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Hydraulic system

-topics: 1)fluid power.
2)types of hydraulic fluids.
3)components of hydraulic system.
4)application on hydraulic system.

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Hydraulic system

  1. 1. pm” lvralxv [Will __A_ cylimlvr H ~___A V. ‘- / /:: :_~_. pision B “T tllL .11 ‘ cd to wlw ' brakr prdal
  2. 2. lfily@lr@£uJHfi@$ (Water) ( Pipes)
  3. 3. States that : - “ A change in the pressure of an enclosed incompressible fluid is conveyed undiminished to every part of the fluid and to the surfaces of its container. “ 6° Force determined by pressure °: °Speed determined by flow rate
  4. 4. 11 dliow-r (ill I u. ( Fluid Power Systems are power transmitting assemblies employing pressurized liquid or gas to transmit energy. Hydraulic Pressure
  5. 5. Employing pressurized Employing compressed liquid gas
  6. 6. -—- A. ,--- i A-2 _ — _, .t : . s, .. _ _, , _‘ 1. i K1,. " K. ~. ., —. .- «i V V 3 / -- - __. ., V i. i , i — 3 — , l y »_ i‘ o l ee eiekismiu Loewe-NA ‘els ll_/ l_Jl_ll_llJléLJL: $i_ll -edger UUL-Ludo ‘r_, ‘KLL_‘J_ o uuL~21Jl: 53Li Xkéutyxfic’/ u lJlJL‘§tJ we 4r —. ,_ O VUL l C1i_ll_| "/ Ué l l ii. " '3 , -’ i‘. l /
  7. 7. SEALS DISSIPATES CI-EABANCES HEAT I-HEBICATES MQYING PARTS
  8. 8. Use fluids as working media Convert mechanical energy into potential energy of fluids (pump) Transmit power through distribution lines (pipes) Convert potential energy of fluids intcgfnechanical energy that turns .1 A ~
  9. 9. components hydraulic l l l l Reservoir Pump Valves Actuators
  10. 10. components hydraiiiie l l l l Reservoir Pump Valves Actuators
  11. 11. 4*"iL-.
  12. 12. lxeserxvioirg Reservoirs shapes in some applications : - 0 Faei tank in ears
  13. 13. __. . . 1. . _, , 1.. .3 _ .
  14. 14. Regiiiiator
  15. 15. components nydraiiiie l l l l Reservoir Pump Valves Actuators
  16. 16. Pumps Some shapes or pumps s pear pump
  17. 17. Piston pump Discharge Discharge valve Suction valve 3l. lCll0|'l Connecting rod
  18. 18. Pumps Some shapes or pumps s Vane pump
  19. 19. Pumps Some shapes of pumps » threw pump l —“ ‘_
  20. 20. Pumps Q g
  21. 21. Pumps Some shapes of Plexihie impeiier pump
  22. 22. Actuators Pump i-‘aeservoir l'l‘llllaUllCllliU3l0l
  23. 23. Wear Ring Cylinder Rod Piston Seals O Ring Rod Seal 0 Ring Wear Ring Clevis Gland Barrel Piston Pin Eye
  24. 24. Hydraulic cylinder 1- Single Acting Cylinder: Simplex Single—Acting Valve Open On I Foxwanl Stroke I Valve Open On Back Stroke
  25. 25. Hydraulic cylinder 2- Double Acting Cylinder: ilét o= -‘=7
  26. 26. components hydrauiis l l l l Reservoir Pump Valves Actuators
  27. 27. Piow comroi vaiue PINCH VALVE __ Hydraulic-"Ca| iperT3rpe"
  28. 28. n L: Us imie rili: F! L:
  29. 29. I 0,, ”/1 '. llll '. ' / llliil r V I 1 I/ aw I ' U? . 5 ‘ l Non-Retum Valve
  30. 30. » "re: “=5? ea in 6 ‘s '-. .7e e; ;‘s-v. -see‘-&‘~3;-_ ‘:3-$i: l;l_zl: &-3'- : fig I www. mekanizma1ar. com i A 5 P T © S. E 2011 7' Tank " ' I All P T
  31. 31. l’ l -mi Iii” l - l l 3 ‘_ ‘-n—_n. J . AL‘ : _‘_¥_ 1--—-—: T ‘V~-e"Y'. '~—: ————T ‘. How five port four way valve works air — spring. mp4
  32. 32. sl IP, 1/2 inn em» ETIU F I mine ‘Ii iiiiri
  33. 33. ‘ii 5:. List of Components A—Reservoir E—Directiona| Valve B—Electric Motor F-—Flow Control Valve C—Pump G—Right-Angle D—Maximun Pressure Check Valve (Relief) Valve H—Cylinder
  34. 34. Pros In con: Pros - Easy to control speed - Easy to implement linear motion - It gives more power than pneumatic systems - Able to generate extremely large forces from compact actuators - Easy to implement linear motion - A leakage in a hydraulic system is easier to spot
  35. 35. Pros Ii cons Cons - Noisy operation - Vibration - Maintenance requirements, expensive - Potential fluid leaks - Large infrastructure (high-pressure pump , tank , distribution lines) - Hydraulic fluid is highly corrosive to most of the aircraft materials
  36. 36. f’ y-'3‘ _ 41-.51“, . ‘Hf. -’ _' ' , -3 , L ’, .t . '.J x-‘‘ 9 «-4 We» ‘ “ V x 1 . ” v ' . . "' _Y- 1-; / v 1 . ; ‘g-, “?A
  37. 37. A ~ Lfig D - Pump 3 = — Hydraulic cylinder C: = Valve
  38. 38. Pump Tank i Handle .1 Z » EJ= I.; _ —I _ 5 1 I
  39. 39. ,1’: blot
  40. 40. Hydraulic brake lbrallke - Brake pedal or lever - A push rod ( an actuating rod) L_ - A master cylinder assembly - Reinforced hydraulic lines § - Brake caliper assembly - a glycol-ether based brake fluid Master Cylinder
  41. 41. Brake Fluid Reservoir "1,I1>l'r"‘li'l_n" i_'. '.-mu, -r: :». i’= "-1Pi" Ho-lulu Master 5,. .—. ., 7 Cylinder L Assembly __ _ r i. ‘*i3—u_ ‘ A -. -,-. -._c . T—: —_ W Pushrod to Brake Master Cylinder Pedalv’ Lever Brake Caliper , l Piston | Vvi)' J1 l i; uni’; Caliper Assembly (Brake Disk)
  42. 42. fixomperieim Qfi Disk Brake Master Cylinder FLOATING CALIPER Piston
  43. 43. : : am —‘- ¢~4 K; R7" v 7:‘ at: , .1‘ ’; l: ‘ ; | s ; ‘a me L-_~ __ x_, . ‘LJ ‘u , ~_. .// _ __A~/ ' . _. K. 3 Q. L_J, .: ‘J- : _ '_J I‘ -/ ".‘ Orr "' M4" PCTLO-’h 2" / Ylvll. Pi-Ar, -n sin la Vida» -/ ,.' (fr ‘(I l', rr, ' "(‘_‘(0r’¢'f " lqgfly/ I I-, q~. ,l', ‘. / q‘ {r’r‘l luv '- '7-- r’Uf/ V;/ r"«Iv -'/ [ll/ ,./ V’: Ir ": ’|l’. »'
  44. 44. ‘ Tx F 9 ; 1 i 2., ». . 2 : L 0'5 ? _ llr‘. '3‘ ‘"5 '—. x = L L t A - ; - “J” . : : ': «‘; ; :1 Lock Brake : VS"'¢'3I‘_‘_ With ABS ll 2 Braking Point Without ABS ‘A ‘‘~‘« ‘it I V l ‘"7 1:1 gr 1? ‘T 1“ ‘ll ' 1 ‘ “ l ~ ‘LEA, ‘kl’ gr‘ 9“ ‘ r"‘ fil How ABS (Anli—Lock Brats) Ik)rk_(36{b). mp4 ll? ‘ at
  45. 45. irnu - BA (Break Assist )
  46. 46. !: ~~ if . E, . , ~ A K’ §‘*-J: _, ‘ ‘. 3- ‘~ 2.; ‘. ’‘x ‘ [ _, ‘~. }..

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-topics: 1)fluid power. 2)types of hydraulic fluids. 3)components of hydraulic system. 4)application on hydraulic system.

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