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The cognitive resource theory

The cognitive resource theory

  1. 1. The CognitiveResource Theory (CRT) By: Noreen M. Morales
  2. 2. Proponents: Fred Edward Fiedler Joe Garcia
  3. 3. CRT – re-conceptualization of the Contingency Theory - arose out of the dissatisfaction of the Trait Theory
  4. 4. Key Variables in CRT
  5. 5. CRT - DESCRIPTIONS1. A leader’s cognitive ability contributes to the performance of the team only when the leader’s approach is DIRECTIVE.
  6. 6. Main steps in the process of how theleader’s intelligence contributes to the task devotes intellectual effort to making decisions, plans, and action strategies related to the task communicates the results to the group members in the form of directions, instructions, and guidance commands the support of group members motivated to implement the leader’s plans, decisions, and action strategies.
  7. 7. CRT - Descriptions 2. STRESS affects the relationship between intelligence and decision quality.
  8. 8. CRT - DESCRIPTIONS3. EXPERIENCE is positively related to decision quality under high stress.
  9. 9. CRT - DESCRIPTIONS4. For simple tasks, leader intelligence and experience are irrelevant.
  10. 10. STRENGTHS OF CRT 1. CRT is a constant reminder of the hubris of intelligence. 2. The theory helps predict whether a certain type of person will be able to lead in a stressful situation.
  11. 11. STRENGTHS OF CRT 3. The theory helps the placement of persons in leadership positions by suggesting that people be tested for intelligence and the ability to manage stress in addition to assessing leadership qualities.
  12. 12. CRITICISMS 1. Intelligence is not defined. 2. Types of stresses have not been covered in this theory.
  13. 13. CRITICISMS 3. It does not talk about those leaders who have both a good IQ and a good work experience. 4. There has been no mention made about the type of tasks that need to be dealt with.
  14. 14. CRITICISMS 5. It is not totally correct that simple jobs do not require an intelligent or an experienced leader.
  15. 15. References: http://faculty.css.edu/dswenson/web/LEAD/cogresourcetheory.html Accessed June 21, 2012 http://www.buzzle.com/articles/cognitive-resource-theory.html Accessed June 21, 2012 http://www.themanagersguide.co.uk/quiz-how-stressed-are-you.html Accessed June 21, 2012

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