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Unit 4. The EUROPEAN UNION

Unit 4. The EUROPEAN UNION

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Unit 4. The EUROPEAN UNION

  1. 1. UNIT 4: THE EUROPEAN UNION
  2. 2. THE EUROPEAN UNION • What is the EU? • How many countries belong nowadays to this organization? Can you name them? • When was the EU formed? • Which Treaty was signed? • How many countries signed this first Treaty? • Why did those countries set up (create) the EU? • Which were these first countries? KEY QUESTIONS: Pg. 50
  3. 3. The European Union is a group of countries whose governments work together. It's like a club. To join you have to agree to follow the rules and in return you get certain benefits. This group of countries have to pay taxes but they have benefits. For example, if there is a natural disaster in one of the member countries the others give them money or also in wars. What is the EU?
  4. 4. How many people live in the EU? Population in millions (2015) 508 million in total
  5. 5. EU population compared to the rest of the world Population in millions (2015)
  6. 6. 1945 The end of the II WORLD WAR
  7. 7. II WORLD WAR WINNERS LOSERS France United Kingdom The USA GERMANY Russia (Soviet Union) ?West East
  8. 8. IRON CURTAIN (telón de Acero): 1945-1991 WESTERN COUNTRIES SOVIET UNION Europe after the II WORLD WAR
  9. 9. BERLIN WALL
  10. 10. TIMELINE THE END OF THE II WORLD WAR TREATY OF ROME makes the EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY (EEC). Single Market (6 countries) TREATY OF PARIS: creation of EUROPEAN COAL AND STEEL COMMUNITY (ECSC) Euro banknotes and coins replaced national currencies in member states. 2013,Croatiabecame the28thEUmember 1945 1951 1957 The European Union was formally established when the MAASTRICHT TREATY came into force setting clear rules for the future currency. Single market completed 1992 2002
  11. 11. How the EUROPEAN UNION has grown: Enlargement: from 6 to 28 countries 2004 is the biggest expansion (enlargement) of the Union since it started
  12. 12. Do all EU countries use the euro? EUROZONE consists of the EU countries that have adopted the euro. WHAT IS THE EU CURRENCY? POUND ZLOTY Danish and Swedish Krona/e
  13. 13. EUOBJECTIVES The purpose of the EU is protect and strengthen the rights of its members Political Objectives •To promote democracy and freedom in Europea and around the world •To prevent diseases and promote medical research •To fight cybercrime, terrorism and human trafficking •To improve working conditions and promotes equal opportunities Economic Objectives •To create jobs and promote economic growth •To develop small businesses and encourage innovation •To act together to help member states with economic problems. •To make it posible for goods, money and services to move freely between countries
  14. 14. EUROPEAN UNION SYMBOLS •The flag consists of circle of 12 gold stars on a blue background. •They stand for the ideals of unity, solidarity and harmony among the peoples of Europe. •The number of stars has nothing to do with the number of member countries, though the circle is a symbol of unity. The Council of Europe adopted Beethoven's "Ode to Joy" theme as its anthem. This anthem expresses the European ideals of freedom, peace and solidarity. FLAG ANTHEM It shows how Europeans have come together, in the form of the EU, to work for peace and prosperity, while at the same time being enriched by the continent's many different cultures, traditions and languages. THE MOTTO "United in diversity" EURO
  15. 15. The European flag The European anthem The euro Europe Day, 9 May The motto: United in diversity
  16. 16. INSTITUTIONS: HOW IS IT RUN? EUROPEAN UNION EXECUTIVE POWER JUDICIAL POWER LEGISLATIVE POWER The court of justice of the EU Council of the European Union European Parliament European Commission Proposes laws Makes sure every country respects that lawPasses/approves laws
  17. 17. INSTITUTIONS: HOW IS IT RUN? EUROPEAN COMMISSION Location: BRUSSELS ROLE: Proposes and enforces new laws for the EU. It’s the executive body of the EU. MEMBERS: A team of 28 Commissioners, 1 from each EU country. Once they have agreed what law to propose, they send their proposal to the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union.
  18. 18. INSTITUTIONS: HOW IS IT RUN? EUROPEAN UNION EXECUTIVE POWER JUDICIAL POWER LEGISLATIVE POWER The court of justice of the EU Council of the European Union European Parliament European Commission Proposes laws Makes sure every country respects that lawPasses/approves laws
  19. 19. INSTITUTIONS: HOW IS IT RUN? • ROLE: make/pass laws and helps to decide how much money the EU should spend (budget). • MEMBERS: There are 751 members. Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are elected every 5 years. The last elections were in May 2014. EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT Location: STRASBOURG-FRANCE Congress of Deputies IT’S THE LEGISLATIVE BODY OF THE EU In Spain…
  20. 20. ROLE: discuss and adopt laws and coordinate EU policies. MEMBERS: Government ministers from each EU country (28 in total), according to the area to be discussed. Depending on the policy that is discussed, each country sends their minister responsible for that area. For example, when the Council meeting is about economic affairs, each country's finance minister will attend to it. After discussing a proposal, the Council votes on it. Once the Council and the Parliament have passed a new law, EU countries have to respect it. INSTITUTIONS: HOW IS IT RUN? The COUNCIL of the EU Location: BRUSSELS
  21. 21. Every six months a different country gets the presidency of the EU. The NETHERLANDS is nowadays the leader from January to June. Spain led the EU in 2010. THE PRESIDENCY INSTITUTIONS: HOW IS IT RUN?
  22. 22. INSTITUTIONS: HOW IS IT RUN? EUROPEAN UNION EXECUTIVE POWER JUDICIAL POWER LEGISLATIVE POWER The court of justice of the EU Council of the European Union European Parliament European Commission Proposes laws Makes sure every country respects that lawPasses/approves laws
  23. 23. ROLE: The Court’s job is to ensure that EU laws are respected and are applied in the same way everywhere. MEMBERS: It has one judge from each EU country. INSTITUTIONS: HOW IS IT RUN? THE COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE EU Location: LUXEMBOURG
  24. 24. EUROPEAN COUNCIL Location: BRUSSELS ROLE: The European Council brings together EU leaders to set the EU's political agenda. It defines the priorities of the European Union. MEMBERS: Heads of state or government of EU countries.
  25. 25. THE EURO It was introduced in 2002 It is a symbol of unity There are 7 banknotes The coins have the same design on one side but the other side is country-specific It is based on a Greek letter. The two bars across the middle are a symbol of stability 8 coins SPANISH € FRENCH €
  26. 26. THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK (ECB) •It is located in Germany •It is responsable for maintening price stability in the EUROZONE Mario Draghi
  27. 27. SINGLE MARKET In 1993, the most of the trade barriers (physical, fiscal, technical) have been... REMOVED! GOODS, MONEY, PEOPLE AND SERVICES COULD MOVE FREELY ALL GOODS ARE PRODUCED ACCORDING TO THE SAME STANDARDS/QUALITY SO… THIS MAKES THIS MARKET MORE COMPETITIVE All companies are under the same trading rules and standards SO… SO… BECAUSE…
  28. 28. WHAT ADVANTAGES ARE THERE OF BEING AN EUCITIZEN? Employment Mobility: FREEDOM TO WORK ANYWHERE WITHIN THE EU. HAVING THE SAME CURRENCY MAKES IT EASIER TO BUY (IMPORT) AND SELL (EXPORT). NO BORDER TAXES. Residential Mobility: FREEDOM TO LIVE IN OTHER EU COUNTRIES. As a citizen of the European Union, you deserve all the rights and privileges offered by the country in which you live: Health, education, unemployment programs, pension...
  29. 29. INTERESTING LINKS • http://europa.eu/kids-corner/index_en.htm • http://europa.eu/kids- corner/countries/flash/index_en.htm • http://europa.eu/about-eu/index_en.htm

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