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Hyphen 32 | 2003
Employment and environment
City initiatives to create green jobs,
the case of G�teborg,...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
In general, we have a smoothly
functioning system for public trans-
port. I myself have got rid...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
3,8 million, i. e. from 50 % of the popu-
lation to 38 % thereof, so the informal
sector probably continu...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
Ecological sanitation - sustainable sanitation
in allotment gardens in Denmark, part 2
Hyphen 32 | 2003
on toilet model, size of the household
and use of the toilet.
Overall impression
Generally the interviewe...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
Further informations
The project has been presented at
several conferen...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
Charter for voluntary work
Voluntary work in its many forms has
long been a factor ...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
less of their sex, age, nationality, race,
philosophical or religious preferences,
physical condition, so...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
"Improve the soil and the ambiance" -
an EU-project carried out with allotment
gardeners in Fittja...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
and a compost-heap to show good
On this plot the following vegetables
were cultivated: onion, c...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
Behavior with soil pollution in urban
leisure garden sites
Preliminary remarks
During its cam...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
contact with nature.The social aspect
has not either to be neglected. The
integration is an important fac...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
Nationaal Verbond van
Volkstuinen vzw/Ligue
Nationale du Coin de Te...
Hyphen 32 | 2003
editor: Office International du Coin de Terre et des Jardins Familiaux a.s.b.l.
20, rue de Bragance, L - ...
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Larsen, I., Backlund, A. 2003: Denmark - Ecological Sanitation - Sustainable Sanitation in Allotment Gardens in Denmark, part 2. Article in "The Hyphen" 32/2003. p 15-28


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The National Danish Environmental Protection Agency - Project M226-0057 Ecological Handling of Human Urine, Human Feces and Greywater in Allotment Gardens using Dry Diverting Toilets and Zero Discharge Willow Wastewater Evapotranspiration Systems.

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Larsen, I., Backlund, A. 2003: Denmark - Ecological Sanitation - Sustainable Sanitation in Allotment Gardens in Denmark, part 2. Article in "The Hyphen" 32/2003. p 15-28

  1. 1. Hyphen 32 | 2003 COUNCIL OF EUROPE Employment and environment City initiatives to create green jobs, the case of G�teborg, Sweden Environmental issues have been most important in our city over the last decades. G�teborg used to have a re- putation for being one of the most pol- luted cities in the country, but that has changed considerably today. In this article, I will concentrate on three fac- tors, proven crucial for urban environ- mental improvement and creating green jobs in our city: energy con- sumption, transportation and recy- cling of material. Energy consumption Heating is of course very important in a Nordic climate, like ours. In the early 1970s, G�teborg was still highly dependent on oil for heating of buil- dings. The oil crises, combined with the growing concern on environ- mental matters, made the city authori- ties decide to radically reduce the use of oil and to enlarge the system for district heating. This took some years, but was consequently achieved. Now we can see the results. Consumption of oil for heating has been reduced by more than 95 %. The district heating has expanded and is now also used for areas with only single-family hou- ses. What do we use instead of oil? Mostly wasted energy from the pro- cesses in the oil refineries, which are located in the city. We have long-term agreements with the companies who run the refineries to use their hot wa- ter, which has been used for cooling in the processes. We use electric heating-pumps at the wastewater cleaning station, where we absorb some energy from the wastewater, before it gets pumped back into the river after cleaning. By burning household waste that cannot be recycled, we recuperate energy for the district heating. Wind energy is also used to generate elec- tricity. Transportation This is of course vital for an urban region. We try to reduce the use of private cars in the city, mainly by improving public transport. This is now coordinated within the region of western Sweden. Decisions for big investments have been made to extend the tramway system and new tunnels and tramlines will be built in the years to come. Improving the efficiency of existing infrastructure is crucial. We use information technology for this. At the tram stops our telematic information system displays details on when the next tram is expected. This information is also available over the Internet. The number of unoccupied parking spaces in the main car parks is digitally monitored and displayed by the side of entrance routes to the city centre. Recycling is the determinant sector for the creation of �green jobs� J�rgen LINDER Lord Mayor of G�teborg 15
  2. 2. Hyphen 32 | 2003 EUROPARAT In general, we have a smoothly functioning system for public trans- port. I myself have got rid of my car and now travel mainly by bus or tram. It works sufficiently for me, even if it might seem somewhat disloyal for a mayor in the �City of Volvo� not to drive a car. Recycling This is a most significant sector, especially when it comes to creating �green jobs�. Nowadays household waste is being separated into paper, glass, metal, plastic and compostable goods. This is supported by the municipal fees; it is more expensive to dispose of waste if it is not sorted.In car industries such as Volvo, recy- cling is of considerable importance. Most parts in a new car can be re- cycled and recycling is common in the construction of houses. To summarise, I think that the G�- teborg experience shows that it is possible� and necessary � to take steps to create green jobs increase recycling and reduce pollution. It takes time, but it works. Article published in the review NATUROPA no.92 Employment-environment synchronisation The case of Hungary Today, employment and environment policy still does not function in a com- pletely synchronised manner in Hungary. This fact is no surprise. On the one hand, a requirement of synchronisation of employment and environment is rela- tively new. On the other, having just changed their political systems, eastern and central European countries have given priority to integrating environment and economy policy in the last few years, in order to establish a modern way of environment protection. An integrated approach During the past ten years, Hungary � like several other central and eastern European countries � has worked on preventive economic and sectoral integration tools in addition to traditional environment policies. This approach also characterises the new environment protection Act passed in 1995 and the National Environmental Programme presently in force adopted by the Parliament in 1997. The government did not only choose this approach because of the radical economic transformation going on in the country but also because of the requirements of the targeted Euro- Atlantic integration (to join OECD, NATO, EU). When Hungary joined OECD, environmental performance of the country was examined � surprising novelty for many at that time � in addition to economic topics but a common examination of environment protection and employment was not thought of. Reduction of regional inequalities There is still an indirect relationship between employment and environment policies in Hungary. This relationship can be found in Chapter 3 �Key fields of implementation� of the National Envi- ronmental Programme. The programme gives a priority to the synchronisation of environment protection and regional development over the programmes con- cerning highlighted sectors. In the future it seems reasonable to integrate aspects of employment in the National Environmental Programme mo- re directly and more efficiently and simi- larly, the points of view of environment protection should also be integrated in the Employment Strategy. High unemployment Unfortunately, complicated environ- ment and nature protection issues do not occur in the present approach of employment policy, except for issues of public health. Such essential rela- tionships could include, for instance, employment issues related to forms of traditional family and small community management of the environment, or the favoured managements of the environ- ment, or the favoured management and support of the capability of provincial settlements and small regions to keep their inhabitants, and complex ways of landscape management. These topics should be examined as the number of people employed has fallen during the past ten years from 5,3 million to 16 Andr�s R. CSANADY Environment policy planner Department of Strategic Planning Ministry for Environment, Budapest
  3. 3. Hyphen 32 | 2003 3,8 million, i. e. from 50 % of the popu- lation to 38 % thereof, so the informal sector probably continues to have an important role. The environment industry, according to the definition by OECD, has between 20 000 and 30 000 em- ployees in Hungary. Future investment Realisation of harmonisation tasks of environment policy required by the European Union will supposedly have a direct positive impact on employment in Hungary. This supposition is based on the fact that, given the particular situation of the country, an additional enhancement of the number of people employed is required in the field of en- vironment protection, both for solving the problems (management of sewage- water and waste, air-pollution in cities, lack of capacity of organisations applying and executing the law) and for profiting from existing benefits (small environ- mental load per person, good indicators in the field of nature conservation and biodiversity). The future of employment in the field of environment protection will primarily be determined by the available capital and the quantity of financial resources. Article published in the review NATUROPA no. 92/2000 The protection of the environment and of the landscape has to be taken into consideration by the employment policies Pollution in town - a problem that can be solved by harmonizing the environment policies. 17
  4. 4. Hyphen 32 | 2003 Denmark Ecological sanitation - sustainable sanitation in allotment gardens in Denmark, part 2 Diversion The function concerning diversion of the urine to the urine collecting system was only reported inconvenient for two women. Though it was reported that 11 women had to get acquainted with and adjusted to the system in order to achieve a good diverting functioning. Men and children at the age of seven or older had no problems. Experiences from children under the age of seven were varied. 5 out of 24 children had problems to divert properly. The 5 children were: a 15-month-old boy, three girls of three and a half, four and five years and a child at the age of six with unspecified sex. 7 children at the age of 5 or less managed fine. A special child seat can be used on 3 of the models. Cleaning, noise, smell and flies Three out of 77 users only reported cleaning of the toilets as slightly difficult or difficult. The rest of the participants found cleaning to be trouble free. Regarding problems with noise, only one participant could occasionally hear an irritating sound from a 19 W fan. Nobody with fans had problems with smell in the toilet room. Some users without fans could have some smell problems, but not enough to make them install a ventilation system. Toilets without fans were only installed in outhouses with natural ventilation. Two users had had big problems with flies, but the problems had been solved by means of continuous running of the fan, as prescribed in the manual and by use of a fly net at the end of the ventilation system and on the inlet to the urine container. Handling of urine and faeces Reported experiences with the handling of urine and faeces showed no problems concerning urine and 76 characterised emptying of the faeces container as unproblematic. One participant found the smell unpleasant but acceptable. The frequencies of emptying the faeces container were reported for the different models. The frequencies were from every third to sixth day to once a season depending Ivan LARSEN, Chairman of the Danish Allotment Garden Association, Arne BACKLUND, Project manager, Director of A & B BACKLUND ApS Big success with no-mix toilets without water flush 18 INFORMATIONS FROM THE FEDERATIONS
  5. 5. Hyphen 32 | 2003 on toilet model, size of the household and use of the toilet. Overall impression Generally the interviewed participants characterised the impression of the toilet system as positive or very positive. Reactions from visitors 49 participants have had positive or very positive reactions from guests, neighbours or others. Three participants had had negative reactions. Suggested improvements The participants were engaged in the project and on request 26 participants proposed amendments, 9 participants with sitting heights of 50 cm or more, wished for lower sitting height. Willow evapotranspiration bed without outlet for grey water As a part of the project a willow evapotranspiration bed after a new con- cept developed by A & B Backlund ApS has been constructed. Grey water from 10 allotment gardens are evapotrans- pirated from a common bed. Each indi- vidual garden could also have been equipped with its own bed. The system almost only evaporates grey water as rainwater is discharged from the surface by means of a plastic folio. The system is ideal for allotment gardens. Only few m2 are needed for an allotment garden with limited water demand limited to the growing season. The experiences will be gathered and reported later. Conclusions Diverting/no-mixing toilets were installed in 89 allotment gardens in the municipalities of Ballerup, Herlev and Slagelse and experiences could be collected from 81 gardens. The purpose was to allow the users to evaluate the system regarding installation, diverting, usage, cleaning, emptying, and possible inconveniences. A wide representative section of the inhabitant regarding age has participated in the tests. The users were very positive and had only very few problems; all of them were solved during the project. Installation, cleaning and emptying of the toilets were considered easy to manage. The daily use of the toilets was without problems, but some women found it difficult to hit the urine bowl. After a period of training, only two women still had problems. Incon- veniences like flies, noises and smells were minimal and the users solved the few problems themselves. The collected urine was very concen- trated due to limited use of water. At the same time the concentrations of heavy metals and organic compounds were far under the limit values given in the sludge directive. The collected urine is well suited as a fertiliser. In the analysis of the collected urine mixture no bacterial or parasitic infectious microorganisms were found. Usage of stored human urine, as a fertiliser, seems to involve a very small risk for bacterial related sto- mach intestinal infections to animals and human beings by handling of human urine and by consumption of crops fer- tilised with human urine. The test of diverting/no-mixing toilets in the allotment gardens has been a great success and the systems are excellent alternatives to traditional sys- tems. The advantages by establishing diverting toilets to solutions with sewers are among others water savings and recycling of nutrients. Furthermore there are considerable economical advan- tages for the allotment gardens, com- pared to installation of much more expensive solutions with sewers. The results from the microbiological analysis indicate that the urine can be used as a fertiliser in the garden instead of being dug down. Established together with willow evapotranspiration beds a well functioning complete solution to black as well as to grey wastewater can be established in allotment gardens. Further development The participants in the project have contributed with suggestions to improve- ments regarding design and functioning. The communication between users, designers and producers is of great importance for the development of products as well as for the use of them. The newly developed toilette "Separett Villa 9000" is shown below. Implementation The collected experiences should be of interest for investigations and invest- ments in toilet- and wastewater-solutions for a range of allotment gardens etc. in many countries. For the developing countries it is of big importance to im- prove the sanitary conditions. Diverting dry toilets are of interest not only by establishing or modernizing sanitary installations in rural areas. The described solutions and collected experiences would also be of interest for an establish- ment of sustainable food producing al- lotment garden association situated near to the city.The existing allotment gardens could function as a source of inspiration for the modernization in developing countries. visibility screen child seat WC mechanism 19 INFORMATIONS FROM THE FEDERATIONS
  6. 6. Hyphen 32 | 2003 INFORMATIONS FROM THE FEDERATIONS Further informations The project has been presented at several conferences and will also be presented at the 2nd International Ecosan-Symposium 7. - 11. April 2003 in L�beck, Germany. Many experiences were collected in this and seven further national and international projects. The project partner of the Danish Allotment Garden Association, A & B Backlund ApS can supply further information. The project manager can also due to experiences from implementing sanitary systems in many countries assist the local allotment garden association with advice, work shops, reference visits and applications. Ivan Larsen, Chairman of the Danish Allotment Garden Association Frederikssundsvej 304 A, DK-2700 Broenshoej, Denmark Tel.: +45 38288750 Fax.: +45 38288350 E-mail: Internet: Arne Backlund, Project manager, Direc- tor of A & B BACKLUND ApS Ordrupvej 101, DK-2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark Tel.: +45 39633364 Fax.: +45 39636455 E-mail: Internet: "The thinker" by Lotte Hilden, Copyright A & B Backlund Aps 20
  7. 7. Hyphen 32 | 2003 LUXEMBOURG Charter for voluntary work Background Voluntary work in its many forms has long been a factor contributing to im- provement of the quality of life in Luxem- bourg and a means of achieving social integration. It underlines the creation of many associations of diverse kinds ope- rating for the benefit of the community. However, it took the advent of the international Year of Volunteers to bring about wider cooperation in the field of voluntary work in Luxembourg society. One of the positive aspects of voluntary work is its diversity. However, such diver- sity can also give the impression of complexity and thus make it difficult to apprehend the full meaning of the term "voluntary work". That is why organi- sations engaged in voluntary work are endeavouring jointly to identify shared principles, which define the nature of voluntary commitment and the condi- tions under which those principles should be applied. Even though not all organisations display all the features needed to bring them within its scope, this charter can still provide guidance and facilitate a better understanding of the term "volun- tary work". Definition A volunteer is someone who, entirely of his own volition and without any mone- tary payment, engages in an activity for the benefit of a third party or the commu- nity as a whole. Voluntary work is a commitment entered into freely and free of charge by people who take action, for others or in the public interest, in a manner, which goes beyond mere mutual aid within the family or between friends. Role Voluntary commitment is a means of ensuring development in our society. It holds a specific place in the civil society, complementing rather than competing with paid work. It makes its contribution by fostering renewal, providing additional support or encouraging innovation. Fundamental principles of voluntary work Voluntary work is undertaken volun- tarily and is prompted by personal moti- vation and choices The various forms of voluntary work must be accessible to anyone, regard- Traditional welcome of the guests in the allotment garden site �SZZ Senica Kunov I� 21 INFORMATIONS FROM THE FEDERATIONS
  8. 8. Hyphen 32 | 2003 less of their sex, age, nationality, race, philosophical or religious preferences, physical condition, social status and financial position Voluntary work is carried out in an ethical and humanitarian manner and with respect for human dignity Voluntary work is heedful of the needs of society and encourages the commu- nity to help respond to such needs Voluntary work promotes initiative, creativity and a spirit of responsibility, as well as social integration and partici- pation. Practical Guide to Voluntary work A voluntary association shall be con- cerned and careful to ensure that it: wholeheartedly welcomes any volunteer as a member of the team gives him or her clear information about the association and its objectives and how it operates entrusts volunteers with activities that are in keeping with their skills, availability and priorities ensures that there is no encroach- ment upon the clearly defined tasks entrusted to each person makes certain that the volunteer is able to perform his duties in an appro- priate environment provides volunteers with adequate supervision and, if appropriate, offers them training provides adequate insurance for volunteers reimburses the incurred expenses in situations where it is necessary to enable everyone to be in a position to make a commitment to voluntary work. The volunteer shall take care to: accept the principles of the asso- ciation and act in keeping with its objec- tives ensure that they are committed, in a spirit of solidarity, to the development of the association accept guidance for the tasks to be performed and follow the training cour- ses offered accomplish satisfactorily the tasks jointly agreed upon work in a spirit of mutual under- standing with other volunteers and employees observe strict confidentiality in the performance of their duties and comply with the association�s code of guidelines Outlook As a manifestation of the wish to help others, voluntary work is not just a way of connecting with people but is also an act of solidarity.This form of active citizenship is based on a policy of developing human resources and often operates as a forward-looking, progressive and innovative force in our society. The present charter was approved by the executive board and the Luxem- bourg organization committee for the international Year of Volunteers The acceptation of a benevolent activity is a voluntary decision The presidency of the Office during its benevolent mission 22 INFORMATIONS FROM THE FEDERATIONS
  9. 9. Hyphen 32 | 2003 Sweden "Improve the soil and the ambiance" - an EU-project carried out with allotment gardeners in Fittja By the end of the season in 2002, 64 of the plotholders in Fittja in Stockholm had started a compost of their own. They had also been given practical in- formation and guidance about how to feed soil and plants � and as usual they had harvested lots of vegetables, fruits and berries. A new aspect to their gar- dening was that the information about composting and manuring had been translated into their own languages. For almost a year the gardeners in Fittja had taken part in the EU-project �Improve the Soil�. The purpose was to make all of them take care of their plot with as much regard as possible to the environment. In many allotment areas people of many nationalities meet because of their common interest in gardening. The di- versity makes a colourful contribution and creates possibilities of both ex- changing experiences and of being in- fluenced by others. With diversity follows difficulties that have to be overcome; language-problems, the opinion about what is good gardening practice for the soil, but also difficulties to alter esta- blished gardening habits. Fittja Allotment Society is one among several others who felt the need to do something about their environment. A couple of years ago they took part in the first soil-improvement project inclu- ding soil-analyses, information and docu- mentation with the goal to improve the environment in Fittja. The participants of that project found, that time was too short meaning a risk that the good examples would come to nothing. It was urgent to take advantage of a good start, to continue working with the soil and cultivations but also to create better relations between the gardeners, not least through information in more languages. With Gun-Britt Blom, one of the board-members of Fittja, as project lea- der the society applied for EU-subsidy to be able to work practically with gar- dening and environmental questions. Soon the answer arrived that their asso- ciation was granted 34.000 SEK in EU- subsidy. With a great support from the gardening advisor Solveig Sidblad from the national federation, Gun-Britt and her collaborators immediately started the preparations for the spring season and the start of the project. They prepared the start of the season by arranging an educational show- garden with 5 beds manured in different ways: cow manure, Binadan (from chicken), double digging, green manure XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ...and the fellowship Ingrid NORDBALL Gun-Britt BLOM 23 To improve the soil... INFORMATIONS FROM THE FEDERATIONS
  10. 10. Hyphen 32 | 2003 and a compost-heap to show good examples. On this plot the following vegetables were cultivated: onion, carrot, cucumber, spinach, radish, beans and swedes. The participants of the project were also offered to try green manure and Binadan on their own plot. The project leader Gun-Britt Blom, who wrote a diary during the whole season of 2002, states that the need of good ecological practise is essential for the plotholders in Fittja. Therefore most of the material used for information and education was trans- lated into Spanish, Arabic and Chinese and distributed to the members: invi- tation to the project, inquiry, �the good soil�, �More composting� and the eva- luation of the first year. Rapidly many of the plotholders had realized the meaning of growing organic and had started to think more about how to manure and compost. During the project there was of course some resis- tance to composting, people think it smells bad. This was easily solved by adding some bark mould which removes the smell. Another result is that beginning with the project the plotholders in the area relate much better to each other now than before. That was shown not least by the great interest to take part in the project and the end of the season reu- nion that was attended by 70 people. But one year is not enough to confirm good practise. Consequently the project was planned for two years. Gun-Britt means that crucial for the future in allot- ment areas with many nationalities and gardening cultures is the access to infor- mation based on facts and which is easy to understand in their own languages. Everything takes time, which also can be seen from the diary notes below. Extract from the diary: November 1, 2001 - application to ESF, European Social Fund February 27, 2002 � positive decision about the grant to Fittja Allotment Asso- ciation Mars 22nd� Day of information by ESF April � invitation to members in Spa- nish, Chinese and Arabic. Planning to- gether with the gardening advisor. The showing plot is �cleaned� � from gar- bage, weeds and sick black currant bushes. The hedge is cut. May � purchase of seeds, fleece, manure, bark mould etc. Digging part of the showing plot. The beds are pre- pared for information about five different kinds of manure. Ground elder covered with black plastic. May 25th � First day of education 40 persons (24 men, 16 women). Introduc- tion of the 5 methods of manure and information about how to test one�s own soil. Translated questionnaire distributed to all participants about their own soil and growing as the basis for improve- ment. Distribution of Binadan. June 1st� Second day of education: composting. 25 members. The manure Binadan is now tested by many mem- bers. June 5th � +30� C! The brochure about composting is distributed. Information about pH-value and measuring pH-value at the plots begins. A good occasion to discuss and talk more about soil- improvement. At the end of June 40% of the members have a compost of their own and 30 members have received their pH-value accompanied by good advice regarding the treatment of the soil. July � the measuring is proceeding. 62 members take part in the project, 24 women, 38 men. PH- value changes between 4,2 and 7. Survey of soil ana- lysis from 5 plots. Compost day � 15 participants. Filling the new compost bin, looking at the manure beds, testing the harvested radishes. August � the last day of education; mainly composting but also inspection and harvesting of vegetables on manure beds. A member served stuffed chard rolls, rice and vegetables. 4 compost bins have been built and be will be distributed.Almost 50 % of the members have composts of their own. All members have been provided with the written information sheets about �The good soil� and �More compost�. September � Final feast with 70 par- ticipants. Food, evaluation of this sea- son, slideshow and Spanish singers. To be continued. 24 INFORMATIONS FROM THE FEDERATIONS
  11. 11. Hyphen 32 | 2003 Switzerland Behavior with soil pollution in urban leisure garden sites Preliminary remarks During its campaign on soil analyses the International Office aimed at sensitising the leisure gardeners to cultivate healthy vegetables and at the same time to reduce the pollution of nature and to save money. The main aim was to change the personal behaviour of the allotment gardener and to eliminate for example while using fertilizers the praxis: �a bit more is always better�. This campaign did voluntarily not touch the problem of heavy metals, with which the allotment gardeners are con- fronted. All federations have however to face it and so this subject, will certainly be dealt with in the coming years. Here an example from Zurich. Malou WEIRICH Example of Zurich Astudy will be made, during the sum- mer and winter term 2003 � 2004, by students of the superior school for nature sciences and environment of Zurich (ETH Zurich). This study will concentrate on the subject of the leisure gardens in Zurich as place of food selfsuppliance, leisure time and fellowship, soil cultiva- tion and soil fertility as well as the risks for human health. After the adoption of federal guide- lines for the soil protection, in particular the authorized limit values of the soil at the occasion of its checking and im- provement, the cantons and communes were forced to put them into practice. If the values found are higher as the au- thorized limits (for lead f. ex. the maximal value in the gardens is 1000 PPM) an improvement of the soil is necessary and a prohibition to use the vegetables is stipulated. In the area of agriculture the maximal value for lead is situated around 2000 PPM. Why has the confederation stipu- lated more strict values for leisure gar- dens? The reason is that in opposition to cultivated fields there are children in the leisure gardens and one has to pro- tect them. In Zurich are approximately 7000 gardens. 6117 of them are occupied by members of the local leisure garden associations. The gardens are the green oasis of our towns. During their leisure time 6117 persons relax there with their families and friends (representing approximately 30000 persons). Their children have in this way a privileged Renate F�SSLER, Central president of the leisure garden associations in Zurich 25 INFORMATIONS FROM THE FEDERATIONS
  12. 12. Hyphen 32 | 2003 contact with nature.The social aspect has not either to be neglected. The integration is an important factor and is lived every day. This aspect is not a pure theoretical one.Every leisure gardener hopes to get healthy vegetables, fruit and berries. Unfortunately we find a certain insecurity as far as the salubrity of the soil is concerned. The happiness has been destroyed. This study has to be put in rela- tionship with the different soil analyses that have been made in the past. In 1994 for example the soil of 125 garden plots has been analyzed in Zurich. One could acknowledge that three plots showed an important pollution as far as heavy metals especially lead were con- cerned. One found as well an organic pollution (for example with PAK) and pesticides (for example DDT the use of which has been forbidden since many years). The presence of this last substance is for us not understandable especially because it is stipulated in our regulation that the members have to garden in a nature friendly way. Because of the diversity of our soils it is of course difficult to make a clear inventory of the soils as far as the degree of pollution is concerned and to judge the possible dangers of such a situation. New checkings have been ordered to- gether with the town of Zurich and our association and have shown that the pollution at this specific place has been reduced. The ETH of Zurich deals with the subject: �How to improve polluted soils in the leisure gardens�? The students of the Institute for soil ecology (IT�) of the school for environmental sciences and for biological engineering have to deal with these questions during the two next terms under the direction of Prof. Rainer SCH�LIN and Ruben KRETZMAR in tight liaison with our association. One of the aims of this study could be for example to elaborate solutions for the soil protection, to set up alternatives, to evaluate different solutions and to constitute in this way a data basis, that one could interprete. We expect as well the formulation of judicial terms for the practical application of these measures, which however have not to harm the culture and the history of our gardens. We are impatient to read the results of this study. In autumn 2003 the first proposals could perhaps already be formulated. The second part of the report on the study made by the ETH promises to be very interesting. Article published in the Swiss leisure garden federation review no. 3/2003 To be followed. Heavy metals ... ...can endanger the use of the allotment garden 26 INFORMATIONS FROM THE FEDERATIONS
  13. 13. Hyphen 32 | 2003 ADDRESSES OF THE NATIONAL FEDERATIONS Nationaal Verbond van Volkstuinen vzw/Ligue Nationale du Coin de Terre et du Foyer-Jardins Populaires ASBL Belgium legal domicile: Vogelmarkt 11 B -9000 GENT secretary's office: c/o L. Van Bellegham Oudburgweg 6 B-9830 St. Martens-Latem Tel.: 09/329 85 22 Fax: 09/329 85 22 E-mail: 27 Austria Zentralverband der Kleing�rtner, Siedler und Kleintierz�chter �sterreichs Getreidemarkt 11/10 A - 1060 WIEN Tel.: 1-587 07 85 Fax: 1-587 07 85 30 E-mail: Czechia Cesk� Zahr�dk�rsk� Svaz �stred� Rokycanova 15 CZ-130 00 PRAHA 3 - Zizkov Tel.: 2-22782710 Fax: 2-22782711 E-mail: Denmark Kolonihaveforbundet for Denmark Frederikssundsvej 304 A DK - 2700 BRONSHOJ Tel.: 3828 8750 Fax: 3828 8350 E-mail: Finland Suomen Siirtolapuutarhaliitto ry Pengerkatu 9 B 39 SF - 00530 HELSINKI Tel.: 9-763 155 Fax: 9-763 125 E-mail: France Ligue Francaise du Coin de Terre et du Foyer/ F�d�ration Nationale des Jardins Familiaux 11, rue Desprez F - 75014 PARIS Tel.: 1-45 40 40 45 Fax: 1-45 40 78 90 E-mail: Germany Bundesverband Deutscher Gartenfreunde e. V. Platanenallee 37 D - 14050 BERLIN Tel.: 030/30 20 71-40/-41 Fax: 030/30 20 71 39 E-mail: Great Britain The National Society of Allotment and Leisure Gardeners Ltd. O'Dell House/Hunters Road GB - CORBY, Northants NN17 5JE Tel.: 01536 266576 Fax: 01536 264509 E-mail: Luxembourg Ligue Luxembourgeoise du Coin de Terre et du Foyer 97, rue de Bonnevoie L - 1260 LUXEMBOURG Tel.: 48 01 99 Fax: 40 97 98 E-mail: Netherlands Algemeen Verbond van Volkstuinders Verenigingen in Nederland PO-Box 9094 NL - 3506 GB UTRECHT Tel.: 0031/346 561612 Fax: 0031-346 56 40 92 E-mail: Norway Norsk Kolonihageforbund Gronlandsleiret 23 N - 0190 OSLO Tel.: 22-17 23 71 Fax: 22-17 33 71 E-mail: Poland Polski Zwiazek Dzialkow�w Krajowa Rada ul. Grzybowska 4 PL - 00-131 WARSZAWA Tel.: 22-6546232 Fax: 22-6206112 E-mail: Sweden Svenska F�rbundet f�r Kolonitr�dgardar och Fritidsbyar �s�gatan 149 S - 116 32 STOCKHOLM Tel.: 8-74 30 090 Fax: 86 40 38 98 E-mail: Switzerland Schweizer Familieng�rtnerverband Sekretariat: z. Hd. von Frau Ruth STEINER St. Georgenstra. 71a CH - 9000 St. GALLEN Tel.: 41 71 222 98 26 Fax: 41 61 31 13 10 3 E-mail: Slovakia Slovensk� Zv�z Z�hradk�rov Republikov� V�bor Havlickova 34 SK - 817 02 BRATISLAVA Tel.: 2-54 77 54 22 Fax: 2-54 77 77 64
  14. 14. Hyphen 32 | 2003 editor: Office International du Coin de Terre et des Jardins Familiaux a.s.b.l. 20, rue de Bragance, L - 1255 Luxembourg date: October 2003 concept and realisation: Bundesverband Deutscher Gartenfreunde e.V. editorship: Malou Weirich, Office International layout/ Ddtp: Thomas Wagner, BDG source of pictures: Thomas Wagner, BDG; pages 19, 20 (Bild 1): Larsen/ Backlund; page 4 (picture 1): Weirich; page 4 (pictures 2, 3), 5: M�ller the Office online: 28