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Chapter 1
BASIC CONCEPTS OF TOURISM
Group activity:
• Divide the class into 5 groups
For each group hand over the handout:
Giving the class a time to discuss
...
Core Competency
1. Define tourism policy, tourism planning,
tourism product development and explain
their relationship.
2....
4. Explain the benefits of planning
5. Explain the stages in the Tourism Area
Life Cycle
6. Discuss the type and variety o...
Discussion
Tourism Policy – Set of rules, regulations,
guidelines, directives,
development/promotion objectives and
strate...
Tourism Planning - is goal-oriented,
striving to achieve certain objectives by
matching available resources and
programs w...
Tourism Product Development - focuses on
development and provision of experiences, services
and infrastructure that exceed...
DIMENSIONS OF TOURISM
TOURISM PLANNING DIMENSION
LEVELS
TIME FRAME
SCOPE
• COMPREHENSIVE “MASTER PLAN”
• ONE ASPECT
SPATIAL UNITS
Tourism Site – area that contains 1
or more tourist attractions
4 Categories of attractions:
1.Geo-physical (Landscape)
2....
Tourism Dev. Area
• Area designated for possessing an
important site or groups of tourist site.
• Any town or city that ha...
Tourism Cluster
• Composed of two or more TDA (consist of
towns located in different provinces.)
Tourism Circuit
• Route involving at least three major tourist
destinations in which are located in
different towns.
Ex. G...
Tourism Characteristics
Characteristics
• Tourist destinations are intangible
• Tourist destinations have long gestation
period.
• Tourism is very...
Benefits
• Mental exercise
• Prevents waste of time, money, effort
• Helps avoid mistakes
• Contributes to the development...
Type and Variety of Tourism
Resources
Tourism development depends on the area’s
resources. Such as the geographical locati...
Kind of Tourism Resources
Originality – first in a particular attraction
Indigenousness – uniqueness about the place
Authe...
Stages in the Tourism Life Cycle
EXPLORATION
DEVELOPMENT
CONSOLIDATION
STAGNATION
REJUVENATION
DECLINE
NATIONAL TOURISM POLICY
“The State declares tourism as an indispensable
element of the national economy and industry
of na...
Key Features
• Nationalist orientation
• Sustainable tourism develpment
• Ecologically sustainable, responsible,
participa...
Assignment
• Visit the Hinilugang Taktak.
- Make a written report of the most popular
water falls in the Philippines in th...
- Does the falls has the potential to get a
foreign markets? Why?
- If you are a part of the tourism planner of this
place...
Chapter 1
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Chapter 1

TOUR 7 CHAPTER 1

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Chapter 1

  1. 1. Chapter 1 BASIC CONCEPTS OF TOURISM
  2. 2. Group activity: • Divide the class into 5 groups For each group hand over the handout: Giving the class a time to discuss within a group (allow them 20 mins.)
  3. 3. Core Competency 1. Define tourism policy, tourism planning, tourism product development and explain their relationship. 2. Explain the dimensions of tourism planning in terms of level, time frames, scopes and spatial units. 3. Describe tourist’s special characteristics as a product and their implications on planning
  4. 4. 4. Explain the benefits of planning 5. Explain the stages in the Tourism Area Life Cycle 6. Discuss the type and variety of tourism resources. - Kind of Tourism Resources Adjacent Destinations. 7. Discuss the Awareness of External Forces and Financial Capital Requirement (Underline its key words)
  5. 5. Discussion Tourism Policy – Set of rules, regulations, guidelines, directives, development/promotion objectives and strategies.
  6. 6. Tourism Planning - is goal-oriented, striving to achieve certain objectives by matching available resources and programs with the needs and wants of people.
  7. 7. Tourism Product Development - focuses on development and provision of experiences, services and infrastructure that exceeds customer expectations. With particular emphasis on the following: • Protecting our natural environment and culture. • Strengthening and building on tourism demand influencers. • Strengthening and building on destination areas. • Generally upgrading and enhancing the market readiness of tourism products and services. • Improving traveller services and transportation infrastructure, most particularly ferry services and highway signage. • Strengthening the industry and government organizations.
  8. 8. DIMENSIONS OF TOURISM
  9. 9. TOURISM PLANNING DIMENSION
  10. 10. LEVELS
  11. 11. TIME FRAME
  12. 12. SCOPE • COMPREHENSIVE “MASTER PLAN” • ONE ASPECT
  13. 13. SPATIAL UNITS
  14. 14. Tourism Site – area that contains 1 or more tourist attractions 4 Categories of attractions: 1.Geo-physical (Landscape) 2.Ecological (biological) 3.Cultural (Historical) 4.Recreational
  15. 15. Tourism Dev. Area • Area designated for possessing an important site or groups of tourist site. • Any town or city that has one or more tourist sites considered as TDA
  16. 16. Tourism Cluster • Composed of two or more TDA (consist of towns located in different provinces.)
  17. 17. Tourism Circuit • Route involving at least three major tourist destinations in which are located in different towns. Ex. Gastronomic circuit (Pampanga, Bicol, Iloilo) surfing circuit (La Union, Baler, Calicoan)
  18. 18. Tourism Characteristics
  19. 19. Characteristics • Tourist destinations are intangible • Tourist destinations have long gestation period. • Tourism is very capital intensive • Tourism is subject to external forces (political, weather, natural calamities, currency fluctuations, international relations) • Highly dynamic • Stakeholders commitments (local community, associations, govt offices, indigenous people)
  20. 20. Benefits • Mental exercise • Prevents waste of time, money, effort • Helps avoid mistakes • Contributes to the development of social capital building.)
  21. 21. Type and Variety of Tourism Resources Tourism development depends on the area’s resources. Such as the geographical location and size, abundance of the natural resources.
  22. 22. Kind of Tourism Resources Originality – first in a particular attraction Indigenousness – uniqueness about the place Authenticity – methods of preparation Uniqueness – not found in everyone else Historicity – significant event Magnitude – being the tallest, smallest, biggest, scariest Excellence – having the highest quality
  23. 23. Stages in the Tourism Life Cycle EXPLORATION DEVELOPMENT CONSOLIDATION STAGNATION REJUVENATION DECLINE
  24. 24. NATIONAL TOURISM POLICY “The State declares tourism as an indispensable element of the national economy and industry of national interest and importance which must be harnessed as an engine of socio economic growth and cultural affirmation to generate investment, foreign exchange, and employment and continue to mold an enhanced sense of national pride for all filipinos” RA 9593 “Toursim Act 2009
  25. 25. Key Features • Nationalist orientation • Sustainable tourism develpment • Ecologically sustainable, responsible, participative, culturally sensitive, economically viable, ethically and socially equitable for local communities. • International target market • Tourism product diversification
  26. 26. Assignment • Visit the Hinilugang Taktak. - Make a written report of the most popular water falls in the Philippines in the 60’s and 70’s. - Does this tourist destination culturally sensitive for the Antipolenos? - Does the city able to sustain the place ecologically?
  27. 27. - Does the falls has the potential to get a foreign markets? Why? - If you are a part of the tourism planner of this place. How would you develop and sustain the natural beauty of the place?

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