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Poetry and poetic devices

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a brief intro of poetry types and poetic devices

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Poetry and poetic devices

  1. 1. POETRY • Putting words • On paper to • Express in parts • Thoughts from me • Right to • Your heart
  2. 2. Poets on Poetry “Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility.” William Wordsworth “Poetry is the record of the best and happiest moments of the happiest and best minds.” Percy Bysshe Shelle “Writing free verse is like playing tennis with the net down.” Robert Frost
  3. 3. Kinds of poetry • Ballad • Lyrical • Epic • Sonnet • Narrative • Elegy • Eulogy • Epithet • Odd • Satire • Dramatic monologue • Allegory • Free/ Blank verse
  4. 4. Free Verse Free verse is a literary device that can be defined as poetry that is free from limitations of regular meter or rhythm and does not rhyme with fixed forms. Such poems are without rhythms and rhyme schemes; do not follow regular rhyme scheme rules and still provide artistic expression. In this way, the poet can give his own shape to a poem how he/she desires. However, it still allows poets to use alliteration, rhyme, cadences or rhythms to get the effects that they consider are suitable for the piece.
  5. 5. Features of Free Verse • Free verse poems have no regular meter and rhythm. • They do not follow a proper rhyme scheme as such; these poems do not have any set rules. • This type of poem is based on normal pauses and natural rhythmical phrases as compared to the artificial constraints of normal poetry. • It is also called vers libre which is a French word.
  6. 6. Examples of Free Verse Come slowly, Eden Lips unused to thee. Bashful, sip thy jasmines, As the fainting bee, Reaching late his flower, Round her chamber hums, Counts his nectars—alights, And is lost in balms! • (Come Slowly, Eden by Emily Dickinson) The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on. Fog by Carl Sandburg
  7. 7. Figurative Devices in Poetry Simile A simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things. Unlike a metaphor, a simile draws resemblance with the help of the words “like” or “as.” Therefore, it is a direct comparison. Examples: “I wandered lonely as a cloud that floats on high o’er vales and hills.” the Daffodils (By William Wordsworth) If I were as tall as they? Has it feet like water-lilies? Has it feathers like a bird? Is it brought from famous countries. Will There Really Be a Morning? (By Emily Dickinson)
  8. 8. Metaphor Metaphor is a figure of speech that makes an implicit, implied, or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated, but which share some common characteristics. In other words, a resemblance of two contradictory or different objects is made based on a single or some common characteristics. Examples: • Chaos is the breeding ground of order. • War is the mother of all battles. • His words are pearls of wisdom. • Words are daggers when spoken in anger. • The skies of his future began to darken.
  9. 9. Alliteration Alliteration is derived from Latin’s “Latira”. It means “letters of alphabet”. It is a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series. Examples: • But a better butter makes a batter better. • A big bully beats a baby boy. • From Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” • “The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew, The furrow followed free; We were the first that ever burst Into that silent sea.”
  10. 10. Assonance • Assonance takes place when two or more words, close to one another repeat the same vowel sound, but start with different consonant sounds. • Examples: • “Men sell the wedding bells.” • “Those images that yet, Fresh images beget, Byzantium, by W. B. Yeats “He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there is some mistake. The only other sound’s the sweep Of easy wind and downy flake. The woods are lovely, dar and deep. But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep.” Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening, by Robert Frost
  11. 11. Personification Personification is a figure of speech in which a thing – an idea or an animal – is given human attributes. The non- human objects are portrayed in such a way that we feel they have the ability to act like human beings. Example: • The wind whispered through dry grass. • The flowers danced in the gentle breeze. “Two Sunflowers Move in the Yellow Room. ‘Ah, William, we’re weary of weather,’ said the sunflowers, shining with dew. Our traveling habits have tired us. Can you give us a room with a view?” Two Sunflowers Move in a Yellow Room (By William Blake) A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.” Daffodils by William Wordsworth
  12. 12. Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia is defined as a word, which imitates the natural sounds of a thing. It creates a sound effect that mimics the thing described, making the description more expressive and interesting. Examples: • The buzzing bee flew away. • The sack fell into the river with a splash. • The books fell on the table with a loud thump. • He looked at the roaring sky. • The rustling leaves kept me awake. “The moan of doves in immemorial elms, And murmuring of innumerable bees…” (‘Come Down, O Maid’ by Alfred Lord Tennyson) “Hark, hark! Bow-wow. The watch-dogs bark! Bow-wow. Hark, hark! I hear The strain of strutting chanticleer Cry, ‘cock-a-diddle-dow!'” • (Ariel in William Shakespeare’s The Tempest,

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