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Can india become global food basket


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this ppt will take you through current Indian agri. status and strategies to work to become Worlds leading Agricultural country

Published in: Environment
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Can india become global food basket

  1. 1. Akash S. Sharma Done by-
  2. 2.  Introduction to Indian agriculture history, current status  Indian agriculture status in world  Constraints – Agro-processing Research Institutional Quality standards  Solutions 12/24/2016 2AIMS Institute,Bangalore
  3. 3.  India is diversified country with respect to climate, land capability, geographically.  At the time of Independence 63% of people were engaged in agriculture as well maximum contribution to GDP of country was from this sector.  Total geographical area- 328 million hectares Net sown area- 142 million hectares Gross cropped area- 190.8 million hectares  India produces 51 major crops as well it is one of the 12 Bio- diversity centers in the World with over 46000 species of plant 12/24/2016 3AIMS Institute,Bangalore
  4. 4.  Achievements- a) Green revolution- Dr.M.S.Swaminathan b) white revolution-Dr. V. kurien  Indian rank in world-  India ranks 12th in exports of food  Gross value addition in 2014-15 grew by 5.78% as compared to 2010-11 Rank Crops first Areca-nut, banana, chilly ,mango, ginger, papaya, Lemon, pigeon-pea, goat, buffalo-milk, ghee Second Cabbage, broccoli, potato, sugar cane, tea, tomato 12/24/2016 4AIMS Institute,Bangalore
  5. 5.  APEDA export- 1994-95 = 2047crores 2003-04 = 10391crores  Indian crop production comparison- Still India is lagging behind in productivity and processing.. Year Rice Wheat Other cereals pulses 2011 181.5 163.5 65.43 43 2012 190.2 158.4 60.0 41.7 2013 232.4 183.3 53.52 41.9 12/24/2016 5AIMS Institute,Bangalore
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  7. 7.  SWOT Analysis- strength- a) Raw material availability b) World class production c) Government support d) Market of SADC and Africa Weakness- a) Limited value addition b) Lack of farmer c) Lack of technical and management skills d) Lack of research and development e) Transportation problems f) Exploitation of farmer Opportunity- a) Growing demand of value added products b) Labor intensive production process Threats- a) Quality standards b) Unstable supply c) High transportation cost 12/24/2016 7AIMS Institute,Bangalore
  8. 8.  Challenges- a) production and productivity:- limited land, rainfall dependence, land exploitation. b)Warehouse and storage c) Quality certifications d) Rural strong network Government initiation:- a) Institutional development b) Agro food technological Parks c) Cold chains d) Agro-Export zones e) Friendly policies f) Training programs g) Soil Testing Lab. 12/24/2016 8AIMS Institute,Bangalore
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  10. 10.  India has done lot of research on crops and locality new varieties have been released.  Need is to research on-  water conservative technique, resource management  Bio-fertilizer and bio-pesticide research  Disease, drought tolerant and resistant variety research  Value addition research  Animal and dairy science research 12/24/2016 10AIMS Institute,Bangalore
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  12. 12.  ICAR is working at top for agriculture in India, under which now there are more than 550 private and government colleges and research stations Institutional needs-  more practical oriented education  Industrial training, farm training, farmer training center  Research motivation, awareness campaign  less cost technology for farmers 12/24/2016 12AIMS Institute,Bangalore
  13. 13. Multiple approach is required so that every aspect can be considered for better growth- 1)Farmers development- education, training, subsidies, crop—insurance 2)Institutional development and mechanization 3) Quality standard- AGMARK 4)Organic farming 5) Contract farming- public-private partnership 12/24/2016 13AIMS Institute,Bangalore
  14. 14. 12/24/2016 14AIMS Institute,Bangalore