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Experiences with Ecosan in Danish Allotment Gardens and Development Projects

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Experiences with Ecosan in Danish Allotment Gardens and Development Projects
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Experiences with Ecosan in Danish Allotment Gardens and Development Projects

  1. 1. Experiences with Ecosan in Danish Allotment Gardens and Development Projects H. Bregnhøj, A.M. Eilersen & A. Backlund
  2. 2. Population without sanitation in (%) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Urban Rural Africa Latin America Asia WHO/Unicef 2000
  3. 3. No mixing sanitation system Denmark - allotment gardens
  4. 4. No mixing sanitation system Denmark - allotment gardens
  5. 5. No mixing sanitation system Denmark - allotment gardens
  6. 6. No mixing sanitation system Denmark - allotment gardens
  7. 7. Child seat Denmark - allotment gardens
  8. 8. Urine collection system Denmark - allotment gardens
  9. 9. Urine collectors Denmark - allotment gardens
  10. 10. Ventilation Denmark - allotment gardens
  11. 11. From idea to reality • Motivation for changing status • Clarification of relevant stakeholders • Listing of assessments criteria • On-site analysis • Posing alternative sanitation systems • Evaluation of the systems and determining order of priority • Selection of solution • Design and implementation • Organisation of use and operation • Evaluation, control and follow-up
  12. 12. ON-SITE ANALYSIS Environmental analysis  The physical conditions and sensitivity of the local environment Stakeholder analysis  Identification of stakeholders  Interaction between stakeholders  The attitudes and preferences of the stakeholders
  13. 13. Criteria for assessment • Economy – construction and running cost, expected lifetime • Hygiene and safety – public health, working environment • Operation and maintenance • User aspects – shelter, odour, comfort, use, cleaning • Self-management/administration – visibility of local material recirculation, understanding and influence on decisions, installation and running • Robustness – adaptability to new users and new demands • Demonstration value – testing and presentation of new technologies, spreading of knowledge • Load on the environment – resource (energy, land, water, materials) consumption, pollution: impact on water, soil and air.
  14. 14. General priority of assessment criteria for the four projects • Economy • Hygiene, health and safety • User aspects – shelter from weather from animals from other people – order keeps all human waste in one place – odour, comfort • Self-management/administration – local material recirculation
  15. 15. Waterless Urinal

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