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Construction equipment management chapter 5

Construction Equipment Management

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Construction equipment management chapter 5

  1. 1. Chapter 5 Chapter 5 Equipment Operation Equipment Operation Madawalabu Madawalabu University University Chapter 5 Chapter 5 Equipment Operation Equipment Operation Inst Instr ructor uctor: : Andualem Andualem Endris Endris ( (M.Sc M.Sc) ) andu0117@yahoo.com andu0117@yahoo.com School of Engineering, School of Engineering, Construction Technology & Management Construction Technology & Management D Department epartment A. Safety A. Safety
  2. 2. Signs and symbols Signs and symbols   Visible at all times Visible at all times   Danger signs Danger signs   Caution signs Caution signs   Visible at all times Visible at all times   Danger signs Danger signs   Caution signs Caution signs 1a February 2, 2019 2 COTM 4202
  3. 3. Exit signs Exit signs   Legible red letters Legible red letters   Or red background with legible Or red background with legible white letters white letters   Legible red letters Legible red letters   Or red background with legible Or red background with legible white letters white letters 2a CLOSED CLOSED February 2, 2019 3 COTM 4202
  4. 4. Safety instruction Safety instruction signs/directional signs signs/directional signs   Safety instruction signs Safety instruction signs   Directional signs Directional signs   Safety instruction signs Safety instruction signs   Directional signs Directional signs 3a February 2, 2019 4 COTM 4202
  5. 5. Traffic signs Traffic signs   Use at points of hazard Use at points of hazard   Place at 50m from points of Place at 50m from points of hazard hazard   Use at points of hazard Use at points of hazard   Place at 50m from points of Place at 50m from points of hazard hazard 4a February 2, 2019 5 COTM 4202
  6. 6. Accident prevention Accident prevention tags tags   Temporary means of warning Temporary means of warning employees employees   Not be used in place of accident Not be used in place of accident prevention signs prevention signs   Temporary means of warning Temporary means of warning employees employees   Not be used in place of accident Not be used in place of accident prevention signs prevention signs 5a February 2, 2019 6 COTM 4202
  7. 7. Requirements for Requirements for flagmen flagmen   Red flags at least Red flags at least 18 inches 18 inches square square   Sign paddles Sign paddles   Red flags at least Red flags at least 18 inches 18 inches square square   Sign paddles Sign paddles 6a February 2, 2019 7 COTM 4202
  8. 8. Requirements for Requirements for flagmen flagmen   In darkness In darkness— —red lights red lights   Warning garment Warning garment   In darkness In darkness— —red lights red lights   Warning garment Warning garment 6b February 2, 2019 8 COTM 4202
  9. 9. Construction equipment Construction equipment   Adjacent to Adjacent to a highway a highway • • Unattended at night Unattended at night   Adjacent to Adjacent to a highway a highway • • Unattended at night Unattended at night 8a February 2, 2019 9 COTM 4202
  10. 10. Construction equipment Construction equipment   Adjacent to construction areas Adjacent to construction areas   Provide lights or Provide lights or reflectors reflectors   Adjacent to construction areas Adjacent to construction areas   Provide lights or Provide lights or reflectors reflectors 8b February 2, 2019 10 COTM 4202
  11. 11. Equipment inspection Equipment inspection   Operate on an off Operate on an off- -highway highway jobsite jobsite   Not open to Not open to public traffic public traffic   Beginning of Beginning of each shift each shift   Operate on an off Operate on an off- -highway highway jobsite jobsite   Not open to Not open to public traffic public traffic   Beginning of Beginning of each shift each shift 12a February 2, 2019 11 COTM 4202
  12. 12. Inspect for: Inspect for:   Service breakers Service breakers   Tires Tires   Brakes Brakes   Service breakers Service breakers   Tires Tires   Brakes Brakes 12c February 2, 2019 12 COTM 4202
  13. 13. Inspect for: Inspect for:   Operating controls Operating controls   Safety devices Safety devices   Seat belts Seat belts   Operating controls Operating controls   Safety devices Safety devices   Seat belts Seat belts 12e February 2, 2019 13 COTM 4202
  14. 14. Inspect for: Inspect for:   Lights Lights   Fire extinguishers Fire extinguishers   Reflectors Reflectors   Other Other equipment equipment     Lights Lights   Fire extinguishers Fire extinguishers   Reflectors Reflectors   Other Other equipment equipment   12f February 2, 2019 14 COTM 4202
  15. 15. Correct all defects Correct all defects   Before equipment is placed in Before equipment is placed in service service 12h February 2, 2019 15 COTM 4202
  16. 16. Operating equipment in Operating equipment in reverse: Do if reverse: Do if   The equipment has a reverse The equipment has a reverse signal alarm distinguishable signal alarm distinguishable from the surrounding noise from the surrounding noise level, or level, or   An employee signals that it is An employee signals that it is safe to do so safe to do so   The equipment has a reverse The equipment has a reverse signal alarm distinguishable signal alarm distinguishable from the surrounding noise from the surrounding noise level, or level, or   An employee signals that it is An employee signals that it is safe to do so safe to do so 13a February 2, 2019 16 COTM 4202
  17. 17. February 2, 2019 COTM 4202 17
  18. 18. B. Equipment Utilization B. Equipment Utilization   Utilization is working time Utilization is working time duration, not calendar duration duration, not calendar duration   Utilization data are: Utilization data are: • • Work load Work load • • Speed Speed • • Environment Environment  (See Chapter 3: Productivity)   Utilization is working time Utilization is working time duration, not calendar duration duration, not calendar duration   Utilization data are: Utilization data are: • • Work load Work load • • Speed Speed • • Environment Environment  (See Chapter 3: Productivity) February 2, 2019 COTM 4202 18
  19. 19. C. Technology C. Technology  Automation of Equipment • The introduction of new mechanized equipment in construction has had a profound effect on the cost and productivity of construction as well as the methods used for construction itself. • An exciting example of innovation in this regard is the introduction of computer microprocessors on tools and equipment. As a result, the performance and activity of equipment can be continually monitored and adjusted for improvement.  Automation of Equipment • The introduction of new mechanized equipment in construction has had a profound effect on the cost and productivity of construction as well as the methods used for construction itself. • An exciting example of innovation in this regard is the introduction of computer microprocessors on tools and equipment. As a result, the performance and activity of equipment can be continually monitored and adjusted for improvement. February 2, 2019 COTM 4202 19
  20. 20. Thank You Thank You STAY SAFE! STAY SAFE! Thank You Thank You STAY SAFE! STAY SAFE! February 2, 2019 COTM 4202 20

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