher in the laboratory provides for informal discussions.  They also engage in social activities together, such as cookouts and holiday and birthday parties.
  19. 19.  In the Research Project, students have the opportunity to study an area of interest in depth.  They use their creativity and initiative, while developing the research and presentation skills they will need in further study or work.
  20. 20.  Mentorship is a relationship in which a more experienced or more knowledgeable person helps to guide a less experienced or less knowledgeable person. The mentor may be older or younger, but have a certain area of expertise. It is a learning and development partnership between someone with vast experience and someone who wants to learn.
  21. 21.  Supervisor finding  Supervisor invasion  The social Media for Scientists (researchgate, Academia and LinkedIn)  Collaboration between Institutes and Professors.  The Research Community
  22. 22.  Email of your Institute  CV and Cover Letter
  23. 23. “ Scientific research is funded by public authorities, by charitable organizations and by private groups, including many companies.” (Wikipedia/Research)
  24. 24. Another point of view
  25. 25. 1. NRC Funding of Masters and PhD = 6,000 – 16,000 L.E. 2. On your own sources. The problem of Study fees, and the experimental study & thesis needs. 3. Scholarships (Partial and Total)
  26. 26.  Googling by your own keywords. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Erasmus Mundus Programs; e.g. Idrisi, and Erasmus Plus. 6. Emailing List at the college, university or association you think they have an offer for you. 7. (Bad)
  27. 27. 1. According to the Country funding to Egyptians: 1. Your Country Governorate (Egyptian) Scholarship. 2. Scholarship for international Student. 2. According to the Institute Funding: 1. Department or College Scholarship or Bursary (Specialty Related) 2. University Scholarship or Bursary 3. Higher Education Governorate of a country Scholarship 4. International or Regional Scholarship
  28. 28. 3. According to the Duration: 1. Events or Conferences Grants 2. Course or short-term Scholarship. 3. Channel or Sandwich Scholarship (1-2 yrs) for having an extra supervisor from abroad 4. Degree Scholarship – Usually 2 yrs. For Master, 3-4 yrs for PhD, and 2 yrs for Postdoc. (Sometimes with Language of the country courses before) 4. According to the Ratio of Funding 1. Full Scholarship. 2. Annual Scholarship, and extended under conditions. 3. Partial Scholarship. (Percentage of Funding – Great Britain)
  29. 29.  CNPq  Ciencia sim fronteiras
  30. 30.  The Erasmus Mundus programme is another, parallel programme that is orientated towards globalising European education. Whereas the Erasmus Programme is open to Europeans, Erasmus Mundus is open to non- Europeans with Europeans being exceptional cases.
  31. 31.  Erasmus+ (2014-2020), also called Erasmus Plus, is the new 14.7 billion euro catch-all framework program for education, training, youth and sport.  The new Erasmus+ programme combines all the EU's current schemes for education, training, youth and sport, including the Lifelong Learning Programme (Erasmus, Leonardo da Vinci, Comenius, Grundtvig), Youth in Action and five international co-operation programmes (Erasmus Mundus, Tempus, Alfa, Edulink and the programme for co-operation with industrialised countries). The Erasmus+ regulation was signed on 11 December 2013.
  32. 32. ‫الخاصة‬ ‫المنح‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الجامعات‬ ‫منح‬:‫إلى‬ ‫تقسيمها‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫وهذه‬: Fellowship‫مقابل‬ ‫دون‬ ‫منحة‬:‫على‬ ‫لطلبة‬ ‫الجامعة‬ ‫من‬ ‫تمنح‬ ‫وهذه‬ ‫وفرص‬ ‫قليلة‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫المنح‬ ‫وهذه‬ ‫الكفاءة‬ ‫من‬ ‫جدا‬ ‫جدا‬ ‫متميزة‬ ‫درجة‬ ‫قليلة‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫الحصول‬. Teaching Assistantship‫تدريس‬ ‫منحة‬:‫تلزمك‬ ‫المنحة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫المن‬ ‫على‬ ‫حصولك‬ ‫مقابل‬ ‫التدريس‬ ‫في‬ ‫المساعدة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫بالتدريس‬‫حة‬. Research Assistantship‫بحث‬ ‫منحة‬:‫بإجراء‬ ‫تلزمك‬ ‫المنحة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫حكومية‬ ‫أو‬ ‫خاصة‬ ‫جهة‬ ‫من‬ ‫ممول‬ ‫معين‬ ‫بمشروع‬ ‫مرتبطة‬ ‫أبحاث‬ ‫المنحة‬ ‫على‬ ‫حصولك‬ ‫مقابل‬.‫المشروع‬ ‫موضوع‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫ما‬ ‫غالبا‬ ‫دراستك‬ ‫موضوع‬ ‫هو‬ ‫البحثي‬.‫لطلب‬ ‫عادة‬ ‫يمنح‬ ‫المنح‬ ‫من‬ ‫النوع‬ ‫هذا‬‫ة‬ ‫العلمي‬ ‫بالبحث‬ ‫يقومون‬ ‫الذين‬ ‫هم‬ ‫ألنهم‬ ‫الدكتوراه‬.
  33. 33. 1. Individually: 1. Keep Trying 2. Read, think and Publish. 3. Explore the profession as a researcher in the same time as a dentist. 4. Any course, workshop, conference will help. 2. In Groups: 1. Teamwork, try to aggregate 2. Organize events, know people in the profession, and take experience. 3. Coordination between organs mean that we are living, having nerves and control. We lack coordination in our Egyptian system. 3. Our Division: 1. School of (Dental) Research 2. Reaching 5 scholarships in our division annually in 5 years will make a committee of experts. 3. Arrangement of an event for “Experience Abroad” by those who returns. (To become a tradition)
  34. 34. content/uploads/2010/04/ResearchMethods_Poster_ver_0.6.pdf