Jose. A 12PBA202(JIM) St. Joseph’s Institute of Management
Study Skills Study – Meaning Learn new information, formulate it into knowledge and apply it in order to develop new skills. Study Skills – Meaning Study Skills are the strategies used to improve the learning ability. It helps in enhancing the potential of a person by improving his ability to read. Study Skills are essential to select and organize information when overwhelmed with various information
Habits for Good Study• Time Management• Self-discipline and Self Discovery• Concentration and Memorization• Organization
• Study Skills involve research and assimilation of information. It is used to make research on a topic by gathering and organizing information. Reading can be of any form such as an oral presentation, graphs, maps, tables, or diagrams, a poster, a model, or a design etc.
Way of studying Everyone studies in a different way. One person may be comfortable with a technique but another person may not feel comfortable with same technique. He may prefer to be comfortable with another technique. Everyone has to choose his method of studies.
ELEMENTS OF LEARNING Knowing Comprehending Applying Analyzing Synthesizing Evaluating
Characteristics of Critical Readers• They will be clear with the purpose of study• They resist manipulation• They seek for more clarity and avoid confusion• They frame questions on all dimensions• They conceptualize with their own words• They relate the concepts with other ideas• They are intellectually independent
FIVE STEP STRATEGY TO STUDY SQ3R is a five step strategy that can be used while reading any text. SQ3R stands for a step constituting the strategy. Reading and recording helps to get a clear understanding of the text and also to grasp the message of the text. These five steps in the strategy when followed sequentially will help to satisfy the true purpose of reading.SQ3R Stands for S-SURVEY Q-QUESTION R-READ R-RECALL/RECITE/WRITE R-REVIEW
SURVEY Surveying is the first and foremost step inthis strategy. It is done before reading theentire text. It helps to get an overall idea aboutthe topic. It also includes the pictorial part ofthe text, tabular representations, statistical orgraphical representation of data if any orcaptions that are highlighted.
Question Form questions using why, how, what,when, where, who under heading. It is athinking skills. Headings tries to speak aboutmany issues, form questions for each issueand this will develop the eagerness to getthe answer for all the questions.
READRead the entire text given under eachheading. Be clear with the purpose ofstudy. Get the main idea from eachparagraph and extract the importantdetails related to the main idea. If notclear with any sentence, read it twiceor thrice slowly to understand it.
Styles of Reading• Study Reading It is used when the material is difficult and is of higher level of comprehension. It is essential to read word by word to have more understanding and to have better clarity.• Browsing Looking the structure of the text, proportion of diagrams and the locating the summery and conclusion part.
• Skimming It is used when it is enough to get an overall idea about the topic. This includes only the major information in each paragraph and leaves the other supportive and explanatory part.• Scanning It is used when it is required to locate a piece of information that you already knew from the text. The information can be a number or a word or any specific fact.
MARK & UNDERLINE THE TEXT Number the important ideas in margin Underline or highlight the main topic related to your study Underline the unknown vocabulary or new phrases that you have come across Use market to highlight the major information leaving the supporting information
KWL CHART It is used while reading any text. This chart consists of threecolumns.BEFORE READING THE TEXTFIRST COLUMNWhat already know about the topic? Read the title of the topic, make sure whether have heard of the topic and are familiar about it. Then recall the information that have already gathered about the title.
SECOND COLUMNWhat want to knew about the topic? Write the areas that you are eager to know in the second column in the question format. Write the questions that would have aroused previously when you became familiar about the topic.
AFTER READING THE TEXTTHIRD COLUMNWhat learned from the text? Answers for the questions will be in the second column one by one. Check whether all questions are answered. It is helps to check whether now familiar about the various aspects of the topic and also to know that extent learnt from the text. This column can also include extra information that gathered while reading apart from the answers for the framed questions.
K- What you already KNOW about the topicW- What you WANT to know about thetopicL- What you learned about the topicK W L
Note taking is a practice of recording theinformation gathered from any source. It iswhen you write whatever hear or read. Thisid done when the subject is new to you andhard to follow and understand. It can be anoral an oral lecture, visuals, presentations,books and written manuals.Note taking
TYEPES OF NOTE TAKING: Linear Note takingNote Taking Non Linear Note taking
RECITE/WRITE/RECALLo Recall the content you have read.o Recall the main headings and the basic concepts.o Recall the graphs or any kind of diagrammatic presentations.
METHODS TO FROMABBREVATIONS Write the first few letters of the longer words.E.G Word Abbreviation Different Diff Write the word leaving the vowelsE.G Word Abbreviation Quality Qlty Write the first and last letter o the wordE.G Word Abbreviation Highty Ht
USING FLASH CARDS:1) Make flash cards2) Write the information on the card3) Make flash cards attractive4) Review the cardsSTRATEGIES TO REMEMBERINFORMATION:
USING PEG WORDS:NUMBER WORD PEG WORD THINGS TO MENTAL IMAGE REMEMBEROne Gun Motivated interest A person’s motivated interest is to shoot birds.Two Shoe Selectivity A person is very selective in shoes .Three Free Oscillation Imagine a pendulum freely hanging and moving to and fro
SMART STUDY STRATEGY Word smart Number smart Picture smart Body smart Music smart People smart Self smart
A STUDY SYSTEM ASPIREA: Approach/attitude/arrange:o Study with a positive attitude.o You are going to learn something new.o This will help to clarify your doubts.S: Select/survey/scan:o Select the material you want to realo Survey it to get an overall ideao Scan them to extract the information
P: Piece together the arts:Piece together all the informationI: Investigate/inquire/insect:Investigate other sources of informationInquire with experts to get more clarity.Inspect the ideas you understood
R: Reexamine/reflect/relay:o Reexamine whether you are clearo Reflect it by applying in practical situationso Relay: make sure whether you are able to explain it to othersEvaluate/examine/explore:o Evaluate your resultso Examine whether there is progress in your performance.o Explore what must be done to improve yourself further.
ASPECTS TO CONSIDER Time of the day Grouping Posture Temperature Sound
EXERCISEChecklist to make effective study Yes NoI. There is no distractions like TV, phone etcII. There is rare interruptions by peopleIII. Its a quiet locationIV. I rarely interact with people when I study hereV. I have all facilities like furniture and lightingVI. All items in this location are related to my workVII. The temperature and air circulation is conducive for studying
viii.I have books and internet facilities for reference.ix. I follow my schedulex. I approach my studying with a positive attitude.