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Aloe vera

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medicinal plants ppt

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Aloe vera

  1. 1. •Member of the lily family. •240 species of Aloe . •Succulent, perennial, evergreen. •Native to Africa, but is now widespread. •It is a bitter herb with a wide range of medicinal properties. •It contains over 75 compounds,
  2. 2. Known as the “lily of the desert”. Considered the “plant of immortality” by many native peoples. Very long history of medical usage…      2200 B.C.- Mentioned on Sumerian clay tablets. 1550 B.C.- The Ebers Papyrus states 12 recipes for mixing Aloe with other agents to treat human disorders. Usually the whole leaf was ground and mixed with another medicinal agent 
  3. 3.    First modern medical paper published in 1934.  Described how the whole leaf was used to treat radiation dermatitis. Many papers published in the 20th century describing a wide range of medicinal properties.  Reports have mainly focused on the antidiabetic, anticancer, and antimicrobial properties of the whole leaf, gel, or juice of the plant. Many species of Aloe have been studied.
  4. 4.  Vitamins      Mono and poly saccharides, glucomannans Anthraquinones    Most important: Aloin, and Emodin Cholesterol, Campesterol, Sisosterol, and Lupeol Salicyclic acid   3% of Aloe Vera gel Fatty Acids   Inert except when in topical treatments Saponins  Ca, Na, K, Mg, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cr, and Se Sugars Lignins  Lipases, proteases, kinases Minerals   Vitamin D, A, C, E and B12 Enzymes   Aspirin-like Amino Acids  20 amino acids
  5. 5.  Added because of known rejuvenating action  Mode of Action:  Polysaccachrides act as moisturizers  Stimulates the fibroblasts to replicate faster  Smoothes skin because sticks epidermal cells together which normally flake  Interferes with melanin deposit production which lead to “liver spots”
  6. 6.   Decrease in blood glucose due to stimulation of insulin secretion Decrease in cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids, and free fatty acids from increased clearance and decreased transporters
  7. 7.  50% gel leaf solution, complete inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus  Due to phenolics  Efficacy of gel or leaf?  S. aureus inhibited by both  Other bacteria inhibited by just leaf or gel
  8. 8.   Shows increased healing effects on 2nd degree burns  Anti-inflammation and wound healing promotion Vessels return to normal size quicker than with untreated burns
  9. 9.   When aloe is combined with other antimicrobials, a wound heals faster than with the antimicrobial alone. Possibly due to its moisturizing capability as well.
  10. 10. Asian practice of ingesting herbs to support the immune system  May have a direct inhibitory effect on microbes  Also, selectively modulates cells of the immune system 
  11. 11. Gel and latex.  Gel- leaf pulp or mucilage obtained from the parenchymal tissue.  Latex- bitter, yellow substance obtained from pericyclic tubules just beneath the outer skin of the leaves. (otherwise called ‘Aloe juice’)  These terms are often confused by consumers.  Using a freshly cut leaf is thought to be the most effective treatment. 
  12. 12. Dental Health and Hygiene 2. Provides Rapid Soothing 3. Aids in Healthy Digestion 4. Immune Support and Function Regulates Weight and Energy Levels 6. Collagen and Elastin Repair 7. Daily Dose of Minerals 8. Daily Dose of Vitamins 9. Anti-inflammatory Properties 10. Essential Amino Acids 1. 5.
  13. 13. AMIT PRAKASH SAHOO  ROLL NO. – 3  CLASS-X SCHOOL-KV AVIKANAGAR  

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