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SPLINTS
& TRACTIONS
In ORTHOPAEDICS
-DR.AKIF A.B
- Any material which is used to support a fracture is k/a Splint.
TYPES OF SPLINTS
SLABSPICACASTS
POP encircles
entire Cir...
Used in Cervical and upper thoracic spine disease.
Used in Scoliosis.
Used in : Fracture of Humerus
Used in fracture of Femur.
Used in Patella fracture
Displacement : S: Supination
L : lateral
displacement
I :
Impaction(proximal shift)
P: Posterior
displacement
Cast : below...
- Used in Scaphoid #
Used in fracture femur and for immobilising knee
Used in CTEV
-Used in Radial N. Palsy
- Used in Ulnar N./ Median nerve Injury
-Used in Volkmann ischemic contracture
- Volkmann ischemic contracture is a
complication of supracondylar fracture
USED IN BRACHIAL PLEXUS INJURY
- Used for scoliosis
- Used for Developmental dysplasia of Hip.
- Used for Developmental dysplasia of Hip.
Used in : 1) Metacarpal #
2) Scaphoid #
3) Game keepers thumb
Used in Clavicle #
Used in Acromioclavicular dislocation > Shoulder dislocation
SKIN
TRACTION
SKELETAL
TRACTION
Indication Mild to
moderate force
Moderate to
severe force
Weight
permitted
3-4kg Upto 20k...
Used in fracture shaft of femur in <2yrs age
- Conventional skin traction
Used in fracture shaft of femur <2yrs of age
Used in trochanteric #
- Type of Skin Traction
Fracture shaft femur in Adults
CORRECTION OF HIP DEFORMITY
Used in Supracondylar fractures
- Used in Cervical Spine Injuries.
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
Splints and tractions
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Splints and tractions

splints and tran a very important topic for pg entrance.....so all about it has been discussed in detail as required for pg entrance....do make use of it...

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Splints and tractions

  1. 1. SPLINTS & TRACTIONS In ORTHOPAEDICS -DR.AKIF A.B
  2. 2. - Any material which is used to support a fracture is k/a Splint. TYPES OF SPLINTS SLABSPICACASTS POP encircles entire Circumference Mnemonic : C for Cast C for Circumference Slab covers only one surface of limb Mnemonic : S for Slab S for 1 Surface Immobilises limb with trunk i.e spine Mnemonic: SPICA = SPI + CA CAst around SPIne Brace: a device fitted to something, in particular a weak or injured part of the body, to give support.
  3. 3. Used in Cervical and upper thoracic spine disease.
  4. 4. Used in Scoliosis.
  5. 5. Used in : Fracture of Humerus
  6. 6. Used in fracture of Femur.
  7. 7. Used in Patella fracture
  8. 8. Displacement : S: Supination L : lateral displacement I : Impaction(proximal shift) P: Posterior displacement Cast : below elbow Position: Reverse to displacement pronation ulnar deviation Palmar angulation
  9. 9. - Used in Scaphoid #
  10. 10. Used in fracture femur and for immobilising knee
  11. 11. Used in CTEV
  12. 12. -Used in Radial N. Palsy
  13. 13. - Used in Ulnar N./ Median nerve Injury
  14. 14. -Used in Volkmann ischemic contracture - Volkmann ischemic contracture is a complication of supracondylar fracture
  15. 15. USED IN BRACHIAL PLEXUS INJURY
  16. 16. - Used for scoliosis
  17. 17. - Used for Developmental dysplasia of Hip.
  18. 18. - Used for Developmental dysplasia of Hip.
  19. 19. Used in : 1) Metacarpal # 2) Scaphoid # 3) Game keepers thumb
  20. 20. Used in Clavicle #
  21. 21. Used in Acromioclavicular dislocation > Shoulder dislocation
  22. 22. SKIN TRACTION SKELETAL TRACTION Indication Mild to moderate force Moderate to severe force Weight permitted 3-4kg Upto 20kg Applied with Adhesive tape e.g: Buck’s Traction/ Gallow’s/ Bryant Steinmann pin,Kwire Crutchfield tong/Ilizarow wire/ Dunham pin
  23. 23. Used in fracture shaft of femur in <2yrs age
  24. 24. - Conventional skin traction
  25. 25. Used in fracture shaft of femur <2yrs of age
  26. 26. Used in trochanteric # - Type of Skin Traction
  27. 27. Fracture shaft femur in Adults
  28. 28. CORRECTION OF HIP DEFORMITY
  29. 29. Used in Supracondylar fractures
  30. 30. - Used in Cervical Spine Injuries.

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