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  1. 1. South Sudan: the Birth of a New Nile State Ana Elisa Cascão GWP-SIWI Brown Bag Lunch 11 October 2011
  2. 2. The Nile Basin and its hydropolitical complexity <ul><li>10 riparian states </li></ul><ul><li>Complex hydrology </li></ul><ul><li>Past of conflict (of interests) between Egypt/Sudan and the upstream neighbours </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation despite tense basin/regional political relations </li></ul><ul><li>Huge development potential </li></ul><ul><li>Geopolitics  Hydropolitics </li></ul>
  3. 3. South Sudan: the White Nile bend and the Sudd
  4. 4. South Sudan: a new Nile riparian state <ul><li>11st riparian state </li></ul><ul><li>Economic development: </li></ul><ul><li>oil + water </li></ul><ul><li>Nile: a relevant and unifying element in South Sudan political economy </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Nile Republic’? </li></ul><ul><li>Political and hydropolitical implications of South Sudan’s secession? </li></ul>
  5. 5. South Sudan: the political process The post-referendum negotiations
  6. 6. Nile Water Agreeement – the future scenarios
  7. 7. South Sudan: Up the Nile, Down the Nile? <ul><li>Political back calculations </li></ul><ul><li>Political and economic relations with Egypt and Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>Political and economic relations with the African neighbours (Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, DR Congo) </li></ul><ul><li>End of the colonail period in the Nile River Basin? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hydropolitical chessboard Official ‘ dyad’ UpstreamBloc
  9. 9. Geo-politics mixed with Geo-economics
  10. 10. Jonglei Canal: the creation of a new border? Jonglei Canal Jonglei Canal: a symbol of colonialism and a symbol of war Egypt: ‘rapproachment’ with South Sudan Implications: hydrological, environental, social, political, ... Technical engineering or social-political engineerings?
  11. 11. [email_address] Nile: opportunity, Diplomatic corridor or new border?