Why Use Advanced Organizers?Advance organizers come in many forms. From the blank (or mostly blank) outline to the image map template. Teachers can use advance organizers to help students understand the process of the lesson. By knowing the flow of the lesson, students are better able to follow the thought process and concept development that the teacher is presenting. Students also see the progress of the lesson. They know, for example, if there are five key points, that the lesson is reaching its summation when the teacher discusses point five. The advance organizer allows students to better follow and organize the main points of a lesson, while it teaches them how to take good notes.
April Rose S. Figueras
A visual/pictorial way of constructing knowledge and
organizing information in facilitating learning and instruction.
Visual formats are appealing for many types of audiences and
can provoke interest for users than texts formats.
What is a graphic/advance organizer?
"Graphic organizers are tools
that help your brain think."
Ausubel’s Meaningful Verbal Learning/Subsumption
Learning Theory says that knowledge is hierarchically
organized – new information is meaningful to the
extent that it can be related (attached, andchored) to
what is already known.
Garner’s Theory of Mulitiple Intelligence posits that
students are better able to learn and internalize
information when more than one learning modality is
employed in an instructional strategy.
Related to the constructivist approach and concept
Less is more-depth is more.
Philosophies and Proponents:
Facilitates teaching and
(based on researches)
Applicable to all level of
education and across
Show positive outcomes
which go beyond
reading (based on
Concept mapping – visual representation of the
relationship between ideas.
Webbing – students will see how their central
idea is linked to supporting details.
Mind mapping – visual representation of
Most common visual learning
Before instruction – teacher must give concise
direction of what to do using a graphic organizer
During instruction – students are in the process of
constructing ideas, concepts and knowledge.
After instruction – can be used by teachers to
assess and evaluate the learner’s level of
knowledge about the lesson.
When can graphic organizers
Teacher does it – teacher constructs the graphic
organizer, provides students a copy, and uses it when
teaching the content.
Class does it – teacher and students co-construct
graphic organizers depicting important ideas as the
content is explored.
Groups do it – teams of students construct graphic
organizers via cooperative learning and the teacher
acts as a guide-on-the-side.
Individuals do it – students independently construct
Four Stages for Enabling Students to
Construct Graphic Organizers
What’s the main idea?
Character sheet and
Advantages of graphic organizers to
in a way that
make sense to
of what they
what you read
as a class, as a
Advantages of graphic organizers to
Helps you to structure writing projects, to help in
problem solving, decision making, studying,
planning research and brainstorming.
Increases your understanding about the topic
help students construct meaning
point of implementation
ease of implementation
Factors Influencing Effectiveness
have been applied across a range of curriculum
subject areas such as studied application,
science, social studies, language arts, and math
Operations such as mapping cause and effect,
note taking, comparing and contrasting concepts,
organizing problems and solutions, and relating
information to main ideas or themes can be
beneficial to many subject areas. The observed
benefits in these subject areas go beyond those
known to occur in reading comprehension
(Bulgren, Schumaker, & Deshler, 1988; Darch, Carnine, &
Kammenui, 1986; Herl, O'Neil, Chung, & Schacter, 1999;
Applications Across Curriculum
Without teacher instruction on how to use them,
graphic organizers may not be effective learning
tools (Carnes et al. 1987; Clements-Davis & Ley,
Graphic organizers can successfully improve
learning when there is a substantive instructional
context such as explicit instruction incorporating
teacher modeling (Boyle & Weishaar, 1997; Gardill
& Jitendra, 1999; Idol & Croll, 1987; Willerman &
Mac Harg, 1991) and independent practice with
feedback (Boyle & Weishaar, 1997; Gardill &
Jitendra, 1999; Idol & Croll, 1987), strategy
instruction (Anderson-Inman et al., 1996; Boyle &
Weishaar, 1997; Darch et al., 1986; Scanlon,
can be successfully implemented at several phases of
the instructional cycle
Positive outcomes were reported with the use of
Point of Implementation
Visualize the general concept and break it down into
manageable, specific ideas.
Analyze the correlation between two ideas or themes.
Structure their writing projects better and make the entire
Communicate their ideas.
Visually represent their thinking process.
Explore all possible options by brainstorming.
Determine the validity, relevance, and correlation of evidence.
Enhance understanding when reading and writing.
Easily identify the main elements of a composition.
Evaluate cause and effect.
Compare and contrast ideas.
Implement problem solving skills
Enhance organizational skills
Expand their vocabulary.
Recognize sequences, hierarchies, and patterns.
Advantages to the Students:
When students use graphic organizers, the teacher
has a better understanding of the student’s level of
understanding. This makes it easy to offer
suggestions and point out areas of improvement.
Teachers can also use a completed advance organizer
as a quick reference when presenting the lesson. This
method provides a reminder of the lesson for the
students, as they review notes later.
Teachers can use advance organizers to structure
their lesson notes in a way that makes sense to the
students. This way the teacher knows how the
student’s notes should look, as well.
Advantages to the Teachers: