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Informal planning english

Presentation from 10.11.2015 "Informal planning by the example of Berlin/Germany" (eng version) by Katharina George.

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Informal planning english

  1. 1. Informal Planning by the example of Berlin / Germany November 2015 Katharina George
  2. 2. Informal Planning Table of contents :  General Remarks  Berlin Examples  Strategic Plans  Urban Development Plans  Sectoral Development Plans  Spatial Development Plans  Pre-arrangements for Detailed Plans  Landscape Plans
  3. 3. Informal Planning Principles If the legal plans are the obligation, informal plans are free-style. In general informal plans serve for discussions and alignments. Characteristics of informal plans :  Creative : No legislation or rules have to be followed  Descriptive: They can be like pictures necessary to boost the imagination of the observer.  Informative: Show additional information.  Abstracted: Focus only on the main points.  Alternative: In the form of sketches different drafts can be displayed.
  4. 4. Informal Planning Strategic Plans
  5. 5. Informal Planning Strategic Plans A strategic development concept for the city as a whole formulates guidelines and perspectives for the long term development, looking into a wide range of issues and development alternatives and pointing out various fields of action.
  6. 6. Informal Planning Strategic Plans  Based on the guidelines of government policy the Berlin Strategy | Urban DevelopmentConcept Berlin 2030 focuses on the city´s future and paints a picture of the Berlin of today and the Berlin of tomorrow.  It includes a status report (BerlinToday) and the strategies for Berlin 2030 (BerlinTomorrow). Building on the status report, the strategies for Berlin 2030 focus on the city´s development goals, promising initiatives and specific areas for exemplary implementation.
  7. 7. Informal Planning Strategic Plans "BerlinToday": Status Report (from 2013)  The status report consists of a knowledge-based, data-rich analysis of Berlin´s current urban development.  It thematically concentrates on the most important developments.  In a summary overview, the report takes a cross-sectional look at the central strengths and weaknesses, as well as the opportunities and threads/risks, concerning a sustainable and future-oriented development.  The status report creates the foundation for the debate on development needs as well as on the strategies for the city´s future.
  8. 8. Informal Planning Strategic Plans SWOT Analysis
  9. 9. Informal Planning Strategic Plans "BerlinTomorrow": BerlinStrategy | Urban Development Concept Berlin 2030  The Berlin Strategy provides city-wide development perspectives focusing on specific selected urban locations in concrete, spatial terms. For these transformation areas, the concept describes the targeted direction of development.  Transformation areas can be regions that are undergoing many changes that need intervention from the public sector, that are suitable for location profiling, or that play a special role in the fabric of the city.Thus, the transformation areas offer urban development planning the advantages of steering important development impulses in the right direction and setting priorities.  This also allows public and private stakeholders to design and engage in coordinated group actions.
  10. 10. Informal Planning Strategic Plans
  11. 11. Informal Planning StrategicConcept
  12. 12. Informal Planning Urban Development Plans
  13. 13. Informal Planning UrbanDevelopment Plans Urban Development Plans are not only maps , but combinations of text, maps, diagrams, pictures and sketches, usually presented in a brochure to be downloaded by everyone.
  14. 14. Informal Planning AnalyzingPlans
  15. 15. Informal Planning UrbanDevelopment Plan Urban Development plans Urban development plans are instruments for structural planning.They are designed for the whole city and include directives and objectives for different functions such as work, living, social infrastructure, transport, supply and waste disposal.They are the "Basis for all future planning" and solidify the land use plan by defining spatial and temporal priorities and pointing out the necessary measures to be taken. In the context of sustainable development, urban development planning will become increasingly important.Their task is to identify social and spatial problems at an early stage and to develop corresponding strategies to deal with these problems. Such process is a comprehensive cross-sectional task that must preventively deal with economic, ecological and social development questions in increasing measure. Urban development planning is a process in steady continuation and renewal through feedback. An internet presentation is supposed to open the possibility of information to the public at large and to stimulate the discussion of the results. Additional public workshops are undertaken.
  16. 16. Informal Planning OverallUrban Development Plan PreparatoryPlan for the Landuseplan
  17. 17. Informal Planning SectoralDevelopment Plans Sectoral Development Plans formulate planning guidelines and objectives as well as priorities and measures of implementation on a city-wide level for issues such as  Housing  Commerce / Industry  Mobility (Traffic + Transportation)  Public Services and Utilities  Hierarchy of urban centers  Landscape / Green areas  Ecological issues and varies combinations.
  18. 18. Informal Planning SectoralDevelopment Plan“Housing”
  19. 19. Informal Planning SectoralDevelopment Plan“Centers”
  20. 20. Informal Planning SectoralDevelopment Plan“Mobility” Sectoral Development Plans are used by the planning administration as a basis for more detailed planning concepts.
  21. 21. Informal Planning Development Plans serving specific topics Waterfront development
  22. 22. Informal Planning Spatial Development Plans – Intermediate Scale
  23. 23. Informal Planning Spatial Development Plans Intermediate Spatial Plans  The city districts are preparing Intermediate Area Plans for sub-sections of their area. Including town planning as well as landscape proposals, this informal planning instrument closes the gap between the city- wide General Plan and site- specific Local or Detailed Plans.  They contain, as a rule, a concept for the distribution of land uses, specific proposals for important sites and planning topics, and an urban design concept.
  24. 24. Informal Planning Spatial Development Plans Spatial Plan Inner City Planwerk Innenstadt
  25. 25. Informal Planning Spatial Development Plans
  26. 26. Informal Planning Spatial Development Plans “Planwerke”  Particular Spatial Development Plans convey the medium to long- term prospects for the respective subspace.They serve opinion making about concepts, policies and priorities and are an offer to all who participate in the urban and landscape development of the corresponding space.  Spatial and structural relationships are mapped across district boundaries and allow inferences about individual development projects.  These Plans are developed primarily for areas where particularly high change dynamics needs concentrated control and which have importance for the entire city of Berlin.
  27. 27. Informal Planning Spatial Development Plans
  28. 28. Informal Planning Spatial Development Plans
  29. 29. Informal Planning Pre-arrangements for Detailed Plans
  30. 30. Informal Planning Pre-arrangementsfor Detailed Plans  To set up a Detailed Plan a concept and an urban design proposal is needed as a base for more detailed zoning regulations  Usually the local plan is based on an draft of an urban - or architectural design. It should be avoided to have only one solution without alternatives.  Alternative proposals can be developed by different methods:  Urban design / architectural competitions  Workshops with different architects  Competitions between different investors with different architects
  31. 31. Informal Planning Results of Competitions
  32. 32. Informal Planning DesignWorkshops
  33. 33. Informal Planning
  34. 34. Informal Planning Landscape Plans
  35. 35. Informal Planning Landscape
  36. 36. Informal Planning Landscape Green Network Urban Habitat
  37. 37. Informal Planning Landscape
  38. 38. Informal Planning Landscape
  39. 39. Informal Planning Thank you for your attention! Basic information available in English on :